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Journal Articles

A Model intercomparison of atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, phase III; Simulation with an identical source term and meteorological field at 1-km resolution

Sato, Yosuke*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Fang, S.*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Qu$'e$rel, A.*; Qu$'e$lo, D.*; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Terada, Hiroaki; Kadowaki, Masanao; Takigawa, Masayuki*; et al.

Atmospheric Environment; X (Internet), 7, p.100086_1 - 100086_12, 2020/10

The third model intercomparison project for investigating the atmospheric behavior of $$^{137}$$Cs emitted during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident (FDNPP-MIP) was conducted. A finer horizontal grid spacing (1 km) was used than in the previous FDNPP-MIP. Nine of the models used in the previous FDNPP-MIP were also used, and all models used identical source terms and meteorological fields. Our analyses indicated that most of the observed high atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations were well simulated, and the good performance of some models improved the performance of the multi-model ensemble. The analyses also confirmed that the use of a finer grid resolution resulted in the meteorological field near FDNPP being better reproduced. The good representation of the wind field resulted in the reasonable simulation of the narrow distribution of high deposition amount to the northwest of FDNPP and the reduction of the overestimation over the area to the south of FDNPP. In contrast, the performance of the models in simulating plumes observed over the Nakadori area, the northern part of Gunma, and the Tokyo metropolitan area was slightly worse.

Journal Articles

Model intercomparison of atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident; Simulations based on identical input data

Sato, Yosuke*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Uchida, Junya*; Goto, Daisuke*; Qu$'e$lo, D.*; et al.

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 123(20), p.11748 - 11765, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:80.33(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

A model intercomparison of the atmospheric dispersion of $$^{137}$$Cs emitted following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident was conducted by 12 models to understand the behavior of $$^{137}$$Cs in the atmosphere. The same meteorological data, horizontal grid resolution, and an emission inventory were applied to all the models to focus on the model variability originating from the processes included in each model. The multi-model ensemble captured 40% of the observed $$^{137}$$Cs events, and the figure-of-merit in space for the total deposition of $$^{137}$$Cs exceeded 80. Our analyses indicated that the meteorological data were most critical for reproducing the $$^{137}$$Cs events. The results also revealed that the differences among the models were originated from the deposition and diffusion processes when the meteorological field was simulated well. However, the models with strong diffusion tended to overestimate the $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations.

Journal Articles

Type II shell evolution in $$A=70$$ isobars from the $$N geq 40$$ island of inversion

Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, T.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 765, p.328 - 333, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:94.69(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Low-lying excitations in $$^{72}$$Ni

Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; Lorusso, G.*; Patel, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034328_1 - 034328_14, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:85.24(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Decay properties of $$^{68,69,70}$$Mn; Probing collectivity up to N=44 in Fe isotopic chain

Benzoni, G.*; Morales, A. I.*; Watanabe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Coraggio, L.*; Itaco, N.*; Gargano, A.*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 751, p.107 - 112, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:81.47(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

In-beam $$gamma$$ spectroscopy of the even-even nucleus $$^{190}$$Pt

Li, G. S.*; Liu, M. L.*; Zhou, X. H.*; Zhang, Y. H.*; Liu, Y. X.*; Zhang, N. T.*; Hua, W.*; Zheng, Y. D.*; Fang, Y. D.*; Guo, S.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 89(5), p.054303_1 - 054303_9, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:42.25(Physics, Nuclear)

High-spin states of $$^{190}$$Pt have been reinvestigated using the $$^{176}$$Yb($$^{18}$$O, 4$$n$$) reaction at a beam energy of 88 MeV. The previously known positive parity band associated with the $$nu$$ $$i^{-2}_{13/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$h^{-1}_{9/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$j^{-1}$$ ($$nu j$$ being $$nu p_{3/2}$$ or $$nu f_{5/2}$$) configuration has been revised and extended significantly. A new negative parity band has been established and proposed to be based on the $$nu$$ $$i^{-3}_{13/2}$$ $$nu$$ $$j^{-1}$$ configuration. Possible structure evolution of the yrast line from predominantly vibrational to rotational with increasing spin is discussed with the help of E$$_gamma$$ over spin curves. Additionally, calculations of Total Routhian surfaces have been performed to investigate the band properties.

Journal Articles

Overview of high priority ITER diagnostic systems status

Walsh, M.*; Andrew, P.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Boivin, R.*; Bora, D.*; Bouhamou, R.*; Ciattaglia, S.*; Costley, A. E.*; Counsell, G.*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

Oral presentation

Long-term monitoring soil carbon dynamics of Asian terrestrial ecosystem by an automated chamber network

Liang, N.*; Chiang, P.-N.*; Wang, Y.*; Teramoto, Munemasa*; Takagi, Kentaro*; Kondo, Toshiaki*; Koarashi, Jun; Zhang, Y.*; Li, S.*; Fang, J.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Model intercomparison project for cesium ($$^{137}$$Cs) from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident using identical meteorological data and source term

Sato, Yosuke*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Uchida, Junya*; Goto, Daisuke*; Qu$'e$lo, D.*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Detailed intercomparison of atmospheric transport models using newly obtained concentration data of Cs-137 from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

Yamazawa, Hiromi*; Sato, Yosuke*; Adachi, Shinichiro*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Terada, Hiroaki; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Uchida, Junya*; Goto, Daisuke*; et al.

no journal, , 

Cs-137 released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident was conducted by 12 models. The present study focuses on differences in the model results of atmospheric Cs-137 concentration of Plume 2, which traveled southward in the morning of 15 March, 2011, in the area 100 to 200 km downwind from FDNPP by using the concentration data recently evaluated from gamma radiation spectral data at monitoring stations (MS data) and those measured from the suspended particulate matter filters (SPM data). Comparison was made from the following aspects: (1) plume arrival time, (2) concentration level, (3) cross-wind surface concentration profile, (4) vertical concentration profile and (5) mass balance of Cs-137 activity including deposition processes. Additional analyses were made also for Plume 4, which traveled over the same area on 16 March under rainy condition.

Oral presentation

Long-term response and feedback of Asian terrestrial ecosystems carbon cycle to global warming

Liang, N.*; Zhang, Y.*; Chiang, P.-N.*; Lai, D.*; Teramoto, Munemasa*; Takagi, Kentaro*; Kondo, Toshiaki*; Koarashi, Jun; Wang, Y.*; Li, S.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Intercomparison of atmospheric transport models using 1 km grid meteorological data for the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

Yamazawa, Hiromi*; Sato, Yosuke*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Goto, Daisuke*; Morino, Yu*; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Qu$'e$rel, A.*; Fang, S.*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

Following the previous atmospheric transport model intercomparison project (MIP2), a new model intercomparison (MIP3) has been conducted in which, out of 12 models in MIP2, 9 models are participating. The main aim of MIP3 is to examine the effects of using a refined meteorological data with a finer horizontal resolution of 1 km. The horizontal distribution Cs-137 deposition in the eastern part of Honshu Island calculated by the models were compared with the aerial survey results to find that the simple ensemble average of the 9 models was a little worse than that of the 12-model ensemble in MIP2 statistically. However, in the sector in the northwestern direction from the accidental site, the deposition pattern by the MIP3 ensemble is more consistent with the survey result compared with that of MIP2. As for the atmospheric concentrations, although the model performance for the plumes that traveled over wider areas was slightly poorer for MIP3 than MIP2, the MIP3 ensemble generally showed better performance for the plumes that affected the near area in the Hamadori area. This better performance can be attributed to the better representation of topography in the meteorological simulation.

Oral presentation

Review of model intercomparison projects (MIPs) of atmospheric dispersion model for $$^{137}$$Cs emitted from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; MIPs with identical source term and meteorological data

Sato, Yosuke*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kadowaki, Masanao; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Uchida, Junya*; Goto, Daisuke*; et al.

no journal, , 

Two Model Intercomparison of Projects (MIPs) of atmospheric dispersion model targeting on $$^{137}$$Cs released from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) on March 2011 were conducted. Both MIPs were conducted using an identical source term of $$^{137}$$Cs, identical meteorological data, and the same horizontal grid resolution (3 km and 1 km) to exclude the uncertainties of the model originated from them. Our analyses indicated that most of the model well simulated the atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs obtained from the operational aerosol sampling of the national suspended particle matter network. Our analyses also indicated that meteorological data were most critical for reproducing the atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs events, and the extent of the horizontal diffusion and the deposition were critical if the meteorological field was reasonably simulated. The comparison of the results between the two MIPs elucidated that the fine grid resolution is required to simulate atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs in the vicinity of FDNPP, but the use of the fine grid resolution does not always improve the performance of the models especially for areas distant from the FDNPP. The results of both MIPs elucidated that the good performance of some models improved the performance of the multimodel, highlighting the advantage of using a multimodel ensemble.

Oral presentation

3rd model intercomparison projects of atmospheric dispersion model for $$^{137}$$Cs emitted from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, and application of MIPs' results for usage in an emergency

Yamazawa, Hiromi*; Sato, Yosuke*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Fang, S.*; Qu$'e$rel, A.*; Qu$'e$lo, D.*; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Terada, Hiroaki; Kadowaki, Masanao; et al.

no journal, , 

The 3rd model intercomparison project (MIP) of atmospheric dispersion model targeting on $$^{137}$$Cs emitted from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) in March 2011 were conducted. All participated 9 models used the identical source term and meteorological data as in the previous MIP (2nd MIP), but finer horizontal grid resolution (1 km) than that of 2nd MIP (3 km) was used for understanding the behavior of atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs in the vicinity of FDNPP. Results of the models elucidated that most of the observed high atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations were well simulated, and the good performance of some models cancelled bad performance of some models when used as an ensemble, which highlights the advantage of multimodel ensemble. The analyses also indicated that the use of the finer grid resolution improved the meteorological field in the vicinity of FNDPP and the atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs measured near FDNPP was more reasonably reproduced in 3rd MIP than 2nd MIP. As well as the evaluation of the performance of the model, we examined usefulness of the results of atmospheric dispersion simulation in an emergency. The analyses reported that the multimodel ensemble missed only 3% of the observed plumes, even if the absolute value of the simulated $$^{137}$$Cs in each model was different in the range of factor 3-6. The analyses also indicated that from six to eight models are required for making most of advantages of the multimodel ensemble.

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