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Journal Articles

Soil microbial community responding to moderately elevated nitrogen deposition in a Japanese cool temperate forest surrounded by fertilized grasslands

Nagano, Hirohiko; Nakayama, Masataka*; Katata, Genki*; Fukushima, Keitaro*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Kondo, Toshiaki*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Kubota, Tomohiro*; Tateno, Ryunosuke*; et al.

Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 67(5), p.606 - 616, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Plant Sciences)

We analyzed the relationships between nitrogen deposition (deposition of nitrate and ammonium ions) and soil microbial properties in a cool temperate forest surrounded by normally fertilized pasture grasslands in northern Japan. The aim of the present study was to gain the primary information on soil microbial response to moderately elevated nitrogen deposition ($$<$$ 10 kg N ha$$^{-1}$$ y$$^{-1}$$). We established three experimental plots in the forest edge adjacent to grasslands and other three plots in the forest interior at least 700 m away from the grasslands. During May to November 2018, nitrogen deposition in each plot was measured. In August 2018, litter and soil (0-5 cm depth) samples were collected from all plots to measure net nitrogen mineralization and nitrification rates as indicators of microbial activity, and microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen and various gene abundances (i.e. bacterial 16S rRNA, fungal ITS, bacterial amoA, and archaeal amoA genes) as indicators of microbial abundance and structure. Nitrogen deposition in the forest edge was 1.4-fold greater than that in the forest interior, even while the maximum deposition was 3.7 kg N ha$$^{-1}$$. Nitrogen deposition was significantly correlated to the net nitrogen mineralization and nitrification rates and the 16S rRNA and bacterial amoA gene abundances. Microbial community structures were different between litter and soil samples but were similar between the forest edge and interior. Significant correlations of nitrogen deposition to the soil carbon to nitrogen ratio, and the nitrate and ammonium contents were also observed. Thus, our results show that moderately elevated nitrogen deposition in nitrogen-limited forest edges can stimulate microbial activities and abundances in soils.

Journal Articles

Role of advection in atmospheric ammonia; A Case study at a Japanese lake basin influenced by agricultural ammonia sources

Kubota, Tomohiro; Kuroda, Hisao*; Watanabe, Mirai*; Takahashi, Akiko*; Nakazato, Ryoji*; Tarui, Mika*; Matsumoto, Shunichi*; Nakagawa, Keita*; Numata, Yasuko*; Ouchi, Takao*; et al.

Atmospheric Environment, 243, p.117856_1 - 117856_9, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.66(Environmental Sciences)

The dry and wet depositions of atmospheric ammonia (NH$$_{3}$$) is one of the important pathways of nitrogen loads to aquatic ecosystems. Crop and livestock agriculture, one of the largest emitters of NH$$_{3}$$ in Asian countries, are known to cause high spatial and seasonal variation of NH$$_{3}$$ and influence the surrounding lake basin areas via its dry and wet deposition. However, the spatial characteristics of the NH$$_{3}$$ concentration in basin scale are not completely understood for regulation in NH$$_{3}$$ emission. Here we aim to clarify dominant factors of spatial and seasonal variations of the NH$$_{3}$$ concentration in a eutrophic lake basin surrounded by agricultural areas in Japan. Passive sampling over various land use categories in the basin was conducted at 36 sites in total from October 2018 to January 2020. Interestingly, the observed NH$$_{3}$$ concentration near the livestock houses were higher in winter than summer, which was inconsistent with knowledge of seasonal changes of current NH$$_{3}$$ emission inventory based on temperature-driven volatilization process. Comparing monthly NH$$_{3}$$ concentrations with various meteorological factors, we suggested the importance of seasonal advection of NH$$_{3}$$ from high emission sources to which has been rarely paid attention by the previous past studies. As for this, should be considered for lake ecosystem management since deposition of NH$$_{3}$$ is known to be closely related to the ecological processes such as phytoplankton blooming.

Oral presentation

Field observation for mechanisms of nitrogen saturation in forest watershed and its impact on carbon storage

Katata, Genki*; Fukushima, Keitaro*; Koarashi, Jun; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Tateno, Ryunosuke*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Relationship between nitrogen deposition and soil microbial property in a deciduous broad-leaved forest

Nagano, Hirohiko; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Fukushima, Keitaro*; Nakayama, Masataka*; Katata, Genki*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Kondo, Toshiaki*; Tateno, Ryunosuke*; Koarashi, Jun

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Does spatially heterogeneous nitrogen deposition affect nitrogen and carbon dynamics in a decidous broad-leaved forest?

Katata, Genki*; Fukushima, Keitaro*; Koarashi, Jun; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Nagano, Hirohiko; Nakayama, Masataka*; Tateno, Ryunosuke*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effects of difference in nitrogen deposition between forest edge and interior on forest productivity and photosynthetic nitrogen use traits

Watanabe, Makoto*; Norisada, Masanari*; Kinose, Yoshiyuki*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Nakayama, Masataka*; Fukushima, Keitaro*; Tateno, Ryunosuke*; Nagano, Hirohiko; Koarashi, Jun; Katata, Genki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Nitrate contamination via groundwater of the pasture and farmland beyond the watershed boundary in the forest streamwater

Fukushima, Keitaro*; Iwasaki, Kenta*; Oda, Yoshiya*; Sakai, Masaru*; Katata, Genki*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Nakayama, Masataka*; Kubota, Tomohiro*; Nagano, Hirohiko; Watanabe, Makoto*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Carbon and nitrogen cycling in forest; Is interdisciplinary collaboration needed?

Katata, Genki*; Fukushima, Keitaro*; Koarashi, Jun; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Nagano, Hirohiko; Nakayama, Masataka*; Tateno, Ryunosuke*; Kinose, Yoshiyuki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Nitrate contamination of mountainous headwater streams from adjacent agricultural and pasture lands beyond the watershed boundary in eastern Hokkaido, Japan

Fukushima, Keitaro*; Iwasaki, Kenta*; Oda, Yoshiya*; Sakai, Masaru*; Katata, Genki*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kubota, Tomohiro*; Nagano, Hirohiko; Watanabe, Makoto*; Koarashi, Jun

no journal, , 

Nitrogen retention in the forest ecosystem can be mainly evaluated as a balance between input of atmospheric reactive N and hydrological N loss at a watershed scale. As an assumption for the evaluation, it has been proposed that the watershed is completely "closed", namely, the source of water flowing out from the watershed is rainwater fell into the watershed. This means that exchange of N transported with water between the watershed and the adjacent watershed beyond the watershed boundary is ignored. However, is this assumption applicable for all forested watersheds? If not, nitrogen retention in the watershed may not be evaluated accurately. In our presentation, we aim to elucidate the source of streamwater nitrate-N in the forested watershed whose water balance are not possibly closed.

Oral presentation

Role of advection in atmospheric ammonia; A Case study at a Japanese lake basin influenced by agricultural ammonia sources

Katata, Genki*; Kubota, Tomohiro; Kuroda, Hisao*; Watanabe, Mirai*; Takahashi, Akiko*; Nakazato, Ryoji*; Tarui, Mika*; Matsumoto, Shunichi*; Nakagawa, Keita*; Numata, Yasuko*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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