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Journal Articles

Coordination number regulation of molybdenum single-atom nanozyme peroxidase-like specificity

Wang, Y.*; Jia, G.*; Cui, X.*; Zhao, X.*; Zhang, Q.*; Gu, L.*; Zheng, L.*; Li, L. H.*; Wu, Q.*; Singh, D. J.*; et al.

Chem, 7(2), p.436 - 449, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:99.48(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Fast magnetic-field annihilation in the relativistic collisionless regime driven by two ultrashort high-intensity laser pulses

Gu, Y. J.*; Klimo, O.*; Kumar, D.*; Liu, Y.*; Singh, S. K.*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Bulanov, S. V.; Weber, S.*; Korn, G.*

Physical Review E, 93(1), p.013203_1 - 013203_6, 2016/01

AA2015-0783.pdf:3.92MB

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:90.51(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Evolution of laser induced electromagnetic postsolitons in multi-species plasma

Liu, Y.*; Klimo, O.*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Bulanov, S. V.; Gu, Y.*; Weber, S.*; Korn, G.*

Physics of Plasmas, 22(11), p.112302_1 - 112302_8, 2015/11

AA2015-0755.pdf:5.0MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.81(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Fast magnetic field annihilation driven by two laser pulses in underdense plasma

Gu, Y. J.*; Klimo, O.*; Kumar, D.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Weber, S.*; Korn, G.*

Physics of Plasmas, 22(10), p.103113_1 - 103113_9, 2015/10

AA2015-0547.pdf:4.08MB

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:35.74(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Li(Zn,Mn)As as a new generation ferromagnet based on a I-II-V semiconductor

Deng, Z.*; Jin, C. Q.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Wang, X. C.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Feng, S. M.*; Chen, L. C.*; Yu, R. C.*; Arguello, C.*; Goko, Tatsuo*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 2, p.1425_1 - 1425_5, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:137 Percentile:93.89(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

In a prototypical ferromagnet (Ga,Mn)As based on a III-V semiconductor, substitution of divalent Mn atoms into trivalent Ga sites leads to severely limited chemical solubility and metastable specimens available only as thin films. The doping of hole carriers via (Ga,Mn) substitution also prohibits electron doping. To overcome these difficulties, Masek et al. theoretically proposed systems based on a I-II-V semiconductor LiZnAs, where isovalent (Zn,Mn) substitution is decoupled from carrier doping with excess/deficient Li concentrations. Here we show successful synthesis of Li$$_{1+y}$$(Zn$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_x$$)As in bulk materials. We reported that ferromagnetism with a critical temperature of up to 50 K is observed in nominally Li-excess compounds, which have p-type carriers.

Journal Articles

Giant spin Hall effect of Au films with Pt impurities; Surface-assisted skew scattering

Gu, B.; Ziman, T.*; Guo, G.-Y.*; Nagaosa, Naoto; Maekawa, Sadamichi

Journal of Applied Physics, 109(7), p.070502_1 - 070502_3, 2011/03

We show theoretically a novel route to obtain giant room temperature spin Hall effect (SHE) using surface-assisted skew scattering. By a combined approach of density functional theory and the quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) method, we have studied the SHE due to a Pt impurity in different Au hosts. We show that the spin Hall angle (SHA) could become larger than 0.1 on the Au (111) surface, and decreases by about a half on the Au (001) surface, while it is small in bulk Au. The QMC results show that the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) of the Pt impurity on the Au (001) and Au (111) surfaces is enhanced, because the Pt 5$$d$$ levels are lifted to the Fermi level due to the valence fluctuations. In addition, there are two SOI channels on the Au (111) surface, while only one for Pt either on the Au (001) surface or in bulk Au.

Journal Articles

Surface-assisted spin Hall effect in Au films with Pt impurities

Gu, B.; Sugai, Isamu*; Ziman, T.*; Guo, G. Y.*; Nagaosa, Naoto; Seki, Takeshi*; Takanashi, Koki; Maekawa, Sadamichi

Physical Review Letters, 105(21), p.216401_1 - 216401_4, 2010/11

 Times Cited Count:63 Percentile:90.42(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Quantum renormalization of the spin hall effect

Gu, B.; Gan, J.-Y.*; Bulut, N.*; Ziman, T.*; Guo, G.-Y.*; Nagaosa, Naoto*; Maekawa, Sadamichi

Physical Review Letters, 105(8), p.086401_1 - 086401_4, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:80.42(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

By quantum Monte Carlo simulation of a realistic multi-orbital Anderson impurity model, we have studied the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) of an Fe impurity in Au host metal. We have shown, for the first time, that the SOI is strongly renormalized by the quantum spin fluctuation. Based on this mechanism, we could explain why the gigantic spin hall effect in Au with Fe impurities was observed in recent experiment, while it is not visible in the anomalous hall effect. In addition, we have shown that the SOI is strongly renormalized by the coulomb correlation $$U$$. Based on this picture, we could explain past discrepancies in the calculated orbital angular momenta for an Fe impurity in Au host.

Journal Articles

Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma

Chen, L.-M.; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Nakajima, Kazuhisa*; Koga, J. K.; Bulanov, S. V.; Tajima, Toshiki; Gu, Y. Q.*; Peng, H. S.*; Wang, X. X.*; Wen, T. S.*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 14(4), p.040703_1 - 040703_4, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:78.52(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

An experiment for the laser self-guiding studies has been carried out with 100 TW laser pulse interaction with the long underdense plasma. Formation of extremely long plasma channel with its length, about 10 mm, 20 times above the Rayleigh length is observed. The self-focusing channel features such as the laser pulse significant bending and the electron cavity formation are demonstrated experimentally for the first time.

Journal Articles

Incommensurate lattice distortion in the high temperature tetragonal phase of La$$_{2-x}$$(Sr,Ba)$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$

Wakimoto, Shuichi; Kimura, Hiroyuki*; Fujita, Masaki*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Noda, Yukio*; Shirane, Gen*; Gu, G.*; Kim, H.*; Birgeneau, R. J.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 75(7), p.074714_1 - 074714_6, 2006/07

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:70.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report incommensurate diffuse (ICD) scattering appearing in the high-temperature-tetragonal (HTT) phase of La$$_{2-x}$$(Sr,Ba)$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$ with $$0.07leq xleq 0.20$$ observed by the neutron diffraction technique. For all compositions, a sharp superlattice peak of the low-temperature-orthorhombic (LTO) structure is replaced by a pair of ICD peaks with the modulation vector parallel to the CuO$$_6$$ octahedral tilting direction, that is, the diagonal Cu-Cu direction of the CuO$$_2$$ plane, above the LTO-HTT transition temperature $$T_s$$. The temperature dependences of the incommensurability $$delta$$ for all samples scale approximately as $$T/T_s$$, while those of the integrated intensity of the ICD peaks scale as $$(T-T_s)^{-1}$$. These observations together with absence of ICD peaks in the non-superconducting $$x=0.05$$ sample evince a universal incommensurate lattice instability of hole-doped 214 cuprates in the superconducting regime.

Oral presentation

Incommensurate lattice distortion in the high temperature tetragonal phase of La$$_{2-x}$$(Sr,Ba)$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$

Wakimoto, Shuichi; Kimura, Hiroyuki*; Fujita, Masaki*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Noda, Yukio*; Shirane, Gen*; Gu, G.*; Kim, H.*; Birgeneau, R. J.*

no journal, , 

We report incommensurate diffuse (ICD) scattering appearing in the high-temperature-tetragonal (HTT) phase of La$$_{2-x}$$(Sr,Ba)$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$ with 0.07 $$leq$$ $$times$$ $$leq$$ 0.20 observed by the neutron diffraction technique. For all compositions, a sharp superlattice peak of the low-temperature-orthorhombic (LTO) structure is replaced by a pair of ICD peaks with a modulation vector parallel to the CuO$$_6$$ octahedral tilting direction, that is, the diagonal Cu-Cu direction of the CuO$$_2$$ plane, above the LTO-HTT transition temperature $$T_s$$. The temperature dependences of incommensurability $$delta$$ for all samples scale approximately to $$T/T_s$$, while those of integrated intensity of the ICD peaks scale to $$T-T_s$$. Those observations together with absence of ICD peaks in the non-superconducting $$x=0.05$$ sample evince a universal incommensurate lattice instability of hole-doped 214 cuprates in the superconducting regime.

Oral presentation

Polarized neutron scattering study of spin dynamics in La$$_{2-x}$$(Sr,Ba)$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$

Wakimoto, Shuichi; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Matsuda, Masaaki; Takeda, Masayasu; Fujita, Masaki*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Gu, G.*; Tranquada, J. M.*; Birgeneau, R. J.*; Zhang, H.*

no journal, , 

Polarized neutron scattering exaperiments have been performed on La$$_{1.875}$$Ba$$_{0.125}$$CuO$$_{4}$$ and La$$_{1.92}$$Sr$$_{0.08}$$CuO$$_{4}$$ with intent to elucidate a possible effects of stripe structure to the spin dynamics. Low energy ($$omega = 4$$ meV) data demonstratre that in the former sample, which has a well-ordered stripe state with Cu spins lying in the CuO$$_2$$ plane at 10 K, spins fluctuate only in the plane. On the other hand, the latter sample, which has very weak stripe order, shows isotropic spin fluctuation. This implies that low energy magnetic excitations are stringly affected by the stripe order.

Oral presentation

Spin fluctuation and its anisotropy in La$$_{2-x}$$(Sr,Ba)$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$

Wakimoto, Shuichi; Fujita, Masaki*; Gu, G.*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Matsuda, Masaaki; Takeda, Masayasu; Tranquada, J. M.*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Birgeneau, R. J.*; Frost, C. D.*

no journal, , 

To study effects of the stripe structure to the magnetic excitations in the high-$$T_c$$ cuprates, we have performed polarized neutron scattering study on La$$_{1.875}$$Ba$$_{0.125}$$CuO$$_{4}$$ and La$$_{1.92}$$Sr$$_{0.08}$$CuO$$_{4}$$. The former shows robust stripe order whereas the latter has only weak order of stripes. The former shows spin fluctuations which are confined in the CuO$$_2$$ plane, correspondingly to the confinement of the ordered spins in the plane. The latter shows nearly isotropic spin fluctuations. These observations imply that the low-energy spin excitations are strongly affected by the stripe order, which is important to understand the origin of the universal magnetic dispersion in the high-$$T_c$$ cuprates.

Oral presentation

Giant spin Hall effect of Au films with Pt impurities; Surface-assisted skew scattering

Gu, B.; Ziman, T.*; Guo, G.-Y.*; Nagaosa, Naoto*; Maekawa, Sadamichi

no journal, , 

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