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Journal Articles

EXILL; A High-efficiency, high-resolution setup for $$gamma$$-spectroscopy at an intense cold neutron beam facility

Jentschel, M.*; Blanc, A.*; de France, G.*; K$"o$ster, U.*; Leoni, S.*; Mutti, P.*; Simpson, G.*; Soldner, T.*; Ur, C.*; Urban, W.*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(11), p.P11003_1 - P11003_33, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:17.08(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Operation and commissioning of IFMIF (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility) LIPAc injector

Okumura, Yoshikazu; Gobin, R.*; Knaster, J.*; Heidinger, R.*; Ayala, J.-M.*; Bolzon, B.*; Cara, P.*; Chauvin, N.*; Chel, S.*; Gex, D.*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02A739_1 - 02A739_3, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:50.71(Instruments & Instrumentation)

IFMIF is an accelerator based neutron facility having two set of linear accelerators each producing 125mA/CW deuterium ion beams (250mA in total) at 40MeV. The LIPAc (Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator) being developed in the IFMIF-EVEDA project consists of an injector, a RFQ accelerator, and a part of superconducting Linac, whose target is to demonstrate 125mA/CW deuterium ion beam acceleration up to 9MeV. The injector has been developed in CEA Saclay and already demonstrated 140mA/100keV deuterium beam. The injector was disassembled and delivered to the International Fusion Energy Research Center (IFERC) in Rokkasho, Japan, and the commissioning has started after its reassembly 2014; the first beam production has been achieved in November 2014. Up to now, 100keV/120mA/CW hydrogen ion beam has been produced with a low beam emittance of 0.2 $$pi$$.mm.mrad (rms, normalized).

Journal Articles

Progress of the high current Prototype Accelerator for IFMIF/EVEDA

Okumura, Yoshikazu; Ayala, J.-M.*; Bolzon, B.*; Cara, P.*; Chauvin, N.*; Chel, S.*; Gex, D.*; Gobin, R.*; Harrault, F.*; Heidinger, R.*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.203 - 205, 2015/09

Under the framework of Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and Euratom, IFMIF/EVEDA project was launched in 2007 to validate the key technologies to realize IFMIF. The most crucial technology to realize IFMIF is two set of linear accelerator each producing 125mA/CW deuterium ion beams up to 40MeV. The prototype accelerator, whose target is 125mA/CW deuterium ion beam acceleration up to 9MeV, is being developed in International Fusion Research Energy Center (IFERC) in Rokkasho, Japan. The injector developed in CEA Saclay was delivered in Rokkasho in 2014, and is under commissioning. Up to now, 100keV/120mA/CW hydrogen ion beams and 100keV/90mA/CW duty deuterium ion beams are successfully produced with a low beam emittance of 0.21 $$pi$$.mm.mrad (rms, normalized). Delivery of RFQ components will start in 2015, followed by the installation of RF power supplies in 2015.

Journal Articles

JT-60SA superconducting magnet system

Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Wanner, M.*; Barabaschi, P.*; Cucchiaro, A.*; Davis, S.*; Decool, P.*; Di Pietro, E.*; Disset, G.*; Genini, L.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 55(8), p.086001_1 - 086001_7, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:10.07(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The most distinctive feature of the superconducting magnet system for JT-60SA is the optimized coil structure in terms of the space utilization as well as the highly accurate coil manufacturing, thus meeting the requirements for the steady-state tokamak research: A conceptually new outer inter-coil structure separated from the casing is introduced to the toroidal field coils to realize their slender shape, allowing large-bore diagnostic ports for detailed plasma measurements. A method to minimize the manufacturing error of the equilibrium-field coils has been established, aiming at the precise plasma shape/position control. A compact butt-joint has been successfully developed for the Central Solenoid, which allows an optimized utilization of the limited space for the Central Solenoid to extend the duration of the plasma pulse.

Journal Articles

A Possible breakthrough of power handling by plasma shaping in tokamak

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fasoli, A.*; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Diamond, P. H.*; Medvedev, S.*; Wu, Y.*; Duan, X.*; Kishimoto, Yasuaki*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Pueschel, M. J.*; et al.

Proceedings of 8th IAEA Technical Meeting on Steady State Operation of Magnetic Fusion Devices (CD-ROM), 20 Pages, 2015/05

The standard D shaped H-mode operation showed excellent plasma confinement ut has important issues of transient and steady state heat flux. To solbe this issues, we proposed new scenario using plasma shaping as one of possible scenario of future tokamak reactor.

Journal Articles

$$B(E2;2^+_1rightarrow 0^+_1)$$ value in $$^{90}$$Kr

R$'e$gis, J.-M.*; Jolie, J.*; Saed-Samii, N.*; Warr, N.*; Pfeiffer, M.*; Blanc, A.*; Jentschel, M.*; K$"o$ster, U.*; Mutti, P.*; Soldner, T.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 90(6), p.067301_1 - 067301_4, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:16.95(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Speciation of iodine isotopes inside and outside of a contaminant plume at the Savannah River Site

Schwehr, K. A.*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Merchel, S.*; Kaplan, D. I.*; Zhang, S.*; Xu, C.*; Li, H.-P.*; Ho, Y.-F.*; Yeager, C. M.*; Santschi, P. H.*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 497-498, p.671 - 678, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:64.68(Environmental Sciences)

A new, accurate and simple pH-dependent solvent extraction method combined with accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) measurement for $$^{129}$$I/$$^{127}$$I isotopes and iodine speciation (iodide, iodate, and organo-I) quantification in liquids of any ionic strength has been developed. We then validated the AMS method for activity concentration measurements with a recently developed gas chromatography mass spectrometry method for $$^{129}$$I concentrations of 1 Bq/L or higher. This technique was applied to $$^{129}$$I-contaminated groundwater from the Savannah River Site, USA, and demonstrated changes of $$^{129}$$I and $$^{127}$$I concentrations and speciation along a pH, redox potential, and organic carbon gradient. The data suggest that $$^{129}$$I/$$^{127}$$I and species distribution is strongly pH dependent. The new method can now be applied to a wide range of chemically-diverse aquatic systems, including uncontaminated environments.

Journal Articles

Engineering validation and engineering design of lithium target facility in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Ida, Mizuho*; Ito, Yuzuru; Niitsuma, Shigeto; Edao, Yuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 66(1), p.46 - 56, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:55.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Quantitative study of the spin Hall magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic insulator/normal metal hybrids

Althammer, M.*; Meyer, S.*; Nakayama, Hiroyasu*; Schreier, M.*; Altmannshofer, S.*; Weiler, M.*; Huebl, H.*; Gepr$"a$gs, S.*; Opel, M.*; Gross, R.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 87(22), p.224401_1 - 224401_15, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:259 Percentile:0.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We experimentally investigate and quantitatively analyze the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) effect in ferromagnetic insulator (FI)/Pt and FI/nonmagnetic metal/Pt hybrid structures. For the FI, we use either YIG, nickel ferrite, or magnetite and for the nonmagnet, Cu or Au. The SMR is theoretically ascribed to the combined action of spin Hall and inverse spin Hall effect in the Pt top layer. It therefore should characteristically depend upon the orientation of the magnetization in the adjacent ferromagnet and prevail even if an additional, nonmagnetic metal layer is inserted between Pt and the ferromagnet. Our experimental data corroborate these theoretical conjectures. Using the SMR theory to analyze our data, we extract the spin Hall angle and the spin diffusion length in Pt. For a spin-mixing conductance of $$4times 10^{14}Omega^{-1}$$m$$^{-2}$$, we obtain a spin Hall angle of 0.11 $$pm$$ 0.08 and a spin diffusion length of (1.5 $$pm$$ 0.5) nm for Pt in our samples.

Journal Articles

Nuclear technology aspects of ITER vessel-mounted diagnostics

Vayakis, G.*; Bertalot, L.*; Encheva, A.*; Walker, C.*; Brichard, B.*; Cheon, M. S.*; Chitarin, G.*; Hodgson, E.*; Ingesson, C.*; Ishikawa, Masao; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.780 - 786, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:17.67(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Status of engineering design of liquid lithium target in IFMIF-EVEDA

Nakamura, Hiroo; Agostini, P.*; Ara, Kuniaki; Fukada, Satoshi*; Furuya, Kazuyuki*; Garin, P.*; Gessii, A.*; Giusti, D.*; Groeschel, F.*; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), p.252 - 258, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:11.18(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Status of JT-60SA tokamak under the EU-JA broader approach agreement

Matsukawa, Makoto; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Hayashi, Takao; Higashijima, Satoru; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.795 - 803, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:26.06(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Gas production and activation calculation in MEGAPIE

Thiolliere, N.*; David, J.-C.*; Eid, M.*; Konobeyev, A. Y.*; Eikenberg, J.*; Fischer, U.*; Gr$"o$schel, F.*; Guertin, A.*; Latg$'e$, C.*; Lemaire, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors, Nuclear Power; A Sustainable Resource (PHYSOR 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/09

Gas measurements by $$gamma$$ spectroscopy in the MEGAwatt PIlot Experiment (MEGAPIE) project has led to the determination of main radioactive isotopes released by the LBE. Comparison with calculations performed with several validated codes supplies important volatile elements release fraction estimation in a spallation target. In addition, calculations with MCNPX2.5.0, FLUKA and SNT codes coupled with evolution programs have been performed in order to study the activation of the target and structural materials. The induced database is relevant for safety and radioprotection during operation, for the post-irradiation experiments and for target dismantlement.

Oral presentation

Direct observation of superoxide radicals produced in water by 70MeV/u Kr ion irradiations

Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Baldacchino, G.*; Pin, S.*; Vigneron, G.*; Hichel, B.*; Kojima, Takuji

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

MEGAPIE PIE plan

Kikuchi, Kenji; Yong, D.*; Al Mazouzi, A.*; Jean, H.*; Maloy, S.*; Lindau, R.*; Park, J. Y.*; Gr$"o$schel, F.*

no journal, , 

MEGAPIE (Megawatt Pilot Experiment) was successfully done in 2006. Components performance during high-energy proton beam bombardment under the liquid lead-bismuth flow will be studied to define ADS quality condition. Samples are cut from the spent target and distributed to collaborated organizations. PIE (Post Irradiation Experiment) will provide knowledge on materials quality evaluated by design, construction and operation. It is scheduled to pre-test in 2008-2009 and to do PIE in 2010 and 2011. Before conducting PIE round robin test is to be done in order to secure experiment technology level.

Oral presentation

Progress of understanding negative triangular tokamak configuration

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fasoli, A.*; Takizuka, Tomonori*; Diamond, P.*; Medvedev, S.*; Duan, X.*; Zushi, Hideki*; Furukawa, Masaru*; Kishimoto, Yasuaki*; Wu, Y.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Power and particle control is challenging for standard D-shaped H-mode scenario in tokamak. Possibility of negative triangularity as innovative tokamak concept is discussed by Kikuchi et al. Experimental and numerical studies of negative triangular plasma at CRPP-EPFL success-fully demonstrated improved connement and the weakening of the SOL flow acceleration is implied for the negative triangularity. Recent studies on mechanism of type II and grassy ELM show importance of closure of second stability access to achieve small ELM regimes and also kinetic effects. Medvedev showed that closure of second stability also occurs for negative triangularity. But the MHD stability in negative triangularity is a bit more complicated so that closure of second stability does not imply easy access to small ELM regimes. We discuss critical elements behind.

Oral presentation

Cryoplant system for IFMIF/EVEDA prototype accelerator

Kasugai, Atsushi; Bazin, N.*; Cara, P.*; Chel, S.*; Gex, D.*; Heidinger, R.*; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Ihara, Akira; Knaster, J.*; Kondo, Keitaro; et al.

no journal, , 

The International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) aims to provide an accelerator-based, D-Li neutron source to produce high energy neutrons at sufficient intensity and irradiation volume for DEMO reactor materials qualification. The IFMIF/EVEDA project, which is part of the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and EU, has the mission to work on the engineering design of IFMIF and to validate the main technological challenges. The prototype accelerator being developed in the IFMIF-EVEDA project consists of an injector, a RFQ accelerator, and a part of superconducting Linac. The design of the cryoplant for SRF-linac has been already completed and it will be started to install to the facility from coming September after the licensing. This article describes the cryoplant for the IFMIF/EVEDA prototype accelerator facility.

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