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Journal Articles

Study on optimizing microwave heating denitration method and powder characteristics of uranium trioxide

Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fujita, Shunya*; Kobayashi, Shohei*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05

A solution of plutonium nitrate and uranyl nitrate is converted into a mixed oxide by microwave heating denitration method. In the present study, for improving the efficiency of microwave heating and achieving high-temperature uniformity to produce homogeneous UO$$_{3}$$ powder, the microwave heating test of potassium chloride and uranyl nitrate solution, and numerical simulation analysis were conducted. The potassium chloride agar was adjusted to the dielectric loss, which is close to that of the uranyl nitrate solution and the optimum support table height was estimated to be 50 mm for denitration of the uranyl nitrate solution by microwave heating. The adiabator improved the efficiency of microwave heating denitration. Moreover, the powder yield was improved by using the adiabator owing to ease of scraping of the denitration product from the bottom of the denitration vessel.

Journal Articles

Mechanism of flashing phenomena by microwave heating and influence of high dielectric constant solution

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/11

Mixed uranium oxide and plutonium oxide powder is produced from uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate mixed solution by the microwave heating denitration method in the spent fuel reprocessing process. Since the microwave heating method is accompanied by a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to fully grasp the operating conditions in order to avoid flashing and spilling in the mass production of denitrification technology for the future. In this research, it was clarified that the heat transfer coefficient became lower as the dielectric constant increased. The dominant factor of the blowing up phenomena is supposed to be generation of the innumerable bubble rather than bubble's growth.

Journal Articles

Mechanism of flashing phenomena induced by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/07

Mixed uranium oxide and plutonium oxide powder is produced from uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate mixed solution by the microwave heating denitration method in the spent fuel reprocessing process. Since the microwave heating method is accompanied by a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to fully grasp the operating conditions in order to avoid flashing and spilling in the mass production of denitrification technology for the future. In this research, it was confirmed that a potassium chloride aqueous solution as a simulant of uranyl nitrate aqueous solution with high dielectric loss cause loss of microwave at the solution surface as the dielectric loss increased with the increase of KCl concentration by experimental and electromagnetic field analysis, and revealed that the change in the heating condition affects the generation of flushing.

Journal Articles

Flushing phenomena and flow structure by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Chonan, Fuminori*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

From the observation results, in the process of flushing, the behaviors leading to flushing were classified divided into three types. First type is that first generation bubble from heating leads to flushing. Second type is that nucleate boiling continues during heating and stop, finally single bubble generates and leads to flushing. Third type is defined that gradual evaporation occurs without bubbles. It was revealed that the total quantities of heat released by flushing are approximately equal when assuming the flushing mechanism, it can be triggered that a large amount of micro bubbles are instantaneously generated and grew.

Journal Articles

Ion irradiation effects on the optical properties of tungsten oxide films

Nagata, Shinji*; Fujita, Haruka*; Inoue, Aichi; Yamamoto, Shunya; Tsuchiya, Bun*; Shikama, Tatsuo*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 268(19), p.3151 - 3154, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.53(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A tungsten tri-oxide (WO$$_{3}$$) film covered with a thin catalyst layer is one of the candidates for hydrogen sensing devices that show a reversible coloration under hydrogen exposure. While the injection of the cations and/or the formation of the oxygen vacancies can be responsible for the coloration of the film, the mechanism of the gasochromic phenomenon is not fully understood. In the present work, the changes of the optical properties in the WO$$_{3}$$ film by ion irradiation were investigated to clarify the relation between the coloration and oxygen vacancies. WO$$_{3}$$ films of 300-500 nm thicknesses were deposited on SiO$$_{2}$$ substrates by magnetron sputtering. Oxygen ions at energies between 200 and 800 keV were irradiated to the WO$$_{3}$$ films. The optical absorption of the film was measured in the wavelengths between 190 and 1000 nm. The results show that the change of optical-absorption coefficient in WO$$_{3}$$ films depends on both electronic and nuclear stopping powers.

Oral presentation

Effects of hydrogen implantation on optical properties of tungsten oxide films

Inoue, Aichi; Fujita, Haruka*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Nagata, Shinji*; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Shikama, Tatsuo*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Ion irradiation effects on tungsten oxide layer deposited by RF plasma

Nagata, Shinji*; Fujita, Haruka*; Tsuchiya, Bun*; Shikama, Tatsuo*; Inoue, Aichi; Yamamoto, Shunya

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Mechanism of flushing phenomena induced by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Chonan, Fuminori*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Characteristics of heating and microwave under microwave heating

Chonan, Fuminori*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Fujita, Shunya*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Mechanism of the flashing phenomena induced by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

A mixed solution of uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate is converted to MOX raw powder by the microwave heating de-nitration method in nuclear fuel reprocessing. Since the microwave heating causes a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to sufficiently confirm operating conditions to prevent flushing and overflow phenomena of solution. In this study, visualization observation of the microbubble generation and growth behavior near the liquid surface, measuring of bubble diameters, calculating the frequency of nucleation and estimating the quantity of heat of required for generation and growth of microbubbles were performed for the purpose of clarifying the generation mechanism of the flushing phenomena caused by microwave heating. As a result of comparative study with the amount of heat of released by flushing, it was confirmed that the quantities of the heat of released by flushing and the heat of required for generation and growth of microbubbles agree on the order.

Oral presentation

Heating characteristics of high dielectric solution by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

A mixed solution of uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate is converted to MOX raw powder by the microwave heating de-nitration method in nuclear fuel reprocessing. Since the microwave heating causes a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to sufficiently confirm operating conditions to prevent flushing and overflow phenomena of solution, and it is necessary to evaluate the influence of the dielectric property of the object on the microwave heating characteristics and to optimize the equipment and operating conditions. In this study, the visualization observation using a potassium chloride aqueous solution and agar as a high dielectric constant solution and evaluation of a heating portion, and the electromagnetic field analysis are performed for the purpose of evaluating the influence of the dielectric constant of the material and the installation position on microwave heating characteristics.

Oral presentation

Mechanism of flashing phenomena in microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori

no journal, , 

Mixed uranium oxide and plutonium oxide (MOX) powder is produced from uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate mixed solution by the microwave heating denitration method in the spent fuel reprocessing process. Since the MH method is accompanied by a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to fully grasp the operating conditions in order to avoid flashing and spilling in the mass production of denitrification technology for the future. In this research, for the purpose of clarifying the mechanism of flashing phenomenon during microwave heating, the generation mechanism of bubbles that innumerably occur at the time of flashing is considered. When the contact angle at the heterogeneous nucleation of bubbles was 177 $$^{circ}$$C, the theoretical value of the heterogeneous nucleation approximately agreed with the experimental value at the time the superheat degree was found to be close to 35 $$^{circ}$$C.

Oral presentation

Mechanism of flashing induced by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori

no journal, , 

The microwave heating denitration method is used in the spent fuel reprocessing process of the nuclear fuel cycle. Since the microwave heating method is accompanied by a transient boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to grasp the operating conditions and to clarify the mechanism of flashing and spilling in order to avoid it. In this study, by assuming the flashing model for the purpose of the clarification of the flashing mechanism by microwave heating, the flashing mechanism of instantaneous generation and growth is considered by calculating the generation frequency and volume of bubble from the visualization result at flushing. The mechanism of flashing phenomenon during microwave heating is thought that the significant flushing phenomenon occurs by the process that a large amount of nanobubbles are generated at a solid-fluid interface in a overheated liquid phase, the bubble group grows exponentially and collapses, and its internal pressure releases.

Oral presentation

Effect of permittivity on microwave heating characteristics

Kobayashi, Shohei*; Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori

no journal, , 

The microwave heating denitration method is used in the spent fuel reprocessing process. In order to develop the mass production of denitrification technology for the future, it is necessary to fully grasp the operating conditions to avoid flashing and overflow phenomena of solution. In this research, the conditions of the generation of flashing are evaluated using the potassium chloride aqueous solution as the simulated solution, and the concentration of potassium chloride and the microwave output as parameters. It is found that it is difficult to occur the flashing phenomenon as the concentration of potassium chloride increases.

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