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Journal Articles

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in cattle bone and tooth samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(8), p.1678 - 1682, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in bone and tooth samples of cattle were achieved by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) coupled with mass shift and solid phase extraction techniques. Limit of detection (LOD) in the ICP-MS measurement of 0.1 g samples was lower than that of the radioactivity measurement. Analytical time of the ICP-MS method was reduced from 20 days to 11 hours, compared with the radiometric method. Therefore, the ICP-MS method can be rapid and useful procedure of $$^{90}$$Sr in small bone and tooth samples derived from terrestrial animals.

Journal Articles

Control of Ga-oxide interlayer growth and Ga diffusion in SiO$$_{2}$$/GaN stacks for high-quality GaN-based metal-oxide-semiconductor devices with improved gate dielectric reliability

Yamada, Takahiro*; Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Hisashi*; Takahashi, Tokio*; Shimizu, Mitsuaki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; Watanabe, Heiji*

Applied Physics Express, 11(1), p.015701_1 - 015701_4, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:83.58(Physics, Applied)

A simple and feasible method for fabricating high-quality and highly reliable GaN-based metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) devices was developed on the basis of systematic physical and electrical characterizations. Chemical vapor deposition of SiO$$_{2}$$ films directly onto GaN substrates forming Ga-oxide interlayers was used to fabricate SiO$$_{2}$$/GaO$$_{x}$$/GaN stacked structures. Although well-behaved hysteresis-free GaN-MOS capacitors with extremely low interface state density below 10$$^{10}$$cm$$^{-2}$$eV$$^{-1}$$ were obtained by post-deposition annealing, Ga diffusion into overlying SiO$$_{2}$$ layers severely degraded the insulating property and dielectric breakdown characteristics of the MOS devices. However, this problem was found to be solved by employing rapid thermal processing, leading to superior performance of the GaN-MOS devices in terms of interface quality, insulating property and gate dielectric reliability.

JAEA Reports

Verification of alternative dew point hygrometer for CV-LRT in MONJU; Short- and long-term verification for capacitance-type dew point hygrometer (Translated document)

Ichikawa, Shoichi; Chiba, Yusuke; Ono, Fumiyasu; Hatori, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Takanori; Uekura, Ryoichi; Hashiri, Nobuo*; Inuzuka, Taisuke*; Kitano, Hiroshi*; Abe, Hisashi*

JAEA-Research 2017-001, 40 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Research-2017-001.pdf:5.19MB

In order to reduce the influence on a plant schedule of the MONJU by the maintenance of dew point hygrometers, The JAEA examined a capacitance type dew point hygrometer as an alternative dew point hygrometer for a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer which had been used at the CV-LRT in the MONJU. As a result of comparing a capacitance type dew point hygrometer with a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer at the CV-LRT (Atmosphere: nitrogen, Testing time: 24 hours), there weren't significant difference between a capacitance type dew point hygrometer and a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer. As a result of comparing a capacitance dew point hygrometer with a high-mirror-surface type dew point hygrometer for long term verification (Atmosphere: air, Testing time: 24 months), the JAEA confirmed that a capacitance type dew point hygrometer satisfied the instrument specification ($$pm$$2.04$$^{circ}$$C) required by the JEAC4203-2008.

JAEA Reports

Verification of alternative dew point hygrometer for CV-LRT in Monju

Ichikawa, Shoichi; Chiba, Yusuke; Ono, Fumiyasu; Hatori, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Takanori; Uekura, Ryoichi; Hashiri, Nobuo*; Inuzuka, Taisuke*; Kitano, Hiroshi*; Abe, Hisashi*

JAEA-Research 2016-021, 32 Pages, 2017/02

JAEA-Research-2016-021.pdf:5.0MB

In order to reduce the influence on a plant schedule of the MONJU by the maintenance of dew point hygrometers, The JAEA examined a capacitance type dew point hygrometer as an alternative dew point hygrometer for a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer which had been used at the CV-LRT in the MONJU. As a result of comparing a capacitance type dew point hygrometer with a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer at the CV-LRT (Atmosphere: nitrogen, Testing time: 24 hours), there weren't significant difference between a capacitance type dew point hygrometer and a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer. As a result of comparing a capacitance dew point hygrometer with a high-mirror-surface type dew point hygrometer for long term verification (Atmosphere: air, Testing time: 24 months), the JAEA confirmed that a capacitance type dew point hygrometer satisfied the instrument specification ($$pm$$2.04$$^{circ}$$C) required by the JEAC4203-2008.

Journal Articles

Analysis on ex-vessel loss of coolant accident for a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor

Watanabe, Kazuhito; Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Uto, Hiroyasu; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Asano, Shiro*; Asano, Kazuhito*

Proceedings of 26th IEEE Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE 2015), 6 Pages, 2016/06

Safety studies of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor have been performed. In the event of the blanket cooling pipe break outside the vacuum vessel, i.e. ex-vacuum vessel loss of coolant accident (ex-VV LOCA), the pressurized steam and air may lead to damage reactor building walls which have confinement function, and to release the radioactive materials to the environment. In response to this accident, we proposed three cases of confinement strategies. In each case, the pressure and thermal loads to the confinement boundaries and total mass of tritium released to outside the boundaries were analyzed by accident analysis code MELCOR modified for fusion reactor. These analyses developed design parameters to maintain the integrity of the confinement boundaries.

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Cesium adsorption ability and stability of metal hexacyanoferrates irradiated with $$gamma$$-rays

Arisaka, Makoto; Watanabe, Masayuki; Ishizaki, Manabu*; Kurihara, Masato*; Chen, R.*; Tanaka, Hisashi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1543 - 1547, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:65.81(Chemistry, Analytical)

The influence of irradiation with $$gamma$$-rays to metal hexacyanoferrate (MHCF: M = Fe, Cu or Ni), which is known as an adsorbent for selective adsorption of cesium (Cs) ion in solution, on Cs adsorption ability and stability was investigated in HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions. Under the adsorbed dose conditions (50-300 kGy), it was found that the MHCF is fully stable although the radiolytic decomposition of MHCF was slightly observed with an increase of the total adsorbed dose, which was confirmed by an increment of Fe, Cu or Ni concentration in HNO$$_{3}$$ solution after the irradiation. The weight percent of the metal in the solution to initial weight of MHCF was less than unity. Moreover, no change in composition of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen in MHCF was observed. On the other hand, the distribution coefficients of Cs to the irradiated MHCF were independent of the total adsorbed dose. This indicates that the Cs adsorption ability was maintained under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation.

Journal Articles

Study of safety features and accident scenarios in a fusion DEMO reactor

Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Gulden, W.*; Watanabe, Kazuhito*; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Matsumiya, Hisato*; Ishii, Kyoko*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2028 - 2032, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:68.92(Nuclear Science & Technology)

After the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident, a social need for assuring safety of fusion energy has grown gradually in the Japanese (JA) fusion research community. DEMO safety research has been launched as a part of BA DEMO Design Activities (BA-DDA). This paper reports progress in the fusion DEMO safety research conducted under BA-DDA. Safety requirements and evaluation guidelines have been, first of all, established based on those established in the Japanese ITER site invitation activities. The amounts of radioactive source terms and energies that can mobilize such source terms have been assessed for a reference DEMO, in which the blanket technology is based on the Japanese fusion technology R&D programme. Reference event sequences expected in DEMO have been analyzed based on the master logic diagram and functional FMEA techniques. Accident initiators of particular importance in DEMO have been selected based on the event sequence analysis.

Journal Articles

Key aspects of the safety study of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor

Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Gulden, W.*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Watanabe, Kazuhito*; Matsumiya, Hisato*; Ishii, Kyoko*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 9, p.1405139_1 - 1405139_11, 2014/10

Key aspects of the safety study of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor is reported. Safety requirements, dose target, DEMO plant model and confinement strategy of the safety study are briefly introduced. The internal hazard of a water-cooled DEMO, i.e. radioactive inventories, stored energies that can mobilize these inventories and accident initiators and scenarios, are evaluated. It is pointed out that the enthalpy in the first wall/blanket cooling loops, the decay heat and the energy potentially released by the Be-steam chemical reaction are of special concern for the water-cooled DEMO. An ex-vessel loss-of-coolant of the first wall/blanket cooling loop is also quantitatively analyzed. The integrity of the building against the ex-VV LOCA is discussed.

Journal Articles

Engineering validation and engineering design of lithium target facility in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Ida, Mizuho*; Ito, Yuzuru; Niitsuma, Shigeto; Edao, Yuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 66(1), p.46 - 56, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Proton-exchange mechanism of specific Cs$$^{+}$$ adsorption $$via$$ lattice defect sites of Prussian blue filled with coordination and crystallization water molecules

Ishizaki, Manabu*; Akiba, Sae*; Otani, Asako*; Hoshi, Yuji*; Ono, Kenta*; Matsuba, Mayu*; Togashi, Takanari*; Kanaizuka, Katsuhiko*; Sakamoto, Masatomi*; Takahashi, Akira*; et al.

Dalton Transactions, 42(45), p.16049 - 16055, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:128 Percentile:99.42(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

We have revealed the fundamental mechanism of specific Cs$$^{+}$$ adsorption into Prussian blue (PB) in order to develop high-performance PB-based Cs$$^{+}$$ adsorbents in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident. We compared two types of PB nanoparticles with formulae of Fe$$^{III}$$$$_{4}$$[Fe$$^{II}$$(CN)$$_{6}$$]3$$cdot$$xH$$_{2}$$O (x = 10-15) (PB-1) and (NH$$_{4}$$)0.70Fe$$^{III}$$1.10[Fe$$^{II}$$(CN)$$_{6}$$]$$cdot$$1.7H$$_{2}$$O (PB-2) with respect to the Cs$$^{+}$$ adsorption ability. The synthesised PB-1, by a common stoichiometric aqueous reaction between 4Fe$$^{3+}$$ and 3[Fe$$^{II}$$(CN)$$_{6}$$]$$^{4-}$$, showed much more efficient Cs$$^{+}$$ adsorption ability than did the commercially available PB-2.

Journal Articles

The Proposals relevant to seepage flow simulation in rockmass around tunnel under unsaturated condition; Method for estimating unsaturated seepage parameters of stones and setting of boundary condition on tunnel wall

Imai, Hisashi*; Amemiya, Kiyoshi*; Matsui, Hiroya; Sato, Toshinori; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Watanabe, Kunio*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 69(3), p.285 - 296, 2013/07

The more accurate understanding and appropriate control of unsaturated area around tunnel excavated in deep rock-mass are required, for the geological isolation of radioactive waste project and also underground rock cavern storage project of liquefied petroleum gas. The numerical simulation of seepage flow is usually conducted to understand and evaluate the unsaturated zone around tunnel. The unsaturated parameters (such as moisture characteristic curve and relative permeability) and appropriate control of boundary condition are indispensable for the simulation. Authors developed methodology to measure unsaturated parameters utilizing the measuring method conventionally applied to soils and showed the efficiency of the method via a laboratory experiment. The idea of combining seepage face condition and flow rate fixed condition was derived, and the efficiency was shown in an model simulation. The two developments enabled the accurate estimation and understanding the evolution of unsaturated zone around tunnel.

Journal Articles

Selective removal of cesium ions from wastewater using copper hexacyanoferrate nanofilms in an electrochemical system

Chen, R.*; Tanaka, Hisashi*; Kawamoto, Toru*; Asai, Miyuki*; Fukushima, Chikako*; Na, H.*; Kurihara, Masato*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Arisaka, Makoto; Nankawa, Takuya

Electrochimica Acta, 87, p.119 - 125, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:96 Percentile:95.57(Electrochemistry)

A novel electrochemical adsorption system using a nanoparticle film of copper (II) hexacyanoferrate (III) was proposed for selectively removing cesium from wastewater. This system can be used for cesium separation without extra chemical reagents or any filtration treatment. Cesium uptake and elution can be simply controlled by switching the applied potentials between anodes and cathodes. Data from batch kinetic studies well fitted the intraparticle diffusion equation, reflecting a two-step process: a steepest ascent portion followed by a plateau extending to the equilibrium. The effective cesium removal with a high distribution coefficient ($$K$$$$_{d}$$ $$>$$ 5$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ mL/g) can be adopted in a large pH range from 0.3 to 9.2, and in the presence of several diverse coexisting alkaline cations, suggesting it can be taken as a promising technology for actual nuclear wastewater treatment.

Journal Articles

Development of lithium target system in engineering validation and engineering design activity of the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF/EVEDA)

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Fukada, Satoshi*; Yagi, Juro*; Ida, Mizuho; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 88(12), p.691 - 705, 2012/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Preparation of a film of copper hexacyanoferrate nanoparticles for electrochemical removal of cesium from radioactive wastewater

Chen, R.*; Tanaka, Hisashi*; Kawamoto, Toru*; Asai, Miyuki*; Fukushima, Chikako*; Kurihara, Masato*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Arisaka, Makoto; Nankawa, Takuya

Electrochemistry Communications, 25, p.23 - 25, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:40 Percentile:78.11(Electrochemistry)

We first synthesized water-dispersed nanoparticle copper hexacyanoferrate (CuHCF) ink and then coated its nanoparticles on electrodes to electrochemically remove cesium from wastewater. Cesium uptake and elution can be controlled by switching the potentials between anodes and cathodes. Effective cesium removal can be adopted in a large pH range from 0.2 to 8.9, and in the presence of several diverse coexisting alkaline cations, suggesting that it can be taken as a promising technology for actual radioactive wastewater treatment. The prepared CuHCF nanoparticles can be simply and uniformly coated on electrodes by wet process like conventional printing methods, so any sizes or patterns are feasible at low cost, which indicated the potential as a promising sorption electrode of large size in the columns for sequential removal and recycle of Cs from wastewater.

JAEA Reports

Establishment of reassembly technique of capsule type irradiation rig

Ichikawa, Shoichi; Abe, Kazuyuki; Haga, Hiroyuki; Kajima, Hisashi*; Sakurai, Satoshi*; Katsuyama, Kozo; Maeda, Koji; Nishinoiri, Kenji

JAEA-Technology 2011-032, 46 Pages, 2012/01

JAEA-Technology-2011-032.pdf:8.46MB

The assembly technique to the capsular irradiation rig newly developed was established. In the irradiation examination, the assembling disassembling and reassembling to PFB110 "B11(1), B11(2)" and PFB140 "B14" that built in Am-MOX fuel pin was achieved. The reassembly technique by recycling the irradiation material was established in the assembly of B11(2). This time, the assembly and disassembly of B11 (1) were reported. Moreover, the assembly of B14 which improved the assembly technology of B11 (1) was reported.

Journal Articles

Intracellular changes of metal elements by fucoidan extracted from brown seaweed; ${it Cladosiphon okamuranus}$

Nagamine, Takeaki*; Takada, Hisashi*; Kusakabe, Takahiko*; Nakazato, Kyomi*; Sakai, Takuro; Oikawa, Masakazu*; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Arakawa, Kazuo; Iha, Masahiko*

Biological Trace Element Research, 124(1), p.60 - 69, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:7.24(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

This study was undertaken to elucidate the intracellular changes of metal elements after the administration of fucoidan extracted from ${it Cladosiphon okamuranus}$. TRL1215 cells (normal rat liver cell line) were treated with 0, 0.1, or 1.0 mg/mL fucoidan. The cellular distribution of elements was analyzed using in-air micro-PIXE induced X-ray emission. In fucoidan-treated cells, the focal accumulation of Br (BrdU) was correlated spatially with phosphorous-rich region, suggesting that Br was localized within the nucleus. Al distribution provided a spatial association with Br map. These data suggest that fucoidan binding Al us postulated to be transferred into the nucleus.

JAEA Reports

Re-assembly technology establishment of Material Testing Rig with Temperature Control (MARICO-2)

Abe, Kazuyuki; Kobayashi, Takashi*; Kajima, Hisashi*; Yoshikawa, Katsunori; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Nakamura, Yasuo

JAEA-Technology 2008-008, 53 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Technology-2008-008.pdf:19.28MB

MARICO-2 is a Testing Rig for the continuous irradiation examination of ODS ferrite steel etc.. It was necessary to re-assemble of MARICO-2 in Fuel Monitoring Facility (FMF). However, MARICO-2 is not applicable a past technology of re-assembly because it is a Rig of the total length about 11 m and its hex-tube must be welded by remote control. Then, MARICO-2 re-assembly technology development was executed, the device was designed, it produced, and the procedure of re-assembly by remote control was established.

Journal Articles

Muon spin rotation study of magnetism in multilayer HgBa$$_2$$Ca$$_4$$Cu$$_5$$O$$_y$$ superconductor

Tokiwa, Kazuyasu*; Mikusu, Satoshi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Iyo, Akira*; Tanaka, Yasumoto*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Mukuda, Hidekazu*; Kitaoka, Yoshio*; Watanabe, Tsuneo*

Physica C, 460-462(2), p.892 - 895, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:18.97(Physics, Applied)

Zero- and longitudinal-field muon-spin rotation (ZF-$$mu$$SR and LF-$$mu$$SR) measurements were carried out on a multi-layered HgBa$$_2$$Ca$$_4$$Cu$$_5$$O$$_y$$ (Hg-1245) superconductor with $$T$$$$_{rm c}$$ of 108 K. With decreasing temperature, the observed ZF-$$mu$$SR function changed from a Gaussian-type to an exponential-type below 60 K and zero field muon precession was also observed below 45 K. These $$mu$$SR signals are attributed to the development of the antiferromagnetic ordering in inner CuO$$_2$$planes with a low carrier concentration. These results seem to indicate clear evidence that antiferromagnetism microscopically coexists with superconductivity in the Hg-1245 superconductor below 60 K.

Journal Articles

Interferon$$beta$$-induced changes in metallothionein expression and subcellular distribution of zinc in HepG2 cells

Nagamine, Takeaki*; Kusakabe, Takahiko*; Takada, Hisashi*; Nakazato, Kyomi*; Sakai, Takuro; Oikawa, Masakazu*; Sato, Takahiro; Arakawa, Kazuo

Cytokine, 34(5-6), p.312 - 319, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:17.62(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

no abstracts in English

62 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)