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Journal Articles

Influence of temperature histories during reactor startup periods on microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

Kasahara, Shigeki; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 480, p.386 - 392, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

This paper addresses influence of two different temperature profiles during startup periods in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor and a boiling water reactor upon microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons to about 1 dpa and 3 dpa. Tensile tests at 290$$^{circ}$$C and Vickers hardness tests at room temperature were carried out, and their microstructures were observed by FEG-TEM. Influence of difference in the temperature profiles was observed obviously in interstitial cluster formation, in particular, growth of Frank loops. The influence was also found certainly in loss of strain hardening capacity and ductility, although the influence on the yield strength and the Vickers hardness was not clearly observed. As a result, Frank loops, which were observed in austenitic stainless steel irradiated at doses of 1 dpa or more, were considered to contribute to deformation of the austenitic stainless steel.

Journal Articles

Correlation between locally deformed structure and oxide film properties in austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 475, p.71 - 80, 2016/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:66.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To elucidate the mechanism of irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) in high-temperature water for neutron-irradiated austenitic stainless steels (SSs), the locally deformed structures, the oxide films formed on the deformed areas, and their correlation were investigated. Tensile specimens made of irradiated 316L SSs were strained 0.1%-2% at room temperature or at 563 K, and the surface structures and crystal misorientation among grains were evaluated. The strained specimens were immersed in high-temperature water, and the microstructures of the oxide films on the locally deformed areas were observed. The appearance of visible step structures on the specimens' surface depended on the neutron dose and the applied strain. The surface oxides were observed to be prone to increase in thickness around grain boundaries (GBs) with increasing neutron dose and increasing local strain at the GBs. No penetrative oxidation was observed along GBs or along surface steps.

Journal Articles

Evaluation techniques of the materials for nuclear power plants

Kasahara, Shigeki; Chatani, Kazuhiro*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 54(3), p.205 - 209, 2012/03

The serial lecture of "Materials for Nuclear Energy Systems; Towards High Reliability" introduced technical trends and topics, which focused on the materials development and application for nuclear energy systems. In this article which is titled "Evaluation Techniques of the Materials for Nuclear Power Plants", some examples of the evaluation methods for the integrity of the components, pipings, reactor vessels and their internals are explained from the viewpoints of material evaluation for nuclear power plants. In addition, progress of technical development is introduced on the fracture toughness examinations for the materials irradiated with neutrons of reactor vessel internals.

Journal Articles

IASCC evaluation method for irradiated core internal structures in BWR power plants

Takakura, Kenichi*; Tanaka, Shigeaki*; Nakamura, Tomomi*; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Kaji, Yoshiyuki

Proceedings of 2010 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2010) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2010/07

Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC) is a matter of great concern as a degradation of core internal components in light water nuclear reactor. Japan Nuclear Energy Safety organization (JNES) had been conducting a project related to IASCC as a part of safety research and development study for the aging management and maintenance of the nuclear power plants. Based on the JNES project results, JNES proposed "IASCC evaluation guide for BWR core internals". The purpose of this paper is to describe the background of the guide, especially crack growth rate (CGR) tests for irradiated stainless steels.

Journal Articles

IASCC crack growth rate of neutron irradiated low carbon austenitic stainless steels in simulated BWR condition

Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Takakura, Kenichi*; Ando, Masami*; Nakata, Kiyotomo*; Tanaka, Shigeaki*; Ishiyama, Yoshihide*; Hishida, Mamoru*; Kaji, Yoshiyuki

Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2007/00

Crack growth rate (CGR) tests have been conducted with neutron irradiated compact tension (CT) specimens. The CGR tests of 316L and 304L base metals irradiated from 0.516 to 1.07$$times$$10$$^{25}$$n/m$$^{2}$$ (E$$>$$1MeV), and of 316L and 308L weld metals irradiated from 0.523 to 0.541$$times$$10$$^{25}$$n/m$$^{2}$$ (E$$>$$1MeV) were performed using the reversing dc potential drop (DCPD) method under constant load at a few average stress intensity factors (K) and electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP) conditions at 288$$^{circ}$$C in water. CGRs of base metals were increased with increasing neutron fluence. Clear reductions in CGRs of base metals and weld metals were measured with decreasing ECP levels.

Journal Articles

None

Isozaki, Kazunori; Ito, Kazuhiro; Chatani, Keiji

Donen Giho, (93), p.68 - 73, 1995/03

None

Journal Articles

None

; Chatani, Keiji; Ito, Kazuhiro; Suzuki, Soju;

Liquid Metal Systems; Material Behavior and Physical Chemistry in Liquid Metal Systems 2, , 

None

Oral presentation

Effects of neutron flux and temperature history at the beginning of irradiation on the mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

Kasahara, Shigeki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*

no journal, , 

Austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons by using JMTR were examined to evaluate the effects of neutron flux and temperature history at the beginning of the irradiation on their mechanical properties. Specimens of SUS304 were irradiated under two different flux conditions up to a dose of 5$$times$$10$$^{24}$$ n/m$$^{2}$$. Neutron irradiation of SUS316L specimens up to 2$$times$$10$$^{25}$$n/m$$^{2}$$ was performed under the condition of so-called conventional temperature control, which used to be adopted in JMTR. The comparison of 0.2% proof stress obtained from the specimens suggests that the neutron flux and the temperature history does not remarkably influence the mechanical properties of the irradiated stainless steel.

Oral presentation

Evaluation of locally deformed step structure in austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

Kitsunai, Yuji*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*

no journal, , 

In order to consider mechanism on irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC), oxide films on surface of locally deformed structure in irradiated stainless steel are investigated. The miniature tensile specimens are made of 316L stainless steels irradiated with neutrons in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR). The specimens are strained up to 0.1-2%, and surface structure and crystal misorientation among grains are observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD). As a result, visible step structure due to slip plane is appeared on the specimen surface, depending on the neutron fluence and the applied strain level. Furthermore, the data from EBSD suggests that the localization of strain occurred in the vicinity of grain boundaries. The visible step structure characterized from the viewpoints of the morphology and density, and the effects of neutron fluence and stain are discussed on the step structure are discussed.

Oral presentation

Localized deformation and oxide film of neutron irradiated austenitic stainless steels

Kitsunai, Yuji*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Radiation hardening of austenitic stainless steel irradiated under different thermal histories at the beginning of neutron irradiation in JMTR

Kasahara, Shigeki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effects of environmental mitigation and water radiolysis on crack growth in simulated BWR environment in highly irradiated 316L stainless steel

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki; Hata, Kuniki; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Seto, Hitoshi*; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Koshiishi, Masato*

no journal, , 

In order to investigate effects of environmental mitigation and water radiolysis caused by $$gamma$$-rays from radioactive material on irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) growth behavior for highly irradiated material, crack growth tests in simulated BWR water conditions (at 563 K) are performed. The specimens made of 316L stainless steels are irradiated with neutrons up to $$sim$$12 dpa in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR). One of the specimens is annealed at 973 K for 1 hour to show almost recovered mechanical and micro-chemical properties corresponding to the unirradiated material. For low electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP) condition, the crack growth rate (CGR) is suppressed by about one order of magnitude in high stress intensity factor (K) condition. This result indicates that environmental mitigation for crack growth can be found even under severe conditions on material and stress factors. The effects of water radiolysis on the CGRs are discussed.

Oral presentation

Evaluation of crack growth rates and microstructures near crack tip of neutron-irradiated 316L stainless steels in simulated BWR environment

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki*; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Seto, Hitoshi*; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Koshiishi, Masato*

no journal, , 

In order to understand irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) growth behavior, crack growth tests in simulated BWR water conditions (at $$sim$$563 K) were performed using neutron-irradiated specimens made of 316L stainless steels, and the oxide film properties and locally deformed structures near the crack tip have been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). When electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP) of the materials was lowered by deaeration and hydrogen injection into feed water, apparent suppression of oxidation inside the cracks was observed as well as suppression of the crack growth rate (CGR). In the presentation, the TEM results of the locally deformed structures along the cracks are also reported, and the relation among the CGR, oxide film properties, and locally deformed structures is discussed.

13 (Records 1-13 displayed on this page)
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