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Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:62.37(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

High oxide-ion conductivity in Si-deficient La$$_{9.565}$$(Si$$_{5.826}$$[]$$_{0.174}$$)O$$_{26}$$ apatite without interstitial oxygens due to the overbonded channel oxygens

Fujii, Kotaro*; Yashima, Masatomo*; Hibino, Keisuke*; Shiraiwa, Masahiro*; Fukuda, Koichiro*; Nakayama, Susumu*; Ishizawa, Nobuo*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Ohara, Takashi

Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 6(23), p.10835 - 10846, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:61.53(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Using LiF crystals for high-performance neutron imaging with micron-scale resolution

Faenov, A.*; Matsubayashi, Masahito; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Yasuda, Ryo; Iikura, Hiroshi; Nojima, Takehiro; Sakai, Takuro; Shiozawa, Masahiro*; et al.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 3, p.e27_1 - e27_9, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:53.58(Optics)

Journal Articles

Measurements of electron-induced neutrons as a tool for determination of electron temperature of fast electrons in the task of optimization laser-produced plasma ions acceleration

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Maeda, Shota; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Pikuz, T.; Faenov, A.*; Ogura, Koichi; Fukami, Tomoyo; Matsukawa, Kenya*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02A705_1 - 02A705_4, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.22(Instruments & Instrumentation)

High intensity laser-plasma interaction has attracted considerable interest for a number of years. The laser-plasma interaction is accompanied by generation of various charged particle beams. Results of simultaneous novel measurements of electron-induced photonuclear neutrons (photoneutron), which are a diagnostic of the laser-plasma interaction, are proposed to use for optimization of the laser-plasma ion generation. The proposed method is demonstrated by the laser irradiation with the intensity os 1$$times$$10$$^{21}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$ on the metal foil target. The photoneutrons are measured by using NE213 liquid scintillation detectors. Heavy-ion signal is registered with the CR39 track detector simultaneously. The measured signals of the electron-induced photoneutrons are well reproduced by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). The results obtained provide useful approach for analyzing the various laser based ion beams.

Journal Articles

Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering study of charge excitations in superconducting and nonsuperconducting PrFeAsO$$_{1-y}$$

Jarrige, I.*; Nomura, Takuji; Ishii, Kenji; Gretarsson, H.*; Kim, Y.-J.*; Kim, J.*; Upton, M.*; Casa, D.*; Gog, T.*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 86(11), p.115104_1 - 115104_4, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:38.69(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the first observation by momentum-resolved resonant inelastic X-ray scattering of charge excitations in an iron-based superconductor and its parent compound, PrFeAsO$$_{0.7}$$ and PrFeAsO respectively, with two main results. First, using calculations based on a 16 band $$dp$$ model, we show that the energy of the lowest-lying excitations, identified as $$dd$$ interband transitions of dominant $$xz$$, $$yz$$ orbital character, exhibits a dramatic dependence on electron correlation. This enables us to estimate the Coulomb repulsion $$U$$ and Hund's coupling $$J$$, and to highlight the role played by $$J$$ in these peculiar orbital-dependent electron correlation effects. Second, we show that short-range antiferromagnetic correlations, which are a prerequisite to the occurrence of these excitations at the $$Gamma$$ point, are still present in the superconducting state.

Journal Articles

Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering in single-crystal superconducting PrFeAsO$$_{0.7}$$

Jarrige, I.; Ishii, Kenji; Yoshida, Masahiro; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Hiraoka, Nozomu*; Tsuei, K.-D.*; Kito, Hijiri*; Iyo, Akira*; et al.

Physica C, 470(Suppl.1), p.S377 - S378, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:23.57(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Ion acceleration in the interaction of short pulse laser radiation with the cluster-gas target

Fukuda, Yuji; Faenov, A. Y.; Tampo, Motonobu; Pikuz, T. A.*; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Kando, Masaki; Hayashi, Yukio; Yogo, Akifumi; Sakaki, Hironao; Kameshima, Takashi; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1153, p.85 - 93, 2009/07

When the target consists of solid-density clusters embedded in the background gas, its irradiation by high intensity laser light renders ion acceleration a truly unique property. We present that the cluster-gas target, which consists of submicron-sized clusters and background gases, irradiated by a few TW laser pulse produces high energy ions upward of the order of 10-20 MeV/n in the forward direction.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the spin and magnetic moment of $$^{23}$$Al

Ozawa, Akira*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Yamada, Kazunari*; Yamaguchi, Takayuki*; Otsubo, Takashi*; Momota, Sadao*; Izumikawa, Takuji*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 74(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_4, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:40 Percentile:88.98(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Acceleration of high current fully stripped carbon ion beam by direct injection scheme

Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Fukuda, Mitsuhiro; Okamura, Masahiro*; Jameson, R. A.*; Hattori, Toshiyuki*; Hayashizaki, Noriyosu*; Sakakibara, Kazuhiko*; Takano, Jumpei*; Yamamoto, Kazuo*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(3), p.03B305_1 - 03B305_4, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:54.47(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Acceleration of a 17mA 100keV/u C$$^{6+}$$ ion beam has been successfully achieved with an RFQ linac by means of "Direct injection scheme". The Direct injection scheme is a new scheme for injecting an ion beam from a laser ion source to the RFQ linac without a low energy beam transport line to avoid a beam loss due to the space charge effect. The high current C$$^{6+}$$ beam is required for single turn injection to a synchrotron to reduce the size of synchrotron magnets. The high current C$$^{6+}$$ beam produced by an ion source with a Nd-YAG laser was injected to the RFQ linac by the Direct injection scheme. It has been proved experimentally that the fully-stripped carbon ion beam with a current more than 10mA can be accelerated by the RFQ linac.

Journal Articles

A Review of internal transport barrier physics for steady-state operation of tokamaks

Connor, J. W.*; Fukuda, Takeshi*; Garbet, X.*; Gormezano, C.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Wakatani, Masahiro*; ITB Database Group; ITPA Topical Group on Transport and Internal Barrier Physics*

Nuclear Fusion, 44(4), p.R1 - R49, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:259 Percentile:76.74(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper first reviews the present state of theoretical and experimental knowledge regarding the formation and characteristics of ITBs in tokamaks. Specifically, the current status of theoretical modeling of ITBs is presented; then, an international ITB database based on experimental information extracted from some nine tokamaks is described and used to draw some general conclusions concerning the necessary conditions for ITBs to appear, comparing these with the theoretical models. The experimental situation regarding the steady-state, or at least quasi-steady-state, operation of tokamaks is reviewed and finally the issues and prospects for achieving such operational modes in ITER are discussed.

Journal Articles

New applications of ion beams to material, space, and biological science and engineering

Fukuda, Mitsuhiro; Ito, Hisayoshi; Oshima, Takeshi; Saido, Masahiro; Tanaka, Atsushi

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter, p.813 - 859, 2003/11

An ion beam has been widely applied to a variety of research fields of materials, space, and bio-sciences. Notable results, which were hard to obtain in applications of a $$gamma$$ ray and an electron beam, have been produced by the ion beam application. Ion beams interacting with matter have such superior properties as highly localized ionization and excitation, production of secondary particles, implantation of different atoms, and nuclear transmutation of constituent atoms. Skillful utilization of the ion beam properties makes remarkable progress in creation of new materials and precise investigation of matters. The ion beam irradiation research facility, TIARA, was established in 1993 at JAERI for extensive applications of ion beams. An accelerator complex provides light to heavy ion beams with a broad energy range from keV to GeV. Various ion beam technologies pioneering the ion beam applications have been developed at TIARA. In this paper, new applications of accelerated ion beams to material, space, and biological science and engineering carried out mainly at TIARA are reviewed.

Journal Articles

Application of ITBL basic software for virtual organizations

Higuchi, Kenji; Otani, Takayuki; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Suzuki, Yoshio; Yamagishi, Nobuhiro*; Kimura, Kazuyuki*; Maesako, Hiroshi*; Fukuda, Masahiro; Yagawa, Genki

Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu, 8(2), p.797 - 800, 2003/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Grid computing supporting system on ITBL project

Higuchi, Kenji; Imamura, Toshiyuki*; Suzuki, Yoshio; Shimizu, Futoshi; Machida, Masahiko; Otani, Takayuki; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Yamagishi, Nobuhiro*; Kimura, Kazuyuki*; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; et al.

Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2858, p.245 - 257, 2003/00

Prototype of the middleware for Grid project promoted by national institutes in Japan has been developed. Key technologies that are indispensable for construction of virtual organization were already implemented onto the prototype of middleware and examined in practical computer/network system from a view point of availability. In addition several kinds of scientific applications are being executed on the prototype system. It seems that successful result in the implementation of those technologies such as security infrastructure, component programming and collaborative visualization in practical computer/network systems means significant progress in Science Grid in Japan.

Journal Articles

Development of a virtual research environment in ITBL project

Higuchi, Kenji; Otani, Takayuki; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Suzuki, Yoshio; Yamagishi, Nobuhiro*; Kimura, Kazuyuki*; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; Nakajima, Norihiro; Fukuda, Masahiro; Imamura, Toshiyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications (SNA 2003) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2003/00

An experimental application of Grid computing was executed in ITBL project promoted by six member institutes of MEXT. Key technologies that are indispensable for construction of virtual organization were implemented onto ITBL Middleware and examined in the experiment from a view point of availability. It seems that successful result in the implementation and examination of those technologies such as security infrastructure, component programming and collaborative visualization in practical computer/network systems means significant progress in Science Grid in Japan.

Journal Articles

Diagnostics system of JT-60U

Sugie, Tatsuo; Hatae, Takaki; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fujita, Takaaki; Kusama, Yoshinori; Nishitani, Takeo; Isayama, Akihiko; Sato, Masayasu; Shinohara, Koji; Asakura, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.482 - 511, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:3.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic system of JT-60U (JT-60upgrade) is composed of about 50 individual diagnostic devices. Recently, the detailed radial profile measurements of plasma parameters have been improved, so that the internal structure of plasmas has been explored. The understanding of plasma confinement has been enhanced by density and temperature fluctuation measurements using a mm-wave reflectometer and electron cyclotron emission measurements respectively. In addition, the real-time control experiments of electron density, neutron yield, radiated power and electron temperature gradient have been carried out successfully by corresponding diagnostic devices. These measurements and the real time control contribute to improving plasma performance. Diagnostic devices for next generation fusion devices such as a CO2 laser interferometer/polarimeter and a CO2 laser collective Thomson scattering system have been developed.

Journal Articles

Fusion plasma performance and confinement studies on JT-60 and JT-60U

Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ide, Shunsuke; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shirai, Hiroshi; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fukuda, Takeshi; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.185 - 254, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:48.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

With the main aim of providing physics basis for ITER and the steady-state tokamak reactors, JT-60/JT-60U has been developing and optimizing the operational concepts, and extending the discharge regimes toward sustainment of high integrated performance in the reactor relevant parameter regime. In addition to achievement of the equivalent break-even condition (QDTeq up to 1.25) and a high fusion triple product = 1.5E21 m-3skeV, JT-60U has demonstrated the integrated performance of high confinement, high beta-N, full non-inductive current drive with a large fraction of bootstrap current in the reversed magnetic shear and in the high-beta-p ELMy H mode plasmas characterized by both internal and edge transport barriers. The key factors in optimizing these plasmas are profile and shape controls. As represented by discovery of various Internal Transport Barriers, JT-60/JT-60U has been emphasizing freedom and restriction of profiles in various confinement modes. JT-60U has demonstrated applicability of these high confinement modes to ITER and also clarified remaining issues.

Journal Articles

Report of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) Meeting, 3

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Takamura, Shuichi*; Wakatani, Masahiro*; Fujita, Takaaki; Fukuda, Takeshi; Toi, Kazuo*; Ogawa, Yuichi*; Takizuka, Tomonori; Miura, Yukitoshi; Hatae, Takaki; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 78(7), p.692 - 694, 2002/07

The second ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meeting was held at General Atomics (San Diego) and Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (Princeton) in U.S.A. In the meeting, topical physics group meetings of "Coordinating Committee", "Transport and Internal Barrier Physics", "Confinement Database and Modeling", "Edge and Pedestal Physics", "Scrape-off-layer and Divertor Physics", and "Diagnostics" were carried out. In getting many participants from Japan, Europe, Russia, ITER international team and U.S.A., the active discussions were carried out. On the other hand, the topical group members concerned that the contribution from Japan will be decreased if the experimental period of JT-60U is reduced. Here, the outline of discussions in each topical group is reported.

Journal Articles

On the ITBL project

Fukuda, Masahiro

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Dai-15-Kai Keisan Rikigaku Koenkai Koen Rombunshu (02-02), p.687 - 688, 2002/00

no abstracts in English

62 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)