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Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in sediment in the Japan Sea; Distribution and transport processes of particulate radionuclides

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Amano, Hikaru; Ito, Toshimichi; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Lishavskaya, T. S.*; Novichkov, V. P.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 91(3), p.128 - 145, 2006/00

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:35.71(Environmental Sciences)

Distributions of radionuclides ($$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{239+240}$$Pu) in seabed sediment in the Japan Sea were observed during 1998-2002. Observed inventories of anthropogenic radionuclides in sediment ranged 0.1-86 Bq m$$^{-2}$$ for $$^{90}$$Sr, 23-379 Bq m$$^{-2}$$ for $$^{137}$$Cs and 0.1-86 Bq m$$^{-2}$$ for $$^{239+240}$$Pu. In the deep part ($$>$$ 2 km depth) of the western Japan Basin, $$^{239+240}$$Pu/$$^{137}$$Cs inventory ratios were larger than those in the central Yamato Basin although inventories of radionuclides were not different between basins. The higher $$^{239+240}$$Pu/$$^{137}$$Cs ratios in the western Japan Basin were derived by the production of Pu-enriched particle in the surface layer and effective sinking of particulate materials in this region. In the marginal Yamato Basin and the Ulleung Basin, both inventories and $$^{239+240}$$Pu/$$^{137}$$Cs ratios in sediment were larger than those in the central Yamato Basin. In the eastern/southern Japan Sea, it was suggested that the supply of particulate radionuclides by the TWC enhanced accumulation of radionuclides in this region.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in seawater of the Japan Sea; The Results of recent observations and the temporal change of concentrations

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Kawamura, Hideyuki; Amano, Hikaru; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(1), p.90 - 100, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:69.53(Nuclear Science & Technology)

During 1996-2002, a wide-area research project on anthropogenic radionuclides was done in the Japanese and Russian EEZ of the Japan Sea to investigate their migration. As the results of expeditions in 2001 and 2002, (1) the concentrations and distributions of radionuclides are similar to the results of previous, (2) inventories of these radionuclides indicate accumulation in the Japan Sea seawater compared to the amounts supplied by global fallout, (3) $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in intermediate layer show temporal variations, and 4) the variations may reflect the water mass movement in upper part of the Japan Sea.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in seawater of the Japan Sea; The Results of recent expeditions carried out in the Japanese and Russian EEZ

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Lishavskaya, T. S.*; Karasev, E. V.*; et al.

Proceedings of International Symposium on Radioecology and Environmental Dosimetry, p.396 - 401, 2003/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in sediment in the Japan Sea

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Suzuki, Takashi; Kobayashi, Takuya; Ito, Toshimichi; Togawa, Orihiko; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Dunaev, A. L.*; Karasev, E. V.*; Novichkov, V. P.*; et al.

Proceedings of International Symposium on Radioecology and Environmental Dosimetry, p.390 - 395, 2003/10

Seabed sediments were collected at 22 stations in the Japan Sea, and anthropogenic radionuclides were measured in order to understand distributions and accumulation processes of these materials. Averaged concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs in sediment in the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin were 1.0 Bq/kg and 1.0 Bq/kg, respectively. Although there was no significant difference in mean $$^{137}$$Cs concentration between the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin, distributions of radionuclides in these 2 basins showed different features. In the Japan Basin, the spatial variation of concentration of radionuclides was smaller than that at the Yamato Basin. At most stations in the Yamato Basin, significant concentrations of radionuclides were not detected, but remarkable large activities were observed at several stations in the Yamato Basin. For all radionuclides, the highest concentration was observed in the southeastern margin of the Yamato Basin. These results would suggest that there were different accumulation processes of radionuclides between the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in the Japan Sea; Their distributions and transport processes

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi; Kitamura, Toshikatsu; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Karasev, E. V.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 68(3), p.249 - 267, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:60.32(Environmental Sciences)

The anthropogenic radionuclides, $$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{239+240}$$Pu, in the seawater column of the Japan Sea were measured during 1997-2000. The vertical profiles of radionuclide concentrations showed their typical features; exponential decrease with depth for the $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs and surface minimum - subsurface maximum for the $$^{239+240}$$Pu, and there are no substantial differences between the present study and the previous ones. The area-averaged concentrations and the inventories of radionuclides in the Japan Sea are higher than those in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. In the spatial distributions, high inventory area extends and intrudes from the Japan Basin into the Yamato Basin. It is suggested that radionuclides sink by the vertical transport occurring mainly in the Japan Basin then advect into the Yamato Basin after detouring around the Yamato Rise, and finally, they are accumulated in the deep seawater of the Japan Sea.

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