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Journal Articles

Neutron total and capture cross-section measurements of $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd in the thermal energy region with the Li-glass detectors and NaI(Tl) spectrometer installed in J-PARC$$cdot$$MLF$$cdot$$ANNRI

Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Terada, Kazushi*; Hori, Junichi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 19 Pages, 2022/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:58.67(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Development of a supplementary outboard side thruster system for dynamic positioning control of autonomous surface vehicle

Kato, Tetsu*; Kawamura, Yamato*; Tahara, Junichiro*; Baba, Shoichiro*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Fujii, Shun*

International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 31(3), p.316 - 324, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.65(Engineering, Civil)

The development of a side thruster system (vehicle (ASV)) that can maintain the direction of travel on the autonomous surface will be explained. Currently, we are working on a mud radioactivity survey in collaboration with Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology. Deposited at the mouth of Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, the main purpose is to collect unmanned mud using ASV. The Mad Collection has developed a side thruster system and implemented it in ASV. We have confirmed the operation of the ASV with the joystick by using the thruster system for operating the ASV by one person using the joystick.

Journal Articles

Development and operation of an electrostatic time-of-flight detector for the Rare RI storage Ring

Nagae, Daisuke*; Abe, Yasushi*; Okada, Shunsuke*; Omika, Shuichiro*; Wakayama, Kiyoshi*; Hosoi, Shun*; Suzuki, Shinji*; Moriguchi, Tetsuro*; Amano, Masamichi*; Kamioka, Daiki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 986, p.164713_1 - 164713_7, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:72.51(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Invention of automatic movement and dynamic positioning control method of unmanned vessel for mud mining

Fujii, Shun*; Kato, Tetsu*; Kawamura, Yamato*; Tahara, Junichiro*; Baba, Shoichiro*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Proceedings of 26th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 26th 2021), p.280 - 285, 2021/01

In recent years, autonomously navigating unmanned vessels have been actively studied, and many of these vessels are designed to perform unmanned operations such as observation and transportation. On the other hand, this study uses an unmanned ship with a moon pool that collects seabed mud, which is difficult for ordinary ships. Vessels used since the area are highly turbulent due to wind, so it is necessary to maintain a fixed point and orientation when removing mud. The ship is equipped with side thrusters to maintain a fixed point and bow direction. In this study, the control method was devised to maintain fixed point and orientation, and the control method is based on robust sliding mode control. The proposed control method was verified by simulation, and the desired behavior was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Structural change of borosilicate glass by boron isotope composition

Nagai, Takayuki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Sekimoto, Shun*

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 257, 2020/08

To understand the influence of glass structural change by neutron irradiation and boron isotope composition, glass samples were made from enrichment boric acid reagents and neutron irradiation of those samples was carried out in Pn-2 of KUR. The structural change of glass sample after the irradiation will be estimated in 2020FY. Before neutron irradiation test of glass samples, the Si-O bridging structure difference by boron isotope composition compared by using a Raman spectrometry.

Journal Articles

Structural change of borosilicate glass by neutron irradiation

Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Sekimoto, Shun*

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 105, 2019/08

To understand this structural change of a borosilicate glass by a neutron irradiation in detail, the irradiation test was carried out in KUR in 2017FY. The glass structure was estimated by using Raman spectrometry in 2018FY. Comparing with the Raman spectra of glass samples before and after irradiation, it could be observed the change of peak height of Si-O bridging structure by the irradiation.

Journal Articles

Size and dopant-concentration dependence of photoluminescence properties of ion-implanted phosphorus- and boron-codoped Si nanocrystals

Nakamura, Toshihiro*; Adachi, Sadao*; Fujii, Minoru*; Sugimoto, Hiroshi*; Miura, Kenta*; Yamamoto, Shunya

Physical Review B, 91(16), p.165424_1 - 165424_8, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:56.71(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Semiconductor nanocrystals have unique electrical and optical properties, because of the quantum confinement effect, and the doping of impurities into nanocrystals. In this study, we investigated the photoluminescence (PL) properties of phosphorus- (P) and boron- (B) co-doped Si nanocrystals (Si NCs), which was synthesized using an ion implantation technique. The Si-NC size (average diameter: 3.5, 4.4, 5.2 nm) and the P and B ion doses (0.1-4.5$$times$$10$$^{16}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$)values were systematically varied. We find that the PL peak energy shifts to lower values with increasing the average diameters of Si NCs and PB ion dose. The results of PL measurements indicate that the PL spectra are due to the band-to-band transition at the reduced Si-NC band gap caused by the formation of impurity and the radiative transitions between defect- and/or impurity-related localized states. It was found that the PL properties can be controlled by varying the Si-NC size as well as the dopant concentration.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of protection factors of a breath-responsive-powered air-purifying respirator

Nakagawa, Masahiro; Nojima, Shun; Fujii, Katsutoshi; Shishido, Nobuhito; Sakai, Toshiya; Umehara, Takashi; Shimizu, Isamu

Hoken Butsuri, 47(3), p.189 - 193, 2012/10

It is essential to wear an air-purifying respirator in the radiation works in a contaminated atmosphere. A breath-responsive-powered air-purifying respirator (BR-PAPR) has been recently developed. However, no research has yet been conducted to determine the protection factor (PF) of the BR-PAPR in actual workplaces. In this study, the PFs of the BR-PAPR were measured by a man-test apparatus and compared with those of a non-powered full face mask. The PFs were measured under three different situations; normal wearing condition, clogging the filter and leaving a gap between the face and the mask. Under these situations, it was found that the PFs of the BR-PAPR are higher than those of the non-powered full face mask. PFs greater than 4000 were obtained for 95% of the subjects who wear the BR-PAPR, and PFs over 6667, the upper limit of the man-test apparatus, were obtained for 49% of them. The questionnaire survey was conducted for workers. The results showed that the workers feel a reduced burden when they wear the BR-PAPR. The results of this study showed high protection performance and operation efficiency of the BR-PAPR.

Journal Articles

Phosphorus and boron codoping of silicon nanocrystals by ion implantation; Photoluminescence properties

Nakamura, Toshihiro*; Adachi, Sadao*; Fujii, Minoru*; Miura, Kenta*; Yamamoto, Shunya

Physical Review B, 85(4), p.045441_1 - 045441_7, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:69.61(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Silicon nanocrystals (Si-nc's) such as nanometer-sized Si dots embedded in a SiO$$_{2}$$ matrix and porous Si have been intensively investigated because of their interesting photoluminescence (PL) properties. Si-nc's exhibit strong and visible emission at room temperature. Because of their compatibility with Si-based technology, light-emitting Si-nc's are an attractive candidate for materials used in various optoelectronic device applications. In this study, the PL properties of n- and p-type dopants phosphorus (P) and boron (B) co-doped Si-nc's prepared by the ion implantation were studied. For (P, B) co-doped Si-nc's, the donor-acceptor (D-A)-pair recombination emission was clearly observed on the long-wavelength side of the intrinsic Si-nc emission. The D-A-pair recombination energy is found to be smaller than the band-gap energy of bulk Si and is strongly dependent on the number of P and B impurities doped in a Si-nc's.

Journal Articles

Actinide-handling experience for training and education of future expert under J-ACTINET

Osaka, Masahiko; Konashi, Kenji*; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Li, D.*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Yamamura, Tomoo*; Sato, Isamu; Miwa, Shuhei; Sekimoto, Shun*; Kubota, Takumi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2011/12

Summer schools for future experts have successfully been completed under Japan Actinide Network (J-ACTINET) for the purpose of development of human resources who are expected to be engaged in every areas of actinide-research/engineering. The first summer school was held in Ibaraki-area in August 2009, followed by the second one in Kansai-area in August 2010. Two summer schools have focused on actual experiences of actinides in actinide-research fields for university students and young researchers/engineers as an introductory course of actinide-researches. Several quasi actinide-handling experiences at the actinide-research fields have attracted attentions of participants at the first school in Ibaraki-area. The actual experiments using actinides-containing solutions have been carried out at the second school in Kansai-area. Future summer schools will be held every year for the sustainable human resource development in various actinide-research fields.

Journal Articles

Coordination characteristics of trivalent lanthanides and actinides in molten hydrate salts of Ca(NO$$_3$$)$$_2$$ and CaCl$$_2$$

Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Okude, Genki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Sekimoto, Shun*; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Akabori, Mitsuo; Minato, Kazuo; Yamana, Hajimu*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 288(1), p.181 - 187, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:39.92(Chemistry, Analytical)

Distribution behavior of Ce(III), Am(III), and Cm(III) between tri-n-butyl phosphate solution and molten calcium nitrate hydrate Ca(NO$$_3$$)$$_2cdotmathit{R}$$H$$_2$$O or molten calcium chloride hydrate CaCl$$_2cdotmathit{R}$$H$$_2$$O was studied radiochemically. In Ca(NO$$_3$$)$$_2cdotmathit{R}$$H$$_2$$O systems, maximum separation factors of Ce and Cm to Am were observed to be 12 (Ce/Am) and 1.7 (Cm/Am). The distribution ratios of these elements increased with the decrease of water activity in the hydrates, and the extractabilities at the water deficient region was less sensitive compared to those at the water abundant region. This trend was similar to the coordination circumstance change observed in electronic absorption spectra of Nd(III) in the hydrates.

Journal Articles

Structural evolution of (1-NpOH)$$_{n}$$ clusters studied by R2PI and IR Dip spectroscopies

Saeki, Morihisa; Ishiuchi, Shunichi*; Sakai, Makoto*; Hashimoto, Kenro*; Fujii, Masaaki*

Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 114(42), p.11210 - 11215, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:32.98(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Unique extraction behavior of americium and curium in a system of TBP and calcium nitrate hydrate melt

Okude, Genki*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Sekimoto, Shun*; Minato, Kazuo; Yamana, Hajimu*

IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 9, p.012067_1 - 012067_7, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:71.5

Journal Articles

Status of JT-60SA tokamak under the EU-JA broader approach agreement

Matsukawa, Makoto; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Hayashi, Takao; Higashijima, Satoru; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.795 - 803, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:73.86(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Electron cyclotron heating applied to the JT-60U tokamak

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Suzuki, Takahiro; Isayama, Akihiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Kubo, Hirotaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Kamada, Yutaka; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Tsuda, Takashi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 53(1), p.114 - 129, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We report on the applications of the ECH to the JT-60U tokamak. The ECH contributes to the advanced tokamak study in JT-60U in such respects as (1)NTM suppression, (2)Study on the internal transport barrier, (3)Impurity exhaust, (4)Tokamak start-up without center solenoid, (5)Current hole study, (6)Confinement and transport study, and (7)Start-up and shut-down assist. These contributions comes from the good local coupling of the ECH to the tokamak plasma.

Journal Articles

Structure of the jet-cooled 1-naphthol dimer studied by IR Dip spectroscopy; Cooperation between the $$pi$$-$$pi$$ interaction and the hydrogen bonding

Saeki, Morihisa; Ishiuchi, Shunichi*; Sakai, Makoto*; Fujii, Masaaki*

Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 111(6), p.1001 - 1005, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:66.33(Chemistry, Physical)

The structure of a jet-cooled 1-naphthol (1-NpOH) dimer was investigated by using resonant-enhanced two-photon ionization (R2PI) and ion-detected infrared (IR) dip spectroscopy. A geometrical optimization and a frequency calculation in (1-NpOH)$$_{2}$$ were also performed at the MP2/cc-pVDZ level. Stable isomers in the MP2/cc-pVDZ calculation were classified into a structure dominated only by the $$pi$$-$$pi$$ interaction and structures formed by cooperation between the $$pi$$-$$pi$$ interaction and hydrogen bonding. On the basis of a comparison between the observed and calculated IR spectra, the geometry of (1-NpOH)$$_{2}$$ was concluded to be a $$pi$$-$$pi$$ stacking structure supported by hydrogen bonding.

Journal Articles

Mapping non-asperities and continuous, active monitoring of the interior of the earth's crust

Tsuruga, Kayoko; Kasahara, Junzo; Mikada, Hitoshi*; Yamaoka, Koshun; Fujii, Naoyuki

Chigaku Zasshi, 115(1), p.51 - 71, 2006/02

This paper proposes the idea (Exploration of Asperities-Reflectors System, EARS) for getting to know the occurrence of large - huge earthquakes which take place along a subduction plate boundary. A large earthquake along the subducting plate boundary is considered to occur repeatedly in the particular asperity, which is the region of strongly coupled zone of two plates. The regions other than asperities along the plate boundary are considered as stable - quasi-stable region in which slow-slip may release the strain energy caused by the oceanic plate subduction. The intensity of coupling and the heterogeneities in a particular large asperity is not possible to know at present. The strong seismic reflections from the subducting plate boundary were found in the aseismic forearc region in the Japan Trench. Similar strong PP reflections were also observed in the NE region of the Hamana Lake and the same region has also showed large aseismic slip detected by GPS. When we map the asperities-reflectors system, the continuous monitoring of seismic reflection intensity may give the change of the physical state at the subducting plate boundary. The rapid change may trigger a large earthquake at an adjacent asperity. We introduce the innovative measurement system, ACROSS, which has been developed for active monitoring by continuous sinusoidal elastic waves and also describe the recent submarine OBS system. To obtain real-time monitor of the transmission signals from ACROSS at the potential regions near the trenches can be done by use of submarine cables. A newly built system planned in the Tonankaki region should consider this requirement.

Journal Articles

Development and contribution of RF heating and current drive systems to long pulse, high performance experiments in JT-60U

Moriyama, Shinichi; Seki, Masami; Terakado, Masayuki; Shimono, Mitsugu; Ide, Shunsuke; Isayama, Akihiko; Suzuki, Takahiro; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; JT-60 Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 74(1-4), p.343 - 349, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.47(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Steady state high $$beta_{rm N}$$ discharges and real-time control of current profile in JT-60U

Suzuki, Takahiro; Isayama, Akihiko; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Luce, T. C.*; Wade, M. R.*; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Naito, Osamu; et al.

Proceedings of 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in physics and technology developments for the modification of JT-60

Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Kudo, Yusuke; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(1), p.2141 - 2150, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:6.56(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The dominant issue for the the modification program of JT-60 (JT-60SC) is to demonstrate the steady state reactor relevant plasma operation. Physics design on plasma parameters, operation scenarios, and the plasma control method are investigated for the achievement of high-$$beta$$. Engineering design and the R&D on the superconducting magnet coils, radiation shield, and vacuum vessel are performed. Recent progress in such physics and technology developments is presented.

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