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Journal Articles

Measurement of double-differential thick-target neutron yields of the C($$d,n$$) reaction at 12, 20, and 30 MeV

Patwary, M. K. A*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Aoki, Katsumi*; Yoshinami, Kosuke*; Yamaguchi, Masaya*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(2), p.252 - 258, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

While designing deuteron accelerator neutron sources for radioisotopes production, nuclear data for light elements such as Li, Be, and C have been systematically measured in the deuteron energy range from a few MeV to around 50 MeV. Currently, the experimental data available on double-differential thick-target neutron yields (DDTTNYs) is insufficient, especially for deuteron energies between 18 and 33 MeV. In this study, we measured the DDTTNYs of ($$d,n$$) reactions on $$^{rm nat}$$C target for incident deuteron energies of 12, 20, and 30 MeV using the multiple-foils activation method to improve nuclear data insufficiency. We applied the GRAVEL code for the unfolding process to derive the DDTTNYs. The results were compared with the calculation by DEURACS. The present data were also used to confirm the systematics of the differential neutron yields at 0$$^{circ}$$ and total neutron yield per incident deuteron in the wide range of deuteron energy.

Journal Articles

Role of advection in atmospheric ammonia; A Case study at a Japanese lake basin influenced by agricultural ammonia sources

Kubota, Tomohiro; Kuroda, Hisao*; Watanabe, Mirai*; Takahashi, Akiko*; Nakazato, Ryoji*; Tarui, Mika*; Matsumoto, Shunichi*; Nakagawa, Keita*; Numata, Yasuko*; Ouchi, Takao*; et al.

Atmospheric Environment, 243, p.117856_1 - 117856_9, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

The dry and wet depositions of atmospheric ammonia (NH$$_{3}$$) is one of the important pathways of nitrogen loads to aquatic ecosystems. Crop and livestock agriculture, one of the largest emitters of NH$$_{3}$$ in Asian countries, are known to cause high spatial and seasonal variation of NH$$_{3}$$ and influence the surrounding lake basin areas via its dry and wet deposition. However, the spatial characteristics of the NH$$_{3}$$ concentration in basin scale are not completely understood for regulation in NH$$_{3}$$ emission. Here we aim to clarify dominant factors of spatial and seasonal variations of the NH$$_{3}$$ concentration in a eutrophic lake basin surrounded by agricultural areas in Japan. Passive sampling over various land use categories in the basin was conducted at 36 sites in total from October 2018 to January 2020. Interestingly, the observed NH$$_{3}$$ concentration near the livestock houses were higher in winter than summer, which was inconsistent with knowledge of seasonal changes of current NH$$_{3}$$ emission inventory based on temperature-driven volatilization process. Comparing monthly NH$$_{3}$$ concentrations with various meteorological factors, we suggested the importance of seasonal advection of NH$$_{3}$$ from high emission sources to which has been rarely paid attention by the previous past studies. As for this, should be considered for lake ecosystem management since deposition of NH$$_{3}$$ is known to be closely related to the ecological processes such as phytoplankton blooming.

Journal Articles

Performance evaluation of block-structured Poisson solver on GPU, CPU, and ARM processors

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Asahi, Yuichi; Hasegawa, Yuta; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Dai-34-Kai Suchi Ryutai Rikigaku Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 2 Pages, 2020/12

We develop a multigrid preconditioned conjugate gradient (MG-CG) solver for the pressure Poisson equation in a two-phase flow CFD code JUPITER. The code is written in C++ and CUDA to keep the portability on multi-platforms. The main kernels of the CG solver achieve reasonable performance as 0.4 $$sim$$ 0.75 of the roofline performances, and the performances of the MG-preconditioner are also reasonable on NVIDIA GPU and Intel CPU. However, the performance degradation of the SpMV kernel on ARM is significant. It is confirmed that the optimization does not work if any functions are included in the loop.

Journal Articles

Structural characterization of Eu-HONTA complexes by IBIL and EXAFS analyses

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Okada, Makoto*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Kada, Wataru*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 477, p.60 - 65, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

IBIL and EXAFS analyses were applied on strucutral analysis of Eu complex formed in adsorbent developed for extraction chromatography. Those analyses revealed slight structural difference between adsorbent and solvent systems.

Journal Articles

Anomalous radioisotope production for $$^{68}$$ZnO using polyethylene by accelerator neutrons

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Minato, Futoshi; Kawabata, Masako*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Watanabe, Satoshi*; Saeki, Hideya*; Motoishi, Shoji*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We found anomalously large yields of $$^{67}$$Ga, $$^{66}$$Ga, $$^{rm 69m}$$Zn and $$^{64}$$Cu by neutron irradiation on a $$^{68}$$ZnO sample in a polyethylene shield. Neutron beams are generated from the $$^{9}$$Be($$d,n$$) reaction for 50 MeV deuterons. The yields obtained were more than 20 times larger than those in the unshielded sample. On the other hand, the yields of $$^{67}$$Ga, $$^{66}$$Ga, $$^{rm 69m}$$Zn and $$^{64}$$Cu from a metallic $$^{68}$$Zn sample and the yields of $$^{67}$$Cu, $$^{65}$$Ni and $$^{65}$$Zn from the $$^{68}$$ZnO and $$^{68}$$Zn samples were almost insensitive to the shield conditions. This finding would provide us a unique capability of accelerator neutrons to simultaneously produce a large amount of several radioisotopes, including proton induced reaction products, by using a single sample. The experimental data were compared with the yields estimated by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System and the result was discussed.

Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

STRAD project for systematic treatments of radioactive liquid wastes generated in nuclear facilities

Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Takahatake, Yoko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Kamiya, Yuichi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 117, p.103090_1 - 103090_8, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:41.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Extraction mechanism of lanthanide ions into silica-based microparticles studied by single microparticle manipulation and microspectroscopy

Otaka, Toshiki*; Sato, Tatsumi*; Ono, Shimpei; Nagoshi, Kohei; Abe, Ryoji*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Nakatani, Kiyoharu*

Analytical Sciences, 35(10), p.1129 - 1133, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Progress of criticality control study on fuel debris by Japan Atomic Energy Agency to support Secretariat of Nuclear Regulation Authority

Tonoike, Kotaro; Watanabe, Tomoaki; Gunji, Satoshi; Yamane, Yuichi; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Umeda, Miki; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Ogawa, Kazuhiko

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Criticality Safety (ICNC 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/09

Criticality control of the fuel debris in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station would be a risk-informed control to mitigate consequences of criticality events, instead of a deterministic control to prevent such events. The Nuclear Regulation Authority of Japan has administrated a research and development program to tackle this challenge since 2014. The Nuclear Safety Research Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, commissioned by the authority, is conducting activities such as computations of criticality characteristics of the fuel debris, development of a criticality analysis code, preparation of criticality experiments, and development of a criticality risk analysis method.

Journal Articles

Estimation of hydrogen gas production at transient criticality in uranyl nitrate solution

Yoshida, Ryoichiro; Yamane, Yuichi; Abe, Hitoshi

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.408 - 414, 2019/09

In a criticality accident, it is known that some kinds of radiolysis gases are generated mainly due to kinetic energy of fission fragments. Hydrogen gas (H$$_{2}$$) is one of them, which is able to initiate explosion. The rate of H$$_{2}$$ generation and its total amount can be estimated from the number of fission per second if its G value is known. In this study, it was tried to estimate G value of hydrogen gas (G(H$$_{2}$$)) by using the H$$_{2}$$ concentration measured as time-series data in Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY) which was carried out by Japan Atomic Energy Agency. There was time lag in the measured H$$_{2}$$ concentration from its generation. To overcome those problems, measured profile of H$$_{2}$$ concentration was reproduced based on a hypothetical model and its total amount was evaluated. Based on the model, the obtained G(H$$_{2}$$) was 1.2.

Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:102 Percentile:0.15(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Journal Articles

Influences of pore and particle sizes of CMPO/SiO$$_{2}$$-P adsorbent on extraction chromatography process

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Sanda, Shuhei*; Sakurai, Shota*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

Nippon Ion Kokan Gakkai-Shi, 30(1), p.8 - 16, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Electrochemical properties of zirconium in highly concentrated plutonium nitrate solution

Nakahara, Masaumi; Sano, Yuichi; Abe, Hitoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.52 - 55, 2018/11

For evaluating the secular change of Pu evaporator made of Zr in the commercialized nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, electrochemical experiments were carried out with Pu nitrate solutions. The open circuit potentials of Zr increased with increasing Pu, HNO$$_{3}$$ concentrations and temperature. However, these experimental results imply that Zr has high corrosion resistance in Pu nitrate solutions.

Journal Articles

The Development of method for extinguishing / treating metallic sodium using calcium chloride

Abe, Yuta; Nagai, Keiichi; Maie, Mitsuyoshi*; Nakano, Natsuko*; Kawashima, Yuichi*; Takesue, Naohisa*; Saito, Junichi

Dai-23-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Am, Cm recovery from genuine HLLW by extraction chromatography

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Kofuji, Hirohide; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 316(3), p.1113 - 1117, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:44.17(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Experimental evaluation of release and transport behavior of gaseous ruthenium under boiling accident in reprocessing plant

Yoshida, Naoki; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Amano, Yuki; Yoshida, Kazuo; Yamane, Yuichi; Abe, Hitoshi

NEA/CSNI/R(2017)12/ADD1 (Internet), p.293 - 305, 2018/01

The "Evaporation to Dryness due to the Loss of Cooling Functions" (EDLCF) of highly-active liquid waste (HALW) was newly defined as one of the severe accidents in Japan's nuclear safety standard for the reprocessing plant. Studies on accident scenarios and their source terms have led to an increased need for the development of accident management measures and the assessment of their effectiveness. Previous studies have shown that ruthenium was released at a greater rate than other elements because it formed volatile species such as ruthenium tetroxide (RuO4). In addition, ruthenium isotopes, 106Ru and 103Ru, have radiotoxicity. Accordingly, the accident management measures require the experimental information on the release and transport behavior of the gaseous ruthenium (Ru(g)). This paper summarizes our experimental results on the characteristics of Ru(g) in the EDLCF. This work includes the results of the experiments carried out under the agreement among JAEA, Japan Nuclear Fuel Ltd. and Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization.

Journal Articles

Improvement of a timing system in J-PARC Linac/RCS

Sawabe, Yuki*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Ito, Yuichi*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1133 - 1136, 2017/12

In the timing system of J-PARC LINAC/RCS, the ring type Reflective Memory (RFM) network is adopted for data transfer. In June 2016, a data transfer failure occurred due to communication error on the RFM network, and it took a long time to recover. From this experience, we have created the environment to monitor of the RFM network status, and we duplicated the computer which manages the data transfer on the RFM network. In Addition, we have also created the syslog function as an environment to monitor each RFM even if data transfer failure occurs on the RFM network. After these improvements, a trouble occurred in the timing system VME. At the same time, the target device was immediately identified by these functions, and the timing system could be recovered quickly. In this paper, the details of improvement for stable operation in the timing system of J-PARC LINAC / RCS are presented.

Journal Articles

Microanalysis of silica-based adsorbent for effective recovery of radioactive elements

Sano, Yuichi; Watanabe, So; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Nagoshi, Kohei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(10), p.1058 - 1064, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:53.18(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For effective recovery of radioactive elements by adsorbents using polymer-immobilized silica (SiO$$_{2}$$-P) supports, the microstructure of SiO$$_{2}$$-P particles impregnated with CMPO as extractants and their change with the crosslinking degree of polymer (CDP) were investigated using STXM and EXAFS analyses; further, their relation with adsorption/elution behavior was discussed. The adsorption/elution tests using adsorbents with a different CDP demonstrated that a higher CDP inhibited the elution of adsorbed metal ions from the adsorbent. The results of STXM and EXAFS analyses suggested that adsorption by CMPO proceeds through the entire area in the adsorbent and the local structure around adsorbed metal ions is similar irrespective of the CDP. Conversely, STXM analyses implied the capture of eluents such as H$$_{2}$$O by polymers with high CDP, which suppresses the prompt elution of adsorbed metal ions from the adsorbent.

Journal Articles

Actinides recovery from irradiated fuel for SmART cycle

Sano, Yuichi; Watanabe, So; Nakahara, Masaumi; Aihara, Haruka; Takeuchi, Masayuki

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference (GLOBAL 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2017/09

JAEA has been promoting MA recycle project using a FR fuel cycle named as SmART cycle concept. The SmART cycle contains the recovery of all actinides, in which total amount of MA is estimated to around 1-2g, at CPF from the FR Joyo spent fuel, the fabrication of MA bearing MOX fuel pellets and pins at AGF with recovered actinides, and the irradiation test of the fabricated fuels at the Joyo. In this paper, recent activities on actinides recovery in CPF, which will make a significant contribution to the SmART cycle, were summarized.

Journal Articles

Local structure and distribution of remaining elements inside extraction chromatography adsorbents

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ono, Shimpei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 404, p.202 - 206, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:53.18(Instruments & Instrumentation)

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