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Journal Articles

Spontaneous activation behavior of Ni$$_{3}$$Sn, an intermetallic catalyst, for hydrogen production via methanol decomposition

Fan, M.*; Xu, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40(37), p.12663 - 12673, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:25.28(Chemistry, Physical)

The catalytic properties of single-phase Ni$$_{3}$$Sn powder in the production of hydrogen via the decomposition of methanol were investigated in isothermal tests at 713, 793, and 873 K. The catalytic activity of Ni$$_{3}$$Sn significantly increased with time at 793 and 873 K, but not at 713 K, suggesting that Ni$$_{3}$$Sn is spontaneously activated at temperatures above 793 K. At these temperatures, Ni$$_{3}$$Sn showed high selectivity for H$$_{2}$$ and CO production and low selectivity for CH$$_{4}$$, CO$$_{2}$$, and H$$_{2}$$O production, indicating that methanol decomposition was the main reaction, and that side reactions such as methanation and water-gas shift reaction were suppressed. Surface analysis revealed that fine Ni$$_{3}$$Sn particles were formed during the reaction, accompanied by a small amount of deposited carbon. The formation of these particles was suggested to be the cause for the spontaneous activation of Ni$$_{3}$$Sn.

Journal Articles

Effect of water vapor and hydrogen treatments on the surface structure of Ni$$_{3}$$Al foil

Xu, Y.*; Ma, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*

Applied Surface Science, 315, p.475 - 480, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:36.72(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Catalytic performance of Ni$$_{3}$$Sn and Ni$$_{3}$$Sn$$_{2}$$ for hydrogen production from methanol decomposition

Fan, M.*; Xu, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

Catalysis Letters, 144(5), p.843 - 849, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:35.92(Chemistry, Physical)

Oral presentation

Catalytic performance and characterization of Ni$$_{3}$$Al rolled foil catalysts for steam reforming of methane

Xu, Y.*; Ma, Y.*; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Catalytic performance of Ni$$_{3}$$Sn alloy for hydrogen production from methanol decomposition

Fan, M.*; Xu, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Catalytic properties of Ni$$_{3}$$Al foils for methane steam reforming

Xu, Y.*; Ma, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Effect of steam treatments on surface morphology of Ni$$_{3}$$Al foil catalysts

Xu, Y.*; Ma, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Oxidation of Ni$$_{3}$$Al(210) surface at room temperature using supersonic oxygen molecular beam; Real-time photoemission spectroscopic study with synchrotron radiation

Syu, Y.*; Sakurai, Junya*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Demura, Masahiko*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Initial oxidation behavior of Ni$$_{3}$$Al(210) surface induced by supersonic oxygen molecular beam at room temperature

Xu, Y.*; Demura, Masahiko*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Sakurai, Junya*; Hirano, Toshiyuki*

no journal, , 

The initial oxidation behavior of a clean Ni$$_{3}$$Al (210) surface was studied at 300 K using a supersonic O$$_{2}$$ molecular beam (O$$_{2}$$ SSMB) having an O$$_{2}$$ translational energy of 2.3 eV, and real-time photoemission spectroscopy performed with high-brilliance synchrotron radiation. The evolution behaviors of the O 1s, Ni 2p, Al 2p, and Ni 3p spectra were examined over time during irradiation with the O$$_{2}$$ SSMB. The spectral analysis revealed that both the Al atoms and the Ni atoms on the surface were oxidized; however, the oxidation of Al progressed much faster than that of Ni.

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