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Journal Articles

Control of the size of etchable ion tracks in PVDF; Irradiation in an oxygen atmosphere and with fullerene C$$_{60}$$

Kitamura, Akane; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Yuri, Yosuke*; Koshikawa, Hiroshi*; Sawada, Shinichi*; Yuyama, Takahiro*; Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 460, p.254 - 258, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Poly(vinylidene-fluoride) (PVDF) film is suitable for investigation of the size of etchable ion tracks because we can clearly judge the finish of the track etching and the surrounding bulk area remains due to the high chemical stability. Thereby we can measure the radius of ion tracks of each ion. In this study, we focused on two irradiation conditions for controlling the size of etchable ion tracks of PVDF films. One was irradiation in an oxygen atmosphere and the other was a fullerene (C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$) cluster beam irradiation. SEM observation showed that the size of pores became larger by irradiation in an oxygen atmosphere. It was found that the oxidation of ion tracks widened the size of etchable ion tracks. The C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ irradiation caused larger etchable tracks on the PVDF surface. The result could represent the effect of local and simultaneous collisions by the swift aggregated ions.

Journal Articles

Anomaly of structural relaxation in complex liquid metal of bismuth; Dynamic correlation function of coherent quasi-elastic neutron scattering

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.291 - 296, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:43.39(Physics, Condensed Matter)

There are elemental liquid metals with complex structures far from the hard sphere (HS) packing model. Liquid Bi has an asymmetric first peak in the structure factors S(Q). The pair distribution function g(r) exhibits strange distance ratio of 1:2 between the first and the second peaks. Since a HS model with two kinds of radius produces asymmetry of the main peak in S(Q), existence of short-lived covalent bonds was discussed. Contrarily, modulation of the atomic distribution by the Friedel oscillations of shielding electrons around metallic ions was discussed. To examine its bonding nature from viewpoints of dynamic correlation functions, we have measured neutron quasielastic scattering of liquid Bi by using cold disk chopper spectrometer installed at MLF of J-PARC. The van Hove function revealed that the shoulder structure located at a longer side of the first peak in g(r) exhibits a longer relaxation time than the main structures such as the first and second peaks.

Journal Articles

Ion track etching of PVDF films irradiated with fast C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions

Kitamura, Akane; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Chiba, Atsuya*; Usui, Aya

QST-M-8; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2016, P. 37, 2018/03

We investigated the track-etched surface of PVDF films irradiated with C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions, comparing the data with C$$^{+}$$ monoatomic ions. PVDF films were irradiated with 6 MeV C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions. The energy of the each carbon ion is 100 keV/atom; thus, for comparison, the PVDF films were also irradiated with 100 keV C$$^{+}$$ ions. SEM and AFM observation showed that the surface irradiated with C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions apparently possessed flat-bottomed pores with an average diameter and depth of approximately 400 and 250 nm, respectively. On the other hand, track-etched pores were also formed on the surface irradiated with C$$^{+}$$ ions, but their morphology was irregular or obscure. In the irradiation with the C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions, the surface diameter of track-etched pores increased with increasing the etching time. The tracks of the 100 keV C$$^{+}$$ ions seemed to be hardly developed by the etching when the time. In conclusion, the C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions irradiation caused a large size of etchable tracks on the PVDF surface. The result could represent the effect of local and simultaneous collision by the aggregated ions.

JAEA Reports

Development of novel technique of negative C$$_{60}$$ ion production by electron attachment using cesium sputter ion source

Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke

JAEA-Technology 2016-034, 21 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-034.pdf:82.52MB

In the TIARA (Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application), in order to propel the studies on the swift cluster ions, a novel technique was developed to increase the beam intensity of the fullerene ions which would have a considerably larger irradiation effect than any cluster ions. As a new method of negative ion production, the ionization mechanism by electron attachment was introduced as an alternative to the traditional method with the cesium sputtering to the existing cesium sputter type ion source (SNICS). In consequence, the intensity of the negative C$$_{60}$$ ion beam produced using an existing ion source with a novel technique was increased thousand times as high as those using the previous one for 12 hour operation. In this report, we describe the problems in the traditional ionization method and explain the production technique of the negative C$$_{60}$$ ions ionized via electron attachment process, which solves that only by the minor changes in SNICS.

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerator at TIARA

Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; Hashizume, Masashi*; et al.

Dai-28-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.117 - 119, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Generation of negative fullerene ions using SNICS ion source

Chiba, Atsuya; Usui, Aya; Yamada, Keisuke

Dai-28-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.53 - 56, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of TIARA at JAEA

Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.302 - 304, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Novel technique for generating negative fullerene ions using a cesium sputter ion source

Chiba, Atsuya; Usui, Aya; Yamada, Keisuke

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.56 - 59, 2015/03

Utilization of the swift fullerene ion beam in TIARA using the tandem accelerator tends to increase year after year. However, only a few currents obtained by a generating method of negative ions with a cesium sputtering is hindrance to the progress of study. A generating method of the negative fullerene ions is developed on the basis of an electron attachment. As a result, the method permits us to obtain stable beam intensity more than a thousand-fold compared with that produced by the sputtering method.

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Usui, Aya; Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; et al.

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.118 - 121, 2015/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Coulomb explosion process in collision of a swift cluster ion with gas target

Chiba, Atsuya; Narumi, Kazumasa; Yamada, Keisuke; Matoba, Shiro; Saito, Yuichi

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 167, 2014/03

Coulomb explosion caused in an early phase affects the subsequent process significantly in the interaction of a swift cluster ion with a material, so it is considered that the Coulomb explosion is one of the most important phenomena on understanding the mechanisms of the irradiation effects on the cluster ion bombardment. In experiments, charge states and spatial distributions of C$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$ constituent ions dissociated by the collision with an atom in a gas target were measured on the event-by-event basis. After the trajectory analysis of the constituent ions using a simulation model, it turned out that the interatomic distance of the constituent ions grows approximately 1.5 times as long as the ground state, before they dissociate.

Journal Articles

Status report on technical developments of electrostatic accelerators

Yamada, Keisuke; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Matoba, Shiro; Chiba, Atsuya; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Uno, Sadanori

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 159, 2014/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 179, 2014/03

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3 MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The molecular ion beam of helium hydride was generated by the ion implanter, because the users required irradiation of several cluster ions in order to study the effect of irradiation. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV. The ion beam of tungsten (W) at 15 MeV was accelerated by the tandem accelerator, whose intensity was 20 nA at charge state of 4+, because of the request from a researcher in the field of nuclear fusion.

Journal Articles

Quantitative evaluation of charge-reduction effect in cluster constituent ions passing through a foil

Chiba, Atsuya; Saito, Yuichi; Narumi, Kazumasa; Yamada, Keisuke; Kaneko, Toshiaki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 315, p.81 - 84, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The average charge of the constituent ions resulting from foil-induced dissociation of cluster ion is smaller than that of the single ion passing through the foil at same speed. This charge reduction effect is one of the most important phenomena for understanding the interaction of cluster ions with electrons in a solid, and the theories suggested that it strongly depends on the internuclear distance of the constituent ions. However, the relationship between the internuclear distance and the charge state has still not been shown quantitatively. We developed a method to evaluate the relationship by analyzing the divergence angle of the constituent ions after foil penetration using Coulomb explosion imaging technique. As a result for 6-MeV C$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$, it was shown quantitatively that the charge reduction effect decreases with increasing the internuclear distance of the constituent ion in the solid.

Journal Articles

Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry with energetic cluster ion impact ionization for highly sensitive chemical structure characterization

Hirata, Koichi*; Saito, Yuichi; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Narumi, Kazumasa

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.39 - 42, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Transmission properties of C$$_{60}$$ ions through micro- and nano-capillaries

Tsuchida, Hidetsugu*; Majima, Takuya*; Tomita, Shigeo*; Sasa, Kimikazu*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Hirata, Koichi*; Shibata, Hiromi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 315, p.336 - 340, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; et al.

Dai-26-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.79 - 81, 2013/07

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3 MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The ion implanter generated molecular ion beam of helium hydride by using the Freeman type ion source, because of the request from the user. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV.

Journal Articles

Generation techniques and research evolution of swift cluster ions

Chiba, Atsuya

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (134), p.29 - 32, 2013/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of beam generation and irradiation technology for electrostatic accelerators

Yamada, Keisuke; Chiba, Atsuya; Yokoyama, Akihito; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Uno, Sadanori

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 155, 2013/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; Kitano, Toshihiko*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 173, 2013/01

The three electrostatic accelerators at the TIARA had no mechanical damage when the Tohoku earthquake happened on March 11, 2011. But, they could not be operated during April, due to the influence of planned power outage by TEPCO. These accelerators additionally operated on Saturday for ten days in order to compensate for the lost experiment time. As a result, the yearly operation time had kept the same level as the ordinary one. The ion beam of erbium (Er) with 11.7MeV was accelerated newly by the tandem accelerator, whose intensity was 20nA at charge state of 3+. The sequential generation/irradiation of two different kinds of fullerene ions was achieved at the ion implanter by a mixed powder method without exchange of the Freeman type ion source by the user's request.

Journal Articles

Quantitative evaluation of charge state for internuclear distance of constituent ions dissociated from C$$_2^+$$ ion moving in a solid

Chiba, Atsuya; Saito, Yuichi; Narumi, Kazumasa; Yamada, Keisuke; Kaneko, Toshiaki*

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 161, 2013/01

An average charge of the constituent ions resulting from the foil-induced dissociation of cluster ions is smaller than that of monatomic ions at the same speed. It is considered that such a charge reduction effect in cluster ion bombardments depend strongly on the internuclear distance between constituent ions moving in a solid. However, there are few reports in which average charges of the constituent ions had been quantitatively evaluated in terms of their internuclear distance increasing by the screened Coulomb repulsion. Therefore, we developed a method which evaluate quantitatively the average charge for internuclear distance of constituent ions in solid through the measurements of the divergence angle of the constituent ions after foil penetration. The achieved results are approximately equal to the theoretical value derived from model considering the cluster effect in average charge.

197 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)