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Journal Articles

Radial density distribution in irradiated FBR MOX fuel pellets

Ishimi, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Kozo; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Asaka, Takeo; Furuya, Hirotaka

Nuclear Technology, 189(3), p.312 - 317, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:61.74(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A high resolution X-ray CT technique was developed, which made it possible to obtain fine X-ray CT images of an irradiated fuel assembly. In addition, the density distributions in the irradiated MOX fuel pellet could be continually measured, using the relationship between the densities and CT values. These results were compared to the one obtained by metallographical method. As results, it was found that the relative change of radial density distributions in the irradiated fuel pellet can be measured more accurately by the X-ray CT technique than by the metallographical examination.

JAEA Reports

Temperature and chemical history for spent fuel pools in Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station; Units 1 through 4

Inoue, Masaki; Asaka, Takeo

JAEA-Review 2014-020, 46 Pages, 2014/06

JAEA-Review-2014-020.pdf:5.81MB

Integrity of fuel assemblies (FAs) stored in the spent fuel pools (SFPs) of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station (units 1 through 4) is one of the most important issues to transport the FAs to the common pool for long term storage. The SFPs had lost their functions of decay heat removal and water supply due to the station blackout. Since fresh and sea waters were injected into and concrete fragments by hydrogen explosions fell into the SFPs, the FAs have been exposed to much more corrosive environments than usual ones. In this report, many events during the accidents were investigated from a view point of temperature and chemical constituents in the SFPs in order to evaluate integrity for fuel assemblies during long term storage in the common pool by means of corrosion tests.

JAEA Reports

A Study on the method of an equivalent continuous body modelling using crack tensor theory in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project

Sanada, Hiroyuki; Sato, Toshinori; Tanno, Takeo*; Hikima, Ryoichi*; Tada, Hiroyuki*; Kumasaka, Hiroo*; Ishii, Takashi*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*

JAEA-Research 2014-006, 124 Pages, 2014/06

JAEA-Research-2014-006.pdf:11.26MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been implementing the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in order to develop the comprehensive investigation techniques for the geological environment and the engineering techniques to construct a deep underground laboratory in crystalline rock. In the rock mechanical study in the MIU Project, the development of the evaluation method for the excavation damaged zone due to excavation of shafts and research galleries is one of the important issues. In this report, crack tensor was calculated using the tunnel wall mapping and rock mechanical test results in the shaft and research galleries in the MIU. Two dimension excavation analysis was conducted at the Ventilation Shaft and GL -500 m Sub Stage using the calculated crack tensor at GL -500 m. Based on calculated crack tensor at GL 500 m, validation of the crack tensor at GL -500 m estimated during Phase I was verified. Relative error of crack tensor was calculated in order to examine variation of relative error to the scale of observation areas.

Journal Articles

Excavation analysis using crack tensor theory at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, Japan

Sanada, Hiroyuki; Hikima, Ryoichi; Tanno, Takeo; Sato, Toshinori; Goke, Mitsuo*; Tada, Hiroyuki*; Kumasaka, Hiroo*

Proceedings of ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2013 (WTC 2013)/39th General Assembly, p.855 - 860, 2013/05

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been implementing the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project for the R&D of geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW) in granite. The MIU Project has been divided into three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation Phase (Phase I), Construction Phase (Phase II), and Operation Phase (Phase III). In this paper, FEM analysis using crack tensor theory at the MIU was carried out in order to estimate deformation around the horizontal tunnel for investigations and construction during Phase III, and to confirm the validity of FEM analysis results including parameter settings using fracture information from the vertical borehole drilled during Phase I. The relationship between statistical observations on tunnel walls and pilot boreholes was used to estimate the crack tensor for the investigated area. FEM analysis in this work described the increase of stress in concrete liners due to decrease of Young's Modulus compared to Phase I. Since investigations during Phase II could effectively detected high angle fractures, which couldn't be satisfactorily detected during Phase I, the crack tensor was improved using the Phase II results. Predictions and applicability of the analysis method are to be confirmed with in situ experiments during Phase III.

Journal Articles

Upgrading of X-ray CT technology for analyses of irradiated FBR MOX fuel

Ishimi, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Kozo; Maeda, Koji; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Asaka, Takeo; Furuya, Hirotaka

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 49(12), p.1144 - 1155, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:47.47(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study on equivalent continuum modeling with crack tensor on crystalline rock

Tanno, Takeo; Sato, Toshinori; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Hikima, Ryoichi; Matsui, Hiroya; Tada, Hiroyuki*; Goke, Mitsuo*; Kumasaka, Hiroo*; Ishii, Takashi*

JAEA-Research 2012-002, 86 Pages, 2012/03

JAEA-Research-2012-002.pdf:8.48MB

The Crack tensor model which is a kind of equivalent continuum model has been studied in rock mechanical investigation in the MIU. The fractured rock mass is modeled as the elastic continuum model with the crack tensor. In this study, crack tensor based on the geological observation in the MIU project was calculated, and REV (Representative Elementary Volume) in the shafts and research galleries was studied based on the relative error of the crack tensor. The correlation between the crack density, the trace length of crack and the trace of crack tensor and the rock mass classification was also studied.

Journal Articles

Support system for training and education of future expert at PIE Hot Laboratories in Oarai JAEA; FEETS

Osaka, Masahiko; Donomae, Takako; Ichikawa, Shoichi; Sasaki, Shinji; Ishimi, Akihiro; Inoue, Toshihiko; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Miwa, Shuhei; Onishi, Takashi; Asaka, Takeo; et al.

Proceedings of 1st Asian Nuclear Fuel Conference (ANFC), 2 Pages, 2012/03

Support system for training and education of future expert in hot laboratories of Oarai-JAEA, named FEETS, is presented. The system has been established based on research results on both characterization of Oarai hot laboratory and user-needs. Various programs under FEETS are also introduced.

Journal Articles

Study on an equivalent continuum model at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Tanno, Takeo; Sato, Toshinori; Matsui, Hiroya; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Kumasaka, Hiroo*; Tada, Hiroyuki*

Dai-41-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (CD-ROM), p.185 - 190, 2012/01

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is conducting the MIzunami Underground research laboratory (MIU) project in order to develop comprehensive geological investigation and engineering techniques for deep underground applications (e.g. geological disposal of HLW). This modelling study has a two-fold objective, to contribute to the evaluation of the mechanical stability of shaft and research drifts, and to plan the future studies. A crack tensor model, a method of an equivalent continuum model, has been studied at the MIU. In this study, the relationship between the estimated crack tensor parameters and the rock mass classification was revealed.

Journal Articles

Modified SUS316 stainless steel for fast breeder reactors

Inoue, Toshihiko; Yamagata, Ichiro; Asaka, Takeo

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 53(9), p.638 - 642, 2011/09

This paper presents the properties and the development of modified 316 steel. The core material is required to high-temperature strength caused by high power density and FP gas, swelling resistance caused by irradiation damage, and corrosion resistance caused by coolant sodium and FCCI. In the improvement of the modified 316 stainless steel, screening test conducted to improve high-temperature strength and swelling resistance. Optimizing a slight amount of addition element and cold working, the modified 316 steel was improved the high-temperature strength and swelling resistance in both. And under irradiated and FCCI conditions, these properties were tested. The modified 316 stainless steel uses 44,000 pins as fast reactor fuel pin in JOYO. These results show that the steel exhibits excellent characteristics in creep rupture strength and swelling resistance.

Journal Articles

Development of the high resolution X-ray CT technique

Katsuyama, Kozo; Ishimi, Akihiro; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Asaka, Takeo

Kensa Gijutsu, 16(2), p.12 - 18, 2011/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of PIE technology development in JAEA-Oarai

Tanaka, Kosuke; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yoshimochi, Hiroshi; Sozawa, Shizuo; Onose, Shoji; Niimi, Motoji; Asaka, Takeo

Proceedings of 1st Asian Symposium on Material Testing Reactors (ASMTR 2011), p.71 - 76, 2011/02

Post irradiation examination (PIE) facilities have been operated for about 40 years at the Oarai Research and Development Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to investigate the performance and soundness of irradiated fuels and materials. The JMTR Hot Laboratory (JMTR-HL) was founded in 1971 mainly to examine the objects irradiated in the Japan Material Testing Reactor (JMTR). The Alpha-Gamma Facility (AGF) was constructed as the first laboratory to perform PIE of plutonium-bearing fuels for Japanese fast reactor development programs. This facility started hot operation in 1971 and has performed physical, metallurgical, and chemical examinations of irradiated fuels including uranium plutonium mixed oxide fuels. A renewal plan for the JMTR-HL and AGF is now in progress, associated with re-operation of the JMTR.

JAEA Reports

Estimation of crack tensor for evaluating excavation disturbance of research gallery at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Matsui, Hiroya; Tanno, Takeo; Hirano, Toru*; Goke, Mitsuo*; Kumasaka, Hiroo*; Tada, Hiroyuki*; Ishii, Takashi*

JAEA-Research 2010-043, 87 Pages, 2010/12

JAEA-Research-2010-043.pdf:3.99MB

The results are as follows (1) For the ventilation shaft at GL-350m, the crack tensor deformation analysis based on FY2004 work's results showed the calculated displacement was smaller than the measured displacement. A geometrical parameters of fractures in FY2004 work's result was different from one based on geological observation in the shaft. Therefore, the crack tensor of FY2004 work's results seems to be underestimated. (2) Large discontinuities with NE strike and high dipping observed in a shaft were major reason for the difference of crack tensors determined by borehole investigation from surface and geological observations in a shaft. Therefore, the crack tensor for pilot borehole investigation in a shaft was calculated as well and compared with each results. It was found that the fabric tensor is similar with it of geological observation and the vale was medium. (3) The crack tensor around GL-500m was estimated by relation of statistical quantities for fractures between GL-300m and GL-500m. Consequently, the deformation analysis based on the estimated crack tensor showed an increase in convergence and stress in the support system compared to FY2004 work's results.

Journal Articles

Development of high resolution X-ray CT technique for irradiated fuel pellets

Katsuyama, Kozo; Ishimi, Akihiro; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Asaka, Takeo

Proceedings of 47th Annual Meeting of the Working Group "Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling" (HOTLAB 2010) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2010/09

In order to observe the structural change in the interior of irradiated fuel assembly, the non-destructive post irradiation examination technique using X-ray computer tomography (X-ray CT) was developed. In this X-ray CT system, the 12 MeV X-ray pulse was used in synchronization with the switch-in of the detector to minimize the effects of the $$gamma$$ ray emissions from the irradiated fuel assembly. In this study, this X-ray CT technique was upgraded for observing the inner condition of the fuel pellet using the high resolution X-ray CT image. In this paper, we describe following two items; (1) Development of high resolution X-ray CT technique, and (2) Result of high resolution X-ray CT image of an irradiated fuel pellet.

Journal Articles

Helium release from the uranium-plutonium mixed oxide (MOX) fuel irradiated to high burn-up in a fast breeder reactor (FBR)

Katsuyama, Kozo; Ishimi, Akihiro; Maeda, Koji; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Asaka, Takeo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 401(1-3), p.86 - 90, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:71.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The helium releases were investigated in FBR fuel pins irradiated to high burn-up. The released amounts of helium gas increased with the increase of burn-up, but their data were scattered in the region of high burn-up region. This was understood to be caused by the differences of $$^{241}$$Am contents among fuel pellets, because this nuclide generates $$^{242}$$Cm which undergoes alpha decay at a short half life.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of MA recycling concept with high Am-containing MOX (Am-MOX) fuel and development of its related fuel fabrication process

Tanaka, Kenya; Ishii, Tetsuya; Yoshimochi, Hiroshi; Asaka, Takeo

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.2045 - 2050, 2009/09

As a part of the economic evaluation of the MA recycling system, the management cost of high level radioactive waste was estimated quantitatively. The development of an innovative fuel fabrication process has been done by using UO$$_{2}$$ powder, U metal particles and Mo powder. From comparisons of granulated material characteristics, two candidate methods, mixing granulation (MIX/G) and extruding granulation (EXT/G), were considered to have good feasibility as the fuel fabrication process. In the preliminary sintering test of granulated UO$$_{2}$$ obtained by EXT/G, a high density UO$$_{2}$$ pellet (97% of TD) with 5wt% of U and 5wt% of Mo was successfully sintered. From the results of thermal conductivity measurements, it was confirmed that the dispersion of Mo powder and U metal into the oxide matrix was an effective way to improve the characteristic.

Journal Articles

Development of a performance analysis code for vibro-packed MOX fuels

Ishii, Tetsuya; Nemoto, Junichi*; Asaka, Takeo; Sato, Seichi*; Mayorshin, A.*; Shishalov, O.*; Kryukov, F.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(4), p.263 - 273, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.37(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to develop a vibro-packed MOX fuel performance analysis code, thermochemical and mechanical properties of the vibro-packed fuels were incorporated into a pellet type fuel performance analysis code CEDAR. Calculations were made by the developed code on a vibro-packed MOX fuel pin irradiated at BN-600 in Russia. Since the calculated results agreed well with the behaviors obtained from the experimental data, it can be concluded that the code was well modeled and qualitatively validated.

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional X-ray CT image of irradiated FBR fuel assembly

Katsuyama, Kozo; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Nakamura, Yasuo; Asaka, Takeo; Furuya, Hirotaka

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 97(1), p.620 - 621, 2007/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of the fuel pin deflection in an assembly irradiated in FBR "JOYO"

Katsuyama, Kozo; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Nakamura, Yasuo; Matsumoto, Shinichiro; Asaka, Takeo; Furuya, Hirotaka

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 94(1), p.771 - 772, 2006/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fusion blanket construction

Konishi, Satoshi*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Akiba, Masato; Nakamura, Hiroo; Nagasaka, Takuya*; Muroga, Takeo*; Hasegawa, Akira*; Matsui, Hideki*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 46(5), p.311 - 322, 2004/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of Non-destructive Post-Irradiation Examination Technique using High-energy X-ray Computer Tomography

Katsuyama, Kozo; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Matsumoto, Shinichiro; Asaka, Takeo; Ito, Masahiko; Furuya, Hirotaka

2004 ANS Winter Meeting, 91, 0 Pages, 2004/00

Non-destructive X-ray computed tomography (X-ray CT scanning) is a powerful technique for characterizing the morphology in structural materials as used in medical field. This X-ray CT scanning technique was developed for the purpose of post irradiation examinations (PIE), and applied to the fuel assemblies irradiated in the experimental fast reactor Joyo.

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