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Journal Articles

Effect of hydrocarbons on the efficiency of catalytic reactor of detritiation system in an event of fire

Edao, Yuki; Sato, Katsumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Hayashi, Takumi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(11), p.1831 - 1838, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:58.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

R&D activities of tritium technologies on Broader Approach in Phase 2-2

Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Oyaizu, Makoto; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Suzuki, Takumi; Yamada, Masayuki; Edao, Yuki; Kurata, Rie; Hayashi, Takumi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1792 - 1795, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Activities on Broader Approach (BA) were started in 2007 on the basis of the Agreement between the Government of Japan and the EURATOM. The period of BA activities consist of Phase1 and Phase2 dividing into Phase 2-1 (2010-2011), Phase 2-2 (2012-2013) and Phase 2-3 (2014-2016). Tritium technology was chosen as one of important R&D issues to develop DEMO plant. R&D activities of tritium technology on BA consist of four tasks. Task-1 is to prepare and maintain the tritium handling facility in Rokkasho BA site in Japan. Task 2, 3 and 4 are main R&D activities for tritium and these are focused on: Task-2) Development of tritium accountancy technology, Task-3) Development of basic tritium safety research, Task-4) Tritium durability test. R&D activities of tritium technology in Phase 2-2 were underway successfully and closed in 2013.

Journal Articles

Hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalyst to be used for tritium oxidation reactors

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Edao, Yuki; Taniuchi, Junichi*

Fusion Science and Technology, 68(3), p.596 - 600, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have newly developed the hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalysts applicable to tritium oxidation reactor since the honeycomb-shape catalyst can decrease the pressure drop. Two types of hydrophobic honeycomb catalyst have been test-manufactured. One is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a metal honeycomb. The other is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a ceramic honeycomb made of silicon carbide. The fine platinum particles around a few nanometers significantly improve the catalytic activity for the oxidation tritium at a tracer concentration. The hydrogen concentration in the gaseous feed slightly affects the overall reaction rate constant for hydrogen oxidation. Due to the competitive adsorption of hydrogen and water molecules on platinum surface, the overall reaction rate constant has the bottom value. The hydrogen concentration for the bottom value is 100 ppm under the dry feed gas. We have experimentally confirmed the activity of these honeycomb catalysts is as good as that of pellet-shape hydrophobic catalyst. The results support the hydrophobic honeycomb catalysts are applicable to tritium oxidation reactor.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of tritium release properties of advanced tritium breeders

Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.386 - 389, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:73.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Demonstration power reactors (DEMOs) require advanced tritium breeders that have high stability at high temperatures. Therefore, the pebble fabrication of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ with excess Li (Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$) as an advanced tritium breeder was carried out. In this study, a preliminary examination of the tritium release properties of advanced tritium breeders was performed. DT neutron irradiation experiments were performed at the fusion neutronics source (FNS) facility in JAEA. The Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$ pebbles exhibited good tritium release properties similar to the Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebbles. In particular, the released amount of HT gas for easier tritium handling was higher than that of HTO water.

Journal Articles

Recent progress on tritium technology research and development for a fusion reactor in Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Yamada, Masayuki; Suzuki, Takumi; Kurata, Rie; Oyaizu, Makoto; Edao, Yuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.365 - 370, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Measurement of tritium penetration through concrete material covered by various paints coating

Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Kurata, Rie; Fukada, Satoshi*; Takeishi, Toshiharu*; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.320 - 323, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The present study aims at obtaining fundamental knowledge for tritium transfer behavior and interaction between tritium and paint coated on concrete walls. The amounts of tritium penetration and release in cement paste with epoxy and urethane paint coatings were measured. The tritium penetration amounts were increased with the HTO exposure time. Time to achieve each saturate tritium value was more than 60 days for cement paste coated with epoxy paint and with urethane paint, while cement paste without paint took 2 days to achieve it. Tritium penetration rates were estimated by an analysis of diffusion model. Although their paint coatings were effective for reduction of tritium penetration through the cement paste exposed to HTO for a short period, the amount of tritium trapped in the paints became large for a long time. This work has been performed under the collaboration research between JAEA and Kyushu University.

Journal Articles

Correlation of rates of tritium migration through porous concrete

Fukada, Satoshi*; Katayama, Kazunari*; Takeishi, Toshiharu*; Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.99 - 102, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Penetration of tritiated water vapor through hydrophobic paints for concrete materials

Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Fukada, Satoshi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2062 - 2065, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.26(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium transfer behavior through hydrophobic paints, epoxy resin and acrylic-silicon resin, was investigated experimentally. The authors measured the amount of tritium permeated through the paint membranes which exposed in HTO atmosphere of 2$$sim$$100 Bq/cm$$^{3}$$. The most of tritium permeated through the paints in the form of HTO at room temperature. Tritium permeation through the acrylic-silicon paint was explained a linear sorption/release model and that through the epoxy paint was suggested to be controlled by a one-dimensional diffusion model. While effective diffusivity was 1.0$$times$$10$$^{-13}$$$$sim$$1.8$$times$$10$$^{-13}$$ m$$^{2}$$/s at 21$$^{circ}$$C$$sim$$26$$^{circ}$$C for epoxy membrane, the diffusivity was found to be hundreds times larger than that for cement-paste coated with epoxy paint. Hence, tritium diffusivity through interface between cement-paste and the epoxy paint was considered to be most effective in the overall tritium transfer process. Tritium transfer behavior in the interface is important to explain the mechanism of tritium transfer behavior in concrete walls.

Journal Articles

DT neutron irradiation experiment for evaluation of tritium recovery from WCCB blanket

Ochiai, Kentaro; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Edao, Yuki; Takakura, Kosuke; Ota, Masayuki; Sato, Satoshi; Konno, Chikara

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1464 - 1468, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:39.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have performed the tritium recovery experiment on fusion reactor blanket with DT neutrons at the Fusion Neutronics Source facility in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The candidate breeding material, Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebble, was put into the container which was set up it into an assembly simulating water cooled ceramic breeding (WCCB) blanket. Helium sweep gas including H$$_{2}$$ (1%) and/or H$$_{2}$$O (1%) was flowed and extracted tritium was collected to water bubblers during DT neutron irradiation. The Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebble was also heated up to a constant temperature at 573, 873 and 1073 K, respectively. We arranged the tritium recovery system to measure tritiated water moisture and tritium gas, separately, and to investigate the amount of recovered tritium and the chemical form. From our experiments, it was showed that the amount of recovered tritium was corresponded to the calculation value and the ratio of chemical form depended to the temperature and kinds of sweep gas.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen and water vapor adsorption properties on cation-exchanged mordenite for use to a tritium recovery system

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Edao, Yuki; Iwai, Yasunori; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1539 - 1543, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.16(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium recovery system using adsorption or catalytic isotope exchange has already been proposed for a solid breeding blanket system of a nuclear fusion reactor. Synthetic zeolite is often used as an adsorbent or a substrate of chemical exchange catalyst. And, it is well known that its properties are changed easily by exchanging their cations. So, in this work, adsorption capacities of hydrogen isotope and water vapor on cation-exchanged mordenite with transition metal ion were investigated. Ag ion-exchanged mordenite (Ag-MOR) has indicated considerably large hydrogen adsorption capacity in lower pressure range at 77 K. And, adsorption capacity of water vapor did not so vary with exchaned cation in comparison with hydrogen adsorption. The discussion from the viewpoint of adsorption rate is still remaining, but more compact cryosorption column for tritium recovery system is possible to design if Ag-MOR is adopted.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen isotope behavior on a water-metal boundary with simultaneous transfer from and to the metal surface

Hayashi, Takumi; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Okuno, Kenji*; Oyaizu, Makoto; Edao, Yuki; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1520 - 1523, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:9.45(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Tritium confinement is the most important safety issue in the fusion reactor. Tritium behavior on the water metal boundary is very important to design tritium plant with breading blanket system using cooling water. A series of tritium permeation experiment into pressurized water or water vapor jacket with He or Ar have been performed through pure iron piping with/without 7 micro-meter gold plating, which contained about 1 kPa of pure tritium gas at 423 K, with monitoring the chemical forms of tritium. Also, deuterium permeation experiments from heavy water vessel through various metal piping, such as pure iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), stainless steel (SS304), and pure iron with 10 micro-meter gold plating, were performed at 573 K and at 15 MPa. Recently, using the above heavy water system, we have succeeded to detect simultaneous hydrogen isotopes transfer from and to the metal surface by introducing H$$_{2}$$ gas to the metal piping after stabilized deuterium permeation was detected.

Journal Articles

Engineering validation and engineering design of lithium target facility in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Ida, Mizuho*; Ito, Yuzuru; Niitsuma, Shigeto; Edao, Yuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 66(1), p.46 - 56, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.74(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Adsorption rate of hydrogen isotopes on Ca-mordenite

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Edao, Yuki; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.2255 - 2258, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:55.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To develop an adsorbent that is suitable for a separation column of gas chromatograph for hydrogen isotope analysis, the mordenite-type zeolite of which cations (Na$$^{+}$$) were exchanged with other cations have been prepared and their hydrogen isotope adsorption behavior is being investigated. Then, it has been shown experimentally that mordenite-type zeolite of which cation has been exchanged with Ca$$^{2+}$$ (Ca-MOR) has fairly large adsorption capacity. So, breakthrough curves of H$$_{2}$$ (or D$$_{2}$$) adsorption on Ca-MOR at 194 K and 175 K have been observed and mass transfer coefficients have been estimated from them. The rate-controlling step of hydrogen adsorption is hydrogen diffusion in porous adsorbent. And, isotopic difference of effective diffusivity in Ca-MOR is larger than that in Na-MOR. Therefore, in comparison with Na-MOR, use of Ca-MOR is expected to enhance the hydrogen isotope separation capability.

JAEA Reports

Characteristic of tritium release from Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ under D-T neutron irradiation

Edao, Yuki; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Ochiai, Kentaro; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Takakura, Kosuke; Ota, Masayuki; Iwai, Yasunori; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Konno, Chikara

JAEA-Research 2012-040, 15 Pages, 2013/02


Tritium generation and recovery studies on Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ as a solid breeding material under neutron irradiation carried out in the Fusion Neutron Source (FNS) facility. A capsule with Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ packed bed was put in a system which simulated an actual blanket system which built in beryllium blocks and lithium titanate ones. Estimated values of the amount of tritium generation by a numerical calculation agreed closely with experimental values. The capsule was heated up to 300$$^{circ}$$C, and helium, helium with water vapor, hydrogen or hydrogen/water vapor were selected as purge gas. In the case of purge by helium added water vapor, the ratio of HTO to total tritium release was 98%. In helium with hydrogen/water vapor purge, the ratio of HTO to total tritium release was 80%, which was confirmed that HTO released by isotope exchange reaction between water vapor and tritium. In helium with hydrogen purge, the ratio of HT to total tritium release was 60$$sim$$70%, which was shown that HT released by isotope exchange reaction between hydrogen gas and tritium. HTO released by water generation reaction between hydrogen in purge gas and oxygen in Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ although water vapor was not added in purge gas. The ratio of HTO release seemed to be small under the deoxidized condition of the Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ surface. Tritium release behavior in the Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ depended on the composition of purge gas, and its chemical form was affected by the surface conditions of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$.

Journal Articles

Development of lithium target system in engineering validation and engineering design activity of the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF/EVEDA)

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Fukada, Satoshi*; Yagi, Juro*; Ida, Mizuho; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 88(12), p.691 - 705, 2012/12


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Transfer of tritium in concrete coated with hydrophobic paints

Fukada, Satoshi*; Edao, Yuki*; Sato, Koichi*; Takeishi, Toshiharu*; Katayama, Kazunari*; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Hatano, Yuji*; Taguchi, Akira*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(1), p.54 - 60, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:33.14(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An experimental study on tritium (T) transfer in porous concrete for the tertiary T safety containment is performed to investigate (1) how fast HTO penetrates through concrete walls, (2) how well concrete walls contaminated with water-soluble T are decontaminated by a solution-in-water technique, and (3) how well hydrophobic paint coating works as a protecting film against HTO migrating through concrete walls. The epoxy paint coating can work as a HTO diffusion barrier and the PRF value is around 1/10. The silicon paint coating cannot work as the anti-T permeation barrier, because water deteriorates contact between the paint and cement or mortar.

Journal Articles

Present status of Japanese tasks for lithium target facility under IFMIF/EVEDA

Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Kanemura, Takuji; Kondo, Hiroo; Ida, Mizuho; Niitsuma, Shigeto; Otaka, Masahiko; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2491 - 2494, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:62.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In IFMIF/EVEDA, tasks for lithium target system are shared to 5 validation tasks (LF1-5) and a design task (LF6). The purpose of LF1 task is to construct and operate the EVEDA lithium test loop, and JAEA has a main responsibility to the performance of the Li test loop. LF2 is a task for the diagnostics of the Li test loop and IFMIF design. Basic research for the diagnostics equipment has been completed, and the construction for the Li test loop will be finished before March in 2011. LF4 is a task for the purification systems with nitrogen and hydrogen. Basic research for the purification equipment has been completed, and the construction of the nitrogen system for the Li test loop will be finished before March in 2011. LF5 is a task for the remote handling system with the target assembly. JAEA has an idea to use the laser beam for cutting and welding of the lip part of the flanges. LF6 is a task for the design of the IFMIF based on the validation experiments of LF1-5.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and construction of IFMIF/EVEDA lithium test loop; Design and fabrication of integrated target assembly

Kondo, Hiroo; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Nakamura, Hiroo*; Ida, Mizuho; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Miyashita, Makoto*; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Yamaoka, Nobuo*; Kanemura, Takuji; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2010/10

The Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity (EVEDA) for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is proceeded as one of the ITER Broader Approach (BA) activities. The EVEDA Li test loop (ELTL) is aimed at validating stability of the Li target and feasibility of a Li purification system as the key issues. In this paper, the design of the ELTL especially of a target assembly in which the Li target is produced by the contraction nozzle is presented.

Journal Articles

Tritium removal by Y hot trap for purification of IFMIF Li target

Edao, Yuki*; Fukada, Satoshi*; Yamaguchi, Sho*; Wu, Y.*; Nakamura, Hiroo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(1), p.53 - 57, 2010/01

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:73.77(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Oral presentation

Progress on engineering design and construction of IFMIF/EVEDA Li test loop

Kondo, Hiroo; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Iuchi, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Ida, Mizuho; Wakai, Eiichi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Kanemura, Takuji; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

The International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is a neutron source aimed at producing an intense high energy neutron flux for testing candidate materials to be used in the fusion demonstration reactor. Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities (EVEDA) on IFMIF started under Broader Approach. As a major Japanese activity for Li target tasks of EVEDA, EVEDA Li Test Loop is under construction. Feasibility of hydraulic stability of the Li target and purification systems of hot traps is major key issues to be validated. Toward the validation at the loop, laboratory-scale tests and design for diagnostics to the high-speed free-surface Li target and the hot traps to control nitrogen and hydrogen in Li are carried out along with the construction of the loop. Regarding to progress of the construction, all major components except a target assembly are installed in a mount of the loop. The construction is scheduled to be finished on Feb. 2011.

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