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論文

Square and rhombic lattices of magnetic skyrmions in a centrosymmetric binary compound

高木 里奈*; 松山 直文*; Ukleev, V.*; Yu, L.*; White, J. S.*; Francoual, S.*; Mardegan, J. R. L.*; 速水 賢*; 齋藤 開*; 金子 耕士; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.1472_1 - 1472_7, 2022/03

 被引用回数:32 パーセンタイル:99.45(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Magnetic skyrmions are topologically stable swirling spin textures with particle-like character, and have been intensively studied as a candidate of high-density information bit. While magnetic skyrmions were originally discovered in noncentrosymmetric systems, recently a nanometric skyrmion lattice has also been reported for centrosymmetric rare-earth compounds. For the latter systems, a novel skyrmion formation mechanism mediated by itinerant electrons has been proposed, and the search of a simpler model system allowing for a better understanding of their intricate magnetic phase diagram is highly demanded. Here, we report the discovery of square and rhombic lattices of nanometric skyrmions in a centrosymmetric binary compound EuAl$$_4$$, by performing small-angle neutron and resonant elastic X-ray scattering experiments. Unlike previously reported centrosymmetric skyrmion-hosting materials, EuAl$$_4$$ shows multiple-step reorientation of the fundamental magnetic modulation vector as a function of magnetic field, probably reflecting a delicate balance of associated itinerant-electron-mediated interactions. The present results demonstrate that a variety of distinctive skyrmion orders can be derived even in a simple centrosymmetric binary compound, which highlights rare-earth intermetallic systems as a promising platform to realize/control the competition of multiple topological magnetic phases in a single material.

論文

Lattice dynamics of the Zn-Mg-Sc icosahedral quasicrystal and its Zn-Sc periodic 1/1 approximant

de Boissieu, M.*; Francoual, S.*; Minalkovi$v{c}$, M.*; 柴田 薫; Baron, A. Q. R.*; Sidis, Y.*; 石政 勉*; Wu, D.*; Lograsso, T.*; Regnault, L.-P.*; et al.

Nature Materials, 6(12), p.977 - 984, 2007/12

 被引用回数:39 パーセンタイル:80.22(Chemistry, Physical)

局所構造及び(周期性又は準周期性)長距離秩序のそれぞれが格子振動に及ぼす影響を研究する目的でZn-Mg-Sc正20面体準結晶及びZn-Sc周期性1/1近似結晶の単結晶を用いた非弾性中性子,X-ray散乱実験を実施した。全体的な格子振動の相似性や横波分散関係に擬ギャップが共通して存在する等の定性的な相似性を別にすると、準結晶中と近似結晶中の格子振動には定量的な違いが観測された。例えば近似結晶中の格子振動の方が擬ギャップが大きくはっきりしている点である。またこれらの実験結果は精密原子構造モデルと振動型ペアポテンシャルをもとにしたシミュレーションと比較が行われよく再現されることが明らかになった。

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