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Journal Articles

Signatures of the vortical quark-gluon plasma in hadron yields

Taya, Hidetoshi*; Park, A.*; Cho, S.*; Gubler, P.; Hattori, Koichi*; Hong, J.*; Huang, X.-G.*; Lee, S. H.*; Monnai, Akihiko*; Onishi, Akira*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.021901_1 - 021901_6, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.67(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Study on formation mechanism of {332}$$<$$113$$>$$ deformation twinning in metastable $$beta$$-type Ti alloy focusing on stress-induced $$alpha"$$ martensite phase

Cho, K.*; Morioka, Ryota*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Yasuda, Hiroyuki*

Scripta Materialia, 177, p.106 - 111, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:92.23(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Investigation of strengthening mechanism in Ni-38Cr-3.8Al alloy with fine lamellar structure by in situ neutron diffraction analysis

Koyanagi, Yoshihiko*; Ueta, Shigeki*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Cho, K.*; Yasuda, Hiroyuki*

Materials Science & Engineering A, 773, p.138822_1 - 138822_11, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

IAEA Photonuclear Data Library 2019

Kawano, Toshihiko*; Cho, Y. S.*; Dimitriou, P.*; Filipescu, D.*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Plujko, V.*; Tao, X.*; Utsunomiya, Hiroaki*; Varlamov, V.*; Xu, R.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 163, p.109 - 162, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:98.22(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Reference database for photon strength functions

Goriely, S.*; Dimitriou, P.*; Wiedeking, M.*; Belgya, T.*; Firestone, R.*; Kopecky, J.*; Krti$v{c}$ka, M.*; Plujko, V.*; Schwengner, R.*; Siem, S.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 55(10), p.172_1 - 172_52, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:92.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

A New Standard DNA Damage (SDD) data format

Schuemann, J.*; McNamara, A. L.*; Warmenhoven, J. W.*; Henthorn, N. T.*; Kirkby, K.*; Merchant, M. J.*; Ingram, S.*; Paganetti, H.*; Held, K. D.*; Ramos-Mendez, J.*; et al.

Radiation Research, 191(1), p.76 - 93, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:97.99(Biology)

We propose a new Standard DNA Damage (SDD) data format to unify the interface between the simulation of damage induction in DNA and the biological modelling of DNA repair processes, and introduce the effect of the environment (molecular oxygen or other compounds) as a flexible parameter. Such a standard greatly facilitates inter-model comparisons, providing an ideal environment to tease out model assumptions and identify persistent, underlying mechanisms. Through inter-model comparisons, this unified standard has the potential to greatly advance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of radiation-induced DNA damage and the resulting observable biological effects when radiation parameters and/or environmental conditions change.

Journal Articles

Developing reliable reaction gamma-ray data

Dimitriou, P.*; Belgya, T.*; Cho, Y.-S.*; Filipescu, D.*; Firestone, R.*; Goriely, S.*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kawano, Toshihiko*; Kopecky, J.*; Krticka, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 178, p.06005_1 - 06005_3, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Exotic hadrons from heavy ion collisions

Cho, S.*; Hyodo, Tetsuo*; Jido, Daisuke*; Ko, C. M.*; Lee, S. H.*; Maeda, Saori*; Miyahara, Kenta*; Morita, Kenji*; Nielsen, M.*; Onishi, Akira*; et al.

Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, 95, p.279 - 322, 2017/07

AA2016-0538.pdf:0.65MB

 Times Cited Count:54 Percentile:86.05(Physics, Nuclear)

With upgraded detectors at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), it has become possible to measure hadrons beyond their ground states in high energy heavy ion collisions. Therefore, heavy ion collisions provide a new method for studying exotic hadrons that are either molecular states made of various hadrons or compact system consisting of muliquarks. Because their structures are related to the fundamental properties of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), studying exotic hadrons is currently one of the most active areas of research in hadron physics. The present review is a summary of the current understanding of a selected set of exotic candidate particles that can be potentially measured in heavy ion collisions.

Journal Articles

ENDF/B-VII.1 nuclear data for science and technology; Cross sections, covariances, fission product yields and decay data

Chadwick, M. B.*; Herman, M.*; Oblo$v{z}$insk$'y$, P.*; Dunn, M. E.*; Danon, Y.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Smith, D. L.*; Pritychenko, B.*; Arbanas, G.*; Arcilla, R.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 112(12), p.2887 - 2996, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:1623 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The ENDF/B-VII.1 library is our latest recommended evaluated nuclear data file for use in nuclear science and technology applications, and incorporates advances made in the five years since the release of ENDF/B-VII.0. These advances focus on neutron cross sections, covariances, fission product yields and decay data, and represent work by the US Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) in nuclear data evaluation that utilizes developments in nuclear theory, modeling, simulation, and experiment. It features extension of covered nuclei, covariance data for 190 nuclei, R-matrix analyses of neutron reactions on light nuclei, updates for some medium-heavy and actinoid nuclei, etc. Criticality benchmark tests with a transport simulation code MCNP shows improved performances.

Journal Articles

Results of beam extraction performance for the KSTAR neutral beam injector

Chang, D. H.*; Jeong, S. H.*; Kim, T. S.*; Lee, K. W.*; In, S. R.*; Jin, J. T.*; Chang, D. S.*; Oh, B. H.*; Bae, Y. S.*; Kim, J. S.*; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50(6), p.066302_1 - 066302_7, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:41.24(Physics, Applied)

A stable ion beam extraction of the LPIS-1 was achieved up to 85 kV/32 A for a 5 s pulse length and 80 kV/25 A for a 14 s pulse length. An optimum beam perveance of 1.15 $$mu$$perv was observed at an acceleration voltage of 60 kV. Neutralization efficiency was measured by a water-flow calorimetry (WFC) method using a calorimeter and the operation of a bending magnet. The full-energy species of ion beams were detected by using the diagnostic method of optical multichannel analyzer (OMA). An arc efficiency of the LPIS was 0.6-1.1 A/kW depending on the operating conditions of arc discharge. A neutral beam power of 1.0 MW must be sufficiently injected into the KSTAR plasmas from the LPIS-1 at a beam energy of 80 keV.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:98.49(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Status and result of the KSTAR upgrade for the 2010's campaign

Yang, H. L.*; Kim, Y. S.*; Park, Y. M.*; Bae, Y. S.*; Kim, H. K.*; Kim, K. M.*; Lee, K. S.*; Kim, H. T.*; Bang, E. N.*; Joung, M.*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

Because the 2010 operation of Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) mainly aims to achieve strongly elongated and diverted plasma, all the necessary hardware systems to provide an essential circumstance for the plasma shaping were newly installed and upgraded in 2010. In this paper, general configuration of the upgraded systems described earlier will be outlined. Moreover, several key performances and test results of the systems will be also reported in summary.

Journal Articles

Estimation of three-dimensional stress distribution and elastic moduli in rock mass of the Tono area

Nara, Yoshitaka*; Cho, S. H.*; Yoshizaki, Takaya*; Kaneko, Katsuhiko*; Sato, Toshinori*; Nakama, Shigeo; Matsui, Hiroya

International Journal of the JCRM (Internet), 7(1), p.1 - 9, 2011/01

This study presents a back analysis based on three-dimensional finite element analysis in order to estimate the regional stress fields and the elastic moduli of a rock mass simultaneously from in situ measurements. In order to improve the accuracy of the estimation of three-dimensional stress field, heterogeneities in a rock mass consisting of geological layers with different elastic properties was considered. Back analysis was applied to determine the regional stresses for a broad field study that includes Tono Mine, the Shobasama Site and the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Construction Site.

Journal Articles

Dynamic structural changes at LiMn$$_{2}$$2O$$_{4}$$/electrolyte interface during lithium battery reaction

Hirayama, Masaaki*; Ido, Hidekazu*; Kim, K.-S.*; Cho, W.*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro; Kanno, Ryoji*

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132(43), p.15268 - 15276, 2010/11

 Times Cited Count:275 Percentile:97.95(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Epitaxial LiMn$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ thin films with restricted lattice planes (111) and (110) are grown on SrTiO$$_{3}$$ substrates by pulsed laser deposition. In situ SXRD studies have revealed dynamic structural changes that reduce the atomic symmetry at the electrode surface during the initial electrochemical reaction. The surface structural changes commence with the formation of an electric double layer, which is followed by surface reconstruction when a voltage is applied in the first charge process. Transmission electron microscopy images after 10 cycles confirm the formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer on both the (111) and (110) surfaces and Mn dissolution from the (110) surface. The (111) surface is more stable than the (110) surface. The electrode stability of LiMn$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ depends on the reaction rate of SEI formation and the stability of the reconstructed surface structure.

Journal Articles

ECRH assisted plasma start-up with toroidally inclined launch; Multi-machine comparison and perspectives for ITER

Stober, J.*; Jackson, G. L.*; Ascasibar, E.*; Bae, Y.-S.*; Bucalossi, J.*; Cappa, A.*; Casper, T.*; Cho, M. H.*; Gribov, Y.*; Granucci, G.*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2010/10

Journal Articles

Study on the weld characteristics of 316LN by magnetization measurement

Kim, H. C.*; Kim, K.*; Lee, Y. S.*; Cho, S. Y.*; Nakajima, Hideo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 386-388, p.650 - 653, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:38.58(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The characteristics of 316LN welded joints produced by different welding wires were studied through temperature and field dependent magnetization measurements. The magnetic permeability of welded joints showed significant variations depending on the used welding wires. While the self-welded and low-Mn content filler-welded samples showed signs of secondary phase formation, considerable suppression of the secondary phase formation was observed in high-Mn content filler-welded samples. It is concluded that the high-Mn content welding wire is the best one for use in ITER superconducting magnets because its structure is very stable austenite.

Journal Articles

Design progress of the ITER vacuum vessel sectors and port structures

Utin, Y.*; Ioki, Kimihiro; Alekseev, A.*; Bachmann, C.*; Cho, S. Y.*; Chuyanov, V.*; Jones, L.*; Kuzmin, E.*; Morimoto, Masaaki; Nakahira, Masataka; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(15-24), p.2040 - 2046, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.85(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Recent progress of the ITER vacuum vessel (VV) design is presented. As the ITER construction phase approaches, the VV design has been improved and developed in more detail with the focus on better performance, improved manufacture and reduced cost. Based on achievements of manufacturing studies, design improvement of the typical VV sector (#1) has been nearly finalized. Design improvement of other sectors is in progress - in particular, of the VV sector #2 and #3 which interface with the ports for the neutral beam injection. For all sectors, the concept for the in-wall shielding has progressed and developed in more detail. The design progress of the VV sectors has been accompanied by the progress of the port structures. In particular, design of the NB Ports was advanced with the focus on the heat-flux components to handle the heat input of the neutral beams. Structural analyses have been performed to validate all design improvements.

Journal Articles

Status of KSTAR electron cyclotron heating system

Bae, Y. S.*; Na, Y. S.*; Oh, Y. K.*; Kwon, M.*; Bak, J. S.*; Lee, G. S.*; Jeong, J. H.*; Park, S. I.*; Cho, M. H.*; Namkung, W.*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 52(2), p.321 - 333, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:81.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An 84-GHz, 500-kW gyrotron system have been installed at KSTAR, and the initial test of the gyrotron has been carried out with 20 $$mu$$sec-pulse and an output RF power of 500 kW. The launcher system having with a highly flexible steering mirror was fabricated and would inject 500-kW rf power into the KSTAR plasma. KSTAR will employ 170-GHz EC current drive (CD) in ITER-relevant experiments such as the suppression of the neoclassical tearing modes and the creation of an electron internal transport barrier. A JAEA 170-GHz, 1-MW gyrotron on loan in accordance with a Korea-Japan fusion collaboration agreement, and it will be used for the 170-GHz, 1-MW ECCD system in 2010. This paper describes the current status of the installation and initial conditioning tests of the 84-GHz gyrotron system as well as the development plan of the 170-GHz ECH and CD system. Also, this paper discusses the CD efficiency and the steering range of the second-harmonic X-mode injection.

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