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Journal Articles

Development of ODS tempered martensitic steel for high burn up fuel cladding tube of SFR

Otsuka, Satoshi; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Tachi, Yoshiaki; Kaito, Takeji; Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Ito, Chikara; et al.

2018 GIF Symposium Proceedings (Internet), p.305 - 314, 2020/05

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) steel has been developed worldwide as a high-strength and radiation-tolerant steel used for advanced nuclear system. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing ODS steel as the primary candidate material of Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) high burn-up fuel cladding tube. Application of high burn-up fuel to SFR core can contribute to improvement of economical performance of SFR in conjunction with volume and hazardousness reduction of radioactive waste. This paper described the current status and future prospects of ODS tempered martensitic steel development in JAEA for SFR fuel application.

Journal Articles

Dose reduction measure in exchange work of valves used for agitation of highly active liquid waste in storage tank

Isozaki, Naohiko; Morimoto, Kenji; Furukawa, Ryuichi; Tsuboi, Masatoshi; Yada, Yuji; Miyoshi, Ryuta; Uchida, Toyomi; Ikezawa, Kazumi*; Kurosawa, Kenji*

Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-16-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.225 - 228, 2019/07

Highly active liquid waste, which is generated by the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, is stored in storage tank of Tokai Reprocessing Plant until it is vitrified. The waste solution in the tank is periodically agitated to avoid the precipitation of insoluble residues during the storage. Three way valves and ball valves have been located at the tank for agitation. Radiation dose rate at the valve location is high and operator's radiation exposure become a problem. Therefore, measures to reduce radiation exposure are performed and reported in this presentation.

Journal Articles

Development of risk assessment methodology against natural external hazards for sodium-cooled fast reactors; Project overview and margin assessment methodology against volcanic eruption

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-11) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2016/10

This paper describes mainly volcanic margin assessment methodology development in addition to the project overview. The volcanic tephra could potentially clog filters of air-intakes that need the decay heat removal. The filter clogging can be calculated by atmospheric concentration and fallout duration of the volcanic tephra and also suction flow rate of each component. In this paper, the margin was defined as a grace period to a filter failure limit. Consideration is needed only when the grace period is shorter than the fallout duration. The margin by component was calculated using the filter failure limit and the suction flow rate of each component. The margin by sequence was evaluated based on an event tree and the margin by component. An accident management strategy was also suggested to extend the margin; for instance, manual trip of the forced circulation operation, sequential operation of three air coolers, and covering with pre-filter.

Journal Articles

Development of risk assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against natural external hazards for sodium-cooled fast reactors; Project overview and volcanic PRA methodology

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2016/06

This paper describes mainly volcanic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology development for sodium-cooled fast reactors in addition to the project overview. The volcanic ash could potentially clog air filters of air-intakes that are essential for the decay heat removal. The degree of filter clogging can be calculated by atmospheric concentration of ash and tephra fallout duration and also suction flow rate of each component. The atmospheric concentration can be calculated by deposited tephra layer thickness, tephra fallout duration and fallout speed. This study evaluated a volcanic hazard using a combination of tephra fragment size, layer thickness and duration. In this paper, each component functional failure probability was defined as a failure probability of filter replacement obtained by using a grace period to a filter failure limit. Finally, based on an event tree, a core damage frequency was estimated about 3$$times$$10$$^{-6}$$/year in total by multiplying discrete hazard probabilities by conditional decay heat removal failure probabilities. A dominant sequence was led by the loss of decay heat removal system due to the filter clogging after the loss of emergency power supply. A dominant volcanic hazard was 10$$^{-2}$$ kg/m$$^{3}$$ of atmospheric concentration, 0.1 mm of tephra diameter, 50-75 cm of deposited tephra layer thickness, and 1-10 hr of tephra fallout duration.

Journal Articles

Development of risk assessment methodology against natural external hazards for sodium-cooled fast reactors; Project overview and strong wind PRA methodology

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 2015 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2015) (CD-ROM), p.454 - 465, 2015/05

This paper describes mainly strong wind PRA methodology development in addition to the project overview. In developing the strong wind PRA methodology, hazard curves were estimated by using Weibull and Gumbel distributions based on weather data recorded in Japan. The obtained hazard curves were divided into five discrete categories for event tree quantification. Next, failure probabilities for decay heat removal related components were calculated as a product of two probabilities: i.e., a probability for the missiles to enter the intake or outtake in the decay heat removal system, and fragility caused by the missile impacts. Finally, based on the event tree, the core damage frequency was estimated about 6$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$/year by multiplying the discrete hazard probabilities in the Gumbel distribution by the conditional decay heat removal failure probabilities. A dominant sequence was led by the assumption that the operators could not extinguish fuel tank fire caused by the missile impacts and the fire induced loss of the decay heat removal system.

Journal Articles

Development of risk assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards for sodium-cooled fast reactors, 1; Project overview and margin assessment methodology against snow

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2015/05

This paper describes mainly snow margin assessment methodology development in addition to the project overview. For the snow margin assessment, the index is a combination of a snowfall rate and duration. Since snow removal can be expected during the snowfall, the developed snow margin assessment methodology is such that the margin was regarded as the snowfall duration up to the decay heat removal failure which was defined as when the snow removal rate was smaller than the snowfall rate.

Journal Articles

Development of margin assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards, 1; Project overview and snow PRA methodology

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2014/12

This paper describes mainly snow probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology development in addition to the project overview. In snow hazard category, the accident sequence was evaluated by producing event trees which consist of several headings representing the loss of decay heat removal. Snow removal action and manual operation of the air cooler dampers were introduced into the event tree as accident managements. The snow PRA showed less than 10$$^{-6}$$/reactor-year of core damage frequency.

Journal Articles

Development of margin assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards; Project overview and preliminary risk assessment against snow

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; Takata, Takashi*

Proceedings of 12th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM-12) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2014/06

This paper describes mainly preliminary risk assessment against snow in addition to the project overview. The snow hazard indexes are the annual maximum snow depth and the annual maximum daily snowfall depth. Snow hazard curves for the two indexes were developed using 50 year weather data at the typical sodium-cooled fast reactor site in Japan. In this paper, the snow risk assessment showed less than 10$$^{-6}$$/reactor-year of core damage frequency. The dominant snow hazard category was the combination of 1-2m/day of snowfall velocity and 0.75-1.0 day of snowfall duration. Sensitivity analyses indicated important human actions, which were the improvement of snow removal velocity and the awareness of snow removal necessity.

Journal Articles

Electrically insulated MLI and thermal anchor

Kamiya, Koji; Furukawa, Masato; Hatakenaka, Ryuta*; Miyakita, Takeshi*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1573, p.455 - 462, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:93.36

The thermal shield of JT-60SA is kept at 80 K and will use the Multi Layered Insulator (MLI) to reduce radiation heat load to the superconducting coils at 4.4 K from the cryostat at 300 K. Due to plasma pulse operation, the MLI is affected by eddy current in toroidal direction. The MLI is designed to suppress the current by electrically insulating every 20 degree in the toroidal direction by covering the MLI with polyimide films. In this paper, two kinds of designs for insulated MLI are proposed focusing on a way to overlap MLI. A boil-off calorimeter method and temperature measurement has been performed to determine the thermal performance of MLI. The design of electrical insulated thermal anchor between the toroidal field (TF) coil and the thermal shield is also explained.

Oral presentation

Research and development of margin assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards, 1; Development of margin assessment methodology concept

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; Takata, Takashi*

no journal, , 

This study aims to develop margin evaluation methodology for decay heat removal function in sodium cooled fast reactors against representative external hazards such as external weather (Snow pack, strong wind, tornado and rainfall), volcanic eruption, and forest fire. This report describes four-year project overview and establishing concept for margin evaluation methodology as part of the first year result.

Oral presentation

Research and development of margin assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards, 5; Progress in JFY2013 and margin assessment methodology against snow and tornado hazards

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

PRA and margin assessment methodologies are being developed for sodium-cooled fast reactors against representative external hazards. This report describes the overview of second-year (JPY2015) outcomes and the development of the margin assessment methodology against snow and tornado.

Oral presentation

Development of PRA and margin assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

This paper describes mainly snow margin assessment methodology development in addition to the project overview. For the snow margin assessment, the index is the combination of a snowfall rate and duration. Since snow removal can be expected for the snowfall, this study developed the snow margin assessment methodology that the margin was regarded as the snowfall duration to the decay heat removal failure which was defined as when the snow removal rate was smaller than the snowfall rate.

Oral presentation

Research and development of margin assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards, 10; Progress in JFY2014 and event sequence assessment methodology against volcanic eruption hazards

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

PRA and margin assessment methodologies are being developed for sodium-cooled fast reactors against representative external hazards. This report describes the overview of Third-year (JPY2014) updates and the development of the sequence assessment methodology against volcanic eruption hazard.

Oral presentation

Research and development on risk assessment methodology for sodium-cooled fast reactor against external hazards

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Okano, Yasushi; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Nanayama, Futoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

A four-year research project since 2012 is being performed to develop risk assessment methodologies that include probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and margin assessment methodologies against external hazards mainly for a sodium-cooled fast reactor. The present paper describes briefly the project overview and then mainly the development of PRA and margin assessment methodologies against strong wind. In this project, by 2014, PRA methodologies against snow, tornado, rain and strong wind were developed as well as their hazard evaluation methodologies. For a volcanic eruption hazard, tephra fallout simulations were carried out to contribute to the hazard evaluation methodology development. In developing the strong wind PRA methodology, hazard curves were estimated using the Gumbel distributions based on weather data recorded in Japan. Next, failure probabilities for components related to the decay heat removal function were calculated as a product of two probabilities: a probability for the missiles to enter the intake/outtake in the decay heat removal system, and fragility caused by the missile impacts. After developing event trees, a core damage frequency was estimated about 6$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$/year by multiplying discrete hazard frequencies and conditional decay heat removal failure probabilities. The present study also developed the wind margin assessment methodology that the margin was regarded as wind speed leading to the decay heat removal failure.

Oral presentation

R&D of lithium target and test facilities for the fusion neutron source

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Ito, Yuzuru*; Hoashi, Eiji*; Yoshihashi, Sachiko*; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Research and development of margin assessment methodology of decay heat removal function against external hazards, 15; Progress in JFY2015 and event sequence assessment methodology against a combination hazard of strong wind and rainfall

Yamano, Hidemasa; Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Okano, Yasushi; Takata, Takashi; Sakai, Takaaki; Yamamoto, Takahiro*; Ishizuka, Yoshihiro*; Furukawa, Ryuta*; Geshi, Nobuo*; et al.

no journal, , 

PRA and margin assessment methodologies have been developed for sodium-cooled fast reactors against representative external hazards. This report describes the overview of last year (JPY2015) updates and the development of the sequence assessment methodology against a combination hazard of strong wind and rainfall.

Oral presentation

Model calculation of Cr dissolution from steel surface exposed to high-temperature flowing sodium

Otsuka, Satoshi; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Kaito, Takeji; Ito, Chikara

no journal, , 

JAEA has been developing ODS steels for the high burnup fuel cladding tubes of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFR). Evaluation of sodium environmental effects is important since the outer surface of SFR fuel cladding tubes are exposed to high temperature flowing sodium and the tube wall is very thin. In this study, the numerical calculations were conducted based on thermodynamics and rate theory for understanding and predicting Cr dissolution behaviors of Fe-Cr steel in flowing sodium. The calculation results indicated that Cr concentration of steel surface gradually deceased with time, and approached to a unique value no matter what Cr concentration the steel contains in initial stage. Increasing flow velocity shortened the time for surface Cr concentration approaching the converged value. In the presentation, the calculated results will be compared to experimentally measured data, and discussions will be conducted to improve the Cr dissolution model constructed in this study.

17 (Records 1-17 displayed on this page)
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