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Journal Articles

The $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on the $$^{60}$$Fe nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; Hirose, Kentaro; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Strong lattice anharmonicity exhibited by the high-energy optical phonons in thermoelectric material

Wu, P.*; Fan, F.-R.*; Hagihara, Masato*; Kofu, Maiko; Peng, K.*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; Lee, S.*; Honda, Takashi*; Yonemura, Masao*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 22(8), p.083083_1 - 083083_9, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:51.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Thermoelectric material SnSe has aroused world-wide interests in the past years, and its inherent strong lattice anharmonicity is regarded as a crucial factor for its outstanding thermoelectric performance. However, the understanding of lattice anharmonicity in SnSe system remains inadequate, especially regarding how phonon dynamics are affected by this behavior. In this work, we present a comprehensive study of lattice dynamics on Na$$_{0.003}$$Sn$$_{0.997}$$Se$$_{0.9}$$S$$_{0.1}$$ by means of neutron total scattering, inelastic neutron scattering, Raman spectroscopy as well as frozen-phonon calculations. Lattice anharmonicity is evidenced by pair distribution function, inelastic neutron scattering and Raman measurements. By separating the effects of thermal expansion and multi-phonon scattering, we found that the latter is very significant in high-energy optical phonon modes. The strong temperature-dependence of these phonon modes indicate the anharmonicity in this system. Moreover, our data reveals that the linewidths of high-energy optical phonons become broadened with mild doping of sulfur. Our studies suggest that the thermoelectric performance of SnSe could be further enhanced by reducing the contributions of high-energy optical phonon modes to the lattice thermal conductivity via phonon engineering.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{266}$$Bh in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5$$n$$)$$^{266}$$Bh reaction and its decay properties

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Fan, F.*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Komori, Yukiko*; Kondo, Narumi*; Kudo, Hisaaki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.024625_1 - 024625_12, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.67(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Shell structure of the neutron-rich isotopes $$^{69,71,73}$$Co

Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Authelet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:79.36(Physics, Nuclear)

The structures of the neutron-rich $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes were investigated via ($$p,2p$$) knockout reactions at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, RIKEN. Level schemes were reconstructed using the $$gamma-gamma$$ coincidence technique, with tentative spin-parity assignments based on the measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections. Comparison with shell-model calculations suggests coexistence of spherical and deformed shapes at low excitation energies in the $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes.

Journal Articles

Nuclear structure of $$^{76}$$Ni from the ($$p$$,$$2p$$) reaction

Elekes, Z.*; Kripk$'o$, $'A$*; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014312_1 - 014312_7, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:80.58(Physics, Nuclear)

The nuclear structure of the $$^{76}$$Ni nucleus was investigated by ($$p$$,$$2p$$) reaction using a NaI(Tl) array to detect the deexciting prompt $$gamma$$ rays. A new transition with an energy of 2227 keV was identified by $$gamma gamma$$ and $$gamma gamma gamma$$ coincidences. Our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi, Nowacki, Poves, and Sieja interaction produced good candidates for the experimental proton hole states in the observed energy region, and the theoretical cross sections showed good agreement with the experimental values. Although we could not assign all the experimental states to the theoretical ones unambiguously, the results are consistent with a reasonably large Z = 28 shell gap for nickel isotopes in accordance with previous studies.

Journal Articles

Shell evolution beyond $$Z$$=28 and $$N$$=50; Spectroscopy of $$^{81,82,83,84}$$Zn

Shand, C. M.*; Podoly$'a$k, Zs.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Otsuka, T.*; Sieja, K.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Tsunoda, T.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 773, p.492 - 497, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:88.47(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Shape evolution in neutron-rich krypton isotopes beyond N=60; First spectroscopy of $$^{98,100}$$Kr

Flavigny, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Delaroche, J.-P.*; Girod, M.*; Libert, J.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(24), p.242501_1 - 242501_6, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:88.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Low-lying structure and shape evolution in neutron-rich Se isotopes

Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; Ch$^a$teau, F.*; Corsi, A.*; Delbart, A.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(4), p.041302_1 - 041302_6, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:88.47(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Are there signatures of harmonic oscillator shells far from stability?; First spectroscopy of $$^{110}$$Zr

Paul, N.*; Corsi, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Bally, B.*; Bender, M.*; Calvet, D.*; Ch$^a$teau, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(3), p.032501_1 - 032501_7, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:88.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

In situ synthesis of volatile carbonyl complexes with short-lived nuclides

Even, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(3), p.2457 - 2466, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:73.32(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid In situ synthesis of metal carbonyl complexes has been demonstrated using short-lived isotopes produced in nuclear fission and fusion reactions. The short-lived isotopes with high recoil energy directly react with carbon-monoxides and form carbonyl complexes. Only highly volatile complexes were fast transported in a gas stream to counting and chemistry devices. Short-lived Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, W, Re, Os, and Ir were found to form volatile carbonyl complexes, while no volataile complex of Hf and Ta were detected. This technique has been applied to a chemical investigation of the superheavy element Sg (atomic number 106), and will be applicable to various fields of nuclear science with short-lived transition metal isotopes.

Journal Articles

Synthesis and detection of a Seaborgium carbonyl complex

Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F. L.*; et al.

Science, 345(6203), p.1491 - 1493, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:82.39(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A new superheavy element complex, a seaborgium carbonyl, has been successfully synthesized, and its adsorption property has been studied using a cryo-thermochromatography and $$alpha$$-detection apparatus COMPACT. Nuclear reaction products of short-lived $$^{265}$$Sg preseparated with a gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS at RIKEN were directly injected into a gas cell filled with He/CO mixture gas, and chemical reaction products of volatile carbonyl complexes were trasported to COMPACT. The Sg carbonyl complex detected with COMPACT was found to be very volatile with adsorption enthalpy of $$-$$50 kJ/mol, from which we have concluded that this complex should be a Sg hexacarbonyl Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. This is the first synthesis of organometallic compounds of transactinide elements for which only simple inorganic comounds have been synthesized so far.

Journal Articles

Anionic fluoro complex of element 105, Db

Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Li, Z.; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato*; Sato, Tetsuya; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; et al.

Chemistry Letters, 38(11), p.1084 - 1085, 2009/10

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:49.52(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the characteristic anion-exchange behavior of the superheavy element dubnium (Db) with atomic number Z = 105 in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution at the fluoride ion concentration [F$$^{-}$$] = 0.003 M. The result clearly demonstrates that the fluoro complex formation of Db is significantly different from that of the group-5 homologue Ta in the 6th period of the periodic table while the behavior of Db is similar to that of the lighter homologue Nb in the 5th period.

Oral presentation

Anion-exchange behavior of element-105 (Db) in HF/HNO$$_3$$ solutions using a newly developed on-line experimental system

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Yasuo; Li, Z.; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Anion-exchange chromatographic behavior of element 105, dubnium (Db), produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F,5n)$$^{262}$$Db reaction is investigated together with the homologues Nb and Ta in HF/HNO$$_3$$ mixed media using a newly developed on-line experimental system. The result indicates that the adsorption sequence on the anion-exchange resin is Ta$$gg$$Nb$$geq$$Db, and the fluoride complex formation of Db is expected to be weaker than that of homologues.

Oral presentation

Anion-exchange behavior of Db in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution using a new on-line chemical apparatus

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Yasuo; Li, Z.; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Anion-exchange chromatographic behavior of element 105, dubnium (Db), produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F,5n) reaction is investigated together with the homologues Nb and Ta in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed media using a newly developed on-line experimental system. The result indicates that the adsorption sequence on the anion-exchange resin is Ta $$gg$$ Nb $$geq$$ Db, and the fluoride complex formation of Db is expected to be weaker than that of homologues.

Oral presentation

$$alpha$$-HiB complexation of Zr and Hf as homologues of Rf

Kikuchi, Takahiro; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Li, Z.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Nagame, Yuichiro; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Fan, F.*

no journal, , 

The ion-exchange behavior of Zr and Hf in $$alpha$$-HiB / HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solutions has been studied by a batch method using the carrier-free radiotracers $$^{88}$$Zr and $$^{175}$$Hf. It is found that the $$alpha$$-HiB complex formation of Zr and Hf reaches equilibrium in 180 min and that the ion-exchange behavior of these elements are basically similar to each other. The distribution coefficients of Zr and Hf on the cation-exchange resin at [H$$^{+}$$]$$_{eq}$$ = 0.1 M decrease with an increase of [$$alpha$$-HiB$$^{-}$$]$$_{eq}$$, reflecting successive formation of $$alpha$$-HiB complexes.

Oral presentation

$$alpha$$-HiB complexation and ion-exchange behavior of the group-4 elements as homologues of Rf

Kikuchi, Takahiro; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Li, Z.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Nagame, Yuichiro; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Fan, F.*

no journal, , 

We studied complexation of the group-4 elements Zr and Hf as well as the pseudo group-4 element Th with $$alpha$$-hydroxyisobutyric acid ($$alpha$$-HiB) as homologues of Element 104, rutherfordium (Rf). The isotopes of $$^{88}$$Zr and $$^{175}$$Hf were produced at the JAEA tandem accelerator while $$^{234}$$Th was separated from $$^{238}$$U. These radiotracers stocked in $$alpha$$-HiB/HNO$$_{3}$$ were mixed with cation-exchange resin. After shaking the sample for a certain time, an aliquot of the aqueous phase was precisely taken, which were subjected to $$gamma$$-spectrometry. The complex formation of Zr and Hf reached to chemical equlibria at 180 min. Distribution coefficients of Zr and Hf were decreased with an increase of the concentration of $$alpha$$-HiB, indicating the consecutive complexation of these ions with $$alpha$$-HiB. On the other hand, Th was adsorbed on the cation-exchange resin under the given conditions, showing clearly different behavior of Th from that of Zr and Hf.

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