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Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 2014 Symposium on Nuclear Data; November 27-28, 2014, Conference hall, Hokkaido University, Sapporo Japan

Aikawa, Masayuki*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ebata, Shuichiro*; Kunieda, Satoshi; Nakamura, Shoji; Koura, Hiroyuki

JAEA-Conf 2015-003, 332 Pages, 2016/03


The 2014 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Conference Hall, Hokkaido University, on November 27 and 28, 2014. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Hokkaido Branch of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, and Nuclear Reaction Data Centre, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University in cooperation with Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In the symposium, there were two tutorials, "Cross section measurement strategy for long lived fission product" and "Physics and Nuclear Data in Radiation Therapy" and four sessions, "A Neutron TOF Measurement Instrument desired by Nuclear Data Community", "Recent Topics", "Application of Nuclear Data", and "Nuclear Theory and Nuclear Data". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, evaluation, benchmark and application was presented in a poster session. Among 88 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 62 papers including 2 tutorials, 16 oral and 44 poster presentations.

Journal Articles

The Nucleosynthetic signatures of the first star survivors among hyper metal-poor stars with [Fe/H] $$<$$ -4.5

Suda, Takuma*; Komiya, Yutaka*; Nishimura, Takanori*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fujimoto, Masayuki*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1016, p.43 - 48, 2008/05

The first stars in our Universe are the useful probes for the star formation history in the very early Universe. In order to identify these survivors, we should consider the effect of changing surface abundances during their long lives. The surface abundances are modified by the accretion of gas from the interstellar matter and/or the binary mass transfer. The latter can affect the abundance pattern through the evolution of primary star that experienced the internal mixing and dredge-up during thermally pulsating AGB. The top three of the iron deficient stars are reported as the candidates of the first stars. These stars have [Fe/H] $$<$$ -4.5 and share the common feature of large enhancement of C. We argue that these abundance patterns are testified to the evolutionary characteristics of the first stars with low- and intermediate-mass by trying to constrain the mass of primary under the assumption that they were the survivors of secondary stars in the binary system when they were born.

Journal Articles

Interpretation of extremely metal-poor stars as candidates of first generation stars

Nishimura, Takanori*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Suda, Takuma*; Fujimoto, Masayuki*; Iben, I. Jr.*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1016, p.421 - 423, 2008/05

The evolution of extremely metal-poor stars of low- and intermediate-masses is distinct from those of metal-rich stars in that the convection driven by the helium shell flash can extend outward into the hydrogen-rich layer during TP-AGB phase. In the circumstance of [Fe/H]$$<-$$2.5, protons are mixed and converted into neutrons in the convective zone to promote nucleosynthesis through neutron and $$alpha$$-captures. We study the nucleosynthesis in the helium-flash convective zone, induced by this hydrogen mixing. In the dearth of the pristine metals, the neutron-recycling reactions $$^{12}$$C($$n,gamma$$)$$^{13}$$C($$alpha,n$$)$$^{16}$$O and in some cases the subsequent $$^{16}$$O($$n,gamma$$)$$^{17}$$O($$alpha,n$$)$$^{20}$$Ne play and important role and catalyze the syntheses of O through Mg and still heavier elements. Based on these results, we assign the origin of two most iron-deficient stars to the Pop III stars, born out of the primordial gas.

Journal Articles

Neutron-capture nucleosynthesis in the He-flash convective zone in extremely metal-poor stars

Nishimura, Takanori*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Suda, Takuma*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fujimoto, Masayuki*; Iben, I. Jr.*

AIP Conference Proceedings 847, p.455 - 457, 2006/07

We investigated the progress of nucleosynthesis in the helium flash driven convective zone which triggers the mixing of hydrogen into this convective zone in the extremely metal-poor, asymptotic giant branch stars with low and intermediate masses. The amounts of $$^{13}$$C created by proton captures on abundant $$^{12}$$C in He layer strongly depend on the resultant abundances of nuclei. We showed that under circumstances initially devoid of metals, the heavy $$s$$-process elements such as Sr, Ba and even Pb can be formed with light elements as seeds which are produced via two neutron-recycling reactions ($$^{12}$$C(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{13}$$C($$alpha$$,n)$$^{16}$$O and $$^{16}$$O(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{17}$$O($$alpha$$,n)$$^{20}$$Ne).

Journal Articles

Web-based search and plot system for nuclear reaction data

Otsuka, Naohiko; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Suda, Takuma*; Naito, Kenichi*; Korennov, S.*; Arai, Koji*; Noto, Hiroshi*; Onishi, Akira*; Kato, Kiyoshi*; Nakagawa, Tsuneo; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.561 - 564, 2005/05

A web-based search and plot system for nuclear reaction data has been developed, covering experimental data in EXFOR format and evaluated data in ENDF format. The system is implemented for Linux OS, with Perl and MySQL used for CGI scripts and the database manager, respectively. Two prototypes for experimental and evaluated data are presented.

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