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Journal Articles

Design of LBE spallation target for ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) in J-PARC

Saito, Shigeru; Obayashi, Hironari; Wan, T.; Okubo, Nariaki; Sugawara, Takanori; Endo, Shinya; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Applications of Accelerators (AccApp '17) (Internet), p.448 - 457, 2018/05

JAEA proposes transmutation of minor actinides by accelerator-driven systems (ADS). To obtain the data for ADS design, JAEA plans to construct the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) within the framework of the J-PARC project. In TEF-T, a 250 kW proton-beam-driven LBE (Lead-Bismuth Eutectic) spallation target will be installed to prepare an irradiation database for candidate ADS structural materials. Design activities of the LBE target and target trolley have been progressed. Conceptual design of hot-cells for LBE target loop maintenance and PIE (Post Irradiation Examination) of irradiated samples have been finished. Two LBE loops were manufactured. One is a loop for TEF-T target mock-up and the other is that for collection of material corrosion characteristics in flowing LBE. Oxygen potential control systems for LBE flow have been also developed. Remote handling tests for the target exchange are underway. In this paper, current activities and studies to realize TEF-T will be presented.

Journal Articles

Bend-fatigue properties of JPCA and Alloy800H specimens irradiated in a spallation environment

Saito, Shigeru; Kikuchi, Kenji*; Hamaguchi, Dai; Endo, Shinya; Sakuraba, Naotoshi; Miyai, Hiromitsu; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 450(1-3), p.27 - 31, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Tensile mechanical properties of a stainless steel irradiated up to 19 dpa in the Swiss spallation neutron source

Saito, Shigeru; Kikuchi, Kenji*; Hamaguchi, Dai; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Ono, Katsuto; Matsui, Hiroki; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 431(1-3), p.44 - 51, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To evaluate the lifetime of the beam window of an accelerator-driven transmutation system (ADS), post irradiation examination (PIE) of the STIP (SINQ target irradiation program, SINQ; Swiss spallation neutron source) specimens was carried out. The specimens tested in this study were made from the austenitic steel JPCA (Japan primary candidate alloy). The specimens were irradiated at SINQ Target 4 (STIP-II) with high-energy protons and spallation neutrons. The irradiation conditions were as follows: the proton energy was 580 MeV, irradiation temperatures ranged from 100 to 430$$^{circ}$$C, and displacement damage levels ranged from 7.1 to 19.5 dpa. Tensile tests were performed in air at room temperature (R.T.), 250$$^{circ}$$C and 350$$^{circ}$$C. Fracture surface observation after the tests was done by SEM (Scanning electron microscope). Results of the tensile tests performed at R.T. showed the extra hardening of JPCA at higher dose compared to the fission neutron irradiated data. At the higher temperatures, 250$$^{circ}$$C and 350$$^{circ}$$C, the extra hardening was not observed. Degradation of ductility bottomed around 10 dpa, and specimens kept their ductility until 19.5 dpa. All specimens fractured in ductile manner. The result from a microstructure observation on a specimen irradiated to 19.3 dpa at 420$$^{circ}$$C indicates that some agglomeration of bubbles on grain boundaries was observed in the specimen irradiated to 19.3 dpa at 420$$^{circ}$$C. However the tensile specimen irradiated up to 18.4 dpa at 425$$^{circ}$$C still exhibited little loss of ductility. Since He/dpa was very high on SINQ target irradiations, the formation of highly dense small bubbles in the matrix consequently avoided the accumulation of He on grain boundaries, which might have resulted in avoiding grain boundary embrittlement.

Journal Articles

Polarization-analyzed resonant inelastic X-ray scattering of the orbital excitations in KCuF$$_3$$

Ishii, Kenji; Ishihara, Sumio*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Kuzushita, Kaori*; Inami, Toshiya; Owada, Kenji; Yoshida, Masahiro; Jarrige, I.; Tatami, Naka*; et al.

Physical Review B, 83(24), p.241101_1 - 241101_4, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:31.09(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Plan and reports of coupled irradiation (JRR-3 and JOYO of research reactors) and hot facilities work (WASTEF, JMTR-HL, MMF and FMF); R&D project on irradiation damage management technology for structural materials of long-life nuclear plant

Matsui, Yoshinori; Takahashi, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Masaya; Nakata, Masahito; Yoshitake, Tsunemitsu; Abe, Kazuyuki; Yoshikawa, Katsunori; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Ishikawa, Kazuyoshi; Kikuchi, Taiji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-072, 144 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-072.pdf:45.01MB

"R&D Project on Irradiation Damage Management Technology for Structural Materials of Long-life Nuclear Plant" was carried out from FY2006 in a fund of a trust enterprise of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The coupled irradiations or single irradiation by JOYO fast reactor and JRR-3 thermal reactor were performed for about two years. The irradiation specimens are very important materials to establish of "Evaluation of Irradiation Damage Indicator" in this research. For the acquisition of the examination specimens irradiated by the JOYO and JRR-3, we summarized about the overall plan, the work process and the results for the study to utilize these reactors and some facilities of hot laboratory (WASTEF, JMTR-HL, MMF and FMF) of the Oarai Research-and-Development Center and the Nuclear Science Research Institute in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

JAEA Reports

Replacement technology for front acrylic panels of a large-sized glove box using bag-in / bag-out method

Sakuraba, Naotoshi; Numata, Masami; Komiya, Tomokazu; Ichise, Kenichi; Nishi, Masahiro; Tomita, Takeshi; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Miyata, Seiichi; Kurosawa, Tatsuya; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-071, 34 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-071.pdf:21.07MB

As a part of maintenance technology of a large-sized glove box for handling of TRU nuclides, we developed replacement technology for front acrylic panels using the bag-in/bag-out method and applied this technology to replace the deteriorated front acrylic panels at Waste Safety Testing Facility (WASTEF) in Nuclear Science Research Institute of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). As a consequence, we could safely replace the front acrylic panels under the condition of continuous negative pressure only with partial decontamination of the glove box. We also demonstrated that the present technology is highly effective in points of safety, workability and cost as compared to the usual replacement technology for front acrylic panels of a glove box, where workers in an air-line suit replace directly the front acrylic panels in a green house.

Journal Articles

Proton irradiation effects on tensile and bend-fatigue properties of welded F82H specimens

Saito, Shigeru; Kikuchi, Kenji*; Hamaguchi, Dai; Usami, Koji; Ishikawa, Akiyoshi; Nishino, Yasuharu; Endo, Shinya; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 398(1-3), p.49 - 58, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:53.74(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In several institutes, R&D for an ADS have been progressed. Ferritic / martensitic (F/M) steels are the candidate material for the beam window. To obtain the irradiation data, the PIE work of the SINQ target irradiation program (STIP) specimens was carried out at JAEA. In this study, the results of PIE on F/M steel F82H and its welded joint will be reported. The results of tensile tests indicate that the irradiation hardening occurred with increasing dpa up to 10.1 dpa below 320$$^{circ}$$C irradiation. At higher dose (- 11.8 dpa) and higher temperature (- 380$$^{circ}$$C), irradiation hardening and degradation of ductility relaxed. In this study, all specimens kept its ductility after irradiation and fractured in ductile manner. The fatigue life of F82H base metal is almost the same as that of unirradiated specimens. Though the number of specimen is limited, the fatigue life of F82H EB welded joints seems to increase after irradiation. The fracture surfaces of the specimens showed transgranular morphology. While F82H TIG welded specimens were not fractured by 10$$^{7}$$ cycles.

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steels irradiated at SINQ target 4

Saito, Shigeru; Hamaguchi, Dai; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Ono, Katsuto; Matsui, Hiroki; Kikuchi, Kenji*; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Yong, D.*

Proceedings of 1st International Workshop on Technology and Components of Accelerator-driven Systems (TCADS-1) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2010/03

The research and development for an accelerator-driven system (ADS) to transmute minor actinide (MA) have been progressed. The target beam window of ADS submerged in the reactor will be subjected to high-energy proton and spallation neutron irradiation. To evaluate mechanical properties of irradiated materials, post irradiation examination (PIE) of the STIP (SINQ target irradiation program) specimens was carried out at JAEA. In the present study, PIE on austenitic steels JPCA and Alloy800H irradiated at SINQ target 4 (STIP-II) was conducted. Austenitic steels are preferable as the material for the target beam window of ADS from the view point of DBTT shift, which should be taken into consideration for ferritic / martensitic steels. The irradiation conditions were as follows: proton energy was 580 MeV, irradiation temperatures were ranged from 100 to 450$$^{circ}$$C, and displacement damage levels were ranged from 6.5 to 19.5 dpa. Tensile tests were performed in air at R.T. to 350$$^{circ}$$C. Results of the tensile tests performed at R.T. indicate that irradiation hardening occurred with increasing displacement damage level up to 10 dpa. At higher doses, irradiation hardening seemed to tend to saturate. Degradation of ductility was bottomed around 10 dpa and specimens kept its ductility until 19.5 dpa. All the specimens fractured in ductile manner.

Journal Articles

Replacement technique for front acrylic panels of a large size glove box using bag-in / bag-out method

Endo, Shinya; Numata, Masami; Ichise, Kenichi; Nishi, Masahiro; Komiya, Tomokazu; Sakuraba, Naotoshi; Usami, Koji; Tomita, Takeshi

Proceedings of 46th Annual Meeting of "Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling" Working Group (HOTLAB 2009) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2009/09

For safety operation and maintenance of the large size glove box, the degraded acrylic panels of the box must be replaced by the new panels. As the conventional replacement technique, the decontamination of the glove box and installation of isolation tent are necessary to prevent the leak of contamination, because airtight condition of the box is broken down during replacement process. Therefore, the prerequisite works are required considerable manpower. The new replacement technique using bag-in / bag-out method was developed by JAEA. In this technique, for keeping the airtight condition of the box, the inside of degraded panel is covered with an airtight panel and the outside is covered over the large bag which is used to replace the acrylic panels. As the benefits of this technique, the prerequisite works are not required and the manpower is less than a third of the conventional technique.

Journal Articles

Effect of neptunium ions on corrosion of ultra low carbon type 304 stainless steel in nitric acid solution

Kato, Chiaki; Motooka, Takafumi; Numata, Masami; Endo, Shinya; Yamamoto, Masahiro

Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems (SMINS), p.439 - 447, 2008/07

Corrosion of a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant is also important problem in either current or an advanced nuclear fuel reprocessing system. In this process, nitric acid solution is used to dissolve spent nuclear fuels and solvent extraction method is used to separate U, Pu and actinoid elements. It will be much severer corrosive environment. In this paper, an effect of neptunium ions on corrosion of ultra low carbon Type 304 stainless steel was investigated. The corrosion tests were conducted in 9 kmol/m$$^{3}$$ nitric acid solution adding neptunium ions. The results show that neptunium ions promote inter-grainier corrosion of SUS304ULC in nitric acid solution and corrosion rate in heat-transfer condition is larger than that in immersed condition. It is estimated that the oxidise potential of nitric ions increases under heat-transfer condition more than immersion condition in boiling solution. Furthermore, the effect of $$gamma$$-ray irradiation used $$^{60}$$Co is examined. $$gamma$$-ray irradiation decreases corrosion rates and the reason is discussed.

Journal Articles

Development of in-pile SCC test technique and crack initiation behavior using pre-irradiated austenitic stainless steel at JMTR

Ugachi, Hirokazu; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Matsui, Yoshinori; Endo, Shinya; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tsukada, Takashi; Nagata, Nobuaki*; Dozaki, Koji*; Takiguchi, Hideki*

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-15) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2007/04

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is one of the critical concerns when stainless steel components have been in service in light water reactors (LWRs). It is considered that the reproduced IASCC by PIEs must be carefully distinguished from the actual IASCC in nuclear power plants, because the actual IASCC occurs in the core under simultaneous effects of radiation, stress and high temperature water environment. Hence, we have embarked on a development of the test technique for the in-pile IASCC testing. We adopted the uniaxial constant load (UCL) tensile test method with small tensile specimens for in-pile SCC initiation test, and tried to evaluate the crack initiation behavior as the detection of specimen rupture or detailed observation of surface of loaded specimens. As a result of this study, it was inferred that an acceleration effect of in-pile environment for SCC initiation behavior was not observed under the test condition of this study.

JAEA Reports

Effect of neptunium ions on corrosion of stainless steel in nitric acid solution

Motooka, Takafumi; Ishikawa, Akiyoshi; Numata, Masami; Endo, Shinya; Itonaga, Fumio; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi; Kizaki, Minoru

JAEA-Research 2007-031, 20 Pages, 2007/03

JAEA-Research-2007-031.pdf:2.0MB

An effect of neptunium ions on corrosion of stainless steel in nitric acid solution was investigated by corrosion tests. Type SUS304L stainless steel was used for the tests. The corrosion tests were conducted in 9kmol/m$$^{3}$$ nitric acid solutions containing neptunium ions, where test specimens were immersed or heat-transferred. As a result, we found that neptunium ions promote corrosion of stainless steels in nitric acid solution. This finding would contribute to modifications of the materials for spent fuel reprocessing process.

Journal Articles

PIE technique of fuel cladding fracture toughness test

Endo, Shinya; Usami, Koji; Nakata, Masahito; Fukuda, Takuji*; Onozawa, Atsushi; Harada, Akio; Kizaki, Minoru; Kikuchi, Hiroyuki

HPR-366, Vol.1 (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

PIE technique of LWR fuel cladding fracture toughness test

Endo, Shinya; Usami, Koji; Nakata, Masahito; Fukuda, Takuji*; Numata, Masami; Kizaki, Minoru; Nishino, Yasuharu

Proceedings of 2005 JAEA-KAERI Joint Seminar on Advanced Irradiation and PIE Technologies, p.S2_7_1 - S2_7_11, 2005/11

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test for irradiated materials

Nakano, Junichi; Tsukada, Takashi; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Terakado, Shogo; Koya, Toshio; Endo, Shinya

JAERI-Tech 2003-092, 54 Pages, 2004/01

JAERI-Tech-2003-092.pdf:14.05MB

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is a degradation phenomenon caused by synergy of neutron radiation, aqueous environment and stress on in-core materials, and it is an important issue in accordance with increase of aged light water reactors. Isolating crack initiation stage from crack growth stage is very useful for the evaluation of the IASCC behavior. Hence facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test (SSRT) for irradiated material was developed. As performance demonstrations of the facility, tensile test with in-situ observation and SSRT without observation were carried out using unirradiated type 304 stainless steel in 561 K water at 9 MPa. The following were confirmed from the results. (1) Handling, observation and recording of specimen can be operated using manipulators in the hot cell. (2) In-situ observation can be performed in pressurized high temperature water and flat sheet type specimen is suitable for the in-situ observation. (3) Test condition can be kept constantly and data can be obtained automatically for long test period.

Journal Articles

Study of particle size distribution and formation mechanism of radioactive aerosols generated in high-energy neutron fields

Endo, Akira; Sato, Kaoru; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Susumu; Iida, Takao*; Furuichi, Shinya*; Kanda, Yukio*; Oki, Yuichi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 256(2), p.231 - 237, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:55.84

Size distributions of $$^{38}$$Cl, $$^{39}$$Cl, $$^{82}$$Br and $$^{84}$$Br aerosols generated by irradiations of argon and krypton gases containing di-octyl phthalate (DOP) aerosols with 45MeV and 65MeV quasi-monoenergetic neutrons were measured to study the formation mechanism of radioactive particles in high energy radiation fields. Effects of the size distribution of the radioactive aerosols on the size of added DOP aerosols, the energy of irradiation neutrons and the kinds of nuclides were studied. The observed size distributions of the radioactive particles were explained by attachment of the radioactive atoms generated by the neutron-induced reactions to the DOP aerosols.

Oral presentation

Corrosion mechanism of component materials used in nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, 4; Confirmation of environment assisted cracking of zirconium by hot laboratory tests

Numata, Masami; Kato, Chiaki; Motooka, Takafumi; Endo, Shinya; Kitagawa, Isamu; Kizaki, Minoru; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

We estimated environment assisted cracking of zirconium such as the unclear fuel dissolver in spent unclear fuel solution and considered the cold simulated solution with substituted similar oxidization ions for trans-uranium (TRU) and fission products (FP) and difference between the cold simulated solution and the hot spent unclear fuel. In addition, we considered radiation effect of $$gamma$$ ray under irradiation of cobalt-60 to simulate closely the dissolver condition. In this report, we confirmed that the cold simulated solution is appropriate solution to substitute for the spent nuclear fuel solution and radiation of $$gamma$$ ray doesn't accelerate environment assisted cracking of zirconium.

Oral presentation

Achievement and prospect on spallation materials experiment irradiated by high energy proton

Kikuchi, Kenji; Saito, Shigeru; Endo, Shinya; Hamaguchi, Dai; Dai, Y.*

no journal, , 

Proton irradiation experiment has been done by using a facility at PSI, Switzerland. The objectives of this program are to make materials database available to design and validate the concept of accelerator driven system. Number of materials samples was stored in the target irradiated by cyclotron with proton energy of 585 MeV. Irradiated samples were shared and tested internationally at many laboratories inclusive JAEA. Achievement and prospect on spallation materials experiment are summarized and a characterization of spallation damage is stated.

Oral presentation

R&D project on irradiation damage management technology for structural materials of long-life nuclear plant, 2; Plan and execution of coupling irradiation (JRR-3 and JOYO) and Hot facilities work (WASTEF, JMTR-HL, MMF and FMF)

Matsui, Yoshinori; Nabeya, Hideaki; Kusunoki, Tsuyoshi; Takahashi, Hiroyuki; Aizawa, Masao; Nakata, Masahito; Numata, Masami; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Ito, Kazuhiro; et al.

no journal, , 

We are proceeding with the study of "R&D Project on Irradiation Damage Management Technology for Structural Materials of Long-life Nuclear Plant". For the study, it is important that the irradiated specimens are gotten by the coupling of JRR-3 and JOYO. This reports the total irradiation plan in the study, and the executed work for the coupling irradiation (JRR-3 and JOYO) including the Hot facilities work of Tokai and Oarai in the 2006 fiscal year.

Oral presentation

Progress in development of intense materials against radiation and beam impact, 7; Measurement of residual hydrogen and helium gases in the steels irradiated in SINQ

Kikuchi, Kenji; Hamaguchi, Dai; Saito, Shigeru; Endo, Shinya; Yong, D.*

no journal, , 

Residual hydrogen and helium gases in the materials irradiated in SINQ were measured by two different methods. The results showed that the amount of residual helium gas was within a factor two. For the case of TEM specimens the residual helium gas was scattered within a couple of tens percent in comparison with published data. Residual hydrogen could not be quantified because of measuring accuracy.

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