Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Terashima, Motoki
KEK Proceedings 2021-2, p.140 - 145, 2021/12
Strontium-90 and Y, its daughter nuclide, adverse effects on the bone marrow. Monitoring of Sr in the bones have been required after the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. However, conventional radioactivity measurement method for Sr requires a complicated separation of Y and a time-consuming measurement. ICP-MS system has been applied to Sr concentration survey of water, soil, and edible part of fish. We developed measurement method of Sr with ICP-MS and applied the method for cattle bones. We determined Sr in the hard tissues of animals that collected in the Fukushima prefecture. Limit of detection in the measurement was 19 Bq/kg.
Raymond, S.*; Knafo, W.*; Knebel, G.*; Kaneko, Koji; Brison, J.-P.*; Flouquet, J.*; Aoki, Dai*; Lapertot, G.*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(11), p.113706_1 - 113706_5, 2021/11
Guglielmi, Y.*; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Cook, P.*; Soom, F.*; Cappa, F.*; Tanaka, Yukumo
Tectonophysics, 819, p.229084_1 - 229084_22, 2021/11
The reactivation mechanisms of coseismic surface ruptures associated with the 2011 Mw 6.7 Fukushima-ken Hamadori earthquake in Japan are investigated using in-situ controlled hydraulic injections in subsurface boreholes. Two fault segments were selected for reactivation studies, one across a coseismic rupture, the Shionohira site, and one across a non-coseismically ruptured segment, the Minakami-kita site. A series of water injections in sealed sections of boreholes set across the fault progressively bring the fault to rupture by a step-by-step decrease of the effective normal stress clamping the fault. While the fault is rupturing during these hydraulic stimulations, borehole displacements, fluid pressure and injection flowrate are continuously monitored. Then, the tests were analyzed using fully coupled hydromechanical modeling. The model was calibrated on field data, and a parametric study was conducted to examine the modes of fault reactivation. Coseismic surface rupture of the Shionohira fault showed a pure dilatant slip response to hydraulic tests, while the tectonically un-activated Itozawa fault (South) indicated a complex hybrid response to tests related to both a higher frictional and cohesive strengths of the fault. The analysis of the induced Shionohira slip event showed that it is reasonably modeled as a Coulomb rupture with an eventual dependency of friction on slip velocity, in good accordance with laboratory-derived rate-and-state friction data on the Shinohira gouge samples. In contrast, the Itozawa fault reactivation mechanism appears dominated by tensile failure with limited Coulomb shear failure. Thus, the applied protocol proves to be able to isolate significant differences in fault physical properties and rupture mechanisms between two segments of the same fault system, opening perspectives to better assess near-surface rupture effects, and therefore the safety of structures subject to large earthquakes.
Asakura, Kazuki; Shimomura, Yusuke; Donomae, Yasushi; Abe, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Ryoichi; Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki; Takamatsu, Misao; Sakamoto, Naoki; Isozaki, Ryosuke; Onishi, Takashi; et al.
JAEA-Review 2021-020, 42 Pages, 2021/10
The disposal of radioactive waste from the research facility need to calculate from the radioactivity concentration that based on variously nuclear fuels and materials. In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Oarai Research and Development Institute, the study on considering disposal is being advanced among the facilities which generate radioactive waste as well as the facilities which process radioactive waste. This report summarizes a study result in FY2020 about the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute.
Knafo, W.*; Knebel, G.*; Steffens, P.*; Kaneko, Koji; Rosuel, A.*; Brison, J.-P.*; Flouquet, J.*; Aoki, Dai*; Lapertot, G.*; Raymond, S.*
Physical Review B, 104(10), p.L100409_1 - L100409_6, 2021/09
Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; et al.
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(8), p.1678 - 1682, 2021/08
Rapid analysis of Sr in bone and tooth samples of cattle were achieved by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) coupled with mass shift and solid phase extraction techniques. Limit of detection (LOD) in the ICP-MS measurement of 0.1 g samples was lower than that of the radioactivity measurement. Analytical time of the ICP-MS method was reduced from 20 days to 11 hours, compared with the radiometric method. Therefore, the ICP-MS method can be rapid and useful procedure of Sr in small bone and tooth samples derived from terrestrial animals.
Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Bigault, T.*; Saerbeck, T.*; Courtois, P.*
Journal of Applied Physics, 130(8), p.083904_1 - 083904_10, 2021/08
Goto, Sho; Aoki, Kenji; Morimoto, Kenji; Tsuboi, Masatoshi; Isozaki, Naohiko; Furukawa, Ryuichi; Kitagawa, Osamu; Fukaya, Yasuhiro*
Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-17-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.517 - 520, 2021/07
no abstracts in English
Aoki, Jo; Matsueda, Makoto; Koarai, Kazuma; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Abe, Hironobu
JAEA-Research 2021-002, 20 Pages, 2021/05
In order to analyze extremely low concentrations of I in environmental samples by ICP-MS with high sensitivity and rapidity, it is necessary to remove interfering elements (Na, Mg, K, Ca, Mo, Cd and In) using a pretreatment method with Solid-phase Extraction Resin. Anion Exchange Resins with amino groups have been widely used as Solid-phase Extraction Resins, while Ag+ Supported Resins have also been widely used in recent years. It is necessary to optimize the pretreatment technique based on characteristics of the resins. In this study, we compared in terms of separation of I from matrix elements (Na, Mg, K, Ca, Mo, Cd and In) for DOWEX1-X8, AG 1-X8 and CL Resin, and investigated their suitability for ICP-MS analysis of I in environmental samples. The results of adsorption and elution experiments showed that all resins examined uptake and elute I quantitatively. CL Resin showed the highest removal performance of interfering elements, with 3.1% of Mo remaining, but other interfering elements were removed below the detection limit of ICP-MS. However, the Mo remained after the CL Resin treatment could interfere the ICP-MS measurement of I, based on the consideration of ratio of I and Mo. The eluate from CL Resin was treated with a Cation exchange resin (DOWEX 50WX8). As a result, Mo in the eluate was removed by up to 98% and the interference from Mo was reduced to measurable level. Therefore, the pretreatment method using CL Resin in combination with DOWEX 50WX8 is effective for ICP-MS analysis of I at extremely low concentrations (background level).
Atkinson, S.*; Aoki, Takeshi; Litskevich, D.*; Merk, B.*; Yan, X.
Progress in Nuclear Energy, 134, p.103689_1 - 103689_10, 2021/04
This article evaluates the safety features of the designed 10 MWth U-Battery concept with respect to a control rod withdrawal and a depressurised loss of coolant accident. This article provides the evaluation methodology for both transients, using a one-dimensional heat transfer model involving point reactor kinetic model to simulate reactor feedback in the control rod withdrawal. Overall, this work has shown that during the control rod withdrawal the fuel temperature rises by 110 K and at this point the excess reactivity is compensated by the negative temperature coefficient of the fuel. During the depressurised loss of coolant accident, the maximum fuel temperature reached 1455 K after 60 hours. This concludes that during both transients the temperatures maintained well below the maximum fuel operating temperature.
Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Soyama, Kazuhiko
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011092_1 - 011092_6, 2021/03
no abstracts in English
Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Terashima, Motoki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Abe, Hironobu
KEK Proceedings 2020-4, p.180 - 185, 2020/11
Strontium-90 and Y, its daughter nuclide, adverse effects on the bone marrow. Monitoring of Sr in the bones have been required after the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. However, conventional radioactivity measurement method for Sr requires a complicated separation of Y and a time-consuming measurement. ICP-MS system has been applied to Sr concentration survey of water, soil, and edible part of fish. We applied the ICP-MS system for the bones for the first time. In this study, reference bone (JSAC 0785 fish bone) was used as measurement samples. Sample preparation of the bone was performed using a microwave digestion instrument. After sample preparation, Sr was determined using ICP-MS system with cascade separation steps based on on-line column separation and oxygen reaction. Strontium-90 in the bones was successfully separated from Ca, Ba, Y, Zr, Fe, Se, and Ge, which interfered in ICP-MS measurement, in the separation steps.
Tokita, Shun*; Kadoi, Kota*; Aoki, So; Inoue, Hiroshige*
Corrosion Science, 175, p.108867_1 - 108867_8, 2020/10
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the corrosion resistance of weld metal by electrochemical methods and discuss the relationship between microstructure and corrosion resistance. Intergranular and pitting corrosion resistances were measured using electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation (EPR) test and pitting potential measurement respectively. The reactivation ratio and pitting potential corresponded to its chemical composition. The specimens containing more Cr and Mo showed higher resistance. In the EPR test, the dendrite core with a relatively low Cr content was corroded. In the pitting corrosion test, Nb carbide became the initiation site of pitting corrosion which propagated along the cell structure.
Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Miyata, Noboru*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Kasai, Satoshi*; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aoki, Hiroyuki
Polymers (Internet), 12(10), p.2180_1 - 2180_10, 2020/10
Kondo, Keietsu; Aoki, So; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ukai, Shigeharu*; Sakamoto, Kan*; Hirai, Mutsumi*; Kimura, Akihiko*
Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 15, p.13 - 16, 2018/05
Radiation hardening and microstructural evolution of ion irradiated 12Cr-6Al ODS ferritic steel was studied. Ion irradiation experiments were performed using Fe ions up to the nominal displacement damage of 20 dpa at the irradiation temperature was 300C. The monotonical increase of radiation hardening with dose was confirmed by experimentally obtained hardness data. The radiation hardening was also calculated theoretically by introducing the microstructural character examined by TEM into the dispersed barrier hardening model. The results showed a good agreement with the experimentally obtained data up to 5 dpa, while a slight discrepancy was found between theoretical and experimental hardness values at 20 dpa. Radiation hardening was mainly caused by irradiation-induced defect clusters below the irradiation dose of 5 dpa. As the irradiation dose increased toward 20 dpa, an additional influence of the radiation appeared, which was assumed to be induced by ' phase transformation.
Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Takeda, Masayasu; Soyama, Kazuhiko
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 888, p.70 - 78, 2018/04
The multilayer structure of Fe/Si and Fe/Ge systems fabricated by ion beam sputtering (IBS) was investigated using X-ray and polarized neutron reflectivity measurements and scanning transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The obtained result revealed that the incorporation of sputtering gas particles (Ar) in the Ge layer gives rise to a marked reduction in the neutron scattering length density (SLD) and contributes to the SLD contrast between the Fe and Ge layers almost vanishing for spin-down neutrons. This leads to a possibility of fine-tuning of the SLD for the IBS, which is required to realize a high polarization efficiency of a neutron polarizing supermirror. Fe/Ge polarizing supermirror with fabricated showed a spin-up reflectivity of 0.70 at the critical momentum transfer. The polarization was higher than 0.985 for the range where the correction for the polarization inefficiencies of the beamline works properly.
Aoki, So; Kondo, Keietsu; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Yamamoto, Masahiro
Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors, Vol.2, p.663 - 672, 2018/00
The objective of this study was to clarify effect of long-term thermal aging on SCC initiation susceptibility in low carbon austenitic stainless steels. Specimens used were Type 304L and 316L steels. Both steels were cold rolled to 20% thickness reduction (CW) and then followed by long-term thermal aging at 288C for 14,000 h (LTA). Crevice Bent Beam (CBB) test was carried out to estimate the SCC initiation susceptibility under BWR simulated water condition at high temperature. The present results of the CBB tests showed that 304L CW + LTA exhibited no SCC susceptibility. In contrast, the SCC initiation susceptibility of 316L increased by the combination of cold rolling and long-term thermal aging. To understand these results, evaluation on the changes in microchemistry, microstructure and mechanical properties induced by the CW and LTA treatment has been developed, and their correlation with the SCC initiation susceptibility is discussed.
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.
Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11
Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.
Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12