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Journal Articles

A New convention for the epithermal neutron spectrum for improving accuracy of resonance integrals

Harada, Hideo; Takayama, Naoki; Komeda, Masao

Journal of Physics Communications (Internet), 4(8), p.085004_1 - 085004_17, 2020/08

A new convention of epithermal neutron spectrum is formulated for improving accuracy of resonance integrals. The new type function is proposed as an approximating function of epithermal neutron spectrum based on calculations by the state-of-art Monte Carlo code MVP-3. Bias effects on determination of resonance integrals due to utilizing approximating functions of the traditional types and the new type are compared. The other bias effect is also investigated, which is caused by neglecting position dependence of a neutron spectrum inside an irradiation capsule. For demonstrating the bias effects due to these assumptions on neutron spectrum quantitatively in a practical case, the thermal neutron-capture cross section and resonance integral of $$^{135}$$Cs measured at a research reactor JRR-3 are re-evaluated. A superior property of the proposed new convention is discussed. The experimental method is proposed to determine the new shape factor $$beta$$ introduced in the convention by a combinational use of triple flux monitors ($$^{197}$$Au, $$^{59}$$Co and $$^{94}$$Zr), and its analytical methodology is formulated.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive analysis of samples with a complex geometry by NRTA

Ma, F.; Kopecky, S.*; Alaerts, G.*; Harada, Hideo; Heyse, J.*; Kitatani, Fumito; Noguere, G.*; Paradela, C.*; $v{S}$alamon, L.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 35(3), p.478 - 488, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Performance of large volume LaBr$$_{3}$$ scintillation detector equipped with specially-designed shield for neutron resonance capture analysis

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 932, p.16 - 26, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Measurements of the $$^{243}$$Am neutron capture and total cross sections with ANNRI at J-PARC

Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Nakao, Taro*; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.479 - 492, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray spectrum from thermal neutron capture on gadolinium-157

Hagiwara, Kaito*; Yano, Takatomi*; Das, P. K.*; Lorenz, S.*; Ou, Iwa*; Sakuda, Makoto*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Harada, Hideo; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.023D01_1 - 023D01_26, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:28.2(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Cross section measurements of $$^{155,157}$$Gd(n,$$gamma$$) induced by thermal and epithermal neutrons

Mastromarco, M.*; Manna, A.*; Aberle, O.*; Andrzejewski, J.*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; n_TOF Collaboration*; 116 of others*

European Physical Journal A, 55(1), p.9_1 - 9_20, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:7.81(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Measurements of gamma-ray emission probabilities in the decay of americium-244g

Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Uehara, Akihiro*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(1), p.123 - 129, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Accurate data of $$gamma$$-ray emission probabilities are frequently needed when one quantitatively determines the amount of isotope by $$gamma$$-ray measurements or obtains neutron capture cross-sections using them. Americium-243, one of the most important minor actinides, produces $$^{244}$$Am after neutron capture. The 744-keV $$gamma$$-ray decaying from the ground state of $$^{244}$$Am has a relatively large $$gamma$$-ray emission probability c.a. 66%, however, its uncertainty is as large as 29%. The uncertainty of the $$gamma$$-ray emission probability leads to a major factor of the systematic uncertainty on determining an amount of isotope, and therefore the $$gamma$$-ray emission probability was measured by using an activation method and an examined level structure of $$^{244}$$Cm. In this study, the emission probability of 744-keV $$gamma$$ ray was derived as 66.5$$pm$$1.1%, and its uncertainty was improved from 29% to 2%.

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron total and capture cross sections of $$^{241}$$Am with ANNRI at J-PARC

Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1198 - 1211, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:36.93(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

$$^7$$Be(n,p)$$^7$$Li reaction and the cosmological lithium problem; Measurement of the cross section in a wide energy range at n_TOF at CERN

Damone, L.*; Barbagallo, M.*; Mastromarco, M.*; Cosentino, L.*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; n_TOF Collaboration*; 152 of others*

Physical Review Letters, 121(4), p.042701_1 - 042701_7, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:7.93(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Systematic effects on cross section data derived from reaction rates in reactor spectra and a re-analysis of $$^{241}$$Am reactor activation measurements

$v{Z}$erovnik, G.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Becker, B.*; Fiorito, L.*; Harada, Hideo; Kopecky, S.*; Radulovic, V.*; Sano, Tadafumi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 877, p.300 - 313, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:73.25(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Methodologies to derive cross section data from spectrum integrated reaction rates were studied. The Westcott convention and some of its approximations were considered. The accuracy of the results strongly depends on the assumptions that are made about the neutron energy distribution, which is mostly parameterised as a sum of a thermal and an epi-thermal component. Resonance integrals derived from such data can be strongly biased. When the energy dependence of the cross section is known and information about the neutron energy distribution is available, a method to correct for a bias on the cross section at thermal energy is proposed. Reactor activation measurements to determine the thermal $$^{241}$$Am(n, $$gamma$$) cross section reported in the literature were reviewed, where the results were corrected to account for possible biases. These data combined with results of time-of-flight measurements give a capture cross section 720 (14) b for $$^{241}$$Am(n, $$gamma$$) at thermal energy.

Journal Articles

Cutting-edge studies on nuclear data for continuous and emerging need, 2; Nuclear data measurements and theoretical analysis in the resonance region

Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Kunieda, Satoshi; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(11), p.654 - 658, 2017/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Technical developments for accurate determination of amount of samples used for TOF measurements

Terada, Kazushi; Nakao, Taro; Nakamura, Shoji; Kimura, Atsushi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Takamiya, Koichi*; Hori, Junichi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03019_1 - 03019_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:9.06

The research project entitled "Research and development for Accuracy Improvement of neutron nuclear data on Minor ACtinides (AIMAC)" has been started to improve the reliability of the neutron cross section date of MAs. In order to obtain accurate cross section data, it is indispensable to determine the amount of MA sample accurately and non-destructively. However, the uncertainty concerning the amount of sample is not assured in some cases. Therefore, as a part of the AIMAC project, this study is aimed to development the technique for accurate determination of the amount of samples by two different methods: $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopic method and calorimetric method. This contribution presents the developed techniques together with results obtained by two independent techniques.

Journal Articles

Neutron capture cross section measurements of $$^{120}$$Sn, $$^{122}$$Sn and $$^{124}$$Sn with the array of Ge spectrometer at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Nakamura, Shoji; Toh, Yosuke; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Hori, Junichi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11031_1 - 11031_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Developments of a new data acquisition system at ANNRI

Nakao, Taro; Terada, Kazushi; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Hori, Junichi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03021_1 - 03021_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:4.44

A new data acquisition system (DAQ system) in J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) ANNRI was developed. Increasing beam power of MLF in recent years allows beam line users to obtain high quantity experimental data yields. Compared to 2008, more than 20 times beam current is achieved in 2015. For the purpose to correspond strong beam power of MLF, a new DAQ system for the array of the Ge detectors in ANNRI is developed. The DAQ system is also going to be used for processing signals from a Li glass detector, which is under development at ANNRI for measurement of total neutron cross sections. Commissioning experiment of a new DAQ system at ANNRI was performed by using 0.1mmt Au sample with 500kW J-PARC proton beam power. An applicability of time-of-flight method for both neutron capture and total cross-sections measurements was checked. ADC and TDC nonlinearity, energy resolution, multi-channel coincidence and dead time performance for the array of the Ge detectors were also evaluated. The dead time value for Ge detectors was successfully decreased to 1/4 from the previous DAQ system with minor deterioration on energy resolution. The author would like to thank the accelerator and technical staff at J-PARC for operation of the accelerator and the neutron production target and for the other experimental supports. Present study includes the result of "Research and Development for accuracy improvement of neutron nuclear data on minor actinides" entrusted to the Japan Atomic Energy Agency by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT).

Journal Articles

Research and development for accuracy improvement of neutron nuclear data on minor actinides

Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Terada, Kazushi; Nakao, Taro; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11001_1 - 11001_6, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:24.33

Journal Articles

Improving nuclear data accuracy of $$^{241}$$ Am and $$^{237}$$ Np capture cross sections

$v{Z}$erovnik, G.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Cano-Ott, D.*; Jandel, M.*; Hori, Junichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Rossbach, M.*; Letourneau, A.*; Noguere, G.*; Leconte, P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11035_1 - 11035_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:4.44

Journal Articles

Analysis of energy resolution in the KURRI-LINAC pulsed neutron facility

Sano, Tadafumi*; Hori, Junichi*; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Lee, J.*; Harada, Hideo

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03031_1 - 03031_3, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:24.33

Journal Articles

High precision analysis of isotopic composition for samples used for nuclear cross-section measurements

Shibahara, Yuji*; Hori, Junichi*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Harada, Hideo

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03028_1 - 03028_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Neutron resonance analysis for nuclear safeguards and security applications

Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.09002_1 - 09002_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:4.44

Journal Articles

Characterization of the n_TOF EAR-2 neutron beam

Chen, Y. H.*; Tassan-Got, L.*; Harada, Hideo; Kimura, Atsushi; n_TOF Collaboration*; 130 of others*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03020_1 - 03020_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:24.33

The experimental area 2 (EAR-2) at CERNs neutron time-of-flight facility (n_TOF), which is operational since 2014, is designed and built as a short-distance complement to the experimental area 1 (EAR-1). The Parallel Plate Avalanche Counter (PPAC) monitor experiment was performed to characterize the beam profile and the shape of the neutron flux at EAR-2. The prompt $$gamma$$-flash which is used for calibrating the time-of-flight at EAR-1 is not seen by PPAC at EAR-2, shedding light on the physical origin of this $$gamma$$-flash.

483 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)