Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Ojima, Mayumi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Ito, Takayoshi*; Gong, W.; Vogel, S. C.*; Inoue, Junya*; Tomota, Yo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.746 - 760, 2018/06
Akita, Koichi; Nakatani, Hayato*; Ogihara, Shinji*; Shobu, Takahisa; Shiro, Ayumi*; Igawa, Naoki; Shimojo, Yutaka
SPring-8/SACLA Riyo Kenkyu Seikashu (Research Report) (Internet), 6(1), p.105 - 108, 2018/01
no abstracts in English
Ikushima, Kazuki*; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Furukawa, Takashi*; Akita, Koichi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morooka, Satoshi
E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 9(3), p.NT87_1 - NT87_5, 2017/11
Kuroda, Masatoshi*; Kamaya, Masayuki*; Yamada, Teruaki*; Akita, Koichi
Nippon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 83(852), p.17-00072_1 - 17-00072_7, 2017/07
In order to assess the fatigue damage of austenitic stainless steels by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) method more simply and easily, it should be more preferable to use a commercially available general-purpose EBSD analysis software rather than to employ an in-house developed EBSD analysis programme. In the present study, EBSD measurement was performed for Type 316 austenitic stainless steels subjected to cyclic loading, and the applicability of the EBSD parameter relevant to the pattern quality, which could be obtained by the commercial software, to the fatigue damage assessment was discussed by comparing the other EBSD parameter of the averaged local misorientation (Mave), which could be calculated by the in-house developed programme. As a result, the EBSD parameter relevant to the pattern quality, which signified the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the histogram distribution of the image quality (IQ), was saturated at the beginning stage of the fatigue cycles, while Mave was increased monotonically with the cycles. This suggested that the FWHM of IQ could be useful to detect the initial stage of the fatigue damage, while Mave was suitable for the quantitative evaluation of the fatigue damage. XRD measurement was also carried out for the same samples employed in the EBSD measurement, and the XRD data was compared with the EBSD data to discuss the crystallographic mechanism of the change in the FWHM of IQ. As a result, it was found that the FWHM of the (111) XRD peak correlated well with the FWHM of IQ. Because the (111) plane in fcc metal such as austenitic stainless steel was most preferable for slip system, this implied that the change in the distribution of the pattern quality generated by the fatigue loading could be due to the slip deformation.
Akita, Koichi; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Ikushima, Kazuki*; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Furukawa, Takashi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Vladimir, L.*
Yosetsu Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 35(2), p.112s - 116s, 2017/06
Ikushima, Kazuki*; Kitani, Yuji*; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Furukawa, Takashi*; Akita, Koichi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morooka, Satoshi
Yosetsu Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 35(2), p.75s - 79s, 2017/06
Ojima, Mayumi*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Inoue, Junya*; Shobu, Takahisa; Xu, P. G.; Akita, Koichi; Nambu, Shoichi*; Koseki, Toshihiko*
Zairyo, 66(6), p.420 - 426, 2017/06
Ikushima, Kazuki*; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Akita, Koichi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morooka, Satoshi; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Furukawa, Takashi*
Welding in the World, 61(3), p.517 - 527, 2017/05
In this study, first, an analysis method to predict the behaviour of residual stress distribution on shot peening process was proposed. In the proposed method, the load distribution on the collision of shots was modelled, and it was integrated with the dynamic analysis method based on the idealized explicit FEM (IEFEM). The accuracy of the proposed analysis system was confirmed by comparing the stress distribution on the collision of a single shot with the results analyzed by ABAQUS. The thermal elastic plastic analysis method using IEFEM was applied to the analysis of residual stress distribution of multi-pass welded pipe joint. The calculated residual stress distribution was compared with the measured residual stress distribution using X-ray diffraction (XRD). As a result, it was shown that the both welding residual distribution agree well with each other. Considering the calculated welding residual stress distribution, the modification of stress distribution due to shot peening was predicted by the proposed analysis system. As a result, the similar stress distribution with measurement by XRD was obtained in case that a large number of collisions are considered.
Liss, K.-D.*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Dippenaar, R. J.*; Higo, Yuji*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Reid, M.*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Shobu, Takahisa; Akita, Koichi
Metals, 6(7), p.165_1 - 165_22, 2016/07
Titanium aluminides find application in modern light-weight, high-temperature turbines, such as aircraft engines, but suffer from poor plasticity during manufacturing and processing. Huge forging presses enable materials processing in the 10 GPa range and hence, it is necessary to investigate the phase-diagrams of candidate materials under these extreme conditions. Here we report on an in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study in a large-volume-press of a modern ( + ) two-phase material, Ti-45Al-7.5Nb-0.25C, under pressures up to 9.6 GPa and temperatures up to 1686 K. At room temperature, the volume response to pressure is accommodated by the transformation rather than volumetric strain, expressed by apparently high bulk moduli of both constituent phases. Crystallographic aspects, specifically lattice strain and atomic order are discussed in detail. It is interesting to note that this transformation takes place despite an increase in atomic volume, which is due to the high ordering energy of . Upon heating under high pressure, both the eutectoid and -solvus transition temperatures are elevated, and a third, cubic -phase is stabilized above 1350 K. Earlier research has shown that this -phase is very ductile during plastic deformation, essential in near-conventional forging processes. Here, we were able to identify an ideal processing window for near-conventional forging, while the presence of the detrimental -phase is not present under operating conditions. Novel processing routes can be defined from these findings.
Stellhorn, J. R.*; Hosokawa, Shinya*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Gies, D.*; Pilgrim, W.-C.*; Hayashi, Koichi*; Oyama, Kenji*; Blanc, N.*; Boudet, N.*
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 431, p.68 - 71, 2016/01
Nakatani, Hayato*; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Akita, Koichi; Ogihara, Shinji*
Proceedings of 14th Japan International SAMPE Symposium & Exhibition (JISSE-14) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2015/12
Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Ito, Takayoshi*; Morii, Yukio*; Gong, W.; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Akita, Koichi; Suzuki, Tetsuya*; Tomota, Yo; Lutterotti, L.*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.031022_1 - 031022_6, 2015/09
Iwata, Keiji*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Suzuki, Kanki*; Shobu, Takahisa; Orihara, Hideto*; Sakai, Yusuke*; Akita, Koichi; Oya, Shinichi*; Ishiyama, Kazushi*
Journal of Applied Physics, 117(17), p.17A910_1 - 17A910_4, 2015/03
Internal stress distribution for generating closure domains occurring in laser-irradiated Fe-3%Si(110) steels was investigated using high-energy X-ray analysis and domain theory based on the variational principle. The measured triaxial stresses inside the specimen were compressive and the stress in the rolling direction became more dominant than stresses in the other directions. The calculations based on the variational principle of magnetic energy for closure domains showed that the measured triaxial stresses made the closure domains more stable than the basic domain without closure domains. The experimental and calculation results reveal that the laser-introduced internal stresses result in the occurrence of the closure domains.
Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Akita, Koichi; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Oya, Shinichi*
Advanced Materials Research, 996, p.39 - 44, 2014/08
The microstructural features of shot and laser peened austenitic stainless steels were studied using line profile analysis with X-rays. Although both specimens had similar residual stress profiles toward the depth direction, the microstructural features were different not only on the original surfaces of the specimens but also to several micrometers in depth. The dislocation densities of the SP specimen were greater than that of the LP specimen. And the crystallite sizes of the SP specimen were smaller than that of the LP specimen.
Akita, Koichi; Hayashi, Kengo*; Takeda, Kazuya*; Sano, Yuji*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Moriai, Atsushi; Oya, Shinichi*
Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 1(4), p.SMM0029_1 - SMM0029_8, 2014/08
Compressive residual stresses induced by peening techniques improve the strength properties of steels, such as fatigue and stress corrosion cracking. However, the compressive residual stress might be reduced owing to thermal and mechanical loading in-service. In this study, the behavior of surface and internal residual stresses of a laser-peened ferritic steel under quasi-static tensile loading was investigated by X-ray and neutron diffraction. The complementary use of these diffraction techniques provided decisive experimental evidence for elucidating the relaxation process. The critical applied stress of peened samples subjected to a tensile loading can be estimated from the von Misses yield criterion with the maximum tensile residual stress inside the sample.
Kensa Gijutsu, 19(7), p.62 - 66, 2014/07
Fundamental theory of neutron stress measurement technique is explained, and its application to mechanical components and structures are introduced.
Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Akita, Koichi; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Oya, Shinichi*
Materials Science & Engineering A, 608, p.21 - 24, 2014/07
The mechanical properties of shot- and laser-peened austenitic stainless steels, AISI316, were evaluated via Vickers hardness tests, and the correlation between workhardening and microstructural characteristics were discussed. Dislocation density, which is a microstructural feature, was determined via X-ray line profile analysis. Martensite was generated only by the shot-peening process. A linear relationship is observed between the hardness and the square root of the dislocation density in spite of the martensite formation on the shot-peened specimen. Therefore, the hardness is increased only by workhardening and is not affected by the martensite. We also clarified that a compressive residual stress greater than the original yield strength of the bare material can be induced because of the increase in yield strength caused by workhardening due to dislocation density increase with the peening process.
Xu, P. G.; Hoshikawa, Akinori*; Hayashi, Makoto*; Akita, Koichi; Morii, Yukio*; Ishigaki, Toru*
Nippon Zairyo Gakkai Dai-48-Kai X Sen Zairyo Kyodo Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu, p.7 - 9, 2014/07
Suzuki, Hiroshi; Harjo, S.; Abe, Jun*; Akita, Koichi
Materials Science Forum, 777, p.105 - 111, 2014/02
Effects of beam divergence on pseudo-strains observed in time-of-flight (TOF) neutron diffraction, that overlapped with the neutron attenuation effect and the surface-effect were investigated. The through-surface strain scanning on an annealed steel plate was performed in different instrument resolutions by controlling the incident beam divergence. Typical pseudo-strain distributions were observed, but they showed different trend according to the beam divergence. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the pseudo-strains induced in the strain scanning of coarse grain materials can be suppressed by controlling the incident beam divergence. Therefore, the incident beam divergence must be carefully considered to reduce pseudo-strains in time-of-flight neutron diffractometry.
Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Akita, Koichi; Itano, Yuta*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Oya, Shinichi*
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 443(1-3), p.107 - 111, 2013/11
Microstructural features of AISI316 stainless steels processed by shot peening (SP) and laser peening (LP) were studied using X-ray diffraction line profile analyses. Both specimens exhibited similar compressive residual stress profiles. Although the number of dislocations was increased and the crystallites were refined with both processes, the dislocation density in the SP specimen was significantly greater than that in the LP specimen. The crystallite size in the SP specimen was one-third that in the LP specimen. The SP process induced martensite transformation. The variations in the microstructural features differed between samples subjected to the two processes. The SP process resulted in a greater variation in the microstructural features in a sample in which residual stresses similar to that induced by the LP process were induced. Thus, the variations in the microstructural features differed depending on the deformation process.