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論文

Fusion reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk leading to formation of the element Ts (Z=117)

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; 浅井 雅人; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054306_1 - 054306_16, 2019/05

$$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$B融合反応を用いて117番元素(Ts)合成実験を行い、117番元素に起因すると思われる4つの$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖を観測した。うち2つは長い崩壊連鎖で、$$^{294}$$Tsの$$alpha$$崩壊に起因するものと同定された。他の2つは短い崩壊連鎖で、$$^{293}$$Tsの$$alpha$$崩壊に起因すると考えると矛盾しない。今回の結果と過去の文献値を比較したところ、今回の我々の結果は過去の文献値をほぼ再現し、117番元素合成の事実を強く再確認する結果となった。

論文

Population of nuclides with Z$$ge$$98 in multi-nucleon transfer reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{248}$$Cm

Devaraja, H. M.*; Heinz, S.*; Beliuskina, O.*; Hofmann, S.*; Hornung, C.*; M$"u$nzenberg, G.*; Ackermann, D.*; Gupta, M.*; Gambhir, Y. K.*; Henderson, R. A.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 55(2), p.25_1 - 25_9, 2019/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:14.11(Physics, Nuclear)

The results for nuclei above curium, produced in multi-nucleon transfer reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{248}$$Cm at the velocity filter SHIP of GSI Darmstadt, are presented. Spontaneous fission and $$alpha$$ activities have been used to study the population of nuclei with lifetimes ranging from few milliseconds to several days. We observed several, relatively neutron-rich isotopes with atomic numbers Z $$ge$$ 98; among them a weak 224 millisecond activity which we tentatively attributed to $$^{260}$$No. The measured cross-sections of the observed nuclei give hope that multi-nucleon transfer reactions are a way to reach new neutron-rich heavy and superheavy nuclei, which are not accessible in other reactions. We compare our results with data from earlier experiments and discuss limitations and future perspectives of the method.

論文

Recoil-$$alpha$$-fission and recoil-$$alpha$$-$$alpha$$-fission events observed in the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{243}$$Am

Forsberg, U.*; Rudolph, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Fahlander, C.*; Gates, J. M.*; Golubev, P.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; Gross, C. J.*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 953, p.117 - 138, 2016/09

 被引用回数:22 パーセンタイル:4.76(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{243}$$Am反応による115番元素合成実験で観測された$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖について、最近我々が報告したドイツGSIで測定したデータと過去に報告されたロシアDubna及び米国LBNLで測定されたデータのすべてを使い、その起源を調査した。それらのデータの中に、反跳核-$$alpha$$-($$alpha$$)-核分裂タイプの短い崩壊連鎖が14事象観測されており、そのうちのいくつかは中性子が2個放出されてできる$$^{289}$$Mc起源であるとこれまで解釈されてきた。一方、今回我々は、これらの短い崩壊連鎖のほとんどが、中性子が3個放出されてできる$$^{288}$$Mc起源であり、崩壊連鎖の途中でEC崩壊して核分裂したものであろうと再同定した。

論文

Short-lived isomers in $$^{192}$$Po and $$^{194}$$Po

Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kalaninov$'a$, Z.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(6), p.064316_1 - 064316_12, 2016/06

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Isomeric states in $$^{194}$$Po and $$^{192}$$Po were studied at the velocity filter SHIP. The isotopes were produced in the fusion-evaporation reactions $$^{141}$$Pr($$^{56}$$Fe, $$p2n$$)$$^{194}$$Po and $$^{144}$$Sm($$^{51}$$V, $$p2n$$)$$^{192}$$Po. Several new $$gamma$$-ray transitions were attributed to the isomers and $$gamma$$-$$gamma$$ coincidences for both isomers were studied for the first time. The 459-keV transition earlier, tentatively proposed as de-exciting the isomeric level in $$^{194}$$Po, was replaced by a new 248-keV transition, and the spin of this isomer was reassigned from (11$$^{-}$$) to (10$$^{-}$$). The de-excitation of the (11$$^{-}$$) isomeric level in $$^{192}$$Po by the 154-keV transition was confirmed and a parallel de-excitation by a 733-keV (E3) transition to (8$$^{+}$$) level of the ground-state band was suggested. Moreover, side feeding to the (4$$^{+}$$) level of the ground-state band was proposed. The paper also discusses strengths of transitions de-exciting 11$$^{-}$$ isomers in neighboring Po and Pb isotopes.

論文

Observation of new neutron-deficient isotopes with Z$$ge$$92 in multinucleon transfer reactions

Devaraja, H. M.*; Heinz, S.*; Beliuskina, O.*; Comas, V. F.*; Hofmann, S.*; Hornung, C.*; M$"u$nzenberg, G.*; 西尾 勝久; Ackermann, D.*; Gambhir, Y. K.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 748, p.199 - 203, 2015/09

AA2015-0304.pdf:0.78MB

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:6.41(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

In deep inelastic multinucleon transfer reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca +$$^{248}$$Cm we observed about 100 residual nuclei with proton numbers between Z =82 and Z =100. Among them, there are five new neutron-deficient isotopes: $$^{216}$$U, $$^{219}$$Np, $$^{223}$$Am, $$^{229}$$Am and $$^{233}$$Bk. As separator for the transfer products we used the velocity filter SHIP of GSI while the isotope identification was performed via the $$alpha$$-decay chains of the nuclei. These first results reveal that multinucleon transfer reactions together with here applied fast and sensitive separation and detection techniques are promising for the synthesis of new isotopes in the region of heaviest nuclei.

論文

In situ synthesis of volatile carbonyl complexes with short-lived nuclides

Even, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; 浅井 雅人; Block, M.*; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F.*; 羽場 宏光*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(3), p.2457 - 2466, 2015/03

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:28.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

金属カルボニル錯体の迅速その場合成を、核分裂や核融合反応によって生成される短寿命同位体を用いた実験によって実証した。高い反跳エネルギーを持つ短寿命核反応生成物を一酸化炭素分子と直接反応させることでカルボニル錯体を合成し、高い揮発性を持つ錯体のみをガス気流によって迅速に搬送し、化学分析・測定装置にかけて検出した。この手法を用いることで、Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, W, Re, Os, Irの短寿命同位体の揮発性カルボニル錯体の合成に成功した。一方、HfとTaの揮発性錯体は検出されなかった。この手法は超重元素シーボーギウム(原子番号106)の化学研究に既に適用されており、また短寿命遷移金属同位体を用いた核科学研究の様々な分野への応用が今後期待される。

論文

Selected spectroscopic results on element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1185 - 1190, 2015/02

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:28.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

115番元素の$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖を30事象観測し、過去に$$^{288}$$115同位体として報告されている$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖と矛盾しないことを見出した。GEANT4モンテカルロシミュレーションにより高分解能$$alpha$$-光子同時計数実験結果の再現を試みた。この解析手法により、超重核のQ$$_{alpha}$$値や励起準位構造を精度よく導出できるようになる。

論文

$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction leading to element Z = 117; Long-lived $$alpha$$-decaying $$^{270}$$Db and discovery of $$^{266}$$Lr

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; 浅井 雅人; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(17), p.172501_1 - 172501_5, 2014/05

 被引用回数:131 パーセンタイル:1.03(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

ドイツ重イオン研究所のガス充填型反跳核分離装置TASCAを用いて$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{249}$$Bk核融合反応で生成する原子番号117の超重元素の観測に成功した。この結果は、過去にロシアのフレーロフ研究所が報告した117番新元素の結果を再確認するもので、117番元素の合成及び発見を確かなものとする成果である。一方、117番元素からの$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖の最後の原子核は、過去に報告された$$^{270}$$Dbではなく、未知核種$$^{266}$$Lrであり、$$^{270}$$Dbは非常に長い寿命を持つ$$alpha$$崩壊核種であることを明らかにした。

論文

Spectroscopic tools applied to element Z = 115 decay chains

Forsberg, U.*; Rudolph, D.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 66, p.02036_1 - 02036_4, 2014/03

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:9.47

115番元素の$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖測定に使用した焦点面Si検出器のセットアップと検出器プリアンプ出力のデジタル波形解析の結果及び検出器不感層による$$alpha$$線エネルギー損失の事象毎の補正解析の結果について報告する。$$alpha$$線検出器は、両面分割型Siストリップ検出器(DSSSD)5枚を箱型に配置し、115番元素を打ち込む底面検出器の片面の信号をデジタル波形解析した。底面検出器と側面検出器の2枚のSi検出器で検出された$$alpha$$線は、2枚の不感層を斜めに横切ることから$$alpha$$線エネルギー損失が事象毎に異なる。検出位置から$$alpha$$線の放射角度を求めることで事象毎にエネルギー損失を補正することで$$alpha$$線のエネルギー分解能を大幅に改善することに成功した。

論文

Alpha-photon coincidence spectroscopy along element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Acta Physica Polonica B, 45(2), p.263 - 272, 2014/02

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:21.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{48}$$Caビームと$$^{243}$$Am標的との核反応で115番元素の同位体を合成し、$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖を30事象観測した。観測された崩壊連鎖は過去に115番元素のものとして報告されたものと矛盾が無く、115番元素の同定を再確認した。また$$alpha$$線と光子との同時計数測定を合わせて行い、115番元素の$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖上に位置する超重核の$$gamma$$線およびX線の候補を観測した。最も重い超重核領域での$$gamma$$線の観測は、超重核の核構造研究に大きな進歩をもたらすものである。

論文

Superheavy element flerovium (element 114) is a volatile metal

Yakushev, A.*; Gates, J. M.*; T$"u$rler, A.*; Sch$"a$del, M.; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Block, M.*; Br$"u$chle, W.*; Dvorak, J.*; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 53(3), p.1624 - 1629, 2014/02

 被引用回数:51 パーセンタイル:1.81(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

金表面に対する114番元素フレロビウム(Fl)の吸着挙動に関するガスクロマトグラフ研究について報告する。実験対象としたFlは$$^{244}$$Pu($$^{48}$$Ca, 3-4n)$$^{288,289}$$Fl反応で合成し、反跳核分離装置を利用して$$^{48}$$Caビームから単離した。Fl及びその$$alpha$$壊変核種である112番元素コペルニシウム(Cn)、そしてその周期表上の同族である14族(Pb)及び12族(Hg)、並びに不活性ガスであるRnの吸着挙動を、等温クロマトグラフィー及び熱クロマトグラフィーを利用した実験装置で観測した。その結果、2個のFl原子が測定され、PbやHgとは異なり直ちに吸着することはなかったが、室温の金表面に吸着した。得られたFlの吸着挙動は、最も近い同族元素であるPbと比較してより不活性であると言えるが、金表面でのFlの吸着エンタルピーの下限値は、金とFlが金属-金属結合を形成することを示している。したがって、Flは同族元素中で最も反応性が低い元素であると言えるが、その性質は金属である。

論文

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 111(11), p.112502_1 - 112502_5, 2013/09

 被引用回数:88 パーセンタイル:2.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A high-resolution X-ray and $$alpha$$-ray coincidence spectroscopy experiment was conducted at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum f$"u$r Schwerionenforschung. Thirty correlated decay chains were detected following the fusion-evaporation reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{243}$$Am. The observations are consistent with previous assignments of similar decay chains to originate from element Z = 115. For the first time, precise spectroscopy allows the derivation of excitation schemes of isotopes along the decay chains starting with elements Z $$>$$ 112. Comprehensive Monte-Carlo simulations accompany the data analysis. Nuclear structure models provide a first level interpretation.

論文

Signature of the Z=82 shell closure in $$alpha$$-decay process

Andreyev, A. N.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Qi, C.*; Liotta, R. J.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Franchoo, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 110(24), p.242502_1 - 242502_5, 2013/06

 被引用回数:41 パーセンタイル:8.65(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$alpha$$-decay data for more than 20 nuclei of the most neutron-deificient isotopes in the region from lead to thorium was obtained. The combined analysis allowed us for the first time to clearly show that crossing the Z=82 shell to higher proton numbers strongly accelerates the $$alpha$$ decay. The analysis support the conjecture that both the N=126 and Z=82 shell closures stongly influence the $$alpha$$-formation probability.

論文

$$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy of the chain $$^{179}$$Tl$$^{g}$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$^{175}$$Au$$^{g}$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$^{171}$$Ir$$^{g}$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$^{167}$$Re$$^{m}$$

Andreyev, A. N.*; Liberati, V.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(5), p.054311_1 - 054311_8, 2013/05

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:27.16(Physics, Nuclear)

$$alpha$$-decay studies of $$^{179}$$Tl$$^{g}$$ and its dahghter products $$^{175}$$Au$$^{g}$$ and $$^{171}$$Ir$$^{g}$$ were carried out in two complementary experiments at the mass separator ISOLDE (CERN) and velocity filter SHIP (GSI). The nucluesu $$^{175}$$Au$$^{g}$$ has $$alpha$$ decay properties of half-life 207 ms and $$alpha$$-decay energy 6433 keV. The ground state spins and parities for $$^{175}$$Au and $$^{171}$$Ir were determined to be 1/2$$^{+}$$.

論文

In-beam fissio study at JAEA for heavy element synthesis

西尾 勝久; 池添 博; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; 有友 嘉浩*; Comas, V. F.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1524, p.68 - 72, 2013/04

 パーセンタイル:100

Fission fragment mass and kinetic energies distributions were measured in the heavy-ion induced reactions using $$^{238}$$U target nucleus at the energies around the Coulomb barrier. We observed strong variation of the fragment mass distribution with incident energy, which was explained by an energy dependence of the probabilities for fusion and quasifission. A calculation based on a fluctuation-dissipation model was carried out to determine the fusion probability in the reactions of $$^{30}$$Si+$$^{238}$$U and $$^{34}$$S+$$^{238}$$U. The fusion probabilities were consistent with those determied from the evaporation residue cross sections for both reactions, showing that in-beam fission measurement and analysis can give a reasonable estimation for the cross sections to produce super-heavy nuclei. We also discss the results for in-beam fission measurement of $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{238}$$U.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{192,194}$$At

Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Bianco, L.*; Franchoo, S.*; Heinz, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kalaninov$'a$, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014317_1 - 014317_8, 2013/01

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:17.67(Physics, Nuclear)

By using the recoil-fission correlation technique, the exotic process of beta-delayed fission ($$beta$$DF) was unambiguously identified in the very neutron-deficient nuclei $$^{192,194}$$At in experiments at the velocity filter SHIP at Gesellschaft f$"u$r Schwerionenforschung (GSI). The upper limits for the total kinetic energy release in fission of $$^{194,196}$$Po, being the daughter of $$^{192,194}$$At after $$beta^{+}/EC$$ decay, were estimated. The possibility of an unusually high $$beta^{+}$$DF probability $$^{192}$$At is discussed.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{186,188}$$Bi isotopes

Lane, J. F. W.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Gerl, J.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kettunen, H.*; Kleinb$"o$hl, A.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014318_1 - 014318_7, 2013/01

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:27.16(Physics, Nuclear)

By using the technique of correlating implanted evaporation residues and their subsequent fission decay, $$beta$$-delayed fission ($$beta$$DF) of $$^{186}$$Bi has been identified for the first time and $$beta$$DF of $$^{188}$$Bi has been unambiguously confirmed. The experiments were performed at the velocity filter SHIP (GSI, Darmstadt). The $$beta$$DF probabilities for both nuclides were qualitatively estimated, and, in particular indications for a large value in the case of $$^{186}$$Bi are regarded.

論文

Evidence for hindrance in fusion between sulfur and lead nuclei

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; 西尾 勝久; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Block, M.*; Heinz, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 池添 博; Kindler, B.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 86(6), p.064602_1 - 064602_6, 2012/12

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:35.22(Physics, Nuclear)

The influence of the structure of projectile and target nuclei on the capture cross-sections was investigated for the reactions $$^{34}$$S+$$^{204,206,208}$$Pb and $$^{36}$$S+$$^{204,206,208}$$Pb. Capture cross-sections were deduced by measuring the fission fragments using multi-wire proportional counters. An enhancement of the capture cross-sections relative to an one-dimensional barrier penetration model was observed for all reactions at energies below the interaction barriers. The enhancement is larger in the case of reactions with $$^{34}$$S than with $$^{36}$$S. This observation is explained by a stronger coupling to the vibrational states in the reactions with $$^{34}$$S. Comparing the capture cross-sections and the evaporation-residue cross-sections for the reactions $$^{36}$$S+$$^{206}$$Pb and $$^{34}$$S+$$^{208}$$Pb, both yielding the same compound nucleus $$^{242}$$Cf, it is shown that the latter reaction has a lower fusion probability.

論文

The Reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$116$$^{*}$$ studied at the GSI-SHIP

Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, B.*; Block, M.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.62_1 - 62_23, 2012/05

 被引用回数:104 パーセンタイル:1.27(Physics, Nuclear)

The synthesis of element 116 in the reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{248}$$Cm was studied at the GSI-SHIP. Four decay chains from the isotope $$^{292}$$116 and one decay $$^{293}$$116 were detected at the reaction leading to the excitation energy of 40.9 MeV. The cross sections were 3.4 and 0.9 pb, respectively. The decay character reproduced the reported data at FLNR, Russia. In the $$alpha$$ decay chain, we observed the higher $$alpha$$-particle energy in the decay of $$^{289}$$114, which suggested the population and the decay of a quasiparitcle state.

論文

Alpha-$$gamma$$ decay studies of $$^{253}$$No and its daughter products $$^{253}$$Md, $$^{249}$$Fm

He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Kalaninov$'a$, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Hofmann, S.*; Streicher, B.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.75_1 - 75_9, 2012/05

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:23.24(Physics, Nuclear)

Nuclear structure and decay of the isotope $$^{253}$$No and its decay products $$^{249}$$Fm and $$^{253}$$Md were investigated by means of $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ spectroscopy. Besides the established strong $$alpha$$ transitions from the 9/2$$^{-}$$[734] Nilsson level in $$^{249}$$Fm, populated predominantly by the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{253}$$No, into the ground-state(gs) rotational band, a couple of weaker $$alpha$$ lines were observed and placed into the $$^{249}$$Fm level scheme. The transition from the 7/2$$^{-}$$ level in $$^{249}$$Es, populated by the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{253}$$Md, into the 9/2$$^{+}$$ member of the gs rotational band, so far established for other odd-mass Es isotopes, was observed clearly. The GEANT4 simulations were performed to investigate the influence of energy summing between $$alpha$$ particles and conversion electrons (CE) on the shape of the $$alpha$$ spectra at different implantation energies, leading to evidence for a weak $$alpha$$ decay branch of $$^{253}$$No into the gs of $$^{249}$$Fm or the ground-state rotational band, respectively.

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