Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Kokubu, Yoko; Shimada, Koji; Shimada, Akiomi; Niwa, Masakazu; Watanabe, Takahiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Fujita, Natsuko; Ogita, Yasuhiro; et al.
JAEA-Review 2021-012, 48 Pages, 2021/08
This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), in fiscal year 2021. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2021 are described in detail based on the JAEA 3rd Medium- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2015-2021). In addition, the background of this research is described from the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress. The plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.
Sasao, Eiji; Danhara, Toru*; Yamashita, Toru*; Hayashi, Joji*
Mizunamishi Kaseki Hakubutsukan Kenkyu Hokoku, (48), p.9 - 19, 2021/05
Petrographic description of tuffs in the Miocene Mizunami Group has been made to offer basic data. This report includes the descriptions of 14 and 4 tuff beds in the Mizunami and Iwamura Groups, respectively. Followings are presented in this report; mineral and heavy mineral composition, shape of volcanic glass, and refractive indices of volcanic glass and plagioclase.
Fukasawa, Takuro*; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Sumida, Kazuki; Hashizume, Mizuki*; Ichinokura, Satoru*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Ideta, Shinichiro*; Tanaka, Kiyohisa*; Shimizu, Ryota*; Hitosugi, Taro*; et al.
Physical Review B, 103(20), p.205405_1 - 205405_6, 2021/05
Yonomoto, Taisuke; Nakashima, Hiroshi*; Sono, Hiroki; Kishimoto, Katsumi; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Kinase, Masami; Osa, Akihiko; Ogawa, Kazuhiko; Horiguchi, Hironori; Inoi, Hiroyuki; et al.
JAEA-Review 2020-056, 51 Pages, 2021/03
A group named as "The group for investigation of reasonable safety assurance based on graded approach", which consists of about 10 staffs from Sector of Nuclear Science Research, Safety and Nuclear Security Administration Department, departments for management of nuclear facility, Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness, aims to realize effective graded approach (GA) about management of facilities and regulatory compliance of JAEA. The group started its activities in September, 2019 and has had discussions through 10 meetings and email communications. In the meetings, basic ideas of GA, status of compliance with new regulatory standards at each facility, new inspection system, etc were discussed, while individual investigation at each facility were shared among the members. This report is compiled with expectation that it will help promote rational and effective safety management based on GA by sharing contents of the activity widely inside and outside JAEA.
Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Aihara, Jun; Aoki, Takeshi; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ho, H. Q.; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Imai, Yoshiyuki; et al.
High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02
As a general overview of the research and development of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in JAEA, this book describes the achievements by the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) on the designs, key component technologies such as fuel, reactor internals, high temperature components, etc., and operational experience such as rise-to-power tests, high temperature operation at 950C, safety demonstration tests, etc. In addition, based on the knowledge of the HTTR, the development of designs and component technologies such as high performance fuel, helium gas turbine and hydrogen production by IS process for commercial HTGRs are described. These results are very useful for the future development of HTGRs. This book is published as one of a series of technical books on fossil fuel and nuclear energy systems by the Power Energy Systems Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Sueoka, Shigeru; Shimada, Koji; Terusawa, Shuji*; Iwano, Hideki*; Danhara, Toru*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Hirata, Takafumi*
Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 127(1), p.25 - 39, 2021/01
no abstracts in English
Mishima, Seiki*; Ogata, Sho*; Inui, Toru*; Yasuhara, Hideaki*; Kishida, Kiyoshi*; Aoyagi, Kazuhei
Dai-15-Kai Iwa No Rikigaku Kokunai Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), p.215 - 220, 2021/01
When the durability of the geological repository of high-level radioactive waste is evaluated, understanding the cracking behavior within the crystalline/sedimentary rocks during excavation of waste disposal cavities is important. In this study, we performed a numerical analysis that expressed the tunnel excavation carried out 350 m underground at the Horonobe Underground Research Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Simulated results are agreement with actual trends of fracture propagation, and the measured horizontal convergence of the tunnel was reproduced by the numerical analysis relatively well.
Takahashi, Yutaka*; Mikoshiba, Masumi*; Shimura, Toshiaki*; Nagata, Mitsuhiro; Iwano, Hideki*; Danhara, Toru*; Hirata, Takafumi*
Island Arc, 30(1), p.e12393_1 - e12393_15, 2021/01
The Hidaka metamorphic belt is an excellent example of island-arc-type crust, and in this belt the metamorphic grade increases westwards from unmetamorphosed sediment up to the granulite facies. The metamorphic age of the belt had previously been considered to be ca. 55 Ma. However, zircons from the granulites in the lower sequence have given U-Pb ages of ca. 21-19 Ma and a preliminary report on zircons from pelitic gneiss in the upper sequence gave a U-Pb age of ca. 40 Ma. In this paper we provide new U-Pb ages for zircons from the pelitic gneisses in the upper sequence in order to assess the metamorphic age and also the maximum depositional age of the sedimentary protolith. The weighted mean Pb/U ages and 2 sigma errors for zircons from biotite gneiss in the central area of the belt are 39.6 0.9 Ma for metamorphic overgrowth rims and 53.1 0.9 Ma for the youngest inherited detrital cores. The ages of zircons from cordierite-biotite gneiss in the southern area are 35.9 0.7 Ma for overgrowth rims and 46.5 2.8 Ma for the youngest detrital cores. These results indicate that the metamorphism of the upper sequence took place at ca. 40-36 Ma, and that the sedimentary protolith was deposited after ca. 53-47 Ma. These metamorphic ages are consistent with the reported ages of ca. 37-36 Ma plutonic rocks in the upper sequence, but contrast with the ca. 21-19 Ma ages of metamorphic and plutonic rocks in the lower sequence. Therefore, we conclude, that the upper and lower metamorphic sequences developed independently but became coupled before ca. 19 Ma as a result of dextral reverse tectonic movements, as indicated by the intrusion of ca. 19-18 Ma magmas, possibly generated in the lower sequence, into the upper sequence.
Yonomoto, Taisuke; Mineo, Hideaki; Murayama, Yoji; Hohara, Shinya*; Nakajima, Ken*; Nakatsuka, Toru; Uesaka, Mitsuru*
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO, 63(1), p.73 - 77, 2021/01
no abstracts in English
Hirahara, Toru*; Otrokov, M. M.*; Sasaki, Taisuke*; Sumida, Kazuki*; Tomohiro, Yuta*; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Okuyama, Yuma*; Ichinokura, Satoru*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.4821_1 - 4821_8, 2020/09
Abe, Toru*; Hirano, Fumio; Mihara, Morihiro; Honda, Akira
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 27(1), p.3 - 11, 2020/06
Degradation of TRU waste in a geological disposal facility may cause the formation of a nitrate plume. A Nitrate Evolution model due to mineral reactions, microbial activity, and metal corrosiON (NEON) has therefore been developed to evaluate the safety case for geological disposal of TRU waste. Small scale laboratory experiments can be reproduced satisfactorily, however, it is necessary to demonstrate the applicability of the NEON model on scales relevant to the geological disposal of TRU waste. In the current study, an industrial analogue of a nitrate plume from the pollution of groundwater from nitrate fertilizers used on Ikuchi Island, Japan was selected to test the applicability of the NEON model. Concentration profiles of nitrate ions in the groundwater were successfully reproduced over the hundreds of meters scale demonstrating the applicability of the NEON model in evaluating the chemical behavior of a nitrate plume derived from the geological disposal of TRU waste.
Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Osaka, Ken*; et al.
Radiation Measurements, 134, p.106315_1 - 106315_4, 2020/06
The relationship between the CO radical intensity and the absorbed dose (dose response curve) of tooth enamel of Japanese macaque was observed by electron spin resonance and the detection limit of our system was estimated to be 33.5 mGy, which is comparable to the detection limit for human molar teeth. Using the dose response curve, external exposure dose for seven wild Japanese macaques captured in Fukushima prefecture were examined. The results suggest that the external exposure dose for the wild Japanese macaques were ranged between 45 mGy to 300 mGy.
Niwa, Masakazu; Amamiya, Hiroki*; Yonaga, Yusuke; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Yasue, Kenichi*; Iwano, Hideki*; Danhara, Toru*; Hirata, Takafumi*
Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 126(5), p.267 - 283, 2020/05
U-Pb and fission-track (FT) ages from single zircon grain were measured for three tephra samples (TKB3, TKB6, and TKB7) intercalated in Neogene to Quaternary in Horonobe area, Hokkaido, to understand their depositional ages. In TKB3 and TKB6, weighed average U-Pb and FT ages for zircon grains within the youngest age range are coincident within a range of error 2 each other, which suggest that their ages correspond to the eruption ages. In TKB7, FT ages for most zircons are reset to their U-Pb ages or younger. The weighed average FT age for all analyzed zircons and weighed average U-Pb age for zircon grains within the youngest age range are coincident within a range of error 2 each other. Thus, their ages could also show the eruption age.
Komabuchi, Mai*; Urushihara, Daisuke*; Asaka, Toru*; Fukuda, Koichiro*; Ohara, Takashi; Munakata, Koji*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034601_1 - 034601_5, 2020/03
Urakawa, Satoru*; Inoue, Toru*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Kohara, Shinji*; Wakabayashi, Daisuke*; Sato, Tomoko*; Funamori, Nobumasa*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*
Minerals (Internet), 10(1), p.84_1 - 84_13, 2020/01
The structure of hydrous amorphous SiO is fundamental to investigate the effects of water on the physicochemical properties of oxide glasses and magma. The hydrous SiO glass with 13 wt.% DO was synthesized under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions and its structure was investigated by small angle X-ray scattering, X-ray diffraction, and neutron diffraction experiments at pressures of up to 10 GPa and room temperature. This hydrous glass is separated into a SiO rich major phase and a DO rich minor phase. Medium-range order of the hydrous glass shrinks compared to the anhydrous SiO glass due to disruption of SiO linkage by formation of Si-OD deuterioxyl, while the pressure response is similar. Most of DO molecules are in the small domains and hardly penetrate into SiO major phase.
Kunieda, Satoshi; Furutachi, Naoya; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Ebata, Shuichiro*; Yoshida, Toru*; Nishihara, Kenji; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(12), p.1073 - 1091, 2019/12
A new nuclear data library, JENDL/ImPACT-2018, is developed for an innovative study on the transmutation of long-lived fission products. Nuclear reaction cross- sections are newly evaluated for incident neutrons and protons up to 200 MeV for 163 nuclides including long-lived nuclei such as Se, Zr, Pd and Cs. Our challenge is an evaluation of cross-sections for a number of unstable nuclei over a wide energy range where the experimental data are very scarce. We estimated cross- sections based on a nuclear model code CCONE that incorporates an advanced knowledge on the nuclear structure theory and a model-parameterization based on a new experimental cross-sections measured by the inverse kinematics. Through comparisons with available experimental data on the stable isotopes, it is found that the present data give predictions of cross-sections better than those in the existing libraries.
Ueki, Tadamasa; Niwa, Masakazu; Iwano, Hideki*; Danhara, Toru*; Hirata, Takafumi*
Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 125(3), p.227 - 236, 2019/03
no abstracts in English
Yuguchi, Takashi*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Iwano, Hideki*; Izumino, Yuya*; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Danhara, Toru*; Sasao, Eiji; Hirata, Takafumi*; Nishiyama, Tadao*
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 169, p.47 - 66, 2019/01
This study presents position-by-position paths within a granitic pluton based on thermochronological data, and describes their constraints and their relationship with fracture frequency, as an example from the Toki granite, central Japan. The cooling paths have position-specific characteristics; a single path does not represent the cooling behavior of the entire pluton. Such position-specific paths enable us to evaluate three-dimensional thermal evolution within the granitic pluton, and thus can clarify the detailed formation history of the entire pluton after the incipient intrusion of the granitic magma into the shallow crust. This study reveals the relationship between position-specific paths and fracture frequency, and thus provides a criterion for evaluating the fracture population in terms of thermal stress.
Sueoka, Shigeru; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*; Yagi, Koshi*
Chigaku Zasshi, 127(6), p.795 - 803, 2018/12
no abstracts in English
Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Kimura, Junichi*; Mitsuguchi, Takehiro; Danhara, Toru*; Hirata, Takafumi*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Iwano, Hideki*; Maruyama, Seiji*; Chang, Q.*; Miyazaki, Takashi*; et al.
Geochemical Journal, 52(6), p.531 - 540, 2018/12