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Magnetization dynamics and its scattering mechanism in thin CoFeB films with interfacial anisotropy

岡田 篤*; He, S.*; Gu, B.; 金井 駿*; Soumyanarayanan, A.*; Lim, S. T.*; Tran, M.*; 森 道康; 前川 禎通; 松倉 文礼*; et al.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 144(15), p.3815 - 3820, 2017/04

Studies of magnetization dynamics have incessantly facilitated the discovery of fundamentally novel physical phenomena, making steady headway in the development of magnetic and spintronics devices. The dynamics can be induced and detected electrically, offering new functionalities in advanced electronics at the nanoscale. However, its scattering mechanism is still disputed. Understanding the mechanism in thin films is especially important, because most spintronics devices are made from stacks of multilayers with nanometer thickness. The stacks are known to possess interfacial magnetic anisotropy, a central property for applications, whose influence on the dynamics remains unknown. Here, we investigate the impact of interfacial anisotropy by adopting CoFeB/MgO as a model system. Through systematic and complementary measurements of ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) on a series of thin films, we identify narrower FMR linewidths at higher temperatures. We explicitly rule out the temperature dependence of intrinsic damping as a possible cause, and it is also not expected from existing extrinsic scattering mechanisms for ferromagnets. We ascribe this observation to motional narrowing, an old concept so far neglected in the analyses of FMR spectra. The effect is confirmed to originate from interfacial anisotropy, impacting the practical technology of spin-based nanodevices up to room temperature.


Free boundary equilibrium in 3D tokamaks with toroidal rotation

Cooper, W. A.*; Brunetti, D.*; Faustin, J. M.*; Graves, J. P.*; Pfefferl$'e$, D.*; Raghunathan, M.*; Sauter, O.*; Tran, T. M.*; Chapman, I. T.*; Ham, C. J.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 55(6), p.063032_1 - 063032_8, 2015/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:92.91(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)



An Approximate single fluid 3-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium model with toroidal flow

Cooper, W. A.*; Hirshman, S. P.*; Chapman, I. T.*; Brunetti, D.*; Faustin, J. M.*; Graves, J. P.*; Pfefferl$'e$, D.*; Raghunathan, M.*; Sauter, O.*; Tran, T. M.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 56(9), p.094004_1 - 094004_8, 2014/09

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:71.69(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)



Actuator and diagnostic requirements of the ITER plasma control system

Snipes, J. A.*; Beltran, D.*; Casper, T.*; Gribov, Y.*; 諫山 明彦; Lister, J.*; Simrock, S.*; Vayakis, G.*; Winter, A.*; Yang, Y.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(12), p.1900 - 1906, 2012/12

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:12.9(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Parallel filtering in global gyrokinetic simulations

Jolliet, S.; McMillan, B. F.*; Villard, L.*; Vernay, T.*; Angelino, P.*; Tran, T. M.*; Brunner, S.*; Bottino, A.*; 井戸村 泰宏

Journal of Computational Physics, 231(3), p.745 - 758, 2012/02

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:45.97(Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications)

In this work, a Fourier solver is implemented in the global Eulerian gyrokinetic code GT5D and in the global Particle-In-Cell code ORB5 in order to reduce the memory of the matrix associated with the field equation. This scheme is verified with linear and nonlinear simulations of turbulence. It is demonstrated that the straight-field-line angle is the coordinate that optimizes the Fourier solver, that both linear and nonlinear turbulent states are unaffected by the parallel filtering, and that the $$k_parallel$$ spectrum is independent of plasma size at fixed normalized poloidal wave number.


Gyrokinetic simulations of turbulent transport; Size scaling and chaotic behaviour

Villard, L.*; Bottino, A.*; Brunner, S.*; Casati, A.*; Chowdhury, J.*; Dannert, T.*; Ganesh, R.*; Garbet, X.*; G$"o$rler, T.*; Grandgirard, V.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 52(12), p.124038_1 - 124038_18, 2010/11

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:39.15(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper presents some of the main recent advances in gyrokinetic theory and computing of turbulence. A past controversy regarding the finite size (finite $$rho^*$$) effect in ITG turbulence has now been resolved. Now, both Eulerian and Lagrangian global codes are shown to agree and to converge to the flux-tube result in the $$rho^*$$ $$rightarrow$$ 0 limit. It is found, however, that an appropriate treatment of geometrical terms is necessary. Turbulent processes are characterized by a chaotic behavior, often accompanied by bursts and avalanches. Performing ensemble averages of statistically independent simulations, starting from different initial conditions, is presented as a way to assess the intrinsic variability of turbulent fluxes and obtain reliable estimates of the standard deviation.


Global nonlinear electromagnetic simulations of tokamak turbulence

Bottino, A.*; Scott, B. D.*; Brunner, S.*; McMillan, B. F.*; Tran, T. M.*; Vernay, T.*; Villard, L.*; Jolliet, S.; Hatzky, R.*; Peeters, A. G.*

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 38(9), p.2129 - 2135, 2010/09

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:27.04(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The particle-in-cell code ORB5 is a global gyrokinetic turbulence simulation code in tokamak geometry. It solves the gyrokinetic equation in the whole plasma core, including the magnetic axis. A field-aligned filtering procedure and sophisticated noise/control and heating operators allow for accurate simulations. Recently, the code ORB5 has been extended to include self-consistent perpendicular magnetic field perturbations. The inclusion of magnetic perturbations allows for a comprehensive study of finite $$beta$$ effects on microinstability. In this paper, we present the first linear and nonlinear code results concerning electromagnetic effects on tokamak microinstabilities.


Design of electron cyclotron heating and current drive system of ITER

小林 則幸; Bigelow, T.*; Bonicelli, T.*; Cirant, S.*; Denisov, G.*; Heidinger, R.*; Henderson, M.*; Hogge, J.-P.*; Piosczyk, B.*; Ramponi, G.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 933, p.413 - 416, 2007/10



A Global collisionless PIC code in magnetic coordinates

Jolliet, S.*; Bottino, A.*; Angelino, P.*; Hatzky, R.*; Tran, T. M.*; McMillan, B. F.*; Sauter, O.*; Appert, K.*; 井戸村 泰宏; Villard, L.*

Computer Physics Communications, 177(5), p.409 - 425, 2007/09

 被引用回数:143 パーセンタイル:1.41(Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications)




長澤 尚胤; 金田 綾子*; 松崎 友章*; 金澤 進一*; 八木 敏明; Tran, M. Q.*; 三友 宏志*; 吉井 文男; 玉田 正男; Quynh, T. M.*

JAEA-Review 2006-042, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2005, P. 53, 2007/02



System size and shear flow effects on ITG turbulence

McMillan, B. F.*; Jolliet, S.; Tran, T. M.*; Bottino, A.*; Lapillonne, X.*; Villard, L.*

no journal, , 

In this work, the role of system size (rhostar scaling) and shear flow levels on ion temperature gradient (ITG) turbulence in gyrokinetic simulations is explored using the ORB5 code. Firstly, the scaling of heat flux level versus system size in plasmas with zero initial flow shear is reexamined. Secondly, the effect of poloidal shear flow on ITG turbulence is examined. Even at flow levels many times smaller than the supression threshold, nonlinear turbulence is only seen in the simulation if the initial perturbation is large: the system manifests subcritical turbulence. Inward or outward propagating avalanches and inward and outward shifted diffusivity profiles are seen according to the sign of the flow shear. In cases with strong flow shear almost all the flux is associated with avalanches, which propagate across the entire region with strong pressure gradient.



小野田 忍; 阿部 浩之; 山本 卓; 大島 武; 谷口 尚*; 寺地 徳之*; Siyushev, P.*; Tran, T. H.*; Yang, S.*; Fedder, H.*; et al.

no journal, , 


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