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Journal Articles

Fabrication of hard-coated optical absorbers with microstructured surfaces using etched ion tracks; Toward broadband ultra-low reflectance

Amemiya, Kuniaki*; Koshikawa, Hiroshi; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Maekawa, Yasunari; Shitomi, Hiroshi*; Numata, Takayuki*; Kinoshita, Kenichi*; Tanabe, Minoru*; Fukuda, Daiji*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 356-357, p.154 - 159, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:39.55(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Broadband low reflectance materials have various applications in the field of optical energy management; however, materials with ultra-low reflectance (below 0.1%) have been considered as mechanically delicate. We have developed a novel hard-surface optical absorber with microstructured, diamond-like carbon coated ion tracks on CR-39 plastic substrate. The spectral reflectance of the first prototype was below 2% for wavelengths ranging from 400 nm to 1400 nm; moreover, the optical absorber had mechanically hard surface and exhibited temporal durability. Choosing the appropriate design of the surface structure and coating layer is likely to reduce the reflectance to the order of 0.1%. This technique yields easy-to-handle broadband ultra-low reflectance absorbers.

Journal Articles

Spin orientation transition across the single-layer graphene/nickel thin film interface

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Entani, Shiro; Koide, Akihiro*; Otomo, Manabu; Avramov, P.; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Amemiya, Kenta*; Fujikawa, Takashi*; Sakai, Seiji

Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 1(35), p.5533 - 5537, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:28.43(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Die AMEMIYA-Sonde; Theoretischer Hitergrund

Belitz, H. J.*; Althausen, B.*; Uehara, Kazuya; Amemiya, Hiroshi*

JAEA-Research 2009-048, 21 Pages, 2010/01

JAEA-Research-2009-048.pdf:4.87MB

This probe has been developed to measure the ion temperature in the scrape-off-layer (SOL) of the tokamak boundary plasma. Since in the SOL plasma the ion temperature is usually larger than the electron temperature ions reach to the probe with the thermal speed without considering presheeth at the probe frontier. The probe with the cylindrical shape is placed at the parallel to the magnetic field lines. Important parameters of this probe are probe length L, the ratio of L to the radius a and the mean ion Larmor radius $$<$$r$$>$$. The ion current density to the side and the end is double integrated and k is expressed analytically. When two probes with different length are placed to the parallel to the magnetic field k is estimated by the difference of the current and we can measure the temperature directly. The application examples to the SOL plasma of JFT-2M and TEXTOR are shown.

Journal Articles

Compatibility of reduced activation ferritic steel wall with high performance plasma on JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Bakhtiari, M.*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kurita, Genichi; Takechi, Manabu; Kasai, Satoshi; Sato, Masayasu; Kawashima, Hisato; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(11), p.966 - 971, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:47.45(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Direct identification of magnetic surface by a differential double probe in JFT-2M

Uehara, Kazuya; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Amemiya, Hiroshi*; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Sadamoto, Yoshiro*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 2, 45(24), p.L630 - L633, 2006/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:85.92(Physics, Applied)

Data for detecting the magnetic flux surfaces at the edge plasma in tokamak are presented. When the magnetic surfaces are moved by the plasma jog, it is observed that a current increment appears in the two set of double probe whose front surfaces are shifted by a small distance and that the difference of these two currents through the differential amplifier giving a signal of the arrival of the separatrix also appears, where we refer the separatrix point as a typical position of the magnetic flux surfaces. It is confirmed that magnetic flux surfaces are located by a few cm outward from that calculated by the eqfit-code (EQFIT) and the absolute value of its deviation is identified. This identification is supported by the result of observation of the correlation of the floating potential fluctuation between two different points using one probe pin of the same differential double probe. The ion temperature and the space potential are observed by the another use of the differential double probe are modified following the estimated real magnetic surfaces positions.

Journal Articles

Plasma diagnostics in JFT-2M

Kasai, Satoshi*; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Uehara, Kazuya; Miura, Yukitoshi; Okano, Fuminori; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.225 - 240, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.46(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic system of JFT-2M has consisted of about 30 individual diagnostic instruments,which were used to study the plasma production, control, equilibrium, stability, confinement, plasma heating by NBI and/or RF (LH, ICRF, ECH) and current drive by RF. In these instruments, the motional Stark effect (MSE) polarimeter, charge exchanged recombination spectroscopy (CXRS), heavy-ion beam probe (HIBP), time of flight (TOF) neutral particle analyzer, etc. have contributed to make clear the improved mechanism of confinement such as H-mode and High Recycling Steady (HRS) H-mode, and to search the operational region of these modes.The infrared TV camera system and lost ion probe have played a very important role to investigate the heat load onto the walls due to ripple loss particles and escaping ions from core plasma, respectively.

Journal Articles

Study of SOL/divertor plasmas in JFT-2M

Kawashima, Hisato; Sengoku, Seio; Uehara, Kazuya; Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Shibata, Takatoshi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kusama, Yoshinori; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.168 - 186, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:81.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experimental efforts on JFT-2M have been devoted to understand SOL/Divertor plasmas and to investigate power and particle controllability. Open divertor configuration was used for the first decade of JFT-2M started in 1984. We found out the SOL/Divertor plasma properties such as in/out asymmetry, heat and particle diffusivities, and SOL current at ELMs. Handling of power and particle was demonstrated by active control methods such as local pumping, edge ergodization, divertor biasing, and edge heating. For improvement of power and particle control capability of divertor, it was modified to closed configuration in 1995, which demonstrated the baffling effects with narrower divertor throat. Dense and cold divertor state (n$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and T$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4 eV), compatible with the improved confinement modes (e.g. H-mode), was realized by strong gas puffing. Being related with the core confinement at H-mode, the edge plasma fluctuations were identified by an electrostatic probe. These are reviewed in this paper.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of plasma operation with the ferritic inside wall and its compatibility with high-performance plasmas in JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro*; Kimura, Haruyuki; Kusama, Yoshinori; Sato, Masayasu; Kawashima, Hisato; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Uehara, Kazuya; Kurita, Genichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.197 - 208, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:35.19(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Method for detection of separatrix surface using differential double probe

Amemiya, Hiroshi*; Uehara, Kazuya

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 45(1A), p.247 - 249, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:81.48(Physics, Applied)

A method for detecting the separatrix surface in the edge plasma in Tokamak is presented. Two sets of double probes whose front surfaces are shifted by a small distance are mounted and the difference of the currents is measured using a differential amplifier. When the separatrix surface reaches the probes, a current increment appears in the differential amplifier, giving a signal of the arrival of the separatrix. Procedures of obtaining plasma parameters including the ion temperature are described.

Journal Articles

Probe measurements; Fundamentals to advanced applications

Amemiya, Hiroshi*; Wada, Motoi*; Toyoda, Hirotaka*; Nakamura, Keiji*; Ando, Akira*; Uehara, Kazuya; Oyama, Koichiro*; Sakai, Osamu*; Tachibana, Kunihide*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(7), p.482 - 525, 2005/07

This article is asked to write by the Japan Society of Plasma Science and Nuclear Fusion Research. The probe diagnostics in fusion plasma is explaind for many readers of the Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research, who have much concerned on various aspects.In section one, the method to estimate the electron temperature and the density as well as the electron energy distribution function with the single probe is given. In section two, the method to estimate the ion temperature and the flow velocity with the double probe is given. The practical measurements are explained introducing the data obtained at JFT-2, JFT-2a and JFT-2M in JAERI tokamak.

Journal Articles

Investigation of compatibility of low activation ferritic steel with high performance plasma by full covering of inside vacuum vessel wall on JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Shinohara, Koji; Kamiya, Kensaku; Kawashima, Hisato; Sato, Masayasu; Kurita, Genichi; Bakhtiari, M.; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Kasai, Satoshi; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(1), p.721 - 725, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:52.27(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ion temperature using ion sensitive probe in the boundary plasma of the JFT-2M tokamak

Uehara, Kazuya; Fukumoto, Ryosuke*; Tsushima, Akira*; Amemiya, Hiroshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 72(11), p.2804 - 2810, 2003/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:64.44(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High performance tokamak experiments with a ferritic steel wall on JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Kimura, Haruyuki; Kawashima, Hisato; Sato, Masayasu; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Bakhtiari, M.; Kasai, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(10), p.1288 - 1293, 2003/10

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:24.34(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Electron energy distribution function measured by electrostatic probes at divertor plasma in JFT-2M tokamak

Uehara, Kazuya; Tsushima, Akira*; Amemiya, Hiroshi*; Kawashima, Hisato; Hoshino, Katsumichi

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 42(2A), p.657 - 662, 2003/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:78.68(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Transport model of boundary plasma and evaluation of transport coefficients

Uehara, Kazuya; Maeda, Mitsuru; Tsushima, Akira*; Amemiya, Hiroshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 72(1), p.94 - 100, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.66(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of particle and thermal diffusivities in the scrape-off layer plasma in JFT-2M tokamak

Uehara, Kazuya; Maeda, Mitsuru; Tsushima, Akira*; Amemiya, Hiroshi*

Contributions to Plasma Physics (CD-ROM), 42(2-4), p.384 - 388, 2002/04

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Investigation research on the evaluation of a coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical phenomena; outline report

Chijimatsu, Masakazu*; Neyama, Atsushi*; Ishihara, Yoshinao*; Amemiya, Kiyoshi*; *; Iwata, Hiroshi*; Sagawa, Hiroshi*

JNC-TJ8400 2002-004, 83 Pages, 2002/02

JNC-TJ8400-2002-004.pdf:0.91MB

In order to realize a coupling analysis in the near field of the geological disposal system, this study has been studied on the addition of the mass transport model to the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical analysis code (THAMES) and preliminary coupling analysis by using development environmental tool (Diffpack) for numerical analysis. (1) In order to prepare the strategy on the addition of the mass transport model to the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical analysis code (THAMES), we have studied on the requirement of THAMES-Transport and methodology of coupling analysis. After that we set out modification plan by the Eulerian-Lagrangian (EL) method. (2) Based on the document of modification plan, we have done addition of the mass transport model to the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical analysis code (THAMES) and carried out verification analysis in order to confirm on the accuracy of THAMES-Transport. (3) In order to understand on the behavior of NaCl in the porewater under the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical phenomena in the HLW engineered barrier system, we have calculated coupling phenomenon by using THAMES-Transport. Transportation and concentration phenomena of NaCl are calculated but precipitation of NaCl is not occurred under the analysis conditions in this report. (4) In order to confirm about feasibility of coupling analysis under the development environmental tool (Diffpack) for numerical analysis, we have carried out on the design work and writing program of the preliminary coupling system. In this study, we have adopted existing transport model (HYDROGEOCHEM) and geochemical model (phreeqe60) for preliminary coupling system. (5) In order to confirm program correctness of preliminary coupling system, we have carried out benchmarking analysis by using existing reactive-transport analysiscode (HYDROGEOCHEM). (6)We have been prepared short-range development plan based on through the modification study of THAMES and writing program of the preliminary coupling ...

JAEA Reports

Investigation research on the evaluation of a coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical phenomena; result report

Chijimatsu, Masakazu*; Neyama, Atsushi*; Ishihara, Yoshinao*; Amemiya, Kiyoshi*; *; Iwata, Hiroshi*

JNC-TJ8400 2002-003, 155 Pages, 2002/02

JNC-TJ8400-2002-003.pdf:1.51MB

In order to realize a coupling analysis in the near field of the geological disposal system, this study has been studied on the addition of the mass transport model to the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical analysis code (THAMES) and preliminary coupling analysis by using development environmental tool (Diffpack) for numerical analysis. (1)In order to prepare the strategy on the addition of the mass transport model to the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical analysis code (THAMES), we have studied on the requirement of THAMES-Transport and methodology of coupling analysis. After that we set out modification plan by the Eulerian-Lagrangian (EL) method. (2)Based on the document of modification plan, we have done addition of the mass transport model to the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical analysis code (THAMES) and carried out verification analysis in order to confirm on the accuracy of THAMES-Transport. (3)In order to understand on the behavior of NaCl in the porewater under the coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical phenomena in the HLW engineered barrier system, we have calculated coupling phenomenon by using THAMES-Transport. Transportation and concentration phenomena of NaCl are calculated but precipitation of NaCl is not occurred under the analysis conditions in this report. (4)In order to confirm about feasibility of coupling analysis under the development environmental tool (Diffpack) for numerical analysis, we have carried out on the design work and writing program of the preliminary coupling system. In this study, we have adopted existing transport model (HYDROGEOCHEM) and geochemical model (phreeqe60) for preliminary coupling system. (5)In order to confirm program correctness of preliminary coupling system, we have carried out benchmarking analysis by using existing reactive-transport analysiscode (HYDROGEOCHEM). (6)We have been prepared short-range development plan based on through the modification study of THAMES and writing program of the preliminary coupling ...

Journal Articles

Particle and heat transports in the scrape-off layer of JFT-2M tokamak

Tsushima, Akira*; Uehara, Kazuya; Amemiya, Hiroshi*

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.2, p.81 - 84, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of the electron distribution function for detached plasma in JT-60U

Uehara, Kazuya; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Sadamoto, Yoshiro*; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Nakano, Tomohide; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Fujimoto, Kayoko; Amemiya, Hiroshi*; Saito, Yoshifumi*

no journal, , 

The temperature and energy of electrons are important issues when energy and particle fluxes to the divertor are evaluated. To do this, we have analyzed the electron energy distribution function by differentiating the probe current with respect to the probe voltage numerically, where probe current has been measured in the divertor plasma of JT-60U. We have evaluated the electron temperature and the shape of the distribution function when the X point MARFE and the plasma detachment are formed.

38 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)