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JAEA Reports

Practical guide on soil sampling, treatment, and carbon isotope analysis for carbon cycle studies

Koarashi, Jun; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Nagano, Hirohiko*; Sugiharto, U.*; Saengkorakot, C.*; Suzuki, Takashi; Kokubu, Yoko; Fujita, Natsuko; Kinoshita, Naoki; Nagai, Haruyasu; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2020-012, 53 Pages, 2020/10

JAEA-Technology-2020-012.pdf:3.71MB

There is growing concern that recent rapid changes in climate and environment could have a significant influence on carbon cycling in terrestrial ecosystems (especially forest ecosystems) and could consequently lead to a positive feedback for global warming. The magnitude and timing of this feedback remain highly uncertain largely due to a lack of quantitative understanding of the dynamics of organic carbon stored in soils and its responses to changes in climate and environment. The tracing of radiocarbon (natural and bomb-derived $$^{14}$$C) and stable carbon ($$^{13}$$C) isotopes through terrestrial ecosystems can be a powerful tool for studying soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics. The primary aim of this guide is to promote the use of isotope-based approaches to improve our understanding of the carbon cycling in soils, particularly in the Asian region. The guide covers practical methods of soil sampling; treatment and fractionation of soil samples; preparation of soil samples for $$^{13}$$C (and stable nitrogen isotope, $$^{15}$$N) and $$^{14}$$C analyses; and $$^{13}$$C, $$^{15}$$N, and $$^{14}$$C measurements by the use of isotope ratio mass spectrometry and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The guide briefly introduces ways to report $$^{14}$$C data, which are frequently used for soil carbon cycling studies. The guide also reports results of a case study conducted in a Japanese forest ecosystem, as a practical application of the use of isotope-based approaches. This guide is mainly intended for researchers who are interested but are not experienced in this research field. The guide will hopefully encourage readers to participate in soil carbon cycling studies, including field works, laboratory experiments, isotope analyses, and discussions with great interest.

Journal Articles

Low-energy super Gamow-Teller (LeSGT) and anti-LeSGT transitions; Hindered "allowed $$beta$$ decay" of $$^{14}$$C as an anti-LeSGT transition

Fujita, Yoshitaka*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Fujita, Hirohiko*

European Physical Journal A, 56(5), p.138_1 - 138_8, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental study of Gamow-Teller transitions via the high-energy-resolution $$^{18}$$O($$^3$$He,$$t$$)$$^{18}$$F reaction; Identification of the low-energy "super" -Gamow-Teller state

Fujita, Hirohiko*; Fujita, Yoshitaka*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kenichi*; Adachi, Tatsuya*; Algora, A.*; Csatl$'o$s, M.*; Deaven, J. M.*; Estevez-Aguado, E.*; Guess, C. J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 100(3), p.034618_1 - 034618_13, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:52.25(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Excitation and decay of the isovector spin-flip giant monopole resonance via the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{3}$$He,${it tp}$) reaction at 410 MeV

Zegers, R. G. T.*; Abend, H.*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Van den Berg, A. M.*; Fujimura, Hisako*; Fujita, Hirohiko*; Fujita, Yoshitaka*; Fujiwara, Mamoru; Gal$`e$s, S.*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 731, p.121 - 128, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:41.44(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Excitation and decay of the Isovector giant monopole resonances via the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{3}$$He,${it tp}$) reaction at 410 MeV

Zegers, R. G. T.; Abend, H.*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Van den Berg, A. M.*; Fujimura, Hisako*; Fujita, Hirohiko*; Fujita, Yoshitaka*; Fujiwara, Mamoru; Gal$`e$s, S.*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 90(20), p.202501_1 - 202501_4, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:46 Percentile:14.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Polarization transfer in the $$^{16}$$O($$p,p'$$) reaction at forward angles and structure of the spin-dipole resonances

Kawabata, Takahiro*; Ishikawa, Takatsugu*; Ito, M.*; Nakamura, M.*; Sakaguchi, Harutaka*; Takeda, H.*; Taki, T.*; Uchida, Makoto*; Yasuda, Yusuke*; Yosoi, Masaru*; et al.

Physical Review C, 65(6), p.064316_1 - 064316_12, 2002/06

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:31.1(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thin ice target for $$^{16}$$O (p,p') experiment

Kawabata, Takahiro*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Fujimura, Hisako*; Fujita, Hirohiko*; Fujita, Yoshitaka*; Fujiwara, Mamoru; Hara, Keigo*; Hatanaka, Kichiji*; Hosono, K.*; Ishikawa, Takatsugu*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 459(1-2), p.171 - 176, 2001/02

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:22.98(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Polarised neutron spectrometer, POLANO, at J-PARC attempts at understanding novel magnetism

Oyama, Kenji*; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Ito, Shinichi*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Sato, Taku*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; Ino, Takashi*; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Consideration about the characteristics of the aged heavy weight concrete over 20 years after concrete placing

Fujita, Masateru; Kojima, Kazuki; Hashimura, Hirohiko; Uryu, Mitsuru; Odagawa, Masanobu*; Maenaka, Toshinobu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Experimental examination about the heavy weight concrete strength, 1; Purpose and outline of experiment

Kojima, Kazuki; Kojima, Keidai; Fujita, Masateru; Hashimura, Hirohiko; Takaji, Kazuhiko*; Maenaka, Toshinobu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

10 (Records 1-10 displayed on this page)
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