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Journal Articles

Comprehensive exposure assessments from the viewpoint of health in a unique high natural background radiation area, Mamuju, Indonesia

Nugraha, E. D.*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Kusdiana*; Untara*; Mellawati, J.*; Nurokhim*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Ikram, A.*; Syaifudin, M.*; Yamada, Ryohei; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.14578_1 - 14578_16, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.35(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Mamuju is one of the regions in Indonesia which retains natural conditions but has relatively high exposure to natural radiation. The goals of the present study were to characterize exposure of the entire Mamuju region as a high natural background radiation area (HNBRA) and to assess the existing exposure as a means for radiation protection of the public and the environment. A cross-sectional study method was used with cluster sampling areas by measuring all parameters that contribute to external and internal radiation exposures. It was determined that Mamuju was a unique HNBRA with the annual effective dose between 17 and 115 mSv, with an average of 32 mSv. The lifetime cumulative dose calculation suggested that Mamuju residents could receive as much as 2.2 Sv on average which is much higher than the average dose of atomic bomb survivors for which risks of cancer and non-cancer diseases are demonstrated. The study results are new scientific data allowing better understanding of health effects related to chronic low-dose-rate radiation exposure and they can be used as the main input in a future epidemiology study.

Journal Articles

Discriminative measurement of absorbed dose rates in air from natural and artificial radionuclides in Namie Town, Fukushima Prefecture

Ogura, Koya*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Yamada, Ryohei; Negemi, Ryoju*; Tsujiguchi, Takakiyo*; Yamaguchi, Masaru*; Shiroma, Yoshitaka*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; et al.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(3), p.978_1 - 978_16, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.35(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Simple pretreatment method for tritium measurement in environmental water samples using a liquid scintillation counter

Nakasone, Shunya*; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 16, p.2405035_1 - 2405035_5, 2021/02

Removal of impurities such as organic and other types of dissolved matters from environmental water samples is required for precise analysis of tritium with a liquid scintillation counting method. In general, a distillation method is a conventional one for tritium analysis in environmental water samples, but is a time-consuming process that takes 24 hours for removal of impurities. We have proposed a rapid pretreatment method for tritium analysis, that uses ion exchange resins. In this study, we performed batch experiments, to evaluate the effectiveness of the ion exchange resins on the tritium measurement. The results obtained demonstrated that removal of impurities in the sample water by ion exchange resins can be achieved during a short period of time (i.e., in 5 min).

Journal Articles

A Unique high natural background radiation area; Dose assessment and perspectives

Hosoda, Masahiro*; Nugraha, E. D.*; Akata, Naofumi*; Yamada, Ryohei; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Sasaki, Michiya*; Kelleher, K.*; Yoshinaga, Shinji*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Rattanapongs, C. P.*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 750, p.142346_1 - 142346_11, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:96.3(Environmental Sciences)

The biological effects of low dose-rate radiation exposures on humans remains unknown. In fact, the Japanese nation still struggles with this issue after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Recently, we have found a unique area in Indonesia where naturally high radiation levels are present, resulting in chronic low dose-rate radiation exposures. We aimed to estimate the comprehensive dose due to internal and external exposures at the particularly high natural radiation area, and to discuss the enhancement mechanism of radon. A car-borne survey was conducted to estimate the external doses from terrestrial radiation. Indoor radon measurements were made in 47 dwellings over three to five months, covering the two typical seasons, to estimate the internal doses. Atmospheric radon gases were simultaneously collected at several heights to evaluate the vertical distribution. The absorbed dose rates in air in the study area vary widely between 50 nGy h$$^{-1}$$ and 1109 nGy h$$^{-1}$$. Indoor radon concentrations ranged from 124 Bq m$$^{-3}$$ to 1015 Bq m$$^{-3}$$. That is, the indoor radon concentrations measured exceed the reference levels of 100 Bq m$$^{-3}$$ recommended by the World Health Organization. Furthermore, the outdoor radon concentrations measured were comparable to the high indoor radon concentrations. The annual effective dose due to external and internal exposures in the study area was estimated to be 27 mSv using the median values. It was found that many residents are receiving radiation exposure from natural radionuclides over the dose limit for occupational exposure to radiation workers. This enhanced outdoor radon concentration might be as a result of the stable atmospheric conditions generated at an exceptionally low altitude. Our findings suggest that this area provides a unique opportunity to conduct an epidemiological study related to health effects due to chronic low dose-rate radiation exposure.

Journal Articles

Preliminary investigation of pretreatment methods for liquid scintillation measurements of environmental water samples using ion exchange resins

Nakasone, Shunya*; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 15, p.2405027_1 - 2405027_3, 2020/05

A quick preprocessing system for tritium analysis of environmental samples is important to judge environmental influence of tritium releases due to accident or tritium-handling facilities. Analysis of tritium in water samples with liquid scintillation counting method requires removal of impurities such as organic matter and ion species from water samples. Generally, a distillation method is adopted as a pretreatment of analysis for tritium; however, the distillation method is a time-consuming process. The aim of this study is to evaluate a rapid pretreatment method for tritium analysis with ion exchange resin. From batch and column experiments that used inland water and ion exchange resin, we confirmed removals of impurities of the water sample and that the removal of impurities was possible for a short time (by 5 minutes).

Journal Articles

Cesium concentrations in various environmental media at Namie, Fukushima

Heged$"u$s, M.*; Shiroma, Yoshitaka*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Yamada, Ryohei; Tsujiguchi, Takakiyo*; Yamaguchi, Masaru*; Ogura, Koya*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 323(1), p.197 - 204, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:57.07(Chemistry, Analytical)

The radioactivity of cesium in the water and sediments of two major rivers was measured along with airborne radioactivity in Namie Town, after the recent partial lift on the evacuation order in 2017. The observed concentrations were up to 384 $$pm$$ 11 mBq/L for $$^{137}$$Cs in unfiltered water and 1.28 $$pm$$ 0.09 mBq/m$$^{3}$$ for $$^{137}$$Cs in air, while the sediment had a maximum of 44900 $$pm$$ 23.4 Bq/kg for $$^{137}$$Cs. The $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratios indicate the main origin of the cesium in the sediment to be Unit 1 in good agreement with previous reports on the accident.

Journal Articles

Development of field estimation technique and improvement of environmental tritium behavior model

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 14(Sp.2), p.3405099_1 - 3405099_4, 2019/06

The Large Helical Device of the National Institute for Fusion Science started D-D experiments in 2017. To ensure the safety of the facility, it is important to develop evaluation methods for environmental tritium transfer. Tritiated water (HTO) in atmosphere and soil is transferred to plants, and organically bound tritium (OBT) is formed by photosynthesis. Prediction of OBT formation is important, because OBT accumulates in plants and causes dose through ingestion. The objective of this study is to estimate environmental tritium transfer using a simple compartment model and practical parameters. We proposed a simple compartment model consisting of air-soil-plant components, and tried to validate the model by comparison with a sophisticated model, SOLVEG. In this study, we plan to add wet deposition to the model and obtain parameters from measurements of soil permeability and tritium concentrations in air, soil and plants. We also establish rapid pretreatment methods for OBT analysis.

Journal Articles

Impacts of anthropogenic source from the nuclear fuel reprocessing plants on global atmospheric iodine-129 cycle; A Model analysis

Kadowaki, Masanao; Katata, Genki*; Terada, Hiroaki; Suzuki, Takashi; Hasegawa, Hidenao*; Akata, Naofumi*; Kakiuchi, Hideki*

Atmospheric Environment, 184, p.278 - 291, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.71(Environmental Sciences)

The long-lived radioactive iodine ($$^{129}$$I) is a useful geochemical tracer in the atmospheric environment. We recently observed clear seasonal trends in air concentration and deposition of $$^{129}$$I in Japan. Using these data, we developed a global atmospheric $$^{129}$$I transport model to reveal key processes for the global atmospheric $$^{129}$$I cycle. The model generally reproduced the observed seasonal change in air concentration and deposition of $$^{129}$$I in Japan, and the global distribution of $$^{129}$$I concentration in rain as presented in past literature. Numerical experiments changing the intensity of anthropogenic and natural sources were conducted to quantify the impact of anthropogenic sources on the global $$^{129}$$I cycle. The results indicated that the atmospheric $$^{129}$$I from the anthropogenic sources was deposited in winter and can be accumulated mainly in the northern part of Eurasia. In contrast, the atmospheric $$^{129}$$I from the natural sources dominated the deposition in summer. These results suggested that the re-emission process of $$^{129}$$I from the Earth's surface may be important as a secondary impact of $$^{129}$$I in the global-scaled environment. Furthermore, although wet deposition dominated the total deposition in the Northern hemisphere, dry deposition regionally and seasonally contributed to the total deposition over arctic and northern part of Eurasia in winter, suggesting that the dry deposition may play a key role in the seasonal change of $$^{129}$$I deposition in the Northern hemisphere high latitudes.

Journal Articles

Magnetic structure of divalent europium compound EuGa$$_{4}$$ studied by single-crystal time-of-flight neutron diffraction

Kawasaki, Takuro; Kaneko, Koji; Nakamura, Ai*; Aso, Naofumi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; Tamura, Itaru; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114711_1 - 114711_5, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:47.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Single crystal neutron diffraction study of high neutron absorbing compound EuGa$$_{4}$$

Kawasaki, Takuro; Kaneko, Koji; Aso, Naofumi*; Nakamura, Ai*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 1, p.014009_1 - 014009_4, 2014/03

Journal Articles

Field tests on migration of TRU-nuclide, 2; Migration test for engineered barrier materials in aerated soil

Maeda, Toshikatsu; Tanaka, Tadao; Mukai, Masayuki; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Munakata, Masahiro; Matsumoto, Junko; Kozai, Naofumi; Bamba, Tsunetaka; Fan, Z.*; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 2(3), p.336 - 341, 2003/09

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Magnetic structure analysis of high neutron absorbing compound EuGa$$_{4}$$

Kawasaki, Takuro; Kaneko, Koji; Aso, Naofumi*; Nakamura, Ai*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Single crystal neutron diffraction study of high neutron absorbing compound EuX$$_{4}$$ (X = Al, Ga)

Kawasaki, Takuro; Kaneko, Koji; Aso, Naofumi*; Nakamura, Ai*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Moyoshi, Taketo*; Nakao, Akiko*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of a global transport model for airborne iodine-129 including atmospheric photolysis and gas-particle conversion processes

Kadowaki, Masanao; Katata, Genki*; Terada, Hiroaki; Suzuki, Takashi; Hasegawa, Hidenao*; Akata, Naofumi*; Kakiuchi, Hideki*

no journal, , 

Iodine-129 ($$^{129}$$I) has been shown as a useful isotope for dating of water, tracing of marine sediments and investigating the geochemical cycle of iodine. Main sources of atmospheric $$^{129}$$I are volatilization from ocean and discharge from nuclear fuel reprocessing facilities. Although released $$^{129}$$I is globally transported in the atmosphere and deposited to the Earth's surface, spatial and temporal distributions of atmospheric $$^{129}$$I are still not well understood. In this study, we developed an atmospheric global transport model of $$^{129}$$I which includes the processes such as advection and turbulent diffusion, dry and wet deposition, discharge from nuclear fuel reprocessing facility, volatilization from ocean and atmospheric chemical reactions (atmospheric photolysis and gas-particle conversion). Input meteorological fields of three-dimensional components of wind, air temperature, atmospheric pressure, and turbulent diffusion coefficient were calculated using WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting) with ERA-Interim dataset. The simulation period was set to be from 1 Jan 2006 to 31 Dec 2010. For model validation, we used air concentration and deposition of gaseous and particulate forms of $$^{129}$$I measured at Rokkasho in Japan from 2006 to 2010 and past measurements of $$^{129}$$I concentration in rain water in Europe, Asia, and North America. The model successfully reproduced the seasonal variations of measured air concentration and deposition of $$^{129}$$I at Rokkasho as maximum and minimum values during the wintertime and summertime, respectively. Furthermore, spatial patterns of simulated $$^{129}$$I concentration in globe were similar to those of measurements. In the presentation, key factors in controlling the spatiotemporal distribution of airborne $$^{129}$$I and its cycle in the atmosphere suggested by model results will be discussed.

Oral presentation

Dose variation measurement at the high background radiation area in Indonesia

Sasaki, Michiya*; Yamada, Ryohei; Akata, Naofumi*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Chanis, P.*; Kudo, Hiromi*; Sahoo, K.*; Iskandar, D.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Recently, Mamuju city in Sulawesi Island, Indonesia and its surrounding area is known as the high background radiation area, and is regarded as a possible area for an epidemiological study. In this study we have measured the hourly dose rates of individuals and the environment with the D-shuttle dosimeter, which has been developed by the Chiyoda Technol Corporation. With the aid of local residents living at Botteng village, which is located south of Mamuju city, short term and long term measurements were conducted for three days and nine months, respectively. Two volunteers have equipped the D-shuttle for the short term measurement, and seven families supported the short and long term measurements of the environmental dose rate, for both inside and outside the house. From our results, since some variation was observed regarding with day or night, correlation with radon concentration was suggested.

Oral presentation

Radiation dose estimation at the high background radiation area in Indonesia; Dose rate measurement at different height

Sasaki, Michiya*; Yamada, Ryohei; Nugraha, E.*; Akata, Naofumi*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; Pornnumpa, C.*; Kudo, Hiromi*; Sahoo, K.*; et al.

no journal, , 

The area around Mamuju city in West Sulawesi, Indonesia has high possibility of being a target of epidemiological research as a high natural radiation area. We would like to report the difference in radiation dose at different heights from the ground measured by the D-Shuttle.

Oral presentation

Improvement of environmental tritium behavior model; Calculation of OBT concentration in plants using the MOGRA code

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; et al.

no journal, , 

To ensure safety of fusion facilities, it is important to develop evaluation methods for tritium transfer in the environment. For estimation of tritium transfer in the terrestrial environment, we had developed a simple compartment model using the Migration Of GRound Additions (MOGRA) code. The model was composed by an air-soil-plant system. The target source terms were HT and HTO in the air. In addition, wet deposition was modeled by input of HTO to the system by rainfall. Tritium in the plant was divided into free water tritium (FWT) and organically bound tritium (OBT). The tritium concentration in the environmental medium was trial calculated for chronic and accidental HTO releases to the atmosphere, as preliminary calculation run of the model.

Oral presentation

Development of a new sampler for tritium measurement in the infiltrated soil water

Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Tanaka, Masahiro*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Furukawa, Masahide*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Identification of artificial radionuclides in radioactive aerosol monitor

Hashimoto, Hiroki*; Yamada, Ryohei; Yamaguchi, Kanna*; Sasaki, Koichi*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Akata, Naofumi*; Tokonami, Shinji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

19 (Records 1-19 displayed on this page)
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