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Journal Articles

Experimental observation of temperature and magnetic-field evolution of the 4${it f}$ states in CeFe$$_{2}$$ revealed by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Saito, Yuji; Yasui, Akira*; Fuchimoto, Hiroto*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Imada, Shin*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Kindo, Koichi*; Takahashi, Minoru*; Ebihara, Takao*; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(3), p.035151_1 - 035151_5, 2017/07

AA2017-0611.pdf:0.36MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We revisit the delocalized character of the 4$$f$$ states of CeFe$$_2$$ in the ferromagnetically ordered phase by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) in X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with improved data quality using single crystals. Surprisingly, the Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XMCD spectral shape changes significantly as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field, with no concomitant changes in the spectral shape of the Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XAS as well as the Fe $$L_{2,3}$$ XAS and XMCD. This unusual behavior is characterized by the $$J=7/2$$ states in a 4$$f^1$$ configuration mixed into the $$J=5/2$$ ground state. Such extreme sensitivity of the Ce 4$$f$$ states to the external perturbations can be related to the magnetic instability toward an antiferromagnetic phase in CeFe$$_2$$. Our experimental data presented here provide valuable insights into the underlying physics in strongly-hybridized ferromagnetic Ce compounds.

Journal Articles

Electronic structures of ferromagnetic CeAgSb$$_{2}$$; Soft X-ray absorption, magnetic circular dichroism, and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopies

Saito, Yuji; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Takeo*; Fuchimoto, Hiroto*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yasui, Akira*; Miyawaki, Jun*; Imada, Shin*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114713_1 - 114713_7, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:56.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the electronic structures of ferromagnetic CeAgSb$$_{2}$$ using soft X-ray absorption (XAS), magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) spectroscopies. The Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XAS spectra show very small satellite structures, reflecting a strongly localized character of the Ce 4${it f}$ electrons. The linear dichroism effects in the Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XAS spectra demonstrate the ground-state Ce 4${it f}$ symmetry of $$Gamma$$$$_{6}$$, the spatial distribution of which is directed along the ${it c}$-axis. Nevertheless, ARPES spectra at the Ce 3$$d$$-4$$f$$ resonance show the momentum dependence of the intensity ratio between Ce 4$$f^{1}_{5/2}$$ and 4$$f^{1}_{7/2}$$ peaks in a part of the Brillouin zone, suggesting the non negligible momentum-dependent hybridization effect between the Ce 4${it f}$ and the conduction electrons. This is associated with the moderate mass enhancement in CeAgSb$$_{2}$$.

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