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Journal Articles

Chemical characterization of a volatile dubnium compound, DbOCl$$_3$$

Chiera, N. M.*; Sato, Tetsuya; Eichler, R.*; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Asai, Masato; Adachi, Sadia*; Dressler, R.*; Hirose, Kentaro; Inoue, Hiroki*; Ito, Yuta; et al.

Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 60(33), p.17871 - 17874, 2021/08

The formation and the chemical characterization of single atoms of dubnium (Db, element 105), in the form of its volatile oxychloride, was investigated using the on-line gas phase chromatography technique, in the temperature range 350 - 600 $$^circ$$C. Under the exact same chemical conditions, comparative studies with the lighter homologs of group-5 in the Periodic Table clearly indicate the volatility sequence being NbOCl$$_3 > $$ TaOCl$$_3 geq$$ DbOCl$$_3$$. From the obtained experimental results, thermochemical data for DbOCl$$_3$$ were derived. The present study delivers reliable experimental information for theoretical calculations on the chemical properties of transactinides.

Journal Articles

Screw dislocation-spherical void interactions in fcc metals and their dependence on stacking fault energy

Hayakawa, Sho*; Doihara, Kohei*; Okita, Taira*; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Aichi, Masaatsu*; Suzuki, Katsuyuki*

Journal of Materials Science, 54(17), p.11509 - 11525, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:46.05(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Effects of stacking fault energies on formation of irradiation-induced defects at various temperatures in face-centred cubic metals

Nakanishi, Daiki*; Kawabata, Tomoya*; Doihara, Kohei*; Okita, Taira*; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Suzuki, Katsuyuki*

Philosophical Magazine, 98(33), p.3034 - 3047, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

By using the six sets of interatomic potentials for face-centredcubic metals that differ in the stacking fault energy (SFE) while most of the other material parameters are kept almost identical, we conducted molecular dynamics simulations to evaluate the effects of SFE on the defect formation process through collision cascades. The ratio of glissile SIA clusters tends to decrease with increasing SFE. This is because perfect loops, the edges of which split into two partial dislocations with stacking fault structures between them in most cases, prefer to form at lower SFEs. The enhanced formation of glissile SIA clusters at lower SFEs can also be observed even at increased temperature.

Journal Articles

Atomic simulations to evaluate effects of stacking fault energy on interactions between edge dislocation and spherical void in face-centred cubic metals

Doihara, Kohei*; Okita, Taira*; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Aichi, Masaatsu*; Suzuki, Katsuyuki*

Philosophical Magazine, 98(22), p.2061 - 2076, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:64.55(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, molecular dynamics simulations were performed to elucidate the effects of stacking fault energy (SFE) on the physical interactions between an edge dislocation and a spherical void in the crystal structure of face-centred cubic metals at various temperatures and for different void sizes. Four different types of interaction morphologies were observed, in which (1) two partial dislocations detached from the void separately, and the maximum stress corresponded to the detachment of the trailing partial; (2) two partial dislocations detached from the void separately, and the maximum stress corresponded to the detachment of the leading partial; (3) the partial dislocations detached from the void almost simultaneously without jog formation; and (4) the partial dislocations detached from the void almost simultaneously with jog formation. With an increase in void size or SFE, the interaction morphology changed in the above-mentioned order. It was observed that the magnitude of the critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) and its dependence on the SFE were determined by these interaction morphologies. The value of the CRSS in the case of interaction morphology (1) is almost equal to an analytical one based on the linear elasticity by employing the Burgers vector of a single partial dislocation. The maximum value of the CRSS is also obtained by the analytical model with the Burgers vector of the two partial dislocations.

Journal Articles

Stability of montmorillonite edge faces studied using first-principles calculations

Sakuma, Hiroshi*; Tachi, Yukio; Yotsuji, Kenji; Suehara, Shigeru*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Fujii, Naoki*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*; Honda, Akira

Clays and Clay Minerals, 65(4), p.252 - 272, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.25(Chemistry, Physical)

Structure and stability of montmorillonite edge faces (110), (010), (100), and (130) of the layer charges y = 0.5 and 0.33 are investigated by the first-principles electronic calculations based on the density functional theory. Stacking and single layer models are tested for understanding the effect of stacking on the stability of montmorillonite edge faces. Most stacking layers stabilize the edge faces by making hydrogen bonds between the layers; therefore, the surface energy of stacking layers is reduced rather than the single layer model. This indicates that the surface energy of edge faces should be estimated depending on the swelling conditions. Lowest surface energies of (010) and (130) edge faces were realized by the presence of Mg ions on the edge faces. These edge faces have a strong adsorption site for cations due to local negative charge of the edges.

JAEA Reports

Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (FY 2013); Development of design and construction planning and countermeasure technologies (Contract research)

Kobayashi, Shinji*; Niimi, Katsuyuki*; Okihara, Mitsunobu*; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Yamada, Toshiko*; Sato, Toshinori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Horiuchi, Yasuharu*; Aoyagi, Yoshiaki

JAEA-Technology 2014-035, 172 Pages, 2015/01

JAEA-Technology-2014-035.pdf:91.27MB

The researches on engineering technology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) plan consists of (1) development of design and construction planning technologies, (2) development of construction technology, (3) development of countermeasure technology, (4) development of technology for security, and (5) development of technologies regarding restoration or reversal and mitigating of the excavation effect. To develop design and construction planning technologies, and countermeasure technology, the analysis of measured data during earthquake and seismic movement characteristics at deep underground, and the examination of grouting method were carried out. The knowledge of the seismic movements at deep underground was obtained by which observation records of seismometers at Mizunami underground research laboratory were analyzed to verify the earthquake-resistant design of the shafts and tunnels. As for" Study on grouting method at deep underground", Existing post-grouting methods for crystalline rock were reviewed, the applicability of pre-grouting technology was evaluated and study on experiment plan in MIU was carried out following the previous year.

JAEA Reports

Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; FY2012 (Contract research)

Fukaya, Masaaki*; Noda, Masaru*; Hata, Koji*; Takeda, Yoshinori*; Akiyoshi, Kenji*; Ishizeki, Yoshikazu*; Kaneda, Tsutomu*; Sato, Shin*; Shibata, Chihoko*; Ueda, Tadashi*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2014-019, 495 Pages, 2014/08

JAEA-Technology-2014-019.pdf:82.23MB

The researches on engineering technology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) plan consists of (1) research on engineering technology deep underground, and (2) research on engineering technology as a basis of geological disposal. The former research is mainly aimed in this study, which is categorized in (a) development of design and construction planning technologies, (b) development of construction technologies, (c) development of countermeasure technologies, and (d) development of technologies for security. In this study, the researches on engineering technology are being conducted in these four categories by using data measured during construction as a part of the second phase of the MIU plan.

Journal Articles

High-resolution crystal structure of copper amine oxidase from ${it Arthrobacter globiformis}$; Assignment of bound diatomic molecules as O$$_{2}$$

Murakawa, Takeshi*; Hayashi, Hideyuki*; Sunami, Tomoko; Kurihara, Kazuo; Tamada, Taro; Kuroki, Ryota; Suzuki, Mamoru*; Tanizawa, Katsuyuki*; Okajima, Toshihide*

Acta Crystallographica Section D, 69(12), p.2483 - 2494, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:60.8(Biochemical Research Methods)

The crystal structure of a Cu amine oxidase from ${it Arthrobacter globiformis}$ was determined at 1.08 ${AA}$ resolution with the use of low-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol (LMW PEG; average molecular weight $$sim$$200) as a cryoprotectant. The final crystallographic $$R$$-factor and $$R$$$$_{rm free}$$ value are 13.0% and 15.0%, respectively. Several molecules of LMW PEG were found to occupy cavities in the protein interior including the active site, which resulted in the marked reduction of the overall ${it B}$ factor and consequently led to a sub-atomic resolution structure for a relatively large protein with a monomer molecular weight of $$sim$$70,000. About 40% of all the presumed hydrogen atoms were observed as clear electron densities in the $$F$$$$_{rm o}$$ - $$F$$$$_{rm c}$$ difference map. Multiple minor conformers were also identified for many residues. Anisotropic displacement fluctuations were evaluated in the active site that contains a post-translationally derived quinone cofactor and a Cu atom. Furthermore, diatomic molecules, most likely molecular oxygen, are bound to the protein, one of which is located in the region that has been previously proposed as an entry route for the substrate dioxygen from the central cavity of the dimer interface to the active site.

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ magnetic measurements under neutron radiation in Fe metal and low carbon steel

Takahashi, Seiki*; Kikuchi, Hiroaki*; Ara, Katsuyuki*; Ebine, Noriya; Kamada, Yasuhiro*; Kobayashi, Satoru*; Suzuki, Masahide

Journal of Applied Physics, 100(2), p.023902_1 - 023902_6, 2006/07

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:76.45(Physics, Applied)

Magnetic minor hysteresis loops of low carbon steel and Fe metal have been measured during neutron radiation at 563 K in a nuclear reactor. For investigation of nucleation mechanism of copper precipitates and dislocation loops, special attention was paid to minor-loop coefficients, which are deduced from simple relations between minor-loop parameters and are very sensitive to lattice defects. We found that with increasing neutron fluence, the minor-loop coefficients of low carbon steel sharply increase and show a maximum at the fluence of 1$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$, followed by a slow decrease. The appearance of the maximum suggests the presence of two mechanisms of internal stress; while copper precipitates and dislocation loops in the matrix make the internal stress increase, those grown in the vicinity of dislocations compensate the internal stress of dislocations. On the other hand, the minor-loop coefficients show a monotonic increase with neutron fluence in Fe metal.

Journal Articles

Multi-quasiparticle states and ${it K}$-forbidden transitions in $$^{183}$$Os

Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Matsuura, Katsuyuki*; Toh, Yosuke; Hayakawa, Takehito; Oshima, Masumi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Matsuda, Makoto; Furuno, Kohei*; Sasaki, Yasuyuki*; Komatsubara, Tetsuro*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 696(3-4), p.337 - 370, 2001/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:72.39(Physics, Nuclear)

High-spin states in $$^{183}$$Os have been studied using the 170Er(18O,5n) reaction at a beam energy of 85 MeV. Nine rotational bands based on 1-, 3-, 5- and 7-quasiparticle excitations have been observed. Nilsson configurations are assigned for the newly observed bands using g-factors deduced from M1/E2 branching ratios within the bands. In addition, two isomers with K=(43/2+) and (43/2-) have been identified. The K=(43/2+) isomer decays directly to the K=9/2+ ground state band with a large difference in the $$K$$ quantum number, $$mitDelta K=$$17. The decay rates are disccused in terms of a tunneling model where high-$$K$$ (isomeric) and low-$$K$$ states interact via fluctuations towards triaxial nuclear shapes.

Journal Articles

Methylxanthine sensitization of human colon cancer cells to $$^{186}$$Re-labeled monoclonal antibody

Kinuya, Seigo*; Yokoyama, Kunihiko*; Kudo, Miho*; Kasahara, Yoshihito*; Kobayashi, Katsutoshi; Motoishi, Shoji; Onoma, Katsuyuki; Bunko, Hisashi*; Nichigishi, Takatoshi*; Tonami, Norihisa*

Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 42(4), p.596 - 600, 2001/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High-sensitivity detection of fissile materials in a waste dram by direct interrogation of 14MeV acc neutrons

Haruyama, Mitsuo; Ara, Katsuyuki*; Takase, Misao*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 43(4), p.397 - 404, 2001/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.04(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of nuclear reactor pressure vessel integrity by magnetic interrogation and problems of relevant magnetic field analysis

Ara, Katsuyuki*; Ebine, Noriya

Denki Gakkai Magunetikkusu Kenkyukai Shiryo (MAG-01-55), p.1 - 6, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nondestructive magnetic measurements to evaluate material degradation of nuclear reactor structure; The Present state of research activities

Ara, Katsuyuki*; Ebine, Noriya

Denki Gakkai Magunetikkusu Kenkyukai Shiryo (MAG-00-182), p.23 - 31, 2000/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of magnetic and mechanical properties of reactor pressure vessel steels by incremental permeability change curve measurements

Ebine, Noriya; Suzuki, Masahide; Ara, Katsuyuki*

Denki Gakkai Magunetikkusu Kenkyukai Shiryo (MAG-00-195), p.45 - 48, 2000/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Labeling with radioactive rhenium for the purpose of the pain relief of cancerous bone metastasis

Ogawa, Kazuma*; Ono, Masahiro*; Fujioka, Yasushi*; Saji, Hideo*; Mukai, Takahiro*; Konishi, Junji*; Uehara, Tomoya*; Arano, Yasushi*; Onoma, Katsuyuki

Kaku Igaku, 37(5), P. 577, 2000/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Distributed parallel scientific computing environment; SSP

Takemiya, Hiroshi; Ota, Hirofumi; Imamura, Toshiyuki; Koide, Hiroshi; Matsuda, Katsuyuki; Higuchi, Kenji; Hirayama, Toshio; Kasahara, Hironori*

Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu, 4(1), p.333 - 336, 1999/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nondestructive measurement experiments to evaluate changes of material properties of ferromagnetic structural steels with planar coils

; Ara, Katsuyuki

Denki Gakkai Magunethikkusu Kenkyukai Shiryo MAG-98-198, p.29 - 33, 1998/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Method for measuring the overlay-clad thickness of reactor pressure vessels by magnetic measurements

; Ara, Katsuyuki

Nihon Oyo Jiki Gakkai-Shi, 22(4-2), p.905 - 908, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Nondestructive measuring method for assessment of material degradation in aged Reactor pressure vessels

; Ara, Katsuyuki;

Proc. of 9th Int. Symp. on Reactor Dosimetry, 0, p.785 - 792, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

127 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)