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Journal Articles

Beam commissioning of the linac for iBNCT

Naito, Fujio*; Anami, Shozo*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Uota, Masahiko*; Ouchi, Toshikatsu*; Onishi, Takahiro*; Oba, Toshiyuki*; Obina, Takashi*; Kawamura, Masato*; Kumada, Hiroaki*; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1244 - 1246, 2016/11

The proton linac installed in the Ibaraki Neutron Medical Research Center is used for production of the intense neutron flux for the Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). The linac consists of the 3-MeV RFQ and the 8-MeV DTL. Design average beam current is 10mA. Target is made of Beryllium. First neutron production from the Beryllium target was observed at the end of 2015 with the low intensity beam as a demonstration. After the observation of neutron production, a lot of improvement s was carried out in order to increase the proton beam intensity for the real beam commissioning. The beam commissioning has been started on May 2016. The status of the commissioning is summarized in this report.

Journal Articles

Precise measurement of the installed cable attenuation

Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Anami, Shozo*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya*; Fang, Z.*; Fukui, Yuji*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Sato, Fumiaki; Shinozaki, Shinichi

Proceedings of 9th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.765 - 768, 2013/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of J-PARC linac LLRF after the Tohoku Earthquake

Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Anami, Shozo*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya*; Fang, Z.*; Fukui, Yuji*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Kawamura, Masato*; Sato, Fumiaki; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Chishiro, Etsuji; et al.

Proceedings of 9th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.769 - 773, 2013/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of LLRF control software for the J-PARC 400 MeV Linac

Fang, Z.*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Naito, Fujio*; Fukui, Yuji*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Shinozaki, Shinichi

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.1068 - 1070, 2010/08

The output energy of the J-PARC proton Linac will be upgraded from 181 to 400 MeV in the next two years by adding 972-MHz high-beta acceleration sections. The RF signals are controlled by the FPGA-based digital feedback control systems installed in a compact PCI (cPCI). Recently, the LLRF control software has also been upgraded for the J-PARC Linac, especially for the 972-MHz high-beta systems. Many functions have been added to the LLRF control software, such as (1) gradually increasing the feedback gains in the feedback loop instead of fixed ones, (2) automatic chopped-beam compensation, (3) automatically switching the beam loading compensation in accordance with the different beam operation mode, (4) input RF-frequency tuning carried out by a FPGA to match the RF cavities during the RF start-up, (5) auto-tuning of the RF cavity tuner by detecting the phase curve of the RF cavity during the field decay instead of the phase difference between the cavity input and output signals.

Journal Articles

LLRF controller upgrade for the J-PARC 400 MeV linac

Fang, Z.*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Naito, Fujio*; Fukui, Yuji*; Kawamura, Masato*; Kubota, Chikashi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.1434 - 1436, 2010/05

The output energy of the J-PARC proton linac will be upgraded from 181 to 400 MeV in the next two years by adding high-b acceleration sections. The upgrade of the FPGA-based digital LLRF controller for the 400 MeV linac will be presented in this paper. This new LLRF controller works for both the 324-MHz low-b and 972-MHz high-b sections. Many functions have been added into the LLRF controller, such as (1) working for different RF systems, (2) gradually increasing the feedback gains in the feedback loop instead of fixed ones, (3) automatic chopped beam compensation, (4) automatically switching the beam loading compensation in accordance with different beam operation mode, (5) input RF-frequency tuning to match the RF cavities during RF start-up, and (6) auto-tuning of the RF cavity tuner by detecting the phase curve of the RF cavity during the field decay instead of the phase difference between the cavity input and output signals.

Journal Articles

Automatic frequency matching for cavity warming-up in J-PARC linac digital LLRF control

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Fang, Z.*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Seiya*

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.1065 - 1067, 2010/03

In the J-PARC Linac LLRF, for the cavity start-up, the cavity resonance is automatically controlled to be the accelerating frequency (324 MHz and 972 MHz) with a mechanical tuner installed on the cavity. Figure 1: FPGA block diagram of the digital FB and FF control system for the J-PARC linac LLRF. We are planning to introduce a new method of the cavity-input frequency matching into the digital LLRF control system instead of the tuner control for the cavity start-up. In order to match the frequency with the detuned cavity, the output RF frequency is modulated by way of phase rotation with the I/Q modulator, while the cavity tuner is fixed. The detuning of the cavity is obtained from phase gradient of the cavity field decay at the RF-pulse end and the phase rotation is automatically controlled by a FPGA and a DSP. No hardware modification is necessary for this frequency modulation method.

Journal Articles

Automatic frequency matching for cavity warming-up in J-PARC linac digital LLRF control

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Fang, Z.*

Proceedings of 2009 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '09) (DVD-ROM), p.2213 - 2215, 2009/05

In the J-PARC Linac LLRF, for the cavity start-up, the cavity resonance is automatically controlled to be the accelerating frequency (324 MHz and 972 MHz) with a mechanical tuner installed on the cavity. We are planning to introduce a new method of the cavity-input frequency matching into the digital LLRF control system instead of the tuner control for the cavity start-up. In order to match the frequency with the detuned cavity, the output RF frequency is modulated by way of phase rotation with the I/Q modulator, while the cavity tuner is fixed. The detuning of the cavity is obtained from phase gradient of the cavity field decay at the RF-pulse end and the phase rotation is automatically controlled by a FPGA and a DSP. No hardware modification is necessary for this frequency modulation method. The cost reduction or the high durability for the mechanical tuner production is expected in the future.

Journal Articles

Operating experience of the J-PARC linac

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Asano, Hiroyuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hori, Toshihiko; Ito, Takashi; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Namekawa, Yuya; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; et al.

Proceedings of 24th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2008) (CD-ROM), p.55 - 57, 2009/00

The beam commissioning of the J-PARC linac started in November 2006 and 181 MeV acceleration was successfully achieved in January 2007. The linac has delivered beams to the 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron for its commissioning, and then, the subsequent Main Ring Synchrotron and the neutron target commissioning. The linac uses a Cs-free LaB$$_{6}$$-driven ion source and 20 units of 324 MHz klystrons. As of June 2008, the operation times are about 3,000 and 6,000 hours for the ion source and the RF source, respectively. The operating experience of the linac is described.

Journal Articles

Pulse-by-pulse switching of beam loading compensation in J-PARC linac RF control

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Chishiro, Etsuji; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Anami, Shozo*; Fang, Z.*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*

Proceedings of 24th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2008) (CD-ROM), p.1054 - 1056, 2009/00

For the J-PARC linac low level RF system, a new function that switches the feed-forward control parameters in every pulse was installed into the digital accelerating-field control system, in order to compensate beam-loading change by pulses in the operation of 25-Hz repetition. The linac provides a 50-mA peak current proton beam to a 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS). Then the RCS distributes the 3-GeV beam into a following 50-GeV synchrotron (main ring, MR) and the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF), which is one of the experimental facilities in the J-PARC. The 500-us long macro pulses from the ion source of the linac should be chopped into medium pulses for injection into the RCS. The duty (width or repetition) of the medium pulse depends on which facility the RCS provides the beam to the MR or MLF. Therefore the beam loading compensation needs to be corrected for the change of the medium pulse duty in the 25-Hz operation.

Journal Articles

LLRF control system of the J-PARC linac

Fang, Z.*; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 24th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2008) (CD-ROM), p.1039 - 1041, 2009/00

In the J-PARC proton linac, each klystron drives two RF cavities. The RF amplitude and phase of the cavities are controlled by an FPGA-based digital feedback control system. The test results show that the variations in the cavity amplitude and phase are less than $$pm$$ 0.1% and $$pm$$ 0.1 $$^{circ}$$ without beam loading, or $$pm$$ 0.3% and $$pm$$ 0.2 $$^{circ}$$ with beam loading. The tuning of each cavity is also controlled by a DSP of this control system. The cavity auto-tuning is successfully controlled to keep the detuned phase within $$pm$$ 1 degree. In our RF system, the tuning information including detuned frequency and phase, and Q-value of each cavity are measured in real-time and displayed in the PLC touch panel of the control system.

Journal Articles

Development of digital low level rf system

Michizono, Shinichiro*; Anami, Shozo*; Katagiri, Hiroaki*; Fang, Z.*; Matsumoto, Toshihiro*; Miura, Takako*; Yano, Yoshiharu*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya

Kasokuki, 5(2), p.127 - 136, 2008/07

One of the biggest advantages of the digital low level rf (LLRF) system is its flexibility. Owing to the recent rapid progress in digital devices (such as ADCs and DACs) and telecommunication devices (mixers and IQ modulators), digital LLRF system for accelerators becomes popular in these 10 years. The J-PARC linac LLRF system adopted cPCI crates and FPGA based digital feedback system. After the successful operation of J-PARC linac LLRF system, we developed the STF (ILC test facility in KEK) LLRF system. The future R&D projects (ILC and ERL) are also described from the viewpoints of LLRF.

Journal Articles

Acceleration voltage pattern for J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Hasegawa, Katsushi; Nomura, Masahiro; Schnase, A.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Anami, Shozo*; Ezura, Eiji*; Hara, Keigo*; Omori, Chihiro*; Takagi, Akira*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.379 - 381, 2008/06

The calculation code for the acceleration voltage pattern is usually based on the differential equation of the longitudinal synchrotron motion. We have developed the code based on the forward-difference equation which satisfies the synchronization with the bending magnetic field ramping accurately. This is very useful especially at the rapid cycling synchrotron where the ramping rate is high.

Journal Articles

Beam acceleration with full-digital LLRF control system in the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Schnase, A.; Nomura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Hasegawa, Katsushi; Haga, Koichi; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.364 - 366, 2008/06

In the J-PARC RCS (Rapid Cycling Synchrotron) we employ a full-digital LLRF control system to accelerate an ultra-high intensity proton beam. The key feature is the multi-harmonic RF signal generation by using direct digital synthesis (DDS) technology. By employing a full-digital system, highly accurate, stable and reproductive RF voltages are generated in the wide-band RF cavities loaded by magneticalloy (MA) cores. The beam commissioning of the J-PARC RCS has been started in October 2007. The accelerators, the linac and the RCS, show good stability. The beam orbit and the longitudinal beam shape and phase are reproductive from cycle to cycle especially thanks to the stability of the linac energy, the RCS bending field and the frequency and voltage of the RCS RF. This reproductivity makes the beam commissioning efficient. We present the examples of the orbit signals and the longitudinal currentsignals. Also, we discuss the longitudinal beam control performance and future plans.

Journal Articles

J-PARC RCS non-linear frequency sweep analysis

Schnase, A.; Anami, Shozo*; Ezura, Eiji*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi; Nomura, Masahiro; Omori, Chihiro*; Takagi, Akira*; Tamura, Fumihiko; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.346 - 348, 2008/06

Journal Articles

RF reference distribution system for J-PARC linac

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Chishiro, Etsuji; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Michizono, Shinichiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 585(1-2), p.12 - 19, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:23.34(Instruments & Instrumentation)

For the J-PARC linac, the error in the accelerating field needs to be maintained within $$pm$$ 1% in amplitude and $$pm$$ 1$$^{circ}$$ in phase. Thus, high phase stability is required for the RF reference distribution system. A highly stable and unique RF reference distribution system was developed and installed for the J-PARC linac. A RF reference signal is converted into an optical signal and amplified by an optical amplifier. Then it is distributed through optical fiber links to 60 low-level RF control systems comprising klystron driving systems. Phase stabilized optical fiber (PSOF) is employed in the optical transfer line. The phase stability of the distributed signal was evaluated, and a phase stability of the $$pm$$ 0.2$$^{circ}$$ was obtained; consequently the required system stability was achieved. The beam acceleration to a design energy of 181 MeV for the first phase was successfully performed in February 2007. Now the beam commissioning has been steadily continued.

Journal Articles

Cavity voltage calibration for J-PARC Ring RF

Schnase, A.; Ezura, Eiji*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi; Nomura, Masahiro; Omori, Chihiro*; Shimada, Taihei; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Takagi, Akira*; Tamura, Fumihiko; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.340 - 342, 2008/00

Journal Articles

Commissioning of beam acceleration in J-PARC RCS and MR

Tamura, Fumihiko; Schnase, A.; Nomura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.337 - 339, 2008/00

The beam commissioning of the J-PARC RCS was started in October 2007 and acceleration of $$1.07times10^{13}$$ protons has been successfully achieved in February 2008. Also, the beam commissioning of MR began in May 2008. The RF capture of the beam and the extraction at the injection energy of 3 GeV was successfully performed. In both of the RCS and MR, MA (magnetic alloy) cavities are employed to achieve high accelerating voltages which are necessary to accelerate the high intensity proton beams. We employ full-digital LLRF control systems to realize precise and reproducible control of RF frequencies, voltages and phases. We present the status of the RF acceleration with examples of the beam signals. Also we discuss the future plans.

Journal Articles

Present status of RF source operation at J-PARC linac

Yamazaki, Masayoshi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Hori, Toshihiko; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Anami, Shozo*; Kawamura, Masato*; Fukui, Yuji*; Nammo, Kesao*; Fang, Z.*; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.485 - 487, 2008/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Pulse-by-pulse switching of beam loading compensation in J-PARC linac LLRF

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Fang, Z.*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Chishiro, Etsuji

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.488 - 490, 2008/00

For the J-PARC linac low level RF system, in order to compensate beam-loading change by pulses in the operation of 25-Hz repetition, a function that switches the feed-forward control parameters in every pulse were installed into the digital accelerating-field control system. The linac provides a 50-mA peak current proton beam to a 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS). Then the RCS distributes the 3-GeV beam into a following 50-GeV synchrotron (main ring, MR) and the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF), which is one of the experimental facilities in the J-PARC. The 500-us long macro pulses from the ion source of the linac should be chopped into medium pulses for injection into the RCS. The duty (width or repetition) of the medium pulse depends on which facility the RCS provides the beam to the MR or MLF. Therefore the beam loading compensation needs to be corrected for the change of the medium pulse duty in the 25-Hz operation.

Journal Articles

Auto-tuning and Q-value monitoring of RF cavities at the J-PARC linac

Fang, Z.*; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.476 - 478, 2008/00

In the J-PARC proton linac, each klystron drives two RF cavities. The RF amplitude and phase of the cavities are controlled by an FPGA-based digital feedback control system. The tuning of each cavity is also controlled by a DSP of this control system. In this paper, three methods of f$$_{0}$$ setting of RF cavity will be discussed. The tuning method of RF cavity with flat cavity-phase decay is adopted in the actual operation of the J-PARC linac. In our RF system, the tuning information including detuned frequency and phase, and Q-value of each cavity are measured in real-time and displayed in the PLC Touch Panel of the control system.

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