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Journal Articles

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:4(Physics, Nuclear)

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O and $$^{1}$$H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.

Journal Articles

Cutting-edge studies on nuclear data for continuous and emerging need, 1; Diversifying nuclear applications and need for the nuclear data

Suyama, Kenya; Kunieda, Satoshi; Fukahori, Tokio; Chiba, Go*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(10), p.598 - 602, 2017/10

The nuclear data is the data on the reaction probability between the neutron and the nuclide in a narrow sense. However generally speaking, it is the data describing the physical change of the nuclide and the status of the nuclear ration. Since Japan had started the nuclear energy development, the nuclear data has been one of the most important technical development theme. Now, the nuclear data library of Japan, i.e., JENDL, is well recognized internationally because of the highest-accuracy and fully-furnished types of the included data. This serial lecture describes the significance and the status of the nuclear data development, the international trend, and the direction of the future development.

Journal Articles

FRENDY; A New nuclear date processing system being developed at JAEA

Tada, Kenichi; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Kunieda, Satoshi; Suyama, Kenya; Fukahori, Tokio

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.02028_1 - 02028_5, 2017/09

 Percentile:100

JAEA has started to develop new nuclear data processing system FRENDY (FRom Evaluated Nuclear Data libralY to any application). In this presentation, the outline of the development of FRENDY is presented. And functions and performances of FRENDY are demonstrated by generation and validation of the continuous energy cross section data libraries for MVP, PHITS and MCNP codes.

Journal Articles

The CIELO collaboration; Progress in international evaluations of neutron reactions on Oxygen, Iron, Uranium and Plutonium

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Pigni, M.*; Dunn, M.*; Leal, L.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.02001_1 - 02001_9, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:0.6

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides ($$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu) that significantly impact criticality in nuclear technologies with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality.

Journal Articles

Development and verification of a new nuclear data processing system FRENDY

Tada, Kenichi; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Kunieda, Satoshi; Suyama, Kenya; Fukahori, Tokio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(7), p.806 - 817, 2017/07

AA2016-0417.pdf:1.93MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:27.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA has developed an evaluated nuclear data library JENDL and several nuclear analysis codes such as MARBLE2, SRAC, MVP and PHITS. Though JENDL and these computer codes have been widely used in many countries, the nuclear data processing system to generate the data library for application programs had not been developed in Japan and foreign nuclear data processing systems, e.g., NJOY and PREPRO are used. To process the new library for JAEA's computer codes immediately and independently, JAEA started to develop the new nuclear data processing system FRENDY in 2013. In this paper, outline, function, and verification of FRENDY are described.

Journal Articles

Overview of JENDL-4.0/HE and benchmark calculations

Kunieda, Satoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Minato, Futoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kitatani, Fumito; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.41 - 46, 2016/09

Neutron- and proton-induced cross-section data are required in a wide energy range beyond 20 MeV, for the design of accelerator applications. New evaluations are performed with recent knowledge in the optical and pre-equilibrium model calculations. We also evaluated cross-sections for p+$$^{6,7}$$Li and p+$$^{9}$$Be which have been highly requested from a medical field. The present high-energy nuclear data library, JENDL-4.0/HE, includes evaluated cross-sections for incident neutrons and protons up to 200 MeV (for about 130 nuclei). We overview substantial features of the library, i.e., (1) systematic evaluation with CCONE code, (2) challenges for evaluations of light nuclei and (3) inheritance of JENDL-4.0 and JENDL/HE-2007. In this talk, we also focus on the results of benchmark calculation for neutronics to show performance of the present library.

Journal Articles

Overview of the PHITS code and application to nuclear data; Radiation damage calculation for materials

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Niita, Koji*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Furuta, Takuya; Abe, Shinichiro; Kai, Takeshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Iwase, Hiroshi*; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.63 - 69, 2016/09

A general purpose Monte Carlo Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System, PHITS, is being developed through the collaboration of several institutes. PHITS can deal with the transport of nearly all particles, including neutrons, protons, heavy ions, photons, and electrons, over wide energy ranges using various nuclear reaction models and data libraries. PHITS users apply the code to various research and development fields such as nuclear technology, accelerator design, medical physics, and cosmic-ray research. This presentation briefly summarizes the physics models implemented in PHITS, and introduces some new models such as muon-induced nuclear reaction model and a $$gamma$$ de-excitation model EBITEM. We will also present the radiation damage cross sections for materials, PKA spectra and kerma factors calculated by PHITS under the IAEA-CRP activity titled "Primary radiation damage cross section."

Journal Articles

Report on the 28th Meeting of Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation

Fukahori, Tokio; Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Yokoyama, Kenji

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (114), p.35 - 43, 2016/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Toward advancement of nuclear data research in the resonance region

Kunieda, Satoshi; Shibata, Keiichi; Fukahori, Tokio; Kawano, Toshihiko*; Paris, M.*; Hale, G.*

JAEA-Conf 2015-003, p.33 - 38, 2016/03

We present recent progress of nuclear data evaluation method in the resolved resonance range. Our multi-channel R-matrix code now includes photon-channel and computational capability of charged-particle elastic scattering. We also present the physical constraint from the theory in the analysis of experimental data. Example analysis results are shown for $$^8$$Be and $$^{17}$$O compound system. Finally, perspectives are discussed toward the advancement of nuclear data in the resonance region including those for medium-heavy nuclei.

Journal Articles

Overview of particle and heavy ion transport code system PHITS

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Niita, Koji*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Furuta, Takuya; Noda, Shusaku; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Nakashima, Hiroshi; et al.

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 82, p.110 - 115, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:22.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The general purpose Monte Carlo Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System, PHITS, is being developed through a collaboration of several institutes in Japan and Europe. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency is responsible for managing the entire project. PHITS can deal with the transport of nearly all particles, including neutrons, protons, heavy ions, photons, and electrons, over wide energy ranges using various nuclear reaction models and data libraries. This paper briefly summarizes the physics models implemented in PHITS, and introduces some important functions useful for particular purposes, such as an event generator mode and beam transport functions.

Journal Articles

Overview of particle and heavy ion transport code system PHITS

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Niita, Koji*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Furuta, Takuya; Noda, Shusaku; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Nakashima, Hiroshi; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2014-002, p.69 - 74, 2015/02

A general purpose Monte Carlo Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System, PHITS, is being developed through the collaboration of several institutes in Japan and Europe. PHITS can deal with the transport of nearly all particles, including neutrons, protons, heavy ions, photons, and electrons, over wide energy ranges using various nuclear reaction models and data libraries. All components of PHITS such as its source, executable and data-library files are assembled in one package and then distributed to many countries. More than 1,000 researchers apply the code to various research and development fields such as nuclear technology, accelerator design, medical physics, and cosmic-ray research. This presentation briefly summarizes the physics models implemented in PHITS, and introduces some important functions for specific applications, such as an event generator mode and a radiation damage calculation function.

Journal Articles

Improvement of photonuclear reaction model below 140 MeV in the PHITS code

Noda, Shusaku; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Fukahori, Tokio; Chiba, Satoshi*; Niita, Koji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(1), p.57 - 62, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:22.72(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The author improved the photonuclear reaction model in the PHITS code for incident photon energy below 140 MeV. There are three major improvements: (1) JENDL Photonuclear Data File (JENDL/PD-2004) is adopted to determine the total reaction cross section, (2) the evaporation model for the giant resonance of some light nuclei is modified considering the isospin selection rule, and (3) the quasideuteron disintegration process is implemented in the JAERI Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. The improved PHITS code can contribute to various practical applications such as neutron dose estimation in X-ray therapy.

Journal Articles

Covariance of neutron cross sections for $$^{16}$$O through R-matrix analysis

Kunieda, Satoshi; Kawano, Toshihiko*; Paris, M.*; Hale, G. M.*; Shibata, Keiichi; Fukahori, Tokio

Nuclear Data Sheets, 123, p.159 - 164, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:61.22(Physics, Nuclear)

The collision matrix in the R-matrix theory is unitary, hence theory brings strong constraints to behavior of the parameters. An unitarity-imposed R-matrix analysis is carried out for $$^{17}$$O system to evaluate $$^{16}$$O neutron cross-sections in the resolved resonance range. Covariance matrices are also estimated both for the cross-sections and angular distributions with a deterministic method. Present results mirror the nature in the theory as well as experimental information.

Journal Articles

Nuclear data library

Fukahori, Tokio

Genshiryoku, Ryoshi, Kakuyugo Jiten, 1, p.60 - 61, 2014/12

In the volume 1 of "Encycloprdia of Atomic Energy, Quantum and Nuclear Fusion for Beginners", the subsection 13 of "Nuclear Data Library" in the section 3, "Nuclear Reaction" of the chapter 1, "Nuclear Physics and Reaction" is reviewed.

Journal Articles

Estimation of neutron cross-sections for $$^{16}$$O up to 5.2 MeV through R-matrix analysis

Kunieda, Satoshi; Kawano, Toshihiko*; Paris, M.*; Hale, G. M.*; Shibata, Keiichi; Fukahori, Tokio

NEA/NSC/DOC(2014)13 (Internet), p.33 - 39, 2014/07

There still remain differences among measured data, which makes the evaluated cross-sections uncertain, and which consequently affects some integral calculation. $$^{16}$$O is one of the important nuclei in the nuclear application, but such kinds of issues appears in elastic-scattering and (n,$$alpha$$) reaction cross-sections. Purpose of this study is to solve those issues as they are common concerns in the world. We present estimated cross sections and their covariance data which are "physically" constrained by the R-matrix theory. The differences between the estimated and the measured cross-sections will be also discussed.

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron capture cross section for $$^{207,208}$$Pb

Segawa, Mariko; Toh, Yosuke; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Fukahori, Tokio; Oshima, Masumi*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1594, p.339 - 344, 2014/05

Journal Articles

R-matrix analysis for n + $$^{16}$$O cross-sections up to E$$_{rm n}$$ = 6.0 MeV with covariances

Kunieda, Satoshi; Kawano, Toshihiko*; Paris, M.*; Hale, G. M.*; Shibata, Keiichi; Fukahori, Tokio

Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.250 - 253, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:39.56(Physics, Nuclear)

Oxygen is one of the most important materials in nuclear applications. However, there are big discrepancies among experimental and evaluated data in $$^{16}$$O($$n,alpha$$) cross section. Also, there are increasing demands for giving uncertainties in evaluated cross section to estimate the margin of integral calculations. We analyzed experimental cross sections with R-matrix theory, and estimated cross sections with their uncertainties. In this analysis, not only the neutron but also an inverse reactions were included. The systematic uncertainties were also considered for each measurement. The resulting cross sections and uncertainties mirror both experimental and theoretical knowledges.

Journal Articles

The CIELO Collaboration; Neutron reactions on $$^1$$H, $$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U, and $$^{239}$$Pu

Chadwick, M. B.*; Dupont, E.*; Bauge, E.*; Blokhin, A.*; Bouland, O.*; Brown, D. A.*; Capote, R.*; Carlson, A. D.*; Danon, Y.*; De Saint Jean, C.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.1 - 25, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:75 Percentile:0.97(Physics, Nuclear)

CIELO (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organization) provides a new working paradigm to facilitate evaluated nuclear reaction data advances. It brings together experts from across the international nuclear reaction data community to identify and document discrepancies among existing evaluated data libraries, measured data, and model calculation interpretations, and aims to make progress in reconciling these discrepancies to create more accurate ENDF-formatted files. The focus will initially be on a small number of the highest-priority isotopes, namely $$^{1}$$H, $$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U, and $$^{239}$$Pu. This paper identifies discrepancies between various evaluations of the highest priority isotopes. The evaluated data for these materials in the existing nuclear data libraries are reviewed, and some integral properties are given. The paper summarizes a program of nuclear science and computational work needed to create the new CIELO nuclear data evaluations.

Journal Articles

Overview of the PHITS code and its application to medical physics

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Niita, Koji*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Noda, Shusaku; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Fukahori, Tokio; Chiba, Satoshi; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.879 - 882, 2014/04

PHITS is a general purpose 3-dimensional Monte-Carlo particle transport simulation code developed under collaboration of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Research Organization for Information Science and Technology (RIST), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) and a couple of other institutes in Japan and Sweden. General features of the PHITS code together with details of the established model will be presented at the meeting.

Journal Articles

Features of PHITS and its application to medical physics

Hashimoto, Shintaro; Niita, Koji*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Noda, Shusaku; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Fukahori, Tokio; et al.

Igaku Butsuri, 33(2), p.88 - 95, 2013/10

no abstracts in English

161 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)