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Journal Articles

Neutronic analysis for ${it in situ}$ calibration of ITER in-vessel neutron flux monitor with microfission chamber

Ishikawa, Masao; Kondoh, Takashi; Kusama, Yoshinori; Bertalot, L.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.1377 - 1381, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutronic analysis is performed for ${it in situ}$ calibration of the in-vessel neutron flux monitor in ITER, the Microfission Chamber (MFC). The transfer system of a neutron generator, which consists of two toroidal rings and a neutron generator holder, has been designed and its effect on the detection efficiency of the MFC is estimated through neutronic analysis with MCNP. The result indicates that the designed transfer system is unaffected for the detection efficiency of the MFC. ${it In situ}$ calibrations for the point by point method and the rotation method are simulated and compared through neutronic analysis. It is found that the rotation method is appropriate for full calibration because this method has the advantage that the calibration time can be shortened and all neutron flux monitors can be calibrated simultaneously.

Journal Articles

Issues on the absolute neutron emission measurement at ITER

Sasao, Mamiko*; Ishikawa, Masao; Yuan, G.*; Patel, K.*; Jakhar, S.*; Kashchuk, Y.*; Bertalot, L.*

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 8(Sp.1), p.2402127_1 - 2402127_3, 2013/09

Fusion power output of ITER is measured by a group of neutron flux monitors combined with a neutron activation system and neutron profile monitors. These systems should be absolutely calibrated by use of DD/DT generators moving inside the ITER vacuum vessel (in-situ calibration). Each neutron monitor has a limited measurement range of emission rate, but the ranges are connected by cross-calibration using the ITER plasma with at least one decade overlapping. The over all dynamic range covered by the group of neutron flux monitors is 10$$^{14}$$ n/sec to 10$$^{21}$$ n/sec. Effects of vertical/radial movement of plasma on the measurement accuracy were reviewed. It was found that cross-calibration using specially planned jog shots, and a vertical neutron camera is important to minimize the inaccuracy caused by the plasma movement.

Journal Articles

Port-based plasma diagnostic infrastructure on ITER

Pitcher, C. S.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Encheva, A.*; Feder, R.*; Friconneau, J. P.*; Hu, Q.*; Levesy, B.*; Loesser, G. D.*; Lyublin, B.*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 64(2), p.118 - 125, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The port-based plasma diagnostic infrastructure on ITER is described, including the port plugs, the interspace support structure and port cell structure. These systems are modular in nature with standardized dimensions. The design of the equatorial and upper port plugs and their modules is discussed, as well as the dominant loading mechanisms. The port infrastructure design has now matured to the point that port plugs are now being populated with multiple diagnostics supplied by a number of ITER partners - two port plug examples are given.

Journal Articles

Neutronic analysis of the ITER poloidal polarimeter

Ishikawa, Masao; Kawano, Yasunori; Imazawa, Ryota; Sato, Satoshi; Vayakis, G.*; Bertalot, L.*; Yatsuka, Eiichi; Hatae, Takaki; Kondoh, Takashi; Kusama, Yoshinori

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.1286 - 1289, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The nuclear heating rates of the optical mirrors of the poloidal polarimeter installed in the equatorial port plug of ITER are calculated. Since the system cannot have a sufficiently labyrinthine structure and the second mirrors are located nearly as close to the plasma as the first mirrors due to limited space, the nuclear heating rate of the second mirrors is as high as that of the first mirrors. However, it is possible to reduce the nuclear heating rates of the mirrors if the blanket shield module provides a sufficient degree of neutron shielding.

Journal Articles

Nuclear technology aspects of ITER vessel-mounted diagnostics

Vayakis, G.*; Bertalot, L.*; Encheva, A.*; Walker, C.*; Brichard, B.*; Cheon, M. S.*; Chitarin, G.*; Hodgson, E.*; Ingesson, C.*; Ishikawa, Masao; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.780 - 786, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:83.81(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Plasma boundary and first-wall diagnostics in ITER

Pitcher, C. S.*; Andrew, P.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Counsell, G. G.*; Encheva, A.*; Feder, R. E.*; Hatae, Takaki; Johnson, D. W.*; Kim, J.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415(Suppl.1), p.S1127 - S1132, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Overview of high priority ITER diagnostic systems status

Walsh, M.*; Andrew, P.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Boivin, R.*; Bora, D.*; Bouhamou, R.*; Ciattaglia, S.*; Costley, A. E.*; Counsell, G.*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

Journal Articles

Strategy for the absolute neutron emission measurement on ITER

Sasao, Mamiko*; Bertalot, L.*; Ishikawa, Masao; Popovichev, S.*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 81(10), p.10D329_1 - 10D329_3, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:59.17(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Accuracy of 10% is demanded to the absolute fusion measurement on ITER. To achieve this accuracy, a functional combination of several types of neutron measurement sub-system, cross calibration among them, and in-situ calibration, are needed. Neutron transport calculations show that a suitable calibration source is a DT/DD neutron generator of source strength higher than 10$$^{10}$$ n/s for DT and 10$$^{8}$$ n/s for DD. It will take 8 weeks at the minimum with this source to calibrate flux monitors, profile monitors, and the activation system.

Journal Articles

The Design and implementation of diagnostic systems on ITER

Costley, A. E.*; Walker, C. I.*; Bertalot, L.*; Barnsley, R.*; Itami, Kiyoshi; Sugie, Tatsuo; Vayakis, G.*

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

In order to meet the needs for first wall and plasma measurements, ITER will require about 40 different diagnostic systems drawn from all the main generic diagnostic groups - magnetics, neutron systems, optical and microwave systems, spectroscopic, bolometric, probes, pressure gauges and gas analysers. The design and implementation is a major challenge because of the harsh environment in which many of the diagnostic components are located coupled with the restricted access and the need to meet stringent engineering requirements arising from the fact that ITER will be a nuclear device. It has stimulated an extensive design and R&D programme and the development of some novel approaches to diagnostic installation: for example, the use of plugs with custom modules at the upper and equatorial levels that serve both to support the diagnostic components and to provide the necessary shielding of the neutrons. The difficulties of implementation are summarized and the novel solutions described.

Journal Articles

The "Hybrid" scenario in JET; Towards its validation for ITER

Joffrin, E.*; Sips, A. C. C.*; Artaud, J. F.*; Becoulet, A.*; Bertalot, L.*; Budny, R.*; Buratti, P.*; Belo, P.*; Challis, C. D.*; Crisanti, F.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(7), p.626 - 634, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:86 Percentile:93.32(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Neutronic analysis for ITER poloidal polarimeter

Ishikawa, Masao; Kawano, Yasunori; Imazawa, Ryota; Sato, Satoshi; Vayakis, G.*; Bertalot, L.*; Yatsuka, Eiichi; Hatae, Takaki; Kondoh, Takashi; Kusama, Yoshinori

no journal, , 

The nuclear heating rates of the optical mirrors of the poloidal polarimeter installed in the equatorial port plug of ITER are calculated. Since the system cannot have a sufficiently labyrinthine structure and the second mirrors are located nearly as close to the plasma as the first mirrors due to limited space, the nuclear heating rate of the second mirrors is as high as that of the first mirrors. However, it is possible to reduce the nuclear heating rates of the mirrors if the blanket shield module provides a sufficient degree of neutron shielding.

11 (Records 1-11 displayed on this page)
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