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Journal Articles

Two-parameter model for optimizing target beam distribution with an octupole magnet

Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Fujimori, Hiroshi*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(6), p.062802_1 - 062802_24, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

As hadron accelerators for such as the ADS and spallation neutron source achieve increasing beam power, damage to targets is becoming increasingly severe. To mitigate this damage, nonlinear beam optics based on octupole magnets is attractive. Nonlinear optics can decrease the beam-focusing hazard due to failure of the rastering magnet. As a side effect of nonlinear optics, the beam size is known to expand drastically compared with linear optics. Nonlinear effects have been studied via a simplified filament model that ignores beam-divergence spread at the octupole magnet. In this study, a new generalized model is proposed for application to an octupole magnet, regardless of the filament-model approximation. It is found that the transverse distribution obtained by beam tracking can be specified by the introduction of only two parameters, namely the normalized octupole strength of $$K^{*}_8$$ and the $$cot phi$$ of the phase advance. To achieve the two antagonistic requirements of reduction of the beam-peak density and minimization of the beam loss, the transverse distribution is surveyed for a large range of beam position. It is found that a bell-shaped distribution with $$K^{*}_8 sim$$ 1 and $$cot phi sim$$ 3 can satisfy requirements. This result is applied to beam transport in the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. The calculation result given by the present model shows good agreement with the experimental data, and the peak current density is reduced by 50% compared with the linear-optics case.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of trivalent compound EuPd$$_3$$ studied by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto; Kobata, Masaaki; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Ai*; Iha, Wataru*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(4), p.044704_1 - 044704_6, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of UTe$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Ai*; Homma, Yoshiya*; Aoki, Dai*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(10), p.103701_1 - 103701_5, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:18.91(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic states of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Iha, Wataru*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035111_1 - 035111_8, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:47.12(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of the high-$$T_C$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

Sakamoto, Shoya*; Tu, N. T.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; Wakabayashi, Yuki K.*; Shibata, Goro*; Horio, Masafumi*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of the high-T$$_{C}$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

Sakamoto, Shoya*; Tu, N. T.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Shibata, Goro*; Horio, Masafumi*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:25(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Manifestation of electron correlation effect in 5$$f$$ states of uranium compounds revealed by 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kobata, Masaaki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:47.12(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy (INVITED)

Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Local magnetic states of the weakly ferromagnetic iron-based superconductor Sr$$_{2}$$VFeAsO$$_{3-delta}$$ studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Horio, Masafumi*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Namiki, Hiromasa*; Katagiri, Takao*; Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Sakamoto, Shoya*; Nonaka, Yosuke*; Shibata, Goro*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(10), p.105001_1 - 105001_2, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:75.04(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Cation distribution and magnetic properties in ultrathin (Ni$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_{x}$$)Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (x=0-1) layers on Si(111) studied by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Nonaka, Yosuke*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Sakamoto, Shoya*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; Chi, Z.*; Shibata, Goro*; Tanaka, Arata*; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(10), p.104416_1 - 104416_12, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy; Elucidating the contribution of U 5$$f$$ states in URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kobata, Masaaki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Matsumoto, Yuji*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tateiwa, Naoyuki; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(12), p.125117_1 - 125117_9, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.04(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structures of U$$X_3$$ ($$X$$=Al, Ga, and In) studied by photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kobata, Masaaki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Physical Review B, 96(11), p.115126_1 - 115126_10, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.04(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Element specific electronic states and spin-flip-like behavior of Ce in (Ce$$_{0.2}$$Gd$$_{0.8}$$)Ni composed of heavy fermion CeNi and ferri-magnet GdNi through XMCD method

Yano, Kazuo*; Okane, Tetsuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Fujimori, Atsushi; Nishimura, Katsuhiko*; Sato, Kiyoo*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 515, p.118 - 125, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.65(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The electronic states of the three constituent elements in the crystal mixed system between CeNi and GdNi, Ce$$_{0.2}$$Gd$$_{0.8}$$Ni, were investigated by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Not only Gd 4f but also Ni 3d and Ce 4f electrons were magnetic and both magnetic moments of Ni and Ce were coupled anti-parallel to the direction of the Gd magnetic moment. After saturation, Ce magnetic moment decreased over 2 T and this behavior was explained by a spin-flip behavior of the Ce magnetic moment. In addition, sum rule analysis has revealed that the magnetic moments of Gd 4 f and Ni 3d electrons could retain small values of orbital magnetic moments.

Journal Articles

Origin of robust nanoscale ferromagnetism in Fe-doped Ge revealed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and first-principles calculation

Sakamoto, Shoya*; Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Suzuki, Hakuto*; Ban, Yoshisuke*; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Masaaki*; Oya, Shinobu*; Fujimori, Atsushi*

Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:48.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Origin of the large positive magnetoresistance of Ge$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$ granular thin films

Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Akiyama, Ryota*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Horio, Masafumi*; Shibata, Goro*; Sakamoto, Shoya*; Ban, Yoshisuke*; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Fujimori, Atsushi*; et al.

Physical Review B, 95(1), p.014417_1 - 014417_6, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:48.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Correlation effect in Sr$$_{1-x}$$La$$_x$$RuO$$_3$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

Kawasaki, Ikuto*; Sakon, Yumi*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Tenya, Kenichi*; Yokoyama, Makoto*

Physical Review B, 94(17), p.174427_1 - 174427_7, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:67.22(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of EuAl$$_4$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy

Kobata, Masaaki; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Kobayashi, Keisuke*; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Ai*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(9), p.094703_1 - 094703_6, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:52.72(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

Frandsen, B. A.*; Liu, L.*; Cheung, S. C.*; Guguchia, Z.*; Khasanov, R.*; Morenzoni, E.*; Munsie, T. J. S.*; Hallas, A. M.*; Wilson, M. N.*; Cai, Y.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 7, p.12519_1 - 12519_8, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:34.31(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Electronic structures of uranium compounds studied by soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(6), p.062001_1 - 062001_33, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:14.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Recent progress of soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of uranium compounds

Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 208, p.105 - 110, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:85.96(Spectroscopy)

Recent progresses in the soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) studies ($$h nu$$ $$_sim^{>}$$ 100 eV) for uranium compounds are briefly reviewed. The soft X-ray PES has enhanced sensitivities for the bulk U 5f electronic structure, which is essential to understand the unique physical properties of uranium compounds. In particular, the recent remarkable improvement in energy resolutions from an order of 1 eV to 100 meV made it possible to observe fine structures in Uf density of states. Furthermore, soft X-ray ARPES becomes available due to the increase of photon flux at beamlines in third generation synchrotron radiation facilities. The technique made it possible to observe bulk band structures and Fermi surfaces of uranium compounds and therefore, the results can be directly compared with theoretical models such as band-structure calculations. The core-level spectra of uranium compounds show a systematic behavior depending on their electronic structures, suggesting that they can be utilized to determine basic physical parameters such as the U 5f-ligand hybridizations or Coulomb interaction between U 5f electrons. It is shown that soft X-ray PES provides unique opportunities to understand the electronic structures of uranium compounds.

167 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)