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Journal Articles

Dose reduction measure in exchange work of valves used for agitation of highly active liquid waste in storage tank

Isozaki, Naohiko; Morimoto, Kenji; Furukawa, Ryuichi; Tsuboi, Masatoshi; Yada, Yuji; Miyoshi, Ryuta; Uchida, Toyomi; Ikezawa, Kazumi*; Kurosawa, Kenji*

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-16-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.225 - 228, 2019/07

Highly active liquid waste, which is generated by the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, is stored in storage tank of Tokai Reprocessing Plant until it is vitrified. The waste solution in the tank is periodically agitated to avoid the precipitation of insoluble residues during the storage. Three way valves and ball valves have been located at the tank for agitation. Radiation dose rate at the valve location is high and operator's radiation exposure become a problem. Therefore, measures to reduce radiation exposure are performed and reported in this presentation.

Journal Articles

Development of Terminal Joint and Lead Extension for JT-60SA Central Solenoid

Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Ichige, Toshikatsu; Furukawa, Masato; Natsume, Kyohei; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kamiya, Koji; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4201305_1 - 4201305_5, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:54.89(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

JT-60U magnet system will be upgraded to the superconducting coils in the JT-60SA programme of the Broader Approach activities. Terminal joint of Central Solenoid (CS) is wrap type Nb$$_{3}$$Sn-NbTi joint used for connecting CS (Nb$$_{3}$$Sn) and current feeder (NbTi). The terminal joints are placed at the top and the bottom of the CS systems. CS modules located at middle position of CS system need the lead extension from the modules to the terminal joint. The joint resistance measurement of terminal joint was performed in the test facility of National Institute for Fusion Science. The joint resistance was evaluated by the operating current and the voltage between both ends of the terminal joint part. Test results met the requirement of JT-60SA magnet system. The structural analysis of the lead extension and its support structure was conducted to confirm the support design. In this paper, the results of resistance test of joint and the structural analysis results of lead extension are reported.

Journal Articles

Electrically insulated MLI and thermal anchor

Kamiya, Koji; Furukawa, Masato; Hatakenaka, Ryuta*; Miyakita, Takeshi*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1573, p.455 - 462, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:10.59

The thermal shield of JT-60SA is kept at 80 K and will use the Multi Layered Insulator (MLI) to reduce radiation heat load to the superconducting coils at 4.4 K from the cryostat at 300 K. Due to plasma pulse operation, the MLI is affected by eddy current in toroidal direction. The MLI is designed to suppress the current by electrically insulating every 20 degree in the toroidal direction by covering the MLI with polyimide films. In this paper, two kinds of designs for insulated MLI are proposed focusing on a way to overlap MLI. A boil-off calorimeter method and temperature measurement has been performed to determine the thermal performance of MLI. The design of electrical insulated thermal anchor between the toroidal field (TF) coil and the thermal shield is also explained.

Journal Articles

Feeder components and instrumentation for the JT-60SA magnet system

Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kamiya, Koji; Honda, Atsushi; Onishi, Yoshihiro; Furukawa, Masato; Asakawa, Shuji; Kuramochi, Masaya; Kurihara, Kenichi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.1499 - 1504, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.96(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The modifying of the JT-60U magnet system to the superconducting coils (JT-60SA) is progressing as a satellite facility for ITER by both parties of Japanese government and European commission (EU) in the Broader Approach agreement. The magnet system for JT-60SA consists of 18 Toroidal Field (TF) coils, a Central Solenoid (CS) with 4 modules, and 6 Equilibrium Field (EF) coils. The manufacturing of the JT-60SA magnet system is in progress in EU and Japan. The JT-60SA superconducting magnet system generates an average heat load of 3.2 kW at 4 K to the cryoplant, from nuclear and thermal radiation, conduction and electromagnetic heating, and requires current supplies 20 kA for 4 CS modules and 6 EF coils, 25.7 kA to 18 TF coils. The helium flow to remove this heat, consisting of supercritical helium at pressures up to 0.5 MPa and temperature between 4.4-4.8 K, is distributed to the coils and structures through the valve box (VB) from the cryoline connecting to the auxiliary cold box located outside the torus hall. The feeders also contain the electrical supplies from the current lead transitions to room temperature to the coil. The feeder components consist of the in-cryostat feeders with flexible parts to allow coil operational displacements from the connection pipes out of the cryostat, including S-bend conductor to allow differential thermal contraction and the coil terminal boxes (CTBs) with HIS current leads. A measurement and control system is required to monitor and control these coils and feeders for safety and optimal operational availability. For each coil, both current and supercritical helium are supplied from external systems and are controlled from a central system as part of the regular operation with plasma pulses. Quench detection instruments for superconducting coils, feeders and HTS current leads are provided as a separate, stand alone system.

Journal Articles

Design of JT-60SA thermal shield and cryodistribution

Kamiya, Koji; Onishi, Yoshihiro; Ichige, Toshikatsu; Furukawa, Masato; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Mizumaki, Shoichi*

Proceedings of 24th International Cryogenic Engineering Conference (ICEC 24) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2012 (ICMC 2012) (CD-ROM), p.587 - 590, 2012/05

The JT-60 plans to be upgraded to a full-superconducting tokamak referred as the JT-60 Super Advance (JT-60SA) as one of the JA-EU broader approach projects. In the JT-60SA, the superconducting magnets are surrounded by thermal shield cooled at 80 K, which is categorized into 3 groups; the vacuum vessel thermal shield (VVTS), the port thermal shield (PTS) and the cryostat thermal shield (CTS). In this study, seismic analysis was conducted for the thermal shield to confirm the soundness of the latest design, taking the dynamical analysis into account. Trial manufacturing of a 10 degree outer VVTS was also conducted. The outer VVTS was subsequently assembled with already existing inner VVTS to measure the total tolerance (manufacturing plus assembly). It was found that the total tolerance was 5.2 mm which is less than the target tolerance of 10 mm. Finally, concept and the current status of the JT-60SA cryodistribution design are reported.

Journal Articles

Mechanisms of plasma rotation effects on the stability of type-I edge-localized mode in tokamaks

Aiba, Nobuyuki; Furukawa, Masaru*; Hirota, Makoto; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kojima, Atsushi; Tokuda, Shinji*; Yagi, Masatoshi

Nuclear Fusion, 51(7), p.073012_1 - 073012_9, 2011/07

We investigate numerically the destabilizing effect of a toroidal rotation on the edge localized MHD mode, which induces the large amplitude edge localized mode (ELM). As the results of this analysis, we reveal that the toroidal rotation with shear can destabilize this MHD mode, and the destabilization is caused by the difference between the plasma rotation frequency and the frequency of the unstable mode. Based on these results, we investigate numerically the stability of JT-60U type-I ELMy H-mode plasmas, and show that the toroidal rotation plays an important role for making the difference of ELM behavior observed in JT-60U plasmas with different plasma rotation profiles.

Journal Articles

Mechanisms of plasma rotation effects on the stability of type-I edge-localized mode in tokamaks

Aiba, Nobuyuki; Furukawa, Masaru*; Hirota, Makoto; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kojima, Atsushi; Tokuda, Shinji*; Yagi, Masatoshi

Nuclear Fusion, 51(7), p.073012_1 - 073012_9, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:35.15(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Mechanisms of plasma rotation on edge MHD stability is investigated numerically by introducing energies that are distinguished by physics. By comparing them, it is found that an edge localized MHD mode is destabilized by the difference between an eigenmode frequency and an equilibrium toroidal rotation frequency, which is induced by rotation shear. In addition, this destabilizing effect becomes effective in the shorter wavelength region. The effect of poloidal rotation on the edge MHD stability is also investigated. Under the assumption that the change of an equilibrium by poloidal rotation is negligible, it is identified numerically that poloidal rotation can have both the stabilizing effect and the destabilizing effect on the edge MHD stability, which depends on the direction of poloidal rotation. Numerical analysis demonstrates that these effects of plasma rotation in both toroidal and poloidal directions can play important roles on type-I ELM phenomena in JT-60U H-mode plasmas.

Journal Articles

29th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Isayama, Akihiko; Sakakibara, Satoru*; Furukawa, Masaru*; Matsunaga, Go; Yamazaki, Kozo*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; Tamura, Naoki*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(6), p.374 - 377, 2010/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

27th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Osakabe, Masaki*; Shinohara, Koji; Toi, Kazuo*; Todo, Yasushi*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 85(12), p.839 - 842, 2009/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Report on ITPA meetings, 24

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Yoshida, Maiko; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tamura, Naoki*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; Aiba, Nobuyuki; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(12), p.952 - 955, 2008/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Commercialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle Systems Interim Report of Phase II; Technical Study Report for Reactor Plant Systems

Konomura, Mamoru; Ogawa, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Murakami, Tsutomu; Takaki, Naoyuki; Nishiguchi, Youhei; Sugino, Kazuteru; Naganuma, Masayuki; Hishida, Masahiko; et al.

JNC-TN9400 2004-035, 2071 Pages, 2004/06

JNC-TN9400-2004-035.pdf:76.42MB

The attractive concepts for Sodium-, lead-bismuth-, helium- and water-cooled FBRs have been created through using typical plant features and employing advanced technologies. Efforts on evaluating technological prospects of feasibility have been paid for these concepts. Also, it was comfirmed if these concepts satisfy design requierments of capability and performance presumed in the feasibilty study on commertialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Systems. As results, it was concluded that the selection of sodium-cooled reactor was most rational for practical use of FBR technologies in 2015.

Journal Articles

Beamline for surface and interface structures at SPring-8

Sakata, Osami*; Furukawa, Yukito*; Goto, Shunji*; Mochizuki, Tetsuro*; Uruga, Tomoya*; Takeshita, Kunikazu*; Ohashi, Haruhiko*; Ohata, Toru*; Matsushita, Tomohiro*; Takahashi, Sunao*; et al.

Surface Review and Letters, 10(2&3), p.543 - 547, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:118 Percentile:3.93(Chemistry, Physical)

The main components of a new beamline for surface and interface crystal structure determination at SPring-8 are briefly described. Stages for the beamline monochromator are modified for making an incident X-ray intensity more stable for surface X-ray experiments. Absolute photon flux densities were measured with an incident photon energy. A new ultrahigh vacuum system is introduced with preliminary X-ray measurements from an ordered oxygen on Pt(111) surface.

Oral presentation

Design status of the current feeding system for superconducting coils of JT-60SA

Kizu, Kaname; Komeda, Masao*; Kuramochi, Masaya; Ichige, Toshikatsu; Furukawa, Masato; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

In JT-60SA, normal bus bar from power supply is connected to the current lead (CL) installed on the coil terminal box (CTB). CL and coil are connected by the current feeder of superconductor. High temperature superconductor (HTS) CL made in Germany was adopted to reduce the heat load of cryoplant. Because the CL for JT-60SA was designed based on that for W7-X, there are several limitations for the design of the current feeding system. The CTB consists of terminal box in which CLs are installed vertically and port of 7 m in length connecting between terminal box and cryostat. It was expected that large load is applied on the CL because of thermal contraction. In order to reduce the load, the feeder in CTB has 3 bending and is supported by fixing supports to prevent the displacement. The flexible supports using the suspended bolt were also designed. The load under this support design was evaluated. It was found that the horizontal and vertical load was smaller than the limitation.

Oral presentation

Design of the superconducting magnet feeders for the JT-60SA

Asakawa, Shuji; Kizu, Kaname; Furukawa, Masato; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Design of instrumentation system for JT-60SA superconducting magnets

Murakami, Haruyuki; Furukawa, Masato; Honda, Atsushi; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of JT-60SA thermal shield components

Kamiya, Koji; Onishi, Yoshihiro; Furukawa, Masato; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

JT-60SA thermal shields consists of 3 main components; vacum vessel thermal shield, port thermal shield, and cryostat thermal shield. Those components further consists of multiple panels with a gap of 60 mm, which are mutually connected by couplers. In order to shield the radiation from the cryostat and from the plasma vacuum vessel, JT-60SA plans to cover the 60 mm gaps with stainless steel film (radiation cover). In this study, mechanical test results of electrically insulated cover will be reported. In the JT-60SA, gravity supports of toroidal field coils (TFC) will have the thermal anchor at the middle of the support from CTS. Since TFC and TS needs to be electrically insulated, the thermal anchors are electrically insulated. In this study, heat transfer test of the thermal anchor will be reported.

Oral presentation

Manufacturing of the thermal shield for the JT-60SA

Kamiya, Koji; Furukawa, Masato; Onishi, Yoshihiro; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

Upgrading JT-60 Tokamak to Superconducting Tokamak has been in progress as the Satellite Tokamak device (JT-60SA) in a collaborative project between EU and Japan. The JT-60SA will have the thermal shield at 80 K to reduce the heat load to the superconducting coils. The thermal shield consists of the vacuum vessel thermal shield (VVTS), the port thermal shield(PTS), and the cryostat thermal shield (CTS). A part of the VVTS and the PTS have already started manufacturing. The thermal shield is adjacent to the toroidal field coil, the design of the thermal shield shall take assembly process into account. In this report, design of the thermal shield, and current status of connecting couplers are reported.

Oral presentation

Development of the JT-60SA thermal shield

Onishi, Yoshihiro; Furukawa, Masato; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kizu, Kaname; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Koide, Yoshihiko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Committee on dose assessments of Japanese population

Takahashi, Fumiaki; Ishimori, Yuu; Inagaki, Masayo*; Omori, Yasutaka*; Sanada, Tetsuya*; Sugino, Masato*; Furukawa, Masahide*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Manabe, Kentaro; Yajima, Kazuaki*; et al.

no journal, , 

The Japan Health Physics Society (JHPS) established a committee on dose assessments of Japanese population in August, 2015. The committee consists of 12 members (researchers and technicians) who are engaged in natural radiation measurements, radiation monitoring, radiation dose assessment and so on. Discussion have been made on dose assessments for daily life exposure in Japan. At the first meeting, stragedy of the committee was discussed and terrestrial radiation, cosmic radiation. Radon and radioactivity in food were defined as the radiological source to be investigated. It was also decided that the committee also would investigate influential factors (e.g., dose assessment model, daily life pattern) on radiation dose assessments. In addition, the committee has a plan to make discussions how JHPS should undertake this issue in future. At the 49th Annual meeting of JHPS, the committee members report their activities and make discussions on radiation dose assessment of Japanese population with the participants to the meeting.

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