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論文

Experimental study on debris bed characteristics for the sedimentation behavior of solid particles used as simulant debris

Shamsuzzaman, M.*; 堀江 達郎*; 浮池 亮太*; 神山 基紀*; 森岡 徹*; 松元 達也*; 守田 幸路*; 田上 浩孝; 鈴木 徹*; 飛田 吉春

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 111, p.474 - 486, 2018/01

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:16.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Particle bed characteristics are experimentally investigated for the sedimentation and subsequent bed formation of solid particles, related to the coolability aspects in core-disruptive accidents. Presently a series of experiments with gravity driven discharge of solid particles into a quiescent water pool was performed to evaluate bed formation characteristic in the course of particle sedimentation. We evaluated the effects of the crucial factors: nozzle diameter, particle density, particle diameter and nozzle height on four key quantitative parameters of bed shape: mound dimple area, mound dimple volume, repose angle and mound height to illustrate the role of the crucial factors on forming the particle bed shape. The investigated crucial factors exhibit a significant role that diversifies the particle bed formation process. Based on the data obtained in the experimental observations, we developed an empirical correlation to compare the predicted results with the experimental bed heights. The proposed empirical correlation can reasonably demonstrate the general trend of the experimental bed height. This correlation could be useful to assess the particle bed elevation, and to identify the governing parameters.

論文

Experimental investigation of debris sedimentation behaviour on bed formation characteristics

Shamsuzzaman, M.*; 堀江 達郎*; 浮池 亮太*; 甲斐 貴之*; Zhang, B.*; 松元 達也*; 守田 幸路*; 田上 浩孝; 鈴木 徹; 飛田 吉春

Proceedings of 8th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-8) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2012/12

溶融炉心物質の微粒化したデブリの堆積挙動の研究は、ナトリウム冷却型高速炉における炉心損傷事故事象を評価するうえで重要である。本研究では、この挙動を解明するため、静止水プール中にノズルから固体デブリを重力によって放出する一連の実験を実施した。最大10Lの量の放出デブリは、容器底部の収集板上に最終的に堆積し、実験パラメータに依存してガウス型の凸状あるいはリング型の凹状の山を形成した。直径2, 4, 6mm、Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$, ZrO$$_{2}$$及びステンレス鋼の三種類の球形デブリを用い、デブリ径及びデブリ体積とともにノズル径及びデブリ堆積がデブリベッドの山の高さに与える影響を調べた。本デブリ堆積実験では、山の高さはノズル径が大きくなるにつれて低くなり、デブリ体積が増加するにつれて高くなった。一方、密度の増加に対して山の高さは低くなり、デブリ径に対してはそのような変化は観察されなかった。実験観察で得られたデータに基づき、堆積過程におけるデブリデッドの山の高さの変化を予測する経験モデルを次元解析を適用することで開発した。

論文

A Simple approach to the prediction of transient self-leveling behavior of debris bed

Cheng, S.*; 甲斐 貴之*; 権代 陽嗣*; 中村 裕也*; 浮池 亮太*; Zhang, B.*; 松元 達也*; 守田 幸路*; 山野 秀将; 田上 浩孝; et al.

Proceedings of 4th International Symposium on Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2012/01

There is a possibility of the formation of conically-shaped debris bed over the core-support structure and/or in the lower inlet plenum of the reactor vessel, postulates core disruptive accident (CDA) in a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). However, coolant boiling may lead ultimately to leveling of the debris bed. In this study, nitrogen gas was used to clarify this behavior percolating uniformly through particle beds. Wide ranges of experimental parameters were used. Based on the experimental data, a simple empirical approach was suggested to evaluate the transient variation in the bed inclination angle during the leveling. Validation of this approach was confirmed through analyses of the effects of experimental parameters, while its applicability to extended conditions (different initial inclination angles) was further validated by several typical experimental cases.

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