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Journal Articles

Promoting nuclear fuel cycle and ensuring nuclear non-proliferation/nuclear security

Tamai, Hiroshi; Mochiji, Toshiro; Senzaki, Masao*; Iwamoto, Tomonori*; Ishiguro, Yuzuru*; Kitade, Yuta; Sato, Heigo*; Suehiro, Rie*; Taniguchi, Tomihiro*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; et al.

Dai-41-Kai Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nenji Taikai Kaigi Rombunshu (Internet), 4 Pages, 2020/11

In light of recent delay of plutonium use in Japan and the increasing criticism of nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security in the nuclear fuel cycle, the validity of these criticisms will be examined for the sustainable development of the nuclear fuel cycle policy. Issues on the view point of nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security are examined.

Journal Articles

Flexible fuel cycle system for the effective management of plutonium

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Yamashita, Junichi*; Takano, Masahide

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(11), p.1215 - 1222, 2020/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The flexible fuel cycle initiative system (FFCI system) has been developed to reduce spent fuel (SF) amounts, to keep high availability factor for the reprocessing plant and to increase the proliferation resistance for the recovered Pu. The system separates most U from the SF at first, and the residual material called recycle material (RM) which contains Pu, minor actinides, fission products and remaining U will go to Pu(+U) recovery from the RM for Pu utilizing reactor in future. The Pu utilizing reactor is FBR or LWR with MOX fuel. The RM is the buffer material between SF reprocessing and Pu utilizing reactor with compact size and high proliferation resistance, which can suppress the amount of relatively pure Pu. The innovative technologies of FFCI are most U separation and temporary RM storage. They are investigated by the literature survey, fundamental experiments using simulated material and analyses using simulation code. This paper summarizes the feasibility confirmation results of FFCI.

Journal Articles

Nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security in Japan, 3; Challenges on technologies for nuclear non-proliferation/nuclear security and progressing credibility

Mochiji, Toshiro; Senzaki, Masao*; Tamai, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Tomonori*; Ishiguro, Yuzuru*; Kitade, Yuta; Sato, Heigo*; Suehiro, Rie*; Taniguchi, Tomihiro*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; et al.

Enerugi Rebyu, 40(8), p.56 - 57, 2020/07

Strict application of IAEA safeguards and nuclear security should be implemented for Japan's full-scale nuclear fuel cycle. Based on the knowledge and experience of research and development in the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear material management, the effective and efficient promotion of new technologies should be promoted with scientific and demonstrative measures to strengthen the world's nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security. Development or sophistication of new technologies, human resource development, and reinforcement of the international framework are future challenge in the international community.

Journal Articles

Nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security in Japan, 2; Significance of sustainable progress in plutonium-thermal policy and R&D of fast reactor

Mochiji, Toshiro; Senzaki, Masao*; Tamai, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Tomonori*; Ishiguro, Yuzuru*; Kitade, Yuta; Sato, Heigo*; Suehiro, Rie*; Taniguchi, Tomihiro*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; et al.

Enerugi Rebyu, 40(7), p.58 - 59, 2020/06

Japan have promoted the peaceful use of plutonium with the nuclear non-proliferation commitment based on IAEA safeguards agreement and Japan-US nuclear cooperation agreement, as well as ensuring transparency of the policy that Japan has no plutonium without purpose of use. In promoting the nuclear fuel cycle, adherence to those measures and maintaining plutonium utilization by means of plutonium-thermal, and a fast reactor cycle to achieve large-scale and long-term energy supply and environmental improvement, therefore, further research and development is essential.

Journal Articles

Nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security in Japan, 1; Peaceful nuclear use and nuclear non-proliferation

Mochiji, Toshiro; Senzaki, Masao*; Tamai, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Tomonori*; Ishiguro, Yuzuru*; Kitade, Yuta; Sato, Heigo*; Suehiro, Rie*; Taniguchi, Tomihiro*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; et al.

Enerugi Rebyu, 40(6), p.58 - 59, 2020/05

In order to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, it is important not only to ensure safety but also to ensure nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security. Japan has contributed to the international community through strengthening nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security capabilities with technical and human resource development. However, in the wake of the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011, Japan's nuclear power plants have not restarted or plutonium use has not progressed smoothly. Concerns have been shown. Towards appropriate steps of Japan's nuclear fuel cycle policy, such concerns are examined and future efforts are summarized.

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of cubic (U,Zr)O$$_{2}$$

Kitagaki, Toru; Hoshino, Takanori; Yano, Kimihiko; Okamura, Nobuo; Ohara, Hiroshi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Koizumi, Kenji

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 4(3), p.031011_1 - 031011_7, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of fuel debris for defueling toward decommissioning

Hoshino, Takanori; Kitagaki, Toru; Yano, Kimihiko; Okamura, Nobuo; Ohara, Hiroshi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Koizumi, Kenji

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

Journal Articles

Study on effectiveness assessment of proliferation resistance

Kuno, Yusuke; Oda, Takuji*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Tanabe, Tomoyuki*; Tamai, Hiroshi; Horio, Kenta*; Hamasaki, Manabu*; Shinohara, Nobuo*; Ikeda, Yuta*

Proceedings of INMM 52nd Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2011/07

The substance and implication of PR from the viewpoints of risk evaluation on nuclear proliferation was studied in this paper. As an example, ten next-generation reprocessing technology candidates were evaluated with GIF PR and PP methodology to find degree of relative difference in PR from the presently available technology - PUREX. PR effectiveness in proliferation risk was also assessed and it was found that the effectiveness of PR measures is subject to the status of each nation.

Journal Articles

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Yamashita, Junichi*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Minato, Kazuo; Sato, Seichi*

Proceedings of 16th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC-16) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/10

Transition period from light water reactors (LWR) to fast breeder reactors (FBR) is quite important to achieve the future FBR cycle system. The transition scenarios were carefully studied and the Flexible Fuel Cycle Initiative (FFCI) was proposed in this study. FFCI carries out about 90% uranium (U) removal from LWR spent fuels (SF) at first and then recovers plutonium/uranium (Pu/U) from the remaining SF named "recycle material"(RM) (about 40% U, 15% Pu and 45% other nuclides) for FBR fresh fuel fabrication according to the FBR deployment status. The FFCI has some merits compared with ordinary system that carries out full reprocessing of LWR SF, that is volume reduction of LWR SF by its conversion to RM (proliferation resistant material), and storage and supply of high Pu density RM according to FBR deployment rate changes.

Journal Articles

Uranium recovery in LWR reprocessing and plutonium/residual uranium conditioning in FBR reprocessing for the transition from LWR to FBR

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Yamashita, Junichi*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Minato, Kazuo; Sato, Seichi*

Proceedings of 3rd International ATALANTE Conference (ATALANTE 2008) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2008/05

In order to flexibly manage the transition period from LWR to FBR, the authors investigated the transition scenario and proposed the Flexible Fuel Cycle Initiative (FFCI). In FFCI, LWR spent fuel reprocessing only carries out the removal of about 90% uranium that will be purified and utilized in LWR after re-enrichment. The residual material (40% U, 15% Pu and 45% other nuclides) is transferred to temporary storage and/or FBR spent fuel reprocessing to recover Pu/U followed by FBR fresh fuel fabrication depending on the FBR introduction status. The FFCI has some merits compared with ordinary system that consists of full reprocessing facilities for both LWR and FBR spent fuels, that is smaller LWR reprocessing facility, spent LWR fuel reduction, storage and supply of high proliferation resistant and high Pu density material that can flexibly respond to FBR introduction rate changes. The Pu balance was calculated under several cases, which revealed that the FFCI could supply enough Pu to FBR in any cases.

Oral presentation

Development of flexible fuel cycle initiative, 1; General concept

Yamashita, Junichi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Kawamura, Fumio*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Sato, Seichi*; Minato, Kazuo

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of flexible fuel cycle initiative, 3; Uranium removal

Yamashita, Junichi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Kawamura, Fumio*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Minato, Kazuo; Akabori, Mitsuo; Arai, Yasuo

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle initiative

Yamashita, Junichi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Kawamura, Fumio*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Sasahira, Akira*; Sato, Seichi*; Minato, Kazuo

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment, 4; Fundamental preparation test of simulated recycle material

Shirasu, Yoshiro; Akabori, Mitsuo; Arai, Yasuo; Minato, Kazuo; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Sasahira, Akira*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment, 9; Property investigation for simulated recycle material

Shirasu, Yoshiro; Akabori, Mitsuo; Arai, Yasuo; Minato, Kazuo; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Sasahira, Akira*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment, 14; Property investigation of thermal conductivity etc.

Shirasu, Yoshiro; Akabori, Mitsuo; Arai, Yasuo; Minato, Kazuo; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Sasahira, Akira*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment, 19; Evaluation of uranium removal technology

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Hanawa, Takao*; Oikawa, Hideki*; Akabori, Mitsuo; Takano, Masahide; Sato, Seichi*; Shimazu, Yoichiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment, 20; Temporary storage of recycle material

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Oikawa, Hideki*; Arai, Yasuo; Takano, Masahide; Sato, Seichi*; Shimazu, Yoichiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment, 22; Preparation and thermal conductivity of simulated recycle material

Takano, Masahide; Arai, Yasuo; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Flexible fuel cycle R&D for the smooth FBR deployment, 21; Flexibility during LWR-to-FBR transition

Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Hoshino, Kuniyoshi*; Oikawa, Hideki*; Arai, Yasuo; Takano, Masahide; Sato, Seichi*; Shimazu, Yoichiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

25 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)