Nakamura, Shoji; Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Toh, Yosuke; Harada, Hideo
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(12), p.1318 - 1329, 2021/12
The present study performed fast-neutron capture cross-section measurement of Tc by an activation method using a fast-neutron source reactor "YAYOI" of the University of Tokyo. Technetium-99 samples were irradiated with reactor neutrons using a pneumatic system. Reaction rates of Tc were obtained by measuring decay gamma rays emitted from Tc. The neutron flux at an irradiation position was monitored with gold foils. The fast-neutron capture cross section of Tc at neutron energy of 85 keV was derived as 0.4320.023 barn by using the reaction rates of Tc, evaluated cross-section data and the fast-neutron flux spectrum of the YAYOI reactor. The present study agreed with the evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-4.0.
Applied Sciences (Internet), 11(14), p.6558_1 - 6558_20, 2021/07
For accuracy improvement of neutron activation analysis and neutron capture cross section, bias effects are investigated on g- and s-factors in the Westcott convention. As origins of biases, a joining function shape, neutron temperature and sample temperature, have been investigated. Biases are quantitatively deduced for two 1/v isotopes (Au, Co) and six non-1/v isotopes (Am, Eu, Rh, In, Hf, Ra). The s-factor calculated with a joining function deduced recently by a detailed Monte Carlo simulation is compared to s-factors calculated with traditional joining functions by Westcott. The results show the bias induced by sample temperature is small as the order of 0.1% for g-factor and the order of 1% for s-factor. On the other hand, biases induced by a joining function shape for s-factor depend significantly on both isotopes and neutron temperature. As the result, reaction rates are also affected significantly as well. The bias size on reaction rate is given in the case of epithermal neutron index r = 0.1, for the eight isotopes.
Kawase, Shoichiro*; Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nakamura, Shoji; Segawa, Mariko; Toh, Yosuke
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(7), p.764 - 786, 2021/07
Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (129), p.35 - 43, 2021/06
This paper explained the activities of the International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC)'s subgroup SG-41, which was carried out to improve the accuracy of nuclear data. In this paper, by focusing on how to deal with discrepant data, the method of deriving recommended values from multiple measurement results was reviewed. It also explained how to derive the recommended values, including exercises.
Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Aoi, Nori*; Azaiez, F.*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kimura, Atsushi; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; et al.
Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03
Dupont, E.*; Bossant, M.*; Capote, R.*; Carlson, A. D.*; Danon, Y.*; Fleming, M.*; Ge, Z.*; Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.15005_1 - 15005_4, 2020/09
Fleming, M.*; Bernard, D.*; Brown, D.*; Chadwick, M. B.*; De Saint Jean, C.*; Dupont, E.*; Ge, Z.*; Harada, Hideo; Hawari, A.*; Herman, M.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.15002_1 - 15002_4, 2020/09
Harada, Hideo; Takayama, Naoki; Komeda, Masao
Journal of Physics Communications (Internet), 4(8), p.085004_1 - 085004_17, 2020/08
A new convention of epithermal neutron spectrum is formulated for improving accuracy of resonance integrals. The new type function is proposed as an approximating function of epithermal neutron spectrum based on calculations by the state-of-art Monte Carlo code MVP-3. Bias effects on determination of resonance integrals due to utilizing approximating functions of the traditional types and the new type are compared. The other bias effect is also investigated, which is caused by neglecting position dependence of a neutron spectrum inside an irradiation capsule. For demonstrating the bias effects due to these assumptions on neutron spectrum quantitatively in a practical case, the thermal neutron-capture cross section and resonance integral of Cs measured at a research reactor JRR-3 are re-evaluated. A superior property of the proposed new convention is discussed. The experimental method is proposed to determine the new shape factor introduced in the convention by a combinational use of triple flux monitors (Au, Co and Zr), and its analytical methodology is formulated.
Ma, F.; Kopecky, S.*; Alaerts, G.*; Harada, Hideo; Heyse, J.*; Kitatani, Fumito; Noguere, G.*; Paradela, C.*; alamon, L.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 35(3), p.478 - 488, 2020/03
Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 932, p.16 - 26, 2019/07
Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Nakao, Taro*; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.479 - 492, 2019/06
Hagiwara, Kaito*; Yano, Takatomi*; Das, P. K.*; Lorenz, S.*; Ou, Iwa*; Sakuda, Makoto*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Harada, Hideo; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.023D01_1 - 023D01_26, 2019/02
Mastromarco, M.*; Manna, A.*; Aberle, O.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; n_TOF Collaboration*; 116 of others*
European Physical Journal A, 55(1), p.9_1 - 9_20, 2019/01
Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Uehara, Akihiro*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(1), p.123 - 129, 2019/01
Accurate data of -ray emission probabilities are frequently needed when one quantitatively determines the amount of isotope by -ray measurements or obtains neutron capture cross-sections using them. Americium-243, one of the most important minor actinides, produces Am after neutron capture. The 744-keV -ray decaying from the ground state of Am has a relatively large -ray emission probability c.a. 66%, however, its uncertainty is as large as 29%. The uncertainty of the -ray emission probability leads to a major factor of the systematic uncertainty on determining an amount of isotope, and therefore the -ray emission probability was measured by using an activation method and an examined level structure of Cm. In this study, the emission probability of 744-keV ray was derived as 66.51.1%, and its uncertainty was improved from 29% to 2%.
Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1198 - 1211, 2018/10
Damone, L.*; Barbagallo, M.*; Mastromarco, M.*; Cosentino, L.*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; n_TOF Collaboration*; 152 of others*
Physical Review Letters, 121(4), p.042701_1 - 042701_7, 2018/07
erovnik, G.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Becker, B.*; Fiorito, L.*; Harada, Hideo; Kopecky, S.*; Radulovic, V.*; Sano, Tadafumi*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 877, p.300 - 313, 2018/01
Methodologies to derive cross section data from spectrum integrated reaction rates were studied. The Westcott convention and some of its approximations were considered. The accuracy of the results strongly depends on the assumptions that are made about the neutron energy distribution, which is mostly parameterised as a sum of a thermal and an epi-thermal component. Resonance integrals derived from such data can be strongly biased. When the energy dependence of the cross section is known and information about the neutron energy distribution is available, a method to correct for a bias on the cross section at thermal energy is proposed. Reactor activation measurements to determine the thermal Am(n, ) cross section reported in the literature were reviewed, where the results were corrected to account for possible biases. These data combined with results of time-of-flight measurements give a capture cross section 720 (14) b for Am(n, ) at thermal energy.
Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Kunieda, Satoshi; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO, 59(11), p.654 - 658, 2017/11
no abstracts in English
Terada, Kazushi; Nakao, Taro; Nakamura, Shoji; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Takamiya, Koichi*; Hori, Junichi*
EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03019_1 - 03019_4, 2017/09
The research project entitled "Research and development for Accuracy Improvement of neutron nuclear data on Minor ACtinides (AIMAC)" has been started to improve the reliability of the neutron cross section date of MAs. In order to obtain accurate cross section data, it is indispensable to determine the amount of MA sample accurately and non-destructively. However, the uncertainty concerning the amount of sample is not assured in some cases. Therefore, as a part of the AIMAC project, this study is aimed to development the technique for accurate determination of the amount of samples by two different methods: -ray spectroscopic method and calorimetric method. This contribution presents the developed techniques together with results obtained by two independent techniques.
Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Nakamura, Shoji; Toh, Yosuke; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Hori, Junichi*
EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11031_1 - 11031_4, 2017/09