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論文

Production of $$bbar{b}$$ at forward rapidity in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV

Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他344名*

Physical Review D, 102(9), p.092002_1 - 092002_14, 2020/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The cross section of bottom quark-antiquark ($$bbar{b}$$) production in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV is measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The results are based on the yield of high mass, like-sign muon pairs measured within the PHENIX muon arm acceptance ($$1.2 < |y| < 2.2$$). The $$bbar{b}$$ signal is extracted from like-sign dimuons by utilizing the unique properties of neutral $$B$$ meson oscillation. We report a differential cross section of $$dsigma_{bbar{b} rightarrow mu^pmmu^pm}/dy = 0.16 pm 0.01~(mbox{stat}) pm 0.02~(mbox{syst}) pm 0.02~(mbox{global})$$ nb for like-sign muons in the rapidity and $$p_T$$ ranges $$1.2 < |y| < 2.2$$ and $$p_T > 1$$ GeV/$$c$$, and dimuon mass of 5 - 10 GeV/$$c^2$$. The extrapolated total cross section at this energy for $$bbar{b}$$ production is $$13.1 pm 0.6~(mbox{stat}) pm 1.5~(mbox{syst}) pm 2.7~(mbox{global})~mu$$b. The total cross section is compared to a perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculation and is consistent within uncertainties. The azimuthal opening angle between muon pairs from $$bbar{b}$$ decays and their $$p_T$$ distributions are compared to distributions generated using ${sc ps pythia 6}$, which includes next-to-leading order processes. The azimuthal correlations and pair $$p_T$$ distribution are not very well described by ${sc pythia}$ calculations, but are still consistent within uncertainties. Flavor creation and flavor excitation subprocesses are favored over gluon splitting.

論文

Polarization and cross section of midrapidity $$J/psi$$ production in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV

Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他344名*

Physical Review D, 102(7), p.072008_1 - 072008_13, 2020/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment has measured the spin alignment for inclusive $$J/psi rightarrow e^{+}e^{-}$$ decays in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV at midrapidity. The angular distributions have been measured in three different polarization frames, and the three decay angular coefficients have been extracted in a full two-dimensional analysis. Previously, PHENIX saw large longitudinal net polarization at forward rapidity at the same collision energy. This analysis at midrapidity, complementary to the previous PHENIX results, sees no sizable polarization in the measured transverse momentum range of $$0.0 < p_T < 10.0$$ GeV/$$c$$. The results are consistent with a previous one-dimensional analysis at midrapidity at $$sqrt{s}=200$$ GeV. The transverse-momentum-dependent cross section for midrapidity $$J/psi$$ production has additionally been measured, and after comparison to world data we find a simple logarithmic dependence of the cross section on $$sqrt{s}$$.

論文

Search for axionlike particles produced in $$e^+e^-$$ collisions at Belle II

Abudin$'e$n, F.*; 谷田 聖; Belle II Collaboration*; 他334名*

Physical Review Letters, 125(16), p.161806_1 - 161806_9, 2020/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:72.03(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We present a search for the direct production of a light pseudoscalar $$a$$ decaying into two photons with the Belle II detector at the SuperKEKB collider. We search for the process $${e^+e^-togamma a, a togammagamma}$$ in the mass range $${0.2} , < m_a < {9.7},$$${GeV/$c^2$}$ using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $$(445pm 3),$$pb$$^{-1}$$. Light pseudoscalars interacting predominantly with standard model gauge bosons (so-called axion-like particles or ALPs) are frequently postulated in extensions of the standard model. We find no evidence for ALPs and set 95% confidence level upper limits on the coupling strength $$g_{agammagamma}$$ of ALPs to photons at the level of $$10^{-3},$$GeV$$^{-1}$$. The limits are the most restrictive to date for $$0.2, < ,m_a, < ,1,$$GeV/$$c^2$$.

論文

Shape coexistence in $$^{187}$$Au studied by laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Blaum, K.*; 他34名*

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064321_1 - 064321_7, 2020/06

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:84.86(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shift of the $$9/2^{-}$$ isomeric state in $$^{187}$$Au relative to $$^{197}$$Au for the 267.6-nm atomic transition have been measured for the first time using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. The magnetic dipole moment and change in the mean-square charge radius for this $$9/2^{-}$$ isomer have been deduced. The observed large isomer shift relative to the $$1/2^{+}$$ ground state in $$^{187}$$Au confirms the occurrence of the shape coexistence in $$^{187}$$Au proposed earlier from the analysis of the nuclear spectroscopic data and particle plus triaxial rotor calculations. The analysis of the magnetic moment supports the previously proposed $$9/2^{-}$$, $$1/2^{-}$$[541] assignment at moderate prolate deformation for $$^{187}$$Au$$^{m}$$.

論文

Development of a muon linac for the g-2/EDM experiment at J-PARC

大谷 将士*; 近藤 恭弘; 齊藤 直人; 長谷川 和男; 他7名*; J-PARC E34 Collaboration*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011027_1 - 011027_5, 2019/03

ミュオン加速のための加速器を開発中である。この加速器により、ミュオンの異常磁気モーメントを0.1ppmの精度で、また電気双極子モーメントを10$$^{-21}$$cmの精度で測定することが可能となり、素粒子の標準理論をこえる物理の探索ができるようになる。最初のステップとして、ミュオンの加速試験を行う予定である。そのための負ミュオニウム源を開発し、既存のJ-PARC RFQ予備機を用いる。また、それに続く低ベータおよび中ベータ加速空洞も開発中である。低ベータにはinterdigital H構造、中ベータにはdisk and washer structureを用いる。本論文では、ミュオン加速試験の準備状況および、加速空洞の開発状況について述べる。

論文

Measurements of mass-dependent azimuthal anisotropy in central $$p$$ + Au, $$d$$ + Au, and $$^3$$He + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他347名*

Physical Review C, 97, p.064904_1 - 064904_11, 2018/06

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:85.61(Physics, Nuclear)

We present measurements of the transverse-momentum dependence of elliptic flow $$v_2$$ for identified pions and (anti)protons at midrapidity ($$|eta|<0.35$$), in 0% - 5% central $$p$$ + Au and $$^3$$He + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$ = 200 GeV. When taken together with previously published measurements in $$d$$ + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$ = 200 GeV, the results cover a broad range of small-collision-system multiplicities and intrinsic initial geometries. We observe a clear mass-dependent splitting of $$v_2(p_{T})$$ in $$d$$ + Au and $$^3$$He + Au collisions, just as in large nucleus-nucleus ($$A$$ + $$A$$) collisions, and a smaller splitting in $$p$$ + Au collisions. Both hydrodynamic and transport model calculations successfully describe the data at low $$p_T$$ ($$< 1.5$$ GeV/$$c$$), but fail to describe various features at higher $$p_T$$. In all systems, the $$v_2$$ values follow an approximate quark-number scaling as a function of the hadron transverse kinetic energy per constituent quark($$KE_T/n_q$$), which was also seen previously in $$A$$ + $$A$$ collisions.

論文

The First gamma-ray spectroscopic study of $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F

Yang, S. B.*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.012004_1 - 012004_4, 2017/07

The first $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F, is performed in June, 2015 at the J-PARC K1.8 beam line (J-PARC E13). Precise energy levels of $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F can be revealed by measured $$gamma$$ rays in this experiment. Especially, the strength of $$Lambda N$$ spin-spin interaction in $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus is obtained through the energy spacing of the ground-state doublet of the hypernucleus. By comparing its strength between the $$s$$, $$p$$, and $$sd$$-shell hypernuclei, a radial dependence $$Lambda N$$ interaction is investigated. The hypernucleus is produced through the $$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction with the beam momentum of 1.8 GeV/c. In very preliminary results, we observed two $$gamma$$ rays, and their energies are $$315.8 pm 0.4$$ keV and $$ 895.3 pm 0.3$$ keV where the uncertainties are only statistical.

論文

J-PARC E27 experiment to search for a $$K^{-}pp$$ bound state

市川 裕大; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021020_1 - 021020_7, 2015/09

$$d(pi^{+},K^{+})$$反応を用いて最も単純なK中間子原子核$$K^{-}pp$$を探索する実験を行った。そして、世界で初めて本反応において$$Lambda$$粒子の生成領域から$$Lambda$$(1405)/$$Sigma$$(1385)粒子の生成領域までと広い質量領域での二重微分断面積を測定した。$$Lambda$$$$Sigma$$粒子の生成領域においては2.13GeV/$$c^{2}$$付近に観測した$$Sigma N$$カスプ起因のピーク以外おおむね準自由過程をもとにしたシミュレーションと実験結果が一致することを確認した。一方で、$$Y^{*}$$の生成領域ではシミュレーションと比べて実験データのピーク位置が-24MeV/$$c^{2}$$ずれていることを観測した。

論文

Study of neutron-rich hypernuclei by the ($$pi^-,K^+$$) reaction at J-PARC

杉村 仁志; 今井 憲一; 他34名*

Few-Body Systems, 54(7-10), p.1235 - 1238, 2013/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

中性子過剰ハイパー核の研究はヨーロッパと日本を中心に行われている。その中で、今回J-PARCにおいて中性子過剰ハイパー核の一つである$$^6_Lambda$$Hを生成する実験を試みた。$$^6_Lambda$$Hは中性子4個, 陽子1個, ラムダ粒子1個からなるハイパー核で非常に陽子中性子比が大きいため、中性子過剰な中性子星の研究において大変重要な役割を果たす。そのハイパー核をJ-PARCにおいて生成し、生成断面積の上限値を与えた。

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