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Journal Articles

Identification of deformed intruder states in semi-magic $$^{70}$$Ni

Chiara, C. J.*; Weisshaar, D.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Harker, J. L.*; Walters, W. B.*; Recchia, F.*; Albers, M.*; Alcorta, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(4), p.044309_1 - 044309_10, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:91.75(Physics, Nuclear)

The neutron-rich isotope $$^{70}$$Ni was produced by multi-nucleon transfer reactions of $$^{70}$$Zn in the Argonne National Laboratory, and an in-beam $$gamma$$-ray experiment were performed using the GRETINA array. The $$2^+_2$$ and $$4^+_2$$ levels of $$^{70}$$Ni were observed for the first time. Those levels are regarded as large deformed states associated with proton excitation from the $$f_{7/2}$$ orbit because they cannot be reproduced by a shell-model calculation assuming a small valence space without $$f_{7/2}$$. A theoretical analysis based on the Monte Carlo shell model published in 2014 indicates that those levels corresponds to a prolate deformed band. The present result demonstrates the occurrence of shape coexistence in neutron-rich Ni isotopes other than a known case of $$^{68}$$Ni, and confirms the predictive power of the Monte Carlo shell-model calculation.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:72.56(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:176 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Physics of plasma control toward steady-state operation of ITER

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Campbell, D. J.*

Fusion Science and Technology, 59(3), p.440 - 468, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:49.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The ITER is an important step towards fusion energy utilization for human being. Fundamental understanding of physics is quite important as well as understanding of tokamak system and plasma control. In this lecture, I will give an introduction of tokamak research on fusion energy and ITER in light of the main theme of this school plasma control and give some flavors to understand importance of physics by showing some physics elements underlying research towards steady-state operation of reactor relevant tokamak plasmas.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:49.89(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

In-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^{35}$$Mg and $$^{33}$$Na

Gade, A.*; Basin, D.*; Brown, B. A.*; Campbell, C. M.*; Cook, J. M.*; Ettenauer, S.*; Glasmacher, T.*; Kemper, K. W.*; McDaniel, S.*; Obertelli, A.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044305_1 - 044305_5, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:75.78(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:169 Percentile:98.48(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Two-proton knockout from $$^{32}$$Mg; Intruder amplitudes in $$^{30}$$Ne and implications for the binding of $$^{29,31}$$F

Fallon, P.*; Rodriguez-Vieitez, E.*; Macchiavelli, A. O.*; Gade, A.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Adrich, P.*; Bazin, D.*; Bowen, M.*; Campbell, C. M.*; Clark, R. M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 81(4), p.041302_1 - 041302_5, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:88.41(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress on the heating and current drive systems for ITER

Jacquinot, J.*; Albajar, F.*; Beaumont, B.*; Becoulet, A.*; Bonicelli, T.*; Bora, D.*; Campbell, D.*; Chakraborty, A.*; Darbos, C.*; Decamps, H.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), p.125 - 130, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:82.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The electron cyclotron (EC), ion cyclotron (IC), neutral beam (NB) and, lower hybrid (LH) systems for ITER have been reviewed in 2007/2008 in light of progress of physics and technology. Although the overall specifications are unchanged, notable changes have been approved. Firstly, the full 73MW should be commissioned and available on a routine basis before the D/T phase. Secondly, the possibility to operate the NB at full power during the hydrogen phase requiring new shine through protection; IC with 2 antennas with increased robustness; 2 MW transmission systems to provide an easier upgrading of the EC power; the addition of a building dedicated to the RF power sources and to a testing facility for acceptance of diagnostics and heating port plugs. Thirdly, the need of a plan for developing, in time for the active phase, a CD system such as LH suitable for very long pulse operation of ITER was recognized.

Journal Articles

Intermediate-energy Coulomb excitation of $$^{30}$$Na

Ettenauer, S.*; Zwahlen, H.*; Adrich, P.*; Bazin, D.*; Campbell, C. M.*; Cook, J. M.*; Davies, A. D.*; Dinca, D.-C.*; Gade, A.*; Glasmacher, T.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 78(1), p.017302_1 - 017302_4, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:63.33(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Single-neutron knockout from intermediate energy beams of $$^{30,32}$$Mg; Mapping the transition into the "island of inversion"

Terry, J. R.*; Brown, B. A.*; Campbell, C. M.*; Cook, J. M.*; Davies, A. D.*; Dinca, D.-C.*; Gade, A.*; Glasmacher, T.*; Hansen, P. G.*; Sherrill, B. M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 77(1), p.014316_1 - 014316_12, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:74 Percentile:95.45(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design optimization for plasma performance and assessment of operation regimes in JT-60SA

Fujita, Takaaki; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Bialek, J.*; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Sakurai, Shinji; Suzuki, Yutaka; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(11), p.1512 - 1523, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:62.21(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design of modification of JT-60U, JT-60SA, has been optimized in viewpoint of plasma control, and operation regimes have been evaluated. Upper and lower divertors with different geometry are prepared for flexibility of plasma shape control. The beam lines of negative-ion NBI are shifted downward for off-axis current drive, in order to obtain a weak/reversed shear plasma. The feedback control coils along the port hole in the stabilizing plate are found effective to suppress the resistive wall mode (RWM) and sustain high $$beta$$$$_{rm N}$$ close to the ideal wall limit. The regime of full current drive operation has been extended with upgraded heating and current drive power. Full current drive operation for 100 s with reactor-relevant high values of normalized beta and bootstrap current fraction ($$I$$$$_{rm p}$$ = 2.4 MA, $$beta$$$$_{rm N}$$ = 4.4, $$f$$$$_{rm BS}$$ = 0.70, $$bar{n}$$$$_{rm e}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm GW}$$ = 0.86, H$$_{rm H98y2}$$ = 1.3) is expected in a highly-shaped low-aspect-ratio configuration ($$A$$ = 2.65). High $$beta$$$$_{rm N}$$, high-density ELMy H-mode is also expected.

Journal Articles

Prospective performances in JT-60SA towards the ITER and DEMO relevant plasmas

Tamai, Hiroshi; Fujita, Takaaki; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Kizu, Kaname; Kurita, Genichi; Masaki, Kei; Matsukawa, Makoto; Miura, Yukitoshi; Sakurai, Shinji; Sukegawa, Atsuhiko; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(5-14), p.541 - 547, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:55.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JT-60SA is positioned as the ITER satellite tokamak to conduct research elements to support and supplement ITER towards DEMO under the joint collaboration of Japan and EU. After the discussions in JA-EU Satellite Tokamak Working Group in 2005, the heating power is increased up to 41MW, 100s to ensure the ITER support research. With such increased heating power, the prospective plasma performances are analysed by the equilibrium and transport analysis codes. Operation window of a fully non-inductive current drive is extended to high density region. Simultaneous achievement of high equivalent Q$$_{DT}$$ and high normalised beta is also expected in wide operational margin. Those prospects strongly indicate that JT-60SA is suitable machine to conduct the advanced research orienting to ITER and DEMO.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopy of $$^{36}$$Mg; Interplay of normal and intruder configurations at the neutron-rich boundary of the "Island of Inversion"

Gade, A.*; Adrich, P.*; Bazin, D.*; Bowen, M. D.*; Brown, B. A.*; Campbell, C. M.*; Cook, J. M.*; Ettenauer, S.*; Glasmacher, T.*; Kemper, K. W.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 99(7), p.072502_1 - 072502_4, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:75 Percentile:90.33(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in the ITER physics basis, 1; Overview and summary

Shimada, Michiya; Campbell, D. J.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Fujiwara, Masami*; Kirneva, N.*; Lackner, K.*; Nagami, Masayuki; Pustovitov, V. D.*; Uckan, N.*; Wesley, J.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(6), p.S1 - S17, 2007/06

 Times Cited Count:717 Percentile:99.93(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The Progress in the ITER Physics Basis document is an update of the ITER Physics Basis (IPB), which was published in 1999. The IPB provided methodologies for projecting the performance of burning plasmas, developed largely through coordinated experimental, modeling and theoretical activities carried out on today's tokamaks (ITER Physics R&D). In the IPB, projections for ITER (1998 Design) were also presented. The IPB also pointed out some outstanding issues. These issues have been addressed by the International Tokamak Physics Activities (ITPA), which were initiated by the European Union, Japan, Russia and the U.S.A.. The new methodologies of projection and control developed through the ITPA are applied to ITER, which was redesigned under revised technical objectives, but will nonetheless meet the programmatic objective of providing an integrated demonstration of the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy.

Journal Articles

Direct evidence for the onset of intruder configurations in neutron-rich Ne isotopes

Terry, J. R.*; Basin, D.*; Brown, B. A.*; Campbell, C. M.*; Church, J. A.*; Cook, J. M.*; Davies, A. D.*; Dinca, D.-C.*; Enders, J.*; Gade, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 640(3), p.86 - 90, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:93.23(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in physics basis and its impact on ITER

Shimada, Michiya; Campbell, D.*; Stambaugh, R.*; Polevoi, A. R.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Costley, A. E.*; Donn$'e$, A. J. H.*; Doyle, E. J.*; Federici, G.*; et al.

Proceedings of 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2004/11

This paper summarises recent progress in the physics basis and its impact on the expected performance of ITER. Significant progress has been made in many outstanding issues and in the development of hybrid and steady state operation scenarios, leading to increased confidence of achieving ITER's goals. Experiments show that tailoring the current profile can improve confinement over the standard H-mode and allow an increase in beta up to the no-wall limit at safety factors $$sim$$ 4. Extrapolation to ITER suggests that at the reduced plasma current of $$sim$$ 12MA, high Q $$>$$ 10 and long pulse ($$>$$1000 s) operation is possible with benign ELMs. Analysis of disruption scenarios has been performed based on guidelines on current quench rates and halo currents, derived from the experimental database. With conservative assumptions, estimated electromagnetic forces on the in-vessel components are below the design target values, confirming the robustness of the ITER design against disruption forces.

Journal Articles

Dimensionless pedestal identity experiments in JT-60U and JET in ELMy H-mode plasmas

Saibene, G.*; Hatae, Takaki; Campbell, D. J.*; Cordey, J. G.*; la Luna, E. de.*; Giroud, C.*; Guenther, K.*; Kamada, Yutaka; Kempenaars, M. A. H.*; Loarte, A.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 46(5A), p.A195 - A205, 2004/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:32.16(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Towards establishment of the control scheme and evaluation of the H-mode pedestal structure and behavior of the Edge Localized Mode (ELM) in ITER, we carried out an comparison experiment among the two large tokamaks (JT-60 and JET) for the first time. This paper report the initial results. In both devices, the same plasma shape was adopted and the three non-dimensional parameters (beta, normalized gyro radius and the normalized collisionality) were set identical. The pedestal width was almost similar in the two devices, however the pressure gradient was higher in JET by a factor of 1.5. The possible reason is a small aspect ration in JET.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of type I ELM energy and particle losses in existing devices and their extrapolation to ITER

Loarte, A.*; Saibene, G.*; Sartori, R.*; Campbell, D.*; Becoulet, M.*; Horton, L.*; Eich, T.*; Herrmann, A.*; Matthews, G.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 45(9), p.1549 - 1569, 2003/10

 Times Cited Count:441 Percentile:99.72(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Analysis of Type I ELMs from ongoing experiments shows that ELM energy losses are correlated with the density and temperature of the pedestal plasma before the ELM crash. The Type I ELM plasma energy loss normalized to the pedestal energy is found to correlate across experiments with the collisionality of the pedestal plasma. Other parameters affect the ELM size such as the edge magnetic shear, etc, which influence the plasma volume affected by the ELMs. ELM particle losses are influenced by this ELM affected volume and are weakly dependent on other pedestal plasma parameters. In JET and DIII-D, minimum Type I ELMs with energy losses acceptable for ITER were found, that do not affect the plasma temperature. The duration of the divertor ELM power pulse is correlated with the typical ion transport time from the pedestal to the divertor target and not with the duration of the ELM associated MHD activity. Extrapolation of the present experimental results to ITER is summarized.

Journal Articles

Disruption amelioration experiments in JT-60U and JET

Yoshino, Ryuji; Neyatani, Yuzuru; Isei, Nobuaki; Koide, Yoshihiko; Kawano, Yasunori; A.Tanga*; Campbell, D. J.*; M.F.Johnson*; L.Rossi*

IAEA-CN-60/A5-8, 0, p.685 - 695, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

26 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)