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Abrupt change in electronic states under pressure in new compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$

小泉 尭嗣*; 本多 史憲*; 佐藤 芳樹*; Li, D.*; 青木 大*; 芳賀 芳範; 郷地 順*; 長崎 尚子*; 上床 美也*; 金子 良夫*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(4), p.043704_1 - 043704_5, 2022/04

A new ternary europium compound EuPt$$_3$$Al$$_5$$ is reported. It orders antiferromagnetically at 12.4 K. Application of hydrostatic pressure varies the transition temperature and the compound becomes non-magnetic above the critical pressure 9 GPa. The pressure-temperature phase diagram is indicative of a possible valence crossover at the critical pressure.


Slow electronic dynamics in the paramagnetic state of UTe$$_2$$

徳永 陽; 酒井 宏典; 神戸 振作; 芳賀 芳範; 常盤 欣文; Opletal, P.; 藤林 裕己*; 金城 克樹*; 北川 俊作*; 石田 憲二*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(2), p.023707_1 - 023707_5, 2022/02




鶴留 浩二; 鈴木 一; 青木 克憲

JAEA-Review 2021-031, 186 Pages, 2021/12




Sm valence determination of Sm-based intermetallics using $$^{149}$$Sm M$"{o}$ssbauer and Sm L$$_{rm III}$$-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopies

筒井 智嗣; 東中 隆二*; 中村 頼人*; 藤原 孝将*; 中村 仁*; 小林 義男*; 伊藤 孝; 依田 芳卓*; 加藤 和男*; 新田 清文*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 242(1), p.32_1 - 32_10, 2021/12

$$^{149}$$Sm synchrotron-radiation-based M$"{o}$ssbauer spectroscopy was performed in Sm-based intermetallics having a cubic crystal structure, Sm$$_{3}Tr_{4}$$Ge$$_{13}$$, SmB$$_{6}$$, SmBe$$_{13}$$, and Sm$$Tr_{2}$$Al$$_{20}$$ ($$Tr$$ = transition metals). In spite of the difference of the local structure around the Sm sites, the observed M$"{o}$ssbauer spectra consist of a single line at 300 K. On the other hand, Sm L$$_{rm III}$$-edge X-ray absorption spectra consist of two components, suggesting Sm$$^{2+}$$ and Sm$$^{3+}$$ states. Difference of the number of the spectral components between the M$"{o}$ssbauer spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy is caused by the difference of the time window in the scattering process of these measurements. Correlation between the isomer shifts in the M$"{o}$ssbauer spectroscopy and average Sm valence states estimated from the X-ray absorption spectroscopy exhibits a linear correlation.



小荒井 一真; 松枝 誠; 青木 譲; 柳澤 華代*; 藤原 健壮; 寺島 元基

KEK Proceedings 2021-2, p.140 - 145, 2021/12



Tree cutting approach for domain partitioning on forest-of-octrees-based block-structured static adaptive mesh refinement with lattice Boltzmann method

長谷川 雄太; 青木 尊之*; 小林 宏充*; 井戸村 泰宏; 小野寺 直幸

Parallel Computing, 108, p.102851_1 - 102851_12, 2021/12

GPUスーパコンピュータに対して格子ボルツマン法(LBM: lattice Botltzmann method)およびforest-of-octreesに基づくブロック構造型の局所細分化格子(LMR: local mesh refinement)を用いた空力解析コードを実装し、その性能を評価した。性能評価の結果、従来の空間充填曲線(SFC; space-filling curve)に基づく領域分割アルゴリズムでは、本空力解析において袖領域通信のコストが過大となることがわかった。領域分割の改善手法として本稿では挿し木法を提案し、領域分割の局所性とトポロジーを改善し、従来のSFCに基づく手法に比べて通信コストを1/3$$sim$$1/4に削減した。強スケーリング測定では、最大で1.82倍の高速化を示し、128GPUで2207MLUPS(mega-lattice update per second)の性能を達成した。弱スケーリング測定では、8$$sim$$128GPUで93.4%の並列化効率を示し、最大規模の128GPU計算では44.73億格子点を用いて9620MLUPSの性能を達成した。


Feedback of superconductivity on the magnetic excitation spectrum of UTe$$_{2}$$

Raymond, S.*; Knafo, W.*; Knebel, G.*; 金子 耕士; Brison, J.-P.*; Flouquet, J.*; 青木 大*; Lapertot, G.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(11), p.113706_1 - 113706_5, 2021/11

We investigate the spin dynamics in the superconducting phase of UTe$$_2$$ by triple-axis inelastic neutron scattering on a single crystal sample. At the wave-vector $$k_1$$ = (0, 0.57, 0), where the normal state antiferromagnetic correlations are peaked, a modification of the excitation spectrum is evidenced, on crossing the superconducting transition, with a reduction of the relaxation rate together with the development of an inelastic peak at $${Omega} approx$$ 1 meV. The low dimensional nature and the a-axis polarization of the fluctuations, that characterise the normal state, are essentially maintained below Tsc. The high ratio of $${Omega}$$ $$k_{rm B}$$$$T$$$$_{sc}$$ $$approx$$ 7.2 contrasts with the most common behaviour in heavy fermion superconductors.


In situ neutron reflectometry analysis of interfacial structure formation between phenolic resin and silica during curing

和泉 篤士*; 首藤 靖幸*; 柴山 充弘*; 宮田 登*; 宮崎 司*; 青木 裕之

Langmuir, 37(47), p.13867 - 13872, 2021/11

The structural formation mechanism of phenolic resin-silica interfaces was investigated in situ by neutron reflectometry during curing. There was a 4 nm thick novolac resin adsorption layer on the silica surface before curing. The curing reaction of the novolac resin with hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) increased the coherent neutron scattering length density of the resin due to the cure shrinkage accompanied by the volatilization of ammonia, which is a byproduct of HMTA decomposition. As curing proceeded at 180$$^{circ}$$C, the thickness of the bulk layer increased despite the cure shrinkage, and the thickness of the interfacial layer decreased from 4 to 1 nm. This is attributed to the diffusion of decomposed HMTA fragments generated in the bulk layer into the interfacial novolac adsorption layer during diffusion throughout the bulk layer, incorporating the upper part of the interfacial layer reacting with the fragment into the bulk layer. On the other hand, the fragments could not diffuse into the tightly bound immobile segments of novolac resin in direct contact with the silica surface, retaining the 1-2 nm thick interfacial layer in the cured resin. This structural formation mechanism caused interfacial cross-link inhomogeneity in the cured resin on the silica surface.


Emergence of spin-orbit coupled ferromagnetic surface state derived from Zak phase in a nonmagnetic insulator FeSi

大塚 悠介*; 金澤 直也*; 平山 元昭*; 松井 彬*; 野本 拓也*; 有田 亮太郎*; 中島 多朗*; 花島 隆泰*; Ukleev, V.*; 青木 裕之; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 7(47), p.eabj0498_1 - eabj0498_9, 2021/11

FeSi is a nonmagnetic narrow-gap insulator, exhibiting peculiar charge and spin dynamics beyond a simple band structure picture. Those unusual features have been attracting renewed attention from topological aspects. Although the surface conduction was demonstrated according to size-dependent resistivity in bulk crystals, its topological characteristics and consequent electromagnetic responses remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate an inherent surface ferromagnetic-metal state of FeSi thin films and its strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) properties through multiple characterizations of two-dimensional conductance, magnetization, and spintronic functionality. Terminated covalent bonding orbitals constitute the polar surface state with momentum-dependent spin textures due to Rashba-type spin splitting, as corroborated by unidirectional magnetoresistance measurements and first-principles calculations. As a consequence of the spin-momentum locking, nonequilibrium spin accumulation causes magnetization switching. These surface properties are closely related to the Zak phase of the bulk band topology. Our findings propose another route to explore noble metal-free materials for SOC-based spin manipulation.


Deep learning approach for an interface structure analysis with a large statistical noise in neutron reflectometry

青木 裕之; Liu, Y.*; 山下 貴志*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.22711_1 - 22711_9, 2021/11

Neutron reflectometry (NR) allows us to probe into the structure of the surfaces and interfaces of various materials such as soft matters and magnetic thin films with a contrast mechanism dependent on isotopic and magnetic states. The neutron beam flux is relatively low compared to that of other sources such as synchrotron radiation; therefore, there has been a strong limitation in the time-resolved measurement and further advanced experiments such as surface imaging. This study aims at the development of a methodology to enable the structural analysis by the NR data with a large statistical error acquired in a short measurement time. The neural network-based method predicts the true NR profile from the data with a 20-fold lower signal compared to that obtained under the conventional measurement condition. This indicates that the acquisition time in the NR measurement can be reduced by more than one order of magnitude. The current method will help achieve remarkable improvement in temporally and spatially resolved NR methods to gain further insight into the surface and interfaces of materials.


Characterizing the reactivation mechanisms of coseismic surface ruptures associated with the 2011 Mw 6.7 Fukushima-ken Hamadori earthquake in Japan through borehole hydromechanical testing

Guglielmi, Y.*; 青木 和弘; Cook, P.*; Soom, F.*; Cappa, F.*; 田中 遊雲

Tectonophysics, 819, p.229084_1 - 229084_22, 2021/11



大洗研究所における放射性廃棄物の放射能濃度評価手法確立に係る取り組み; 令和2年度活動報告書

朝倉 和基; 下村 祐介; 堂野前 寧; 阿部 和幸; 北村 了一; 宮越 博幸; 高松 操; 坂本 直樹; 磯崎 涼佑; 大西 貴士; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-020, 42 Pages, 2021/10




Low-dimensional antiferromagnetic fluctuations in the heavy-fermion paramagnetic ladder compound UTe$$_{2}$$

Knafo, W.*; Knebel, G.*; Steffens, P.*; 金子 耕士; Rosuel, A.*; Brison, J.-P.*; Flouquet, J.*; 青木 大*; Lapertot, G.*; Raymond, S.*

Physical Review B, 104(10), p.L100409_1 - L100409_6, 2021/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Inelastic-neutron-scattering measurements were performed on a single crystal of the heavy-fermion paramagnet UTe$$_{2}$$ above its superconducting temperature. We confirm the presence of antiferromagnetic fluctuations with the incommensurate wave-vector $${bf K}_{1}$$ = (0, 0.57, 0). A quasielastic signal is found, whose momentum-transfer dependence is compatible with fluctuations of magnetic moments $$mu$$ $$||$$ ${bf a}$, with a sine-wave modulation of wave-vector $${bf K}_{1}$$ and in-phase moments on the nearest U atoms. Low dimensionality of the magnetic fluctuations, consequence of the ladder structure, is indicated by weak correlations along the direction ${bf c}$. These results constitute constraints for models of magnetically-mediated superconductivity in UTe$$_{2}$$.


Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in cattle bone and tooth samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

小荒井 一真; 松枝 誠; 青木 譲; 柳澤 華代*; 寺島 元基; 藤原 健壮; 木野 康志*; 岡 壽崇; 高橋 温*; 鈴木 敏彦*; et al.

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(8), p.1678 - 1682, 2021/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Chemistry, Analytical)



Improved performance of wide bandwidth neutron-spin polarizer due to ferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling

丸山 龍治; 山崎 大; 青木 裕之; 阿久津 和宏*; 花島 隆泰*; 宮田 登*; 曽山 和彦; Bigault, T.*; Saerbeck, T.*; Courtois, P.*

Journal of Applied Physics, 130(8), p.083904_1 - 083904_10, 2021/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Applied)

Ferromagnetic (FM) interlayer exchange coupling of ion-beam sputtered Fe/Ge multilayers was investigated by off-specular polarized neutron scattering measurements. We observed a monotonously growing correlation of magnetic moments in the out-of-plane direction with decreasing Ge thickness. The results of the Fe/Ge multilayers were used to invoke FM interlayer exchange coupling in a neutron polarizing supermirror in order to extend its bandwidth. Typically, the bandwidth is limited due to a Curie temperature close to room temperature of the thinnest Fe layers with less than 3 nm. We propose a modified layer sequence of the neutron polarizing supermirror, where the minimum Fe thickness was set to 3.5 nm whereas the Ge thickness was reduced. A performance test of the neutron polarizing supermirror showed that the FM interlayer exchange coupling contributed to the presence of the magnetization comparable to the bulk and resulted in a marked extension in the bandwidth.


Layered structure in the crystalline adsorption layer and the leaching process of poly(vinyl alcohol) revealed by neutron reflectivity

宮崎 司*; 宮田 登*; 有馬 寛*; 吉良 弘*; 大内 啓一*; 笠井 聡*; 津村 佳弘*; 青木 裕之

Langmuir, 37(32), p.9873 - 9882, 2021/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the structure of the crystalline adsorption layer of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) in hot water by neutron reflectivity in two cases: when the adsorption layer is exposed on the substrate by leaching the upper bulk layer and when it is deeply embedded between a relatively thick PVA film and substrate. In both cases, the PVA adsorption layer consists of three layers on the Si substrate. The bottom layer, consisting of amorphous chains that are strongly constrained on the substrate, is not swollen even in hot water at 90$$^{circ}$$C. The middle layer, consisting of amorphous chains that are much more mobile compared with those in the bottom layer, has no freedom to assume a crystalline form. Only the molecular chains in the top layer are crystallizable in the adsorption layer, leading to a heterogeneous layered structure in the film thickness direction. This layered structure is attributed to the crystallizable chains of PVA during the formation of the adsorption layer driven by hydrogen bonding. However, the structure and dynamics in the adsorption layer may differ in both cases because the molecular chains in the vicinity of the surface seem to be affected by surface effects even in the adsorption layer.


Observation of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations at a first-order ferromagnetic quantum phase transition in UGe$$_2$$

野間 雄一郎*; 小手川 恒*; 久保 徹郎*; 藤 秀樹*; 播磨 尚朝*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*; 伊藤 公平*; 仲村 愛*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.073707_1 - 073707_5, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Ferromagnetic fluctuation relevant to the pressure-induced superconductivity in UGe$$_2$$ is investigated by means of NMR spectroscopy. Longitudinal magnetic fluctuations were observed in the spin-echo decay rate near the ferromagnetic critical point where superconductivity takes place. This result strongly suggests that superconductivity in ferromagnets is universally mediated by anisotropic magnetic fluctuations.



後藤 翔; 青木 賢二; 森本 憲次; 坪井 雅俊; 礒崎 尚彦; 古川 竜一; 北川 修; 深谷 康弘*

日本保全学会第17回学術講演会要旨集, p.517 - 520, 2021/07




青木 和弘; 田中 遊雲; 吉田 拓海; 島田 耕史; 酒井 亨*; 亀高 正男*; 瀬下 和芳

応用地質, 62(2), p.64 - 81, 2021/06



環境試料中ヨウ素-129のICP-MS分析に向けた固相抽出法の開発; 陰イオン交換樹脂および銀イオン担持樹脂の干渉元素除去特性の比較

青木 譲; 松枝 誠; 小荒井 一真; 寺島 元基; 藤原 健壮; 阿部 寛信

JAEA-Research 2021-002, 20 Pages, 2021/05


環境試料中に極低濃度で存在する$$^{129}$$IをICP-MS法で高感度かつ迅速に分析するために、共存する干渉元素(Na, Mg, K, Ca, Mo, Cd, In)からIを分離する前処理として固相抽出法が広く利用されている。固相抽出樹脂として、既存のアミノ基を導入した陰イオン交換樹脂とともに、近年ではAg$$^{+}$$担持樹脂の利用が進められており、それぞれの樹脂の特性を踏まえて前処理法の最適化が必要となっている。本研究では、陰イオン交換樹脂であるDOWEX1-X8およびAG1-X8, Ag$$^{+}$$担持樹脂であるCLResinについて、干渉元素からのIの分離特性を比較し、環境試料中の$$^{129}$$IのICP-MS分析への適用性を調査した。吸着・溶出試験の結果、全ての固相抽出樹脂はIを定量的に吸着回収した。また、CLResinは干渉元素の除去性能が最も高く、Moを3.1%残存するものの、その他の干渉元素をICP-MSの検出下限値以下にまで除去した。しかし、$$^{129}$$Iと干渉元素との濃度比の考察から、CLResin処理後に残存するMo濃度は$$^{129}$$IのICP-MS測定になお干渉するレベルであったことから、CLResinからの溶出液を陽イオン交換樹脂(DOWEX50WX8)で処理したところ、溶出液中Moの98%以上が除去され、Moによる測定干渉を除去することができた。したがって、本研究の結果、干渉元素の除去にはCLResinが最適であり、また、CLResinとDOWEX50WX8を組み合わせた前処理法は、極低濃度(バックグラウンドレベル)の$$^{129}$$IのICP-MS分析を可能とする有力な手法となる可能性があることを提示している。

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