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Journal Articles

Structural analyses of HV bushing for ITER heating NB system

Tobari, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Takashi; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Umeda, Naotaka; Dairaku, Masayuki; Yamanaka, Haruhiko; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Sakamoto, Keishi; Kuriyama, Masaaki*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.975 - 979, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.9(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The HV bushing, one of the ITER NB components, which is to be procured by JADA, is a multi-conductor feed through composed of five-stage double-layered insulator columns with large brazed ceramic ring and fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) ring. The HV bushing is a bulk head between insulation gas at 0.6 MPa and vacuum. The FRP ring is required to sustain the pressure load, seismic load and dead weight. Brazing area of the ceramic ring with Kovar is required to maintain vacuum leak tightness and pressure tightness against the air filled at 0.6 MPa. To design the HV bushing satisfying the safety factor of $$geq$$ 3.5, mechanical analyses were carried out. As for the FRP ring, it was confirmed that isotropic fiber cloth FRP rings should be used for sufficient strength against shear stress. Also, shape and fixation area of the Kovar sleeve were modified to lower the stress at the joint area. As a result, a design of the insulator for the HV bushing was established satisfying the requirement.

Journal Articles

Compensations of beamlet deflections for 1 MeV accelerator of ITER NBI

Kashiwagi, Mieko; Taniguchi, Masaki; Umeda, Naotaka; Dairaku, Masayuki; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Yamanaka, Haruhiko; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Inoue, Takashi; DeEsch, H. P. L.*; Grisham, L. R.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1515, p.227 - 236, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:96.26

In a five stage multi-aperture multi-grid (MAMuG) accelerator for the ITER neutral beam injector (NBI), 1 MeV, 40 A D$$^-$$ ion beam is required for 1 hour. However, beamlets are deflected due to (1) magnetic field for electron suppression and (2) space charge repulsion between beamlets, and consequently, cause excess grid heat load. A three dimensional beam analysis has been carried out to compensate the beamlet deflections. This paper shows that the beamlet deflections due to (1) and (2) are compensated by an aperture offset of only 0.6 mm applied to the aperture of 17 mm in diameter in the extractor and by a metal bar attached around aperture area beneath the extractor, respectively. When the metal bar is increased to 3 mm in thickness and installed 30 mm away from the aperture area, the beamlet is steered gently by the weaker electric field distortion. The beam optics was confirmed not deteriorated by those compensations. The presentation also discusses application of these compensation techniques to the ITER design.

Journal Articles

Beam optics in a MeV-class multi-aperture multi-grid accelerator for the ITER neutral beam injector

Kashiwagi, Mieko; Taniguchi, Masaki; Umeda, Naotaka; DeEsch, H. P. L.*; Grisham, L. R.*; Boilson, D.*; Hemsworth, R. S.*; Tanaka, Masanobu*; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(2), p.02B119_1 - 02B119_3, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:47.5(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In a multi-aperture multi-grid (MAMuG) accelerator of the ITER neutral beam injector (NBI), 1 MeV, 40 A D$$^{-}$$ ion beam is required for 3600 s. Suppression of grid power loading by the direct interception of deflected beamlets is one of the critical issues to realize this accelerator. The beamlets are deflected due to space charge repulsion among beamlets/beam groups and magnetic field. Moreover, the beamlet deflection is influenced by electric field distortion generated by grid supports. To examine such complicated beamlet deflections and design the compensating methods, a three-dimensional beam analysis has been applied to the ITER accelerator. As the simulation model, a 1/4 accelerator model including step/edge of the grid supports is constructed. As results, compensation methods of the beamlet deflection, that it, a metal bar of 1 mm thick around the aperture area, and an aperture offset of 1 mm, were designed.

Journal Articles

1 MV vacuum insulation for the ITER neutral beam injectors

Tanaka, Masanobu*; Hemsworth, R. S.*; Kuriyama, Masaaki*; Svensson, L.*; Boilson, D.*; Inoue, Takashi; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Taniguchi, Masaki; Umeda, Naotaka; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 39(6), p.1379 - 1385, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:27.57(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In the ITER neutral beam injector (NBI) for plasma heating and current drive, 40 A D$${-}$$ ions are accelerated to 1 MeV with a five-stage electrostatic accelerator. Since the accelerator is immersed in vacuum, vacuum insulation of -1 MV is one of critical issues. In order to sustain high voltage of -1 MV, minimum gap length between the accelerator and the vacuum vessel at ground potential was designed to be more than 900 mm on the basis of previous experimental data. High voltage bushing (HVB) acting as an insulating feed-through supplying electric power and cooling water to the accelerator consists of five stack insulator and each stage is designed to withstand -200 kV. A full-scale and single-stage mockup bushing was manufactured and tested to demonstrate stable voltage holding. As a result, DC -203 kV was sustained stably for 5 hours and the insulation design of HVB has been confirmed.

Journal Articles

Long pulse production of high density negative(H$$^{-}$$/D$$^{-}$$) ion beams in negative ion source development for NBI

Kashiwagi, Mieko; Amemiya, Toru*; Iga, Takashi*; Inoue, Takashi; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Okumura, Yoshikazu; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Hanada, Masaya; Fujiwara, Yukio; Morishita, Takatoshi; et al.

Dai-12-Kai Ryushisen No Sentanteki Oyo Gijutsu Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu (BEAMS 2001) Hobunshu, p.37 - 40, 2001/11

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of DC ultra-high voltage insulation technology for ITER NBI

Tobari, Hiroyuki; Hanada, Masaya; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Kojima, Atsushi; Dairaku, Masayuki; Seki, Norikatsu; Abe, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Yamanaka, Haruhiko; et al.

no journal, , 

Progress on technical development on ITER and JT-60SA neutral beam injector (NBI) were reported. In development of a 1 MV insulating transformer for ITER NB power supply, a bushing extracting 1 MV required a huge insulator that was impossible to manufacture. To solve this issue, a composite bushing with FRP tube and a small condenser bushing with insulation gas was newly developed. In development the HV bushing as an insulating feed through, voltage holding in large cylindrical electrodes inside the HV bushing was investigated. The scaling for vacuum insulation design of large cylindrical electrodes was obtained. Toward long pulse production and acceleration of negative ion beam, active control system of plasma grid temperature and a new extractor consisting of the extraction grid with high water cooling capability and aperture offset were developed. As a result, 15 negative ion beam has been achieved for 100 s. Also beam energy density has been increased two orders of magnitude.

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