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Journal Articles

Recoil-$$alpha$$-fission and recoil-$$alpha$$-$$alpha$$-fission events observed in the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{243}$$Am

Forsberg, U.*; Rudolph, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Fahlander, C.*; Gates, J. M.*; Golubev, P.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; Gross, C. J.*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 953, p.117 - 138, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:4.76(Physics, Nuclear)

Alpha-decay chains observed in the element-115 production reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{243}$$Am were investigated using a new data set consisting of our recently reported data obtained at GSI and previously reported ones at Dubna and LBNL. Short decay chains of recoil-$$alpha$$-($$alpha$$)-fission type, fourteen of which were observed, and some of which were interpreted as the 2-neutron evaporation products $$^{289}$$Mc, have been reassigned. It is plausible that most of them were assigned to the 3-neutron evaporation products $$^{288}$$Mc whose decay chain would on the way have branches of EC decays followed by fission.

Journal Articles

Selected spectroscopic results on element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1185 - 1190, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:28.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

Thirty correlated $$alpha$$-decay chains of element 115 were observed, which were consistent with previous observations interpreted as the decay chain of $$^{288}$$115. GEANT4 Monte-Carlo simulations were performed to reproduce high-resolution $$alpha$$-photon coincidence results, which allows one to propose Q$$_{alpha}$$ values and excitation schemes of the superheavy nuclei with unprecedented precision.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic tools applied to element Z = 115 decay chains

Forsberg, U.*; Rudolph, D.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 66, p.02036_1 - 02036_4, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:9.47

A focal-plane Si detector setup applied to the spectroscopy of the element 115 $$alpha$$-decay chains was reported. Results of the digital signal analysis for preamplifier signals and of the event-by-event $$alpha$$-energy loss correction analysis were presented. The detectors consist of five double-sided Si strip detectors (DSSSD) arranged as a box, and signals from one side of the detector at the bottom of the box were digitally processed. Energy losses of $$alpha$$ particles detected by two Si detectors at the bottom and a side differs event-by-event, because each $$alpha$$ particle passed through two dead layers with a certain tilted angle. By correcting for the energy loss of each $$alpha$$ event using the angle of the $$alpha$$-particle emission extracted from the detected positions, we succeeded in improving the $$alpha$$ energy resolution significantly.

Journal Articles

Alpha-photon coincidence spectroscopy along element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Acta Physica Polonica B, 45(2), p.263 - 272, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:21.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Produced in the reaction of $$^{48}$$Ca beam with an $$^{243}$$Am target, thirty correlated $$alpha$$-decay chains were observed. Observed decay chains are consistent with a previously reported decay chain, which confirms the identification of the element 115. In addition, an $$alpha$$-photon coincidence measurement was performed, and $$gamma$$ rays as well as X-ray candidates were observed in this decay chain. The $$gamma$$-ray observation in the heaviest region of superheavy nuclei brings a big progress in the superheavy nuclear structure studies.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 111(11), p.112502_1 - 112502_5, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:88 Percentile:2.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

$$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{186,188}$$Bi isotopes

Lane, J. F. W.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Gerl, J.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kettunen, H.*; Kleinb$"o$hl, A.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014318_1 - 014318_7, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:27.16(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Isomeric states observed in heavy neutron-rich nuclei populated in the fragmentation of a $$^{208}$$Pb beam

Steer, S. J.*; Podoly$'a$k, Z.*; Pietri, S.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Grawe, H.*; Maier, K.*; Regan, P. H.*; Rudolph, D.*; Garnsworthy, A. B.*; Hoischen, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 84(4), p.044313_1 - 044313_22, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:6.82(Physics, Nuclear)

Heavy neutron-rich nuclei were populated via the fragmentation of a E/A=1 GeV $$_{82}^{208}$$Pb beam. Secondary fragments were separated and identified and subsequently implanted in a passive stopper. By the detection of delayed $$gamma$$ rays, isomeric decays associated with these nuclei have been identified. A total of 49 isomers were detected, with the majority of them observed for the first time. Possible level schemes are constructed and the structure of the nuclei discussed. To aid the interpretation, shell-model as well as BCS calculations were performed.

Journal Articles

Structure of $$^{33}$$Mg sheds new light on the $$N$$=20 island of inversion

Kanungo, R.*; Nociforo, C.*; Prochazka, A.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aumann, T.*; Boutin, D.*; Cortina-Gil, D.*; Davids, B.*; Diakaki, M.*; Farinon, F.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 685(4-5), p.253 - 257, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:11.81(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

One-neutron removal measurement reveals $$^{24}$$O as a new doubly magic nucleus

Kanungo, R.*; Nociforo, C.*; Prochazka, A.*; Aumann, T.*; Boutin, D.*; Cortina-Gil, D.*; Davids, B.*; Diakaki, M.*; Farinon, F.*; Geissel, H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 102(15), p.152501_1 - 152501_4, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:119 Percentile:3.16(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Weakly deformed oblate structures in $$^{198}_{76}$$Os$$_{122}$$

Podoly$'a$k, Zs.*; Steer, S. J.*; Pietri, S.*; Xu, F. R.*; Liu, H. J.*; Regan, P. H.*; Rudolph, D.*; Garnsworthy, A. B.*; Hoischen, R.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 79(3), p.031305_1 - 031305_4, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:15.29(Physics, Nuclear)

$$gamma$$ rays de-exciting isomeric states in the neutron-rich nucleus $$_{76}^{198}$$Os$$_{122}$$ have been observed following relativistic projectile fragmentation of a 1 GeV per nucleon $$^{208}$$Pb beam. The ground-state band has properties compatible with oblate deformation. The evolution of the structure of Os isotopes characterized by sudden prolate-oblate shape change is discussed and contrasted with the smooth change known in the Pt chain.

Journal Articles

Neutron-proton pairing competition in $$N=Z$$ nuclei; Metastable state decays in the proton dripline nuclei $$^{82}_{41}$$Nb and $$^{86}_{43}$$Tc

Garnsworthy, A. B.*; Regan, P. H.*; C$'a$ceres, L.*; Pietri, S.*; Sun, Y.*; Rudolph, D.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Podoly$'a$k, Z.*; Steer, S. J.*; Hoischen, R.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 660(4), p.326 - 330, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:19.12(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The low-lying structures of the self-conjugate ($$N=Z$$) nuclei $$^{82}_{41}$$Nb and $$^{86}_{43}$$Tc have been investigated using isomeric-decay spectroscopy following the projectile fragmentation of a $$^{107}$$Ag beam. These represent the heaviest odd-odd $$N=Z$$ nuclei in which internal decays have been identified to date. The resulting level schemes shed light on the shape evolution along the $$N=Z$$ line between the doubly-magic systems $$^{56}_{28}$$Ni and $$^{100}_{50}$$Sn and support a preference for $$T=1$$ states in $$T_z=0$$ odd-odd nuclei at low excitation energies associated with a $$T=1$$ neutron-proton pairing gap. Comparison with Projected Shell Model calculations suggests that the decay in $$^{82}$$Nb may be interpreted as an isospin-changing $$K$$ isomer.

Journal Articles

Recent results in fragmentation isomer spectroscopy with rising

Pietri, S.*; Regan, P. H.*; Podoly$'a$k, Zs.*; Rudolph, D.*; Steer, S. J.*; Garnsworthy, A. B.*; Werner-Malento, E.*; Hoischen, R.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Gerl, J.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 261(1-2), p.1079 - 1083, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:83 Percentile:1.01(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The first results from the stopped beam RISING experimental campaign performed at the GSI laboratory in Darmstadt, Germany, are presented. RISING constitutes a major new experimental program in European nuclear structure physics research aimed at using relativistic energy (typically around 1 GeV per nucleon) projectile fragmentation reactions to populate nuclei with highly exotic proton-to-neutron ratios compared to the line of beta stability. In its high-efficiency stopped beam configuration, the RISING $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer consists of 105 individual germanium crystals which view a focal plane in which the exotic nuclei are brought to rest. Here, decays from metastable states with half-lives in the nano to milliseconds range can be observed. Results of initial commissioning experiments are also shown and details of the planned future experimental program are given.

Journal Articles

The $$T=2$$ mirrors $$^{36}$$Ca and $$^{36}$$S; A Test for isospin symmetry of shell gaps at the driplines

Doornenbal, P.*; Reiter, P.*; Grawe, H.*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Al-Khatib, A.*; Banu, A.*; Beck, T.*; Becker, F.*; Bednarczyk, P.*; Benzoni, G.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 647(4), p.237 - 242, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:13.9(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The first excited state of $$^{36}$$Ca was measured at GSI for the first time. The measured $$2^+_1$$ energy is found to be 3015(16) keV, which is lower than its mirror nucleus $$^{36}$$S by as large as 276 keV. The structure of those nuclei is studied by the shell model. It is found that those nuclei can be well described by the $$sd$$ valence space. The large energy shift between them is caused by the Thomas-Ehrman effect. We presented that the energy shift in the $$sd$$ shell region can be explained by the shell model with a phenomenological treatment of the Thomas-Ehrman effect.

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