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Journal Articles

Three-dimensional electronic structures and the metal-insulator transition in Ruddlesden-Popper iridates

Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Iwasaki, Daisuke*; Higashino, Yuji*; Yoshimi, Chiaki*; Nakagawa, Koya*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Yamagami, Kohei*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; et al.

Physical Review B, 94(11), p.115103_1 - 115103_10, 2016/11

AA2016-0587.pdf:2.55MB

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:64.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, we systematically investigate three-dimensional(3D) momentum-resolved electronic structures of Ruddlesden-Popper-type iridium oxides Sr$$_{n+1}$$Ir$$_{n}$$O$$_{3n+1}$$ using soft-X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (SX-ARPES). Our results provide direct evidence of an insulator-to-metal transition that occurs upon increasing the dimensionality of the IrO$$_{2}$$-plane structure. This transition occurs when the spin-orbit-coupled $$j_{eff}$$ = 1/2 band changes its behavior in the dispersion relation and moves across the Fermi energy. By scanning the photon energy over 350 eV, we reveal the 3D Fermi surface in SrIrO$$_{3}$$ and $$k_{z}$$-dependent oscillations of photoelectron intensity in Sr$$_{3}$$Ir$$_{2}$$O$$_{7}$$. To corroborate the physics deduced using low-energy ARPES studies, we propose to utilize SX-ARPES as a powerful complementary technique, as this method surveys more than one whole Brillouin zone and provides a panoramic view of electronic structures.

Journal Articles

Direct $$kappa$$-space mapping of the electronic structure in an oxide-oxide interface

Berner, G.*; Sing, M.*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yasui, Akira*; Saito, Yuji; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Nishitani, Yoshihito*; Sekiyama, Akira*; Pavlenko, N.*; Kopp, T.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 110(24), p.247601_1 - 247601_5, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:114 Percentile:96.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The interface between LaAlO$$_{3}$$ and SrTiO$$_{3}$$ hosts a two-dimensional electron system of itinerant carriers, although both oxides are band insulators. Interface ferromagnetism coexisting with superconductivity has been found and attributed to local moments. Experimentally, it has been established that Ti 3$$d$$ electrons are confined to the interface. Using soft X-ray angle-resolved resonant photoelectron spectroscopy we have directly mapped the interface states in $$kappa$$ space. Our data demonstrate a charge dichotomy. A mobile fraction contributes to Fermi surface sheets, whereas a localized portion at higher binding energies is tentatively attributed to electrons trapped by O vacancies in the SrTiO$$_{3}$$.

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