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Journal Articles

Effects of low- and high-LET radiation on the salt chemotaxis learning in ${it Caenorhabditis elegans}$

Sakashita, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Michiyo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Shimozawa, Yoko; Fukamoto, Kana*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Sora, Sakura*; Kakizaki, Takehiko*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; et al.

Biological Sciences in Space, 26, p.21 - 25, 2012/10

High linear energy transfer (LET) radiation is important cosmic rays that has neurobiological effects: it is known to induce conditioned taste aversion, and suppress neurogenesis that may underlie cognitive impairment. However, the impact of high-LET radiation on other learning effects remains largely unknown. Here, we focus on kinetics of the radiation response for the salt chemotaxis learning (SCL) behavior in the nameatode, ${it Caenorhabditis elegans}$, because the SCL during the learning conditioning was modulated after low-LET $$gamma$$-irradiation. Firstly, the SCL ability was examined following high-LET irradiation ($$^{12}$$C, 18.3 MeV/u, LET = 113 keV/$$mu$$m), revealing its dose-dependent decrease after high- and low-LET exposure. Next, we demonstrate that the SCL at the early phase of the learning conditioning is greatly affected by high- and low-LET irradiation, and interestingly, the magnitude of these effects by high-LET radiation was smaller than that by low-LET one. Moreover, the analysis of ${it gpc-1}$ mutant showed that the G-protein $$gamma$$ subunit, GPC-1 is responsible for such early phase response. This study is the first to provide the evidence for the kinetics of changes in SCL after high-LET irradiation of C. ${it elegans}$.

Journal Articles

Behavioral resistance of ${it Caenorhabditis elegans}$ against high-LET radiation exposure

Sakashita, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Michiyo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Shimozawa, Yoko; Fukamoto, Kana*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Sora, Sakura*; Kakizaki, Takehiko*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; et al.

Biological Sciences in Space, 26, p.7 - 11, 2012/07

Here, we investigated the resistance to high-LET radiation exposure for two behaviors of the nematode, ${it Caenorhabditis elegans}$, which is known as a model organism for the nervous system. Tested behaviors were locomotion and chemotaxis to NaCl. In addition, egg hatchability was examined as an indicator of high-LET radiation sensitivity. Relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of high-LET radiation ($$^{12}$$C, 18.3 MeV/u, LET = 113 keV/$$mu$$m) relative to low-LET radiation for hatchability was 4.5, whereas RBEs for locomotion and chemotaxis were 1.4 and 1.1, respectively. This study shows that the behavioral system for locomotion and chemotaxis of ${it C. elegans}$ is highly resistant to high-LET radiation exposure.

Journal Articles

Heavy ion irradiation induces autophagy in irradiated C2C12 myoblasts and their bystander cells

Hino, Mizuki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Tajika, Yuki*; Funayama, Tomoo; Morimura, Yoshihiro*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Yokota, Yuichiro; Fukamoto, Kana*; Muto, Yasuko; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

Journal of Electron Microscopy, 59(6), p.495 - 501, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:61.02(Microscopy)

Journal Articles

Targeted heavy-ion microbeam irradiation of the embryo but not yolk in the diapause-terminated egg of the silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$, induces the somatic mutation

Furusawa, Toshiharu*; Fukamoto, Kana*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Eiko*; Kakizaki, Takehiko*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Funayama, Tomoo; Suzuki, Hiromi*; Ishioka, Noriaki*; Wada, Seiichi*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 50(4), p.371 - 375, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:32.37(Biology)

Using heavy-ion microbeam, we report target irradiation of selected compartments within the diapause-terminated egg and its mutational consequences in the silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$. On one hand, carbon-ion exposure of embryo to 0.5 - 6 Gy increased the somatic mutation frequency, suggesting targeted radiation effects. On the other, such increases were not observed when yolk was targeted, suggesting a lack of nontargeted bystander effect.

Journal Articles

Effects of ionizing radiation on locomotory behavior and mechanosensation in ${it Caenorhabditis elegans}$

Suzuki, Michiyo; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Yanase, Sumino*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Oba, Hirofumi; Higashitani, Atsushi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Funayama, Tomoo; Fukamoto, Kana; Tsuji, Toshio*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 50(2), p.119 - 125, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:22.92(Biology)

Journal Articles

Insufficient membrane fusion in dysferlin-deficient muscle fibers after heavy-ion irradiation

Hino, Mizuki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Tajika, Yuki*; Funayama, Tomoo; Morimura, Yoshihiro*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Yokota, Yuichiro; Fukamoto, Kana*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Yorifuji, Hiroshi*

Cell Structure and Function, 34(1), p.11 - 15, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:22.87(Cell Biology)

Journal Articles

Applications of heavy-ion microbeams in biological studies

Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Funayama, Tomoo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Yokota, Yuichiro; Fukamoto, Kana; Suzuki, Michiyo; Taguchi, Mitsumasa

Hoshasen Seibutsu Kenkyu, 43(2), p.150 - 169, 2008/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

In vivo cyst formation from the implanted larval integument in the sweet potato hornworm, ${it Agrus convilvuli}$, as a simple model for studing wound healing

Fukamoto, Kana

Sanshi, Konchu Biotekku, 77(1), p.17 - 18, 2008/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Food-NaCl associative learning in response of ${it C. elegans}$ to $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Sakashita, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Michiyo; Fukamoto, Kana; Funayama, Tomoo; Wada, Seiichi*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Horikawa, Daiki*; Bolige, A.*

JAEA-Review 2007-060, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2006, P. 110, 2008/03

We investigated the effects of $$gamma$$ rays on the salt chemotaxis learning in ${it C. elegans}$. We observed no decrease of performance of the salt chemotaxis learning following 500 Gy $$gamma$$ irradiation. Also, ${it C. elegans}$ showed the normal chemotaxis to benzaldehyde, whereas the salt chemotaxis learning were affected by irradiation during learning.

Journal Articles

Influence of local irradiation with heavy-ion microbeam on the incidence of somatic mutation arising on the larvae in embryo and yolk in the egg of the silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$

Furusawa, Toshiharu*; Suzuki, Eiko*; Nagaoka, Shunji*; Suzuki, Hiromi*; Ishioka, Noriaki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Wada, Seiichi*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Kakizaki, Takehiko*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2007-060, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2006, P. 115, 2008/03

Using heavy ion microbeam, we investigated the somatic mutation arising on the larvae in embyro and yolk in the egg of silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$. The incidence of the somatic mutation was 12%, and the same level of mutation following the microbeam irradiation at the center of the egg. However, the microbeam irradiation to the abdomen of the silkworm larvae induced the increase of somatic mutation, 63% (3 Gy) and 80% (6 Gy).

Journal Articles

Heavy-ion microbeam system at JAEA-Takasaki for microbeam biology

Funayama, Tomoo; Wada, Seiichi*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Fukamoto, Kana; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kakizaki, Takehiko*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Suzuki, Michiyo; Furusawa, Yoshiya*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 49(1), p.71 - 82, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:77.74(Biology)

Research concerning cellular responses to low dose irradiation, radiation-induced bystander effects, and the biological track structure of charged particles has recently received particular attention in the field of radiation biology. Target irradiation employing a microbeam represents a useful means of advancing this research by obviating some of the disadvantages associated with the conventional irradiation strategies. The heavy-ion microbeam system at JAEA-Takasaki can provide target irradiation of heavy charged particles to biological material at atmospheric pressure using a minimum beam size 5 $$mu$$m in diameter. The system can be applied to the investigation of mechanisms within biological organisms not only in the context of radiation biology, but also in the fields of general biology such as physiology, developmental biology and neurobiology, and should help to establish and contribute to the field of "microbeam biology".

Journal Articles

Development of the irradiation method for the first instar silkworm larvae using locally targeted heavy-ion microbeam

Fukamoto, Kana; Shirai, Koji*; Sakata, Toshiyuki*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Wada, Seiichi*; Kakizaki, Takehiko; Shimura, Sachiko*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 48(3), p.247 - 253, 2007/05

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:48.34(Biology)

To carry out the radio-microsurgery study using silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$, we have already developed the specific irradiation systems for eggs and third to fifth instar larvae. In this study, a modified application consisting of the first instar silkworm larvae was further developed using heavy-ion microbeams. This system includes aluminum plates with holes specially designed to fix the first instar silkworm larvae during irradiation, and Mylar films were used to adjust energy deposited for planning radiation doses at certain depth. Using this system, the suppression of abnormal proliferation of epidermal cells in the knob mutant was examined. Following target irradiation of the knob-forming region at the first instar stage with 180-mum-diameter microbeam of 220 MeV carbon ($$^{12}$$C) ions, larvae were reared to evaluate the effects of irradiation. The results indicated that the knob formation at the irradiated segment was specially suppressed in 5.9, 56.4, 66.7 and 73.6 % of larvae irradiated with 120, 250, 400 and 600 Gy, respectively, but the other knob formations at the non-irradiated segments were not suppressed in either irradiation. Although some larva did not survive undesired non-targeted exposure, our present results indicate that this method would be useful to investigate the irradiation effect on a long developmental period of time. Moreover, our system could also be applied to other species by targeting tissues, or organs during development and metamorphosis in insect and animals.

Journal Articles

Bystander effect studies using heavy-ion microbeam

Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Funayama, Tomoo; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Furusawa, Yoshiya*; Wada, Seiichi*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Kakizaki, Takehiko; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Hara, Takamitsu*; Fukamoto, Kana; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2007-002, p.28 - 35, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Regeneration mechanism of hemopoietic organs in the silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$, after heavy-ion irradiation; Analysis by transplantation of the irradiated organs using a transgenic silkworm strain

Kiguchi, Kenji*; Shirai, Koji*; Sakata, Toshiyuki*; Fukamoto, Kana; Kakizaki, Takehiko; Wada, Seiichi*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

JAEA-Review 2006-042, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2005, P. 117, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Process of ${it in vivo}$ cyst formation from the implanted larval integument in the sweet potato hornworm, ${it Agrius convolvuli}$; A Simple model for studying wound healing

Fukamoto, Kana; Shirai, Koji*; Sato, Shigeru*; Kanekatsu, Rensuke*; Kiguchi, Kenji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Journal of Insect Biotechnology and Sericology, 75(3), p.99 - 106, 2006/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effects of heavy-ion irradiation on the differentiation of epidermal cells in the silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$

Fukamoto, Kana; Shimura, Sachiko*; Shirai, Koji*; Kanekatsu, Rensuke*; Kiguchi, Kenji*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Journal of Insect Biotechnology and Sericology, 75(3), p.107 - 114, 2006/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Regeneration of hemopoietic organs in the silkworm, ${it bombyx mori}$, after locally targeted irradiation with heavy ion beams

Ling, E.*; Fukamoto, Kana*; Xu, S.*; Shirai, Koji*; Kanekatsu, Rensuke*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Tu, Z.; Funayama, Tomoo; Watanabe, Hiroshi; Kiguchi, Kenji*

Journal of Insect Biotechnology and Sericology, 72(2), p.95 - 100, 2003/09

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

LET dependence of radiation-induced delayed reproductive death in normal human diploid cells

Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Hara, Takamitsu*; Funayama, Tomoo; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Wada, Seiichi*; Kakizaki, Takehiko; Suzuki, Michiyo; Fukamoto, Kana; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Analysis of the regeneration mechanism of heavy-ion irradiated hematopoietic organs in the silkworm

Sakata, Toshiyuki*; Shirai, Koji*; Kiguchi, Kenji*; Fukamoto, Kana; Kakizaki, Takehiko; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Inhibition of abnormal proliferation of epidermal cells in the knobbed mutant silkworm larva by the heavy-ion microbeam irradiation

Fukamoto, Kana; Sakata, Toshiyuki*; Shirai, Koji*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Wada, Seiichi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Kakizaki, Takehiko; Hara, Takamitsu*; Suzuki, Michiyo*; et al.

no journal, , 

Silkworm is an experimental insect good to investigate developmental biology or cell differentiation. Knobbed mutant is a quite unique and important model of cell differentiation, in that cells in the knob region consist of abnormally proliferated and stratified cells. In this study, the new application of irradiation with heavy ion microbeam for the first instar silkworm larvae was developed to clarify that when and where the knob mutant would form abnormal proliferation of epidermal cells. The holed aluminum plates were designed to fix the first instar larvae of silkworm during irradiation. After carbon ions microbeam irradiation, larvae were reared to evaluate the accuracy of irradiation. The deletion of knob was observed in over 70% of the larvae at fifth instar. The epidermal cells stayed, as it was a monolayer at irradiated region. These results indicate that heavy ion beam irradiation can control the abnormal cell division of epidermis in the knob mutant.

66 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)