Lopez-Martens, A.*; Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.03001_1 - 03001_6, 2016/12
Fission barrier height and its angular-momentum dependence have been measured for the first time in the nucleus with the atomic number greater than 100. The entry distribution method, which can determine the excitation energy at which fission starts to dominate the decay process, was applied to No. The fission barrier of No was found to be 6.6 MeV at zero spin, indicating that the No is strongly stabilized by the nuclear shell effects.
Hota, S.*; Tandel, S.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Ahmad, I.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chiara, C. J.*; Greene, J. P.*; Hoffman, C. R.*; Jackson, E. G.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(2), p.021303_1 - 021303_5, 2016/08
The decay of a = 8 isomer in Pu and the collective band structure populating the isomer are studied using deep inelastic excitations with Ti and Pb beams, respectively. Precise measurements of branching ratios in the band confirm a clean 9/27/2 for the isomer, validating the systematics of K = 8 two-quasineutron isomers observed in even-, = 150 isotones. These isomers around the deformed shell gap at = 152 provide critical benchmarks for theoretical predictions of single-particle energies in this gateway region to superheavy nuclei.
Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(26), p.262505_1 - 262505_6, 2014/12
Fission barrier heights of a shell-stabilized superheavy nucleus No have been determined as a function of spin up to 19 through the measured distribution of entry points of deexcitations in the excitation energy vs. spin plane. The fission barrier height of No was determined to be 6.0 MeV at spin 15, and 6.6 MeV at spin 0 by extrapolation. This demonstrates that the shell effect actually enlarges the fission barrier in such heavy nuclei and keeps the barrier high even at high spin.
Henning, G.*; Lopez-Martens, A.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 66, p.02046_1 - 02046_8, 2014/03
Fission barrier heights of No have been determined through the entry distribution method. The entry distribution is the initial distribution of excitation energy and spin from which the deexcitation starts in the fusion-evaporation reaction. The initial distribution is extracted from measured -ray multiplicity and total -ray energy. This paper describes the details of the entry distribution method, and reports the first determination of the fission barrier heights of No, which is the heaviest nucleus whose fission barrier has been measured.
Robinson, A. P.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Ahmad, I.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Davids, C. N.*; Greene, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064311_1 - 064311_7, 2011/06
We have identified an isomer with a half-life of 17 s in Rf through a calorimetric conversion electron measurement tagged with implanted Rf nuclei using the fragment mass analyzer at Argonne National Laboratory. The low population yield for this isomer suggests that this isomer should not be a 2-quasiparticle high- isomer which is typically observed in the N = 152 isotones, but should be a 4-quasiparticle one. Possible reasons of the non-observation of a 2-quasiparticle isomer are this isomer decays by fission with a half-life similar to that of the ground state of Rf. Another possibility, that there is no 2-quasiparticle isomer at all, would imply an abrupt termination of axially symmetric deformed shape at Z=104.
Seweryniak, D.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Ahmad, I.*; Kondev, F. G.*; Robinson, A.*; Tandel, S. K.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chowdhury, P.*; et al.
Nuclear Physics A, 834(1-4), p.357c - 361c, 2010/03
Experimental data on single-particle energies in nuclei around Z=100 and N=152 play an important role to test validity of theoretical predictions for shell structure of superheavy nuclei. We found high-K two-quasiparticle isomers in No and No, and evaluated energies of proton single-particle orbitals around Z=100. We also found a new high-K three quasiparticle isomer in Rf. Energies of neutron single-particle orbitals were also evaluated from experimental data of the decay of Rf. Comparisons between the present experimental data and various theoretical calculations for the proton single-particle orbitals indicate that the calculation by using the Woods-Saxon potential gives the best agreement with the data.
Robinson, A. P.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Ahmad, I.*; Tandel, S. K.*; Kondev, F. G.*; Nakatsukasa, Takashi*; Seweryniak, D.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 78(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_6, 2008/09
Isomers have been identified in Cm and No with quantum number , which decay through rotational bands built on octupole vibrational states. For isotones with atomic number 102, the and 2 states have remarkably stable energies, indicating neutron excitations. An exception is a singular minimum in the 2 energy at Cm, due to the additional role of proton configurations.