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JAEA Reports

Document collection of the Special Committee on HTTR Heat Application Test

Aoki, Takeshi; Shimizu, Atsushi; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Okita, Shoichiro; Hasegawa, Takeshi; Mizuta, Naoki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

JAEA-Review 2022-016, 193 Pages, 2022/08


Aiming to realize a massive, cost-effective and carbon-free hydrogen production technology utilizing a high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is planning a HTTR heat application test producing hydrogen with High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) achieved 950$$^{circ}$$C of the highest reactor outlet coolant temperature in the world. In the HTTR heat application test, it is required to establish its safety design realizing highly safe connection of a HTGR and a hydrogen production plant by the Nuclear Regulation Authority to obtain the permission of changes to reactor installation. However, installation of a system connecting the hydrogen production plant and a nuclear reactor, and its safety design has not been conducted so far in conventional nuclear power plant including HTTR in the world. A special committee on the HTTR heat application test, established under the HTGR Research and Development Center, considered a safety design philosophy for the HTTR heat application test based on an authorized safety design of HTTR in terms of conformity to the New Regulatory Requirements taking into account new considerable events as a result of the plant modification and connection of the hydrogen production plant. This report provides materials of the special committee such as technical reports, comments provided from committee members, response from JAEA for the comments and minutes of the committee.

Journal Articles

Transient thermal-hydraulic analysis for thermal load fluctuation test using HTTR

Aoki, Takeshi; Sato, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 29th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 29) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2022/08

High temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) has a potential to produce competitive and large amount of carbon-free hydrogen. It is required to establish the control method and system for the HTGR hydrogen production system to maintain its normal operation against the abnormality in the hydrogen production facility through performance evaluations of the control system by transient thermal-hydraulic analysis. In the present study, the reactor response against the disturbance in the reactor inlet coolant temperature was revealed in the HTGR hydrogen production system. The analytical results showed that the reactor outlet coolant control system enabled to control the variation of the reactor outlet coolant temperature was less than 4$$^{circ}$$C against 30$$^{circ}$$C of large disturbance in the reactor inlet coolant temperature and to maintain its normal operation in the HTGR hydrogen production system. Thus, the effectiveness of the control method was confirmed.

JAEA Reports

Safety design philosophy of HTTR Heat Application Test Facility

Aoki, Takeshi; Shimizu, Atsushi; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Okita, Shoichiro; Hasegawa, Takeshi; Mizuta, Naoki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

JAEA-Technology 2022-011, 60 Pages, 2022/07


Japan Atomic Energy Agency is planning a High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) heat application test producing hydrogen with the HTTR which achieved the highest reactor outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C in the world to realize a massive, cost-effective and carbon-free hydrogen production technology utilizing a high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR). In the HTTR heat application test, it is required to establish its safety design for coupling a hydrogen production plant to HTGR through the licensing by the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA). A draft of a safety design philosophy for the HTTR heat application test facility was considered taking into account postulated events due to the plant modification and coupling of the hydrogen production plant based on the HTTR safety design which was authorized through the safety review of the NRA against New Regulatory Requirements. The safety design philosophy was examined to apply proven conventional chemical plant standards to the hydrogen production plant for ensuring public safety against disasters caused by high pressure gases. This report presents a result of a consideration on safety design philosophies regarding the reasonability and condition to apply the High Pressure Gas Safety Act for the hydrogen production plant, safety classifications, seismic design classification, identification of important safety system.

Journal Articles

Slow electronic dynamics in the paramagnetic state of UTe$$_2$$

Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Haga, Yoshinori; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Opletal, P.; Fujibayashi, Hiroyuki*; Kinjo, Katsuki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(2), p.023707_1 - 023707_5, 2022/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:95.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{125}$$Te NMR experiments in field ($$H$$) applied along the easy magnetization axis (the $$a$$-axis) revealed slow electronic dynamics developing in the paramagnetic state of UTe$$_2$$. The observed slow fluctuations are concerned with a successive growth of long-range electronic correlations below 30$$-$$40 K, where the spin susceptibility along the hard magnetization axis (the $$b$$-axis) shows a broad maximum. The experiments also imply that tiny amounts of disorder or defects locally disturb the long-range electronic correlations and develop an inhomogeneous electronic state at low temperatures, leading to a low temperature upturn observed in the bulk-susceptibility in $$H|a$$. We suggest that UTe$$_2$$ would be located on the paramagnetic side near an electronic phase boundary, where either the magnetic or Fermi-surface instability would be the origin of the characteristic fluctuations.

Journal Articles

MIRS: an imaging spectrometer for the MMX mission

Barucci, M. A.*; Reess, J.-M.*; Bernardi, P.*; Doressoundiram, A.*; Fornasier, S.*; Le Du, M.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Nakagawa, Hiromu*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Andr$'e$, Y.*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.211_1 - 211_28, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:76.96(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

The MMX InfraRed Spectrometer (MIRS) is an imaging spectrometer on board of MMX JAXA mission. MIRS is built at LESIA-Paris Observatory in collaboration with four other French laboratories, collaboration and financial support of CNES and close collaboration with JAXA and MELCO. The instrument is designed to fully accomplish MMX's scientific and measurement objectives. MIRS will remotely provide near-infrared spectral maps of Phobos and Deimos containing compositional diagnostic spectral features that will be used to analyze the surface composition and to support the sampling site selection. MIRS will also study Mars atmosphere, in particular to spatial and temporal changes such as clouds, dust and water vapor.

Journal Articles

In situ neutron reflectometry analysis of interfacial structure formation between phenolic resin and silica during curing

Izumi, Atsushi*; Shudo, Yasuyuki*; Shibayama, Mitsuhiro*; Miyata, Noboru*; Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Aoki, Hiroyuki

Langmuir, 37(47), p.13867 - 13872, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:26.04(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Emergence of spin-orbit coupled ferromagnetic surface state derived from Zak phase in a nonmagnetic insulator FeSi

Otsuka, Yusuke*; Kanazawa, Naoya*; Hirayama, Motoaki*; Matsui, Akira*; Nomoto, Takuya*; Arita, Ryotaro*; Nakajima, Taro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Ukleev, V.*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 7(47), p.eabj0498_1 - eabj0498_9, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:14.41(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Deep learning approach for an interface structure analysis with a large statistical noise in neutron reflectometry

Aoki, Hiroyuki; Liu, Y.*; Yamashita, Takashi*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.22711_1 - 22711_9, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:60.41(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

JAEA Reports

Study on the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute (FY2020)

Asakura, Kazuki; Shimomura, Yusuke; Donomae, Yasushi; Abe, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Ryoichi; Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki; Takamatsu, Misao; Sakamoto, Naoki; Isozaki, Ryosuke; Onishi, Takashi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-020, 42 Pages, 2021/10


The disposal of radioactive waste from the research facility need to calculate from the radioactivity concentration that based on variously nuclear fuels and materials. In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Oarai Research and Development Institute, the study on considering disposal is being advanced among the facilities which generate radioactive waste as well as the facilities which process radioactive waste. This report summarizes a study result in FY2020 about the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute.

Journal Articles

Improved performance of wide bandwidth neutron-spin polarizer due to ferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Bigault, T.*; Saerbeck, T.*; Courtois, P.*

Journal of Applied Physics, 130(8), p.083904_1 - 083904_10, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:30.62(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Layered structure in the crystalline adsorption layer and the leaching process of poly(vinyl alcohol) revealed by neutron reflectivity

Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Miyata, Noboru*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kasai, Satoshi*; Tsumura, Yoshihiro*; Aoki, Hiroyuki

Langmuir, 37(32), p.9873 - 9882, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:48.45(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Improvement in sputtering rate uniformity over large deposition area of large-scale ion beam sputtering system

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Soyama, Kazuhiko

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011092_1 - 011092_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High temperature gas-cooled reactors

Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Aihara, Jun; Aoki, Takeshi; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ho, H. Q.; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Imai, Yoshiyuki; et al.

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02

As a general overview of the research and development of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in JAEA, this book describes the achievements by the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) on the designs, key component technologies such as fuel, reactor internals, high temperature components, etc., and operational experience such as rise-to-power tests, high temperature operation at 950$$^{circ}$$C, safety demonstration tests, etc. In addition, based on the knowledge of the HTTR, the development of designs and component technologies such as high performance fuel, helium gas turbine and hydrogen production by IS process for commercial HTGRs are described. These results are very useful for the future development of HTGRs. This book is published as one of a series of technical books on fossil fuel and nuclear energy systems by the Power Energy Systems Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Journal Articles

Neutron reflectometry tomography for imaging and depth structure analysis of thin films with in-plane inhomogeneity

Aoki, Hiroyuki; Ogawa, Hiroki*; Takenaka, Mikihito*

Langmuir, 37(1), p.196 - 203, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.84(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study of hydrogen site occupancy in Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ at 14.7 GPa and 800 K

Mori, Yuichiro*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*; Kakizawa, Sho*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Shito, Chikara*; Iizuka, Riko*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; et al.

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(6), p.309 - 313, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Mineralogy)

The Earth's core is believed to contain some light elements because it is 10% less dense than pure Fe under the corresponding pressure and temperature conditions. Hydrogen, a promising candidate among light elements, has phase relations and physical properties that have been investigated mainly for the Fe-H system. This study specifically examined an Fe-Si-H system using in-situ neutron diffraction experiments to investigate the site occupancy of deuterium of hcp-Fez$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ hydride at 14.7 GPa and 800 K. Results of Rietveld refinement indicate hcp-Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ hydride as having deuterium (D) occupancy of 0.24(2) exclusively at the interstitial octahedral site in the hcp lattice. The effect on the site occupancy of D by addition of 2.6 wt% Si into Fe (Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$) was negligible compared to results obtained from an earlier study of an Fe-D system (Machida et al., 2019).

Journal Articles

Water distribution in Nafion thin films on hydrophilic and hydrophobic carbon substrates

Ito, Kanae; Harada, Masashi*; Yamada, Norifumi*; Kudo, Kenji*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Kanaya, Toshiji*

Langmuir, 36(43), p.12830 - 12837, 2020/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:56.09(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Fine-structure analysis of perhydropolysilazane-derived nano layers in deep-buried condition using polarized neutron reflectometry

Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Miyata, Noboru*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Kasai, Satoshi*; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aoki, Hiroyuki

Polymers (Internet), 12(10), p.2180_1 - 2180_10, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.66(Polymer Science)

Journal Articles

Guidance for developing fuel design limit of high temperature gas-cooled reactor

Sato, Hiroyuki; Aoki, Takeshi; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2020/08

The present study aims to propose a guidance that facilitates to determine fuel design limits of commercial HTGR on the basis of licensing experience through the HTTR construction. The guidance consists of a set of FOMs and a process to determine their evaluation criteria. The FOMs are firstly identified to satisfy safety requirements and a basic concept of safety guides established in a special committee under the AESJ with the support of the Research Association of High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor Plant. The development process for the evaluation criteria takes into account not only the top-level regulatory criteria but also design dependent constraints including the performance of fission product containment in physical barriers other than fuel, fuel qualification criteria, design specifications of an instrumentation and control system. As a result, a comprehensive and transparent procedure for designers of prismatic-type commercial HTGR has been developed.

Journal Articles

Methodology development for transient flow distribution analysis in high temperature gas-cooled reactor

Aoki, Takeshi; Sato, Hiroyuki; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

The flow distribution analysis, which is a part of thermal hydraulic design of the prismatic-type of the high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) considering unintended flows between graphite blocks, has been performed for steady and conservative conditions. On the other hand, the transient analysis for satisfactorily realistic conditions will be helpful for the design improvement of prismatic-type HTGR. The present study aims to develop the transient flow distribution analysis code and confirm its applicability for the transient flow distribution analysis for prismatic-type HTGRs during anticipated operational occurrences and accidents utilizing experiences on high temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR) design. The calculation model and code were developed and validated for analysis of the unintended flows in the core and the molecular diffusion dominant in beginning air ingress behavior in an air ingress accident.

Journal Articles

Development of a flow network calculation code (FNCC) for high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs)

Aoki, Takeshi; Isaka, Kazuyoshi; Sato, Hiroyuki; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

The flow distribution analysis performed in the HTGR design has to take into account the interaction thermal and radiation deformations of the graphite structure, and the gaps between the graphite structures forming unintended flow. In the present study, a user-friendly flow network calculation code (FNCC) has been developed on the basis of experiences of High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) design for HTGR design with enhanced compatibility with other HTGR design codes and with considering graphite block deformation in iteration process without manual control. The validation of FNCC was performed for the one-column flow distribution test. The analytical results using FNCC showed good agreement with the experimental results. It is concluded that FNCC was validate for the analysis of distributions of flowrate and pressure for the flow network model including the unintended flow paths in prismatic-type HTGRs.

274 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)