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Journal Articles

New measurement of neutron capture resonances in $$^{209}$$Bi

Domingo-Pardo, C.*; Abbondanno, U.*; Aerts, G.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; Alvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Assimakopoulos, P.*; Audouin, L.*; Badurek, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 74(2), p.025807_1 - 025807_10, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:13.18(Physics, Nuclear)

The neutron capture cross section of $$^{209}$$Bi has been measured at the CERN n_TOF facility by employing the pulse-height-weighting technique. Improvements over previous measurements are mainly because of an optimized detection system, which led to a practically negligible neutron sensitivity. Because $$^{209}$$Bi is the last stable isotope in the reaction path of the stellar s-process, the Maxwellian averaged capture cross section is important for the recycling of the reaction flow by alpha decays. In the relevant stellar range of thermal energies between $$kT$$ = 5 and 8 keV our new capture rate is about 16% higher than the presently accepted value used for nucleosynthesis calculations. The present cross section measurement is also of relevance for the design of accelerator driven systems based on a liquid metal Pb/Bi spallation target.

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross section of $$^{232}$$Th measured at the n_TOF facility at CERN in the unresolved resonance region up to 1 MeV

Aerts, G.*; Abbondanno, U.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; Alvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Assimakopoulos, P.*; Audouin, L.*; Badurek, G.*; Baumann, P.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 73(5), p.054610_1 - 054610_10, 2006/05

We have measured the neutron capture reaction yield of $$^{232}$$Th at the neutron tim-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN in the energy range from 1 eV to 1 MeV. The average capture cross section has been extracted in the energy range from 4 keV up to 1 MeV with an overall accuracy better than 4 %. An independent IAEA evaluation shows good agreement with the data.

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross section of $$^{232}$$Th measured at the n_TOF facility at CERN in the unresolved resonance region up to 1 MeV

Aerts, G.*; Abbondanno, U.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; Alvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Assimakopoulos, P.*; Audouin, L.*; Badurek, G.*; Baumann, P.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 73(5), p.054610_1 - 054610_10, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:9.99(Physics, Nuclear)

We have measured the neutron capture reaction yield of $$^{232}$$Th at the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN in the energy range from 1 eV to 1 MeV. The average capture cross section has been extracted in the energy range from 4 keV up to 1 MeV with an overall accuracy better than 4%. An independent IAEA evaluation shows good agreement with the data.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the resonance capture cross section of $$^{204,206}$$Pb and termination of the $$s$$-process

Domingo-Pardo, C.*; O'Brien, S.*; Abbondanno, U.*; Aerts, G.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; Alvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Assimakopoulos, P.*; Audouin, L.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 819, p.288 - 292, 2006/03

The neutron capture cross sections of $$^{204}$$Pb and $$^{206}$$Pb have been measured at the CERN n_TOF installation using the time of flight method with the pulse height weighting technique. In a preliminary analysis of $$^{204}$$Pb we have determined by first time the capture cross sections for two strong $$s$$-wave resonances below 2.5 keV. In $$^{206}$$Pb we have determined capture cross sections for a large number of resonances, which were not reported in the two previous capture measurements. We discuss preliminary implications of the new cross sections in the stellar nucleosynthesis of the Pb isotopes.

Journal Articles

Measurement of $$^{139}$$La($$n$$,$$gamma$$) cross section

Terlizzi, R.*; Abbondanno, U.*; Aerts, G.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; Alvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Assimakopoulos, P.*; Audouin, L.*; Badurek, G.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 819, p.283 - 287, 2006/03

We measured the neutron capture cross section of $$^{139}$$La relative to $$^{197}$$Au in the energy range of 0.6 eV to 9 keV at n_TOF, the neutron time-of-flight facility at CERN. The data were fitted using R-matrix formalism to extract resonance parameters which were used to calculate average level spacings. The data were used to determine Maxwellian-averaged neutron capture cross sections which, in turn, were used to calculate the $$^{139}$$La abundance synthesized in a steller model of the main component of the $$s$$ process.

Journal Articles

Neutron cross section measurements at n-TOF for ADS related studies

Mastinu, P. F.*; Abbondanno, U.*; Aerts, G.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; Alvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Assimakopoulos, P.*; Audouin, L.*; Badurek, G.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 41, p.352 - 360, 2006/00

A neutron Time-of-Flight facility (n_TOF) is operative at CERN since 2001. The innovative features of the neutron beam, in particular the high instantaneous flux, the wide energy range, the high resolution and the low background, makes this facility unique for measurements of neutron induced reactions relevant to the field of Emerging Nuclear Technologies, as well as to Nuclear Astrophysics and fundamental Nuclear Physics. The scientific motivations that have led to the construction of this new facility are here presented.

Journal Articles

Measurements at n_TOF of the neutron capture cross section of minor actinides relevant to the nuclear waste transmutation

Cano-Ott, D.*; Abbondanno, U.*; Aerts, G.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; $`A$lvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Assimakopoulos, P.*; Audouin, L.*; Badurek, G.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.1442 - 1445, 2005/05

Accurate and reliable neutron cross section data for actinides are necessary for the proper design, safety reguartion and precise performance assessment of transmutaion devices. In particular, the neutron capture cross sections of $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{240}$$Pu and $$^{243}$$Am play a key role in the design and optimization of a strategy for the Nuclear Waste Transmutation. The listed cross sections have been measured in 2004 at n_TOF with a high accuracy due to a combination of features unique in the world.

Journal Articles

High-resolution study of $$^{237}$$Np fission cross section from 5 eV to 1 MeV

Furman, W.*; Cennini, P.*; Ketlerov, V.*; Goverdovski, A.*; Konovalov, V.*; Abbondanno, U.*; Aerts, G.*; $'A$lvarez, H.*; Alvarez-Velarde, F.*; Andriamonje, S.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.1039 - 1042, 2005/05

A series of measurements of $$^{237}$$Np fission cross section have been performed at the CERN spallation neutron source facility n_TOF. A fast ionization chamber was used as a fission fragment detector. Total experimental uncertainties are determined to be at the level of 3%. Analysis of experimental data in the neutron energy from 5 eV to 1 MeV showed a systematic deviation from the evaluated data (ENDF/B-VI). This discrepancy amounts to up to the factor of 3 for resolved resonances in the neutron energy range of 5 eV - 2 keV, and is in good agreement with some previous experiments. A similar disagreement at the level of 6-7% was found for higher energies around the threshold. This energy range is essential for the transmutation of neptunium in ADS or fast reactors. It is concluded that an updated evaluation of nuclear data for $$^{237}$$Np is required.

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