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Journal Articles

Electrochemical reaction mechanisms under various charge-discharge operating conditions for Li$$_{1.2}$$Ni$$_{0.13}$$Mn$$_{0.54}$$Co$$_{0.13}$$O$$_{2}$$ in a lithium-ion battery

Konishi, Hiroaki*; Hirano, Tatsumi*; Takamatsu, Daiko*; Gunji, Akira*; Feng, X.*; Furutsuki, Sho*; Okumura, Takafumi*; Terada, Shohei*; Tamura, Kazuhisa

Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 262, p.294 - 300, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:51.04(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

The potential in each state of charge (SOC) during charging of Li$$_{1.2}$$Ni$$_{0.13}$$Mn$$_{0.54}$$Co$$_{0.13}$$O$$_{2}$$ is higher than that during discharging. To clarify the effect of chargedischarge operating conditions on the electrochemical reaction, Li$$_{1.2}$$Ni$$_{0.13}$$Mn$$_{0.54}$$Co$$_{0.13}$$O$$_{2}$$ was charged and discharged under various charge-discharge operating ranges, and OCP, crystal structure, and oxidation states of the ransition metals were evaluated by electrochemical measurement, XRD, and XAFS. These results indicate that OCP, lattice parameters, and oxidation states of the transition metals of Li$$_{1.2}$$Ni$$_{0.13}$$Mn$$_{0.54}$$Co$$_{0.13}$$O$$_{2}$$ in each SOC are not constant. The XRD results indicate that two phases, namely, LiNi$$_{0.33}$$Mn$$_{0.33}$$Co$$_{0.33}$$O$$_{2}$$-like and Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$-like, exist in Li$$_{1.2}$$Ni$$_{0.13}$$Mn$$_{0.54}$$Co$$_{0.13}$$O$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Mechanisms responsible for two possible electrochemical reactions in Li$$_{1.2}$$Ni$$_{0.13}$$Mn$$_{0.54}$$Co$$_{0.13}$$O$$_{2}$$ used for lithium ion batteries

Konishi, Hiroaki*; Hirano, Tatsumi*; Takamatsu, Daiko*; Gunji, Akira*; Feng, X.*; Furutsuki, Sho*; Okumura, Takafumi*; Terada, Shohei*; Tamura, Kazuhisa

Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 258, p.225 - 231, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:57.15(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Li$$_{1.2}$$Ni$$_{0.13}$$Mn$$_{0.54}$$Co$$_{0.13}$$O$$_{2}$$ is known as one of the cathode electrode material for Li ion batteries and its structure during charge and discharge process was investigated using electrochemical method and X-ray diffraction. It was found that in the charge process the structure changes in the order of Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$, LiNi$$_{0.33}$$Mn$$_{0.33}$$Co$$_{0.33}$$O$$_{2}$$, and Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$. On the other hand, in the discharge process, the structure changes in the order of Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ and LiNi$$_{0.33}$$Mn$$_{0.33}$$Co$$_{0.33}$$O$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Current status and newly introduced analytical techniques for safeguards environmental samples at JAERI

Magara, Masaaki; Usuda, Shigekazu; Sakurai, Satoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Hirayama, Fumio; Lee, C. G.; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Kono, Nobuaki; Inagawa, Jun; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 46th Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2005/00

JAERI has been developing analytical techniques for ultra-trace amounts of nuclear materials in the environmental samples in order to contribute to the strengthened safeguards system. Development of essential techniques for bulk and particle analysis of the environmental swipe sample has been established as an ultra-trace analytical method of uranium and plutonium. In January 2003, JAERI was qualified as a member of the IAEA network analytical laboratories for environmental samples. Since then, JAERI has conducted the analysis of domestic and the IAEA samples. From Japanese fiscal year 2003, the second phase of the project was started for the development of advanced techniques, such as analyzing minor actinides and fission products as well as uranium and plutonium, particle analysis using fission-track technique, more efficient particle analysis using ICP-TOFMS and screening by X-ray fluorescent analysis. This paper deals with the progress in the development of the new techniques, applications and future perspective.

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